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[dm-devel] [PATCH 2/3] dm-mpath: add queue-length oriented dynamic load balancer



This patch adds a dynamic load balancer, dm-queue-length, which
balances the number of in-flight I/Os.

The code is based on the patch posted by Stefan Bader:
https://www.redhat.com/archives/dm-devel/2005-October/msg00050.html


Signed-off-by: Stefan Bader <stefan bader canonical com>
Signed-off-by: Kiyoshi Ueda <k-ueda ct jp nec com>
Signed-off-by: Jun'ichi Nomura <j-nomura ce jp nec com>
Cc: Alasdair G Kergon <agk redhat com>
---
 drivers/md/Kconfig           |    9 +
 drivers/md/Makefile          |    1 
 drivers/md/dm-queue-length.c |  257 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 3 files changed, 267 insertions(+)

Index: 2.6.30-rc3/drivers/md/dm-queue-length.c
===================================================================
--- /dev/null
+++ 2.6.30-rc3/drivers/md/dm-queue-length.c
@@ -0,0 +1,257 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2004-2005 IBM Corp.  All Rights Reserved.
+ * Copyright (C) 2006-2009 NEC Corporation.
+ *
+ * dm-queue-length.c
+ *
+ * Module Author: Stefan Bader, IBM
+ * Modified by: Kiyoshi Ueda, NEC
+ *
+ * This file is released under the GPL.
+ *
+ * queue-length path selector, which chooses a path with the least number of
+ * in-flight I/Os.
+ */
+
+#include "dm.h"
+#include "dm-path-selector.h"
+
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/ctype.h>
+#include <linux/errno.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <asm/atomic.h>
+
+#define DM_MSG_PREFIX	"multipath queue-length"
+#define QL_MIN_IO	128
+#define QL_VERSION	"0.1.0"
+
+struct selector {
+	struct list_head	valid_paths;
+	struct list_head	failed_paths;
+};
+
+struct path_info {
+	struct list_head	list;
+	struct dm_path		*path;
+	unsigned int		repeat_count;
+	atomic_t		qlen;
+};
+
+static struct selector *alloc_selector(void)
+{
+	struct selector *s = kmalloc(sizeof(*s), GFP_KERNEL);
+
+	if (s) {
+		INIT_LIST_HEAD(&s->valid_paths);
+		INIT_LIST_HEAD(&s->failed_paths);
+	}
+
+	return s;
+}
+
+static int ql_create(struct path_selector *ps, unsigned argc, char **argv)
+{
+	struct selector *s = alloc_selector();
+
+	if (!s)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+
+	ps->context = s;
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static void ql_free_paths(struct list_head *paths)
+{
+	struct path_info *pi, *next;
+
+	list_for_each_entry_safe(pi, next, paths, list) {
+		list_del(&pi->list);
+		kfree(pi);
+	}
+}
+
+static void ql_destroy(struct path_selector *ps)
+{
+	struct selector *s = (struct selector *) ps->context;
+
+	ql_free_paths(&s->valid_paths);
+	ql_free_paths(&s->failed_paths);
+	kfree(s);
+	ps->context = NULL;
+}
+
+static int ql_status(struct path_selector *ps, struct dm_path *path,
+		     status_type_t type, char *result, unsigned int maxlen)
+{
+	int sz = 0;
+	struct path_info *pi;
+
+	/* When called with (path == NULL), return selector status/args. */
+	if (!path)
+		DMEMIT("0 ");
+	else {
+		pi = path->pscontext;
+
+		switch (type) {
+		case STATUSTYPE_INFO:
+			DMEMIT("%u ", atomic_read(&pi->qlen));
+			break;
+		case STATUSTYPE_TABLE:
+			DMEMIT("%u ", pi->repeat_count);
+			break;
+		}
+	}
+
+	return sz;
+}
+
+static int ql_add_path(struct path_selector *ps, struct dm_path *path,
+		       int argc, char **argv, char **error)
+{
+	struct selector *s = (struct selector *) ps->context;
+	struct path_info *pi;
+	unsigned int repeat_count = QL_MIN_IO;
+
+	/* Parse the arguments */
+	if (argc > 1) {
+		*error = "queue-length ps: incorrect number of arguments";
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+
+	/* First path argument is number of I/Os before switching path. */
+	if ((argc == 1) && (sscanf(argv[0], "%u", &repeat_count) != 1)) {
+		*error = "queue-length ps: invalid repeat count";
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+
+	/* Allocate the path information structure */
+	pi = kmalloc(sizeof(*pi), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!pi) {
+		*error = "queue-length ps: Error allocating path information";
+		return -ENOMEM;
+	}
+
+	pi->path = path;
+	pi->repeat_count = repeat_count;
+	atomic_set(&pi->qlen, 0);
+
+	path->pscontext = pi;
+
+	list_add_tail(&pi->list, &s->valid_paths);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static void ql_fail_path(struct path_selector *ps, struct dm_path *path)
+{
+	struct selector *s = (struct selector *) ps->context;
+	struct path_info *pi = path->pscontext;
+
+	list_move(&pi->list, &s->failed_paths);
+}
+
+static int ql_reinstate_path(struct path_selector *ps, struct dm_path *path)
+{
+	struct selector *s = (struct selector *) ps->context;
+	struct path_info *pi = path->pscontext;
+
+	list_move_tail(&pi->list, &s->valid_paths);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static struct dm_path *ql_select_path(struct path_selector *ps,
+				      unsigned *repeat_count, size_t nr_bytes)
+{
+	struct selector *s = (struct selector *) ps->context;
+	struct path_info *pi = NULL, *best = NULL;
+
+	if (list_empty(&s->valid_paths))
+		return NULL;
+
+	/* Change preferred (first in list) path to evenly balance. */
+	list_move_tail(s->valid_paths.next, &s->valid_paths);
+
+	list_for_each_entry(pi, &s->valid_paths, list) {
+		if (!best ||
+		    (atomic_read(&pi->qlen) < atomic_read(&best->qlen)))
+			best = pi;
+
+		if (!atomic_read(&best->qlen))
+			break;
+	}
+
+	if (!best)
+		return NULL;
+
+	*repeat_count = best->repeat_count;
+
+	return best->path;
+}
+
+static int ql_start_io(struct path_selector *ps, struct dm_path *path,
+		       size_t nr_bytes)
+{
+	struct path_info *pi = path->pscontext;
+
+	atomic_inc(&pi->qlen);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int ql_end_io(struct path_selector *ps, struct dm_path *path,
+		     size_t nr_bytes)
+{
+	struct path_info *pi = path->pscontext;
+
+	atomic_dec(&pi->qlen);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static struct path_selector_type ql_ps = {
+	.name		= "queue-length",
+	.module		= THIS_MODULE,
+	.table_args	= 1,
+	.info_args	= 1,
+	.create		= ql_create,
+	.destroy	= ql_destroy,
+	.status		= ql_status,
+	.add_path	= ql_add_path,
+	.fail_path	= ql_fail_path,
+	.reinstate_path	= ql_reinstate_path,
+	.select_path	= ql_select_path,
+	.start_io	= ql_start_io,
+	.end_io		= ql_end_io,
+};
+
+static int __init dm_ql_init(void)
+{
+	int r = dm_register_path_selector(&ql_ps);
+
+	if (r < 0)
+		DMERR("register failed %d", r);
+
+	DMINFO("version " QL_VERSION " loaded");
+
+	return r;
+}
+
+static void __exit dm_ql_exit(void)
+{
+	int r = dm_unregister_path_selector(&ql_ps);
+
+	if (r < 0)
+		DMERR("unregister failed %d", r);
+}
+
+module_init(dm_ql_init);
+module_exit(dm_ql_exit);
+
+MODULE_AUTHOR("Stefan Bader <Stefan.Bader at de.ibm.com>");
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION(
+	"(C) Copyright IBM Corp. 2004,2005   All Rights Reserved.\n"
+	DM_NAME " path selector to balance the number of in-flight I/Os"
+);
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
Index: 2.6.30-rc3/drivers/md/Makefile
===================================================================
--- 2.6.30-rc3.orig/drivers/md/Makefile
+++ 2.6.30-rc3/drivers/md/Makefile
@@ -36,6 +36,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_BLK_DEV_DM)	+= dm-mod.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_DM_CRYPT)		+= dm-crypt.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_DM_DELAY)		+= dm-delay.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_DM_MULTIPATH)	+= dm-multipath.o dm-round-robin.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_DM_MULTIPATH_QL)	+= dm-queue-length.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_DM_SNAPSHOT)	+= dm-snapshot.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_DM_MIRROR)		+= dm-mirror.o dm-log.o dm-region-hash.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_DM_ZERO)		+= dm-zero.o
Index: 2.6.30-rc3/drivers/md/Kconfig
===================================================================
--- 2.6.30-rc3.orig/drivers/md/Kconfig
+++ 2.6.30-rc3/drivers/md/Kconfig
@@ -249,6 +249,15 @@ config DM_MULTIPATH
 	---help---
 	  Allow volume managers to support multipath hardware.
 
+config DM_MULTIPATH_QL
+	tristate "I/O Path Selector based on the number of in-flight I/Os"
+	depends on DM_MULTIPATH
+	---help---
+	  This path selector is a dynamic load balancer which selects
+	  a path having the least number of in-flight I/Os.
+
+	  If unsure, say N.
+
 config DM_DELAY
 	tristate "I/O delaying target (EXPERIMENTAL)"
 	depends on BLK_DEV_DM && EXPERIMENTAL


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