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[dm-devel] [PATCH 07/24] io-controller: cgroup related changes for hierarchical group support



o This patch introduces some of the cgroup related code for io controller.

Signed-off-by: Fabio Checconi <fabio gandalf sssup it>
Signed-off-by: Paolo Valente <paolo valente unimore it>
Signed-off-by: Nauman Rafique <nauman google com>
Signed-off-by: Gui Jianfeng <guijianfeng cn fujitsu com>
Signed-off-by: Vivek Goyal <vgoyal redhat com>
---
 block/blk-ioc.c               |    3 +
 block/elevator-fq.c           |  174 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 block/elevator-fq.h           |   38 +++++++++-
 include/linux/cgroup_subsys.h |    6 ++
 include/linux/iocontext.h     |    5 +
 5 files changed, 225 insertions(+), 1 deletions(-)

diff --git a/block/blk-ioc.c b/block/blk-ioc.c
index d4ed600..0d56336 100644
--- a/block/blk-ioc.c
+++ b/block/blk-ioc.c
@@ -95,6 +95,9 @@ struct io_context *alloc_io_context(gfp_t gfp_flags, int node)
 		spin_lock_init(&ret->lock);
 		ret->ioprio_changed = 0;
 		ret->ioprio = 0;
+#ifdef CONFIG_GROUP_IOSCHED
+		ret->cgroup_changed = 0;
+#endif
 		ret->last_waited = jiffies; /* doesn't matter... */
 		ret->nr_batch_requests = 0; /* because this is 0 */
 		ret->aic = NULL;
diff --git a/block/elevator-fq.c b/block/elevator-fq.c
index 8f8fe9a..d72e697 100644
--- a/block/elevator-fq.c
+++ b/block/elevator-fq.c
@@ -25,6 +25,9 @@ static struct kmem_cache *elv_ioq_pool;
 #define ELV_SLICE_SCALE		(5)
 #define ELV_HW_QUEUE_MIN	(5)
 
+#define IO_DEFAULT_GRP_WEIGHT  500
+#define IO_DEFAULT_GRP_CLASS   IOPRIO_CLASS_BE
+
 #define IO_SERVICE_TREE_INIT   ((struct io_service_tree)		\
 				{ RB_ROOT, RB_ROOT, NULL, NULL, 0, 0 })
 
@@ -898,6 +901,177 @@ static void io_flush_idle_tree(struct io_service_tree *st)
 		__bfq_deactivate_entity(entity, 0);
 }
 
+/* Mainly hierarchical grouping code */
+#ifdef CONFIG_GROUP_IOSCHED
+
+struct io_cgroup io_root_cgroup = {
+	.weight = IO_DEFAULT_GRP_WEIGHT,
+	.ioprio_class = IO_DEFAULT_GRP_CLASS,
+};
+
+static struct io_cgroup *cgroup_to_io_cgroup(struct cgroup *cgroup)
+{
+	return container_of(cgroup_subsys_state(cgroup, io_subsys_id),
+			    struct io_cgroup, css);
+}
+
+#define SHOW_FUNCTION(__VAR)						\
+static u64 io_cgroup_##__VAR##_read(struct cgroup *cgroup,		\
+				       struct cftype *cftype)		\
+{									\
+	struct io_cgroup *iocg;					\
+	u64 ret;							\
+									\
+	if (!cgroup_lock_live_group(cgroup))				\
+		return -ENODEV;						\
+									\
+	iocg = cgroup_to_io_cgroup(cgroup);				\
+	spin_lock_irq(&iocg->lock);					\
+	ret = iocg->__VAR;						\
+	spin_unlock_irq(&iocg->lock);					\
+									\
+	cgroup_unlock();						\
+									\
+	return ret;							\
+}
+
+SHOW_FUNCTION(weight);
+SHOW_FUNCTION(ioprio_class);
+#undef SHOW_FUNCTION
+
+#define STORE_FUNCTION(__VAR, __MIN, __MAX)				\
+static int io_cgroup_##__VAR##_write(struct cgroup *cgroup,		\
+					struct cftype *cftype,		\
+					u64 val)			\
+{									\
+	struct io_cgroup *iocg;					\
+	struct io_group *iog;						\
+	struct hlist_node *n;						\
+									\
+	if (val < (__MIN) || val > (__MAX))				\
+		return -EINVAL;						\
+									\
+	if (!cgroup_lock_live_group(cgroup))				\
+		return -ENODEV;						\
+									\
+	iocg = cgroup_to_io_cgroup(cgroup);				\
+									\
+	spin_lock_irq(&iocg->lock);					\
+	iocg->__VAR = (unsigned long)val;				\
+	hlist_for_each_entry(iog, n, &iocg->group_data, group_node) {	\
+		iog->entity.new_##__VAR = (unsigned long)val;		\
+		smp_wmb();						\
+		iog->entity.ioprio_changed = 1;				\
+	}								\
+	spin_unlock_irq(&iocg->lock);					\
+									\
+	cgroup_unlock();						\
+									\
+	return 0;							\
+}
+
+STORE_FUNCTION(weight, 1, WEIGHT_MAX);
+STORE_FUNCTION(ioprio_class, IOPRIO_CLASS_RT, IOPRIO_CLASS_IDLE);
+#undef STORE_FUNCTION
+
+struct cftype bfqio_files[] = {
+	{
+		.name = "weight",
+		.read_u64 = io_cgroup_weight_read,
+		.write_u64 = io_cgroup_weight_write,
+	},
+	{
+		.name = "ioprio_class",
+		.read_u64 = io_cgroup_ioprio_class_read,
+		.write_u64 = io_cgroup_ioprio_class_write,
+	},
+};
+
+static int iocg_populate(struct cgroup_subsys *subsys, struct cgroup *cgroup)
+{
+	return cgroup_add_files(cgroup, subsys, bfqio_files,
+				ARRAY_SIZE(bfqio_files));
+}
+
+static struct cgroup_subsys_state *iocg_create(struct cgroup_subsys *subsys,
+						struct cgroup *cgroup)
+{
+	struct io_cgroup *iocg;
+
+	if (cgroup->parent != NULL) {
+		iocg = kzalloc(sizeof(*iocg), GFP_KERNEL);
+		if (iocg == NULL)
+			return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+	} else
+		iocg = &io_root_cgroup;
+
+	spin_lock_init(&iocg->lock);
+	INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&iocg->group_data);
+	iocg->weight = IO_DEFAULT_GRP_WEIGHT;
+	iocg->ioprio_class = IO_DEFAULT_GRP_CLASS;
+
+	return &iocg->css;
+}
+
+/*
+ * We cannot support shared io contexts, as we have no mean to support
+ * two tasks with the same ioc in two different groups without major rework
+ * of the main cic/bfqq data structures.  By now we allow a task to change
+ * its cgroup only if it's the only owner of its ioc; the drawback of this
+ * behavior is that a group containing a task that forked using CLONE_IO
+ * will not be destroyed until the tasks sharing the ioc die.
+ */
+static int iocg_can_attach(struct cgroup_subsys *subsys, struct cgroup *cgroup,
+			    struct task_struct *tsk)
+{
+	struct io_context *ioc;
+	int ret = 0;
+
+	/* task_lock() is needed to avoid races with exit_io_context() */
+	task_lock(tsk);
+	ioc = tsk->io_context;
+	if (ioc != NULL && atomic_read(&ioc->nr_tasks) > 1)
+		/*
+		 * ioc == NULL means that the task is either too young or
+		 * exiting: if it has still no ioc the ioc can't be shared,
+		 * if the task is exiting the attach will fail anyway, no
+		 * matter what we return here.
+		 */
+		ret = -EINVAL;
+	task_unlock(tsk);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static void iocg_attach(struct cgroup_subsys *subsys, struct cgroup *cgroup,
+			 struct cgroup *prev, struct task_struct *tsk)
+{
+	struct io_context *ioc;
+
+	task_lock(tsk);
+	ioc = tsk->io_context;
+	if (ioc != NULL)
+		ioc->cgroup_changed = 1;
+	task_unlock(tsk);
+}
+
+static void iocg_destroy(struct cgroup_subsys *subsys, struct cgroup *cgroup)
+{
+
+	/* Implemented in later patch */
+}
+
+struct cgroup_subsys io_subsys = {
+	.name = "io",
+	.create = iocg_create,
+	.can_attach = iocg_can_attach,
+	.attach = iocg_attach,
+	.destroy = iocg_destroy,
+	.populate = iocg_populate,
+	.subsys_id = io_subsys_id,
+	.use_id = 1,
+};
+#endif /* GROUP_IOSCHED */
 /* Elevator fair queuing function */
 static inline struct io_queue *elv_active_ioq(struct elevator_queue *e)
 {
diff --git a/block/elevator-fq.h b/block/elevator-fq.h
index ed65a87..6711c85 100644
--- a/block/elevator-fq.h
+++ b/block/elevator-fq.h
@@ -13,11 +13,13 @@
  */
 
 #include <linux/blkdev.h>
+#include <linux/cgroup.h>
 
 #ifndef _BFQ_SCHED_H
 #define _BFQ_SCHED_H
 
 #define IO_IOPRIO_CLASSES	3
+#define WEIGHT_MAX             1000
 
 struct io_entity;
 struct io_queue;
@@ -88,7 +90,7 @@ struct io_sched_data {
  *             this entity; used for O(log N) lookups into active trees.
  * @service: service received during the last round of service.
  * @budget: budget used to calculate F_i; F_i = S_i + @budget / @weight.
- * @weight: weight of the queue, calculated as IOPRIO_BE_NR - @ioprio.
+ * @weight: the weight in use.
  * @new_weight: when a weight change is requested, the new weight value
  * @parent: parent entity, for hierarchical scheduling.
  * @my_sched_data: for non-leaf nodes in the cgroup hierarchy, the
@@ -178,8 +180,10 @@ struct io_queue {
 	void *sched_queue;
 };
 
+#ifdef CONFIG_GROUP_IOSCHED
 struct io_group {
 	struct io_entity entity;
+	struct hlist_node group_node;
 	struct io_sched_data sched_data;
 	struct io_entity *my_entity;
 
@@ -190,8 +194,40 @@ struct io_group {
 
 	struct io_queue *async_queue[2][IOPRIO_BE_NR];
 	struct io_queue *async_idle_queue;
+	unsigned short iocg_id;
 };
 
+/**
+ * struct io_cgroup - io cgroup data structure.
+ * @css: subsystem state for io in the containing cgroup.
+ * @weight: cgroup weight.
+ * @ioprio_class: cgroup ioprio_class.
+ * @lock: spinlock that protects @weight, @ioprio_class and @group_data.
+ * @group_data: list containing the io_group belonging to this cgroup.
+ *
+ * @group_data is accessed using RCU, with @lock protecting the updates,
+ * @weight and @ioprio_class are protected by @lock.
+ */
+struct io_cgroup {
+	struct cgroup_subsys_state css;
+
+	unsigned int weight;
+	unsigned short ioprio_class;
+
+	spinlock_t lock;
+	struct hlist_head group_data;
+};
+#else
+struct io_group {
+	struct io_sched_data sched_data;
+
+	/* async_queue and idle_queue are used only for cfq */
+	struct io_queue *async_queue[2][IOPRIO_BE_NR];
+	struct io_queue *async_idle_queue;
+};
+#endif /* CONFIG_GROUP_IOSCHED */
+
+
 struct elv_fq_data {
 	struct io_group *root_group;
 
diff --git a/include/linux/cgroup_subsys.h b/include/linux/cgroup_subsys.h
index 9c8d31b..baf544f 100644
--- a/include/linux/cgroup_subsys.h
+++ b/include/linux/cgroup_subsys.h
@@ -60,3 +60,9 @@ SUBSYS(net_cls)
 #endif
 
 /* */
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_GROUP_IOSCHED
+SUBSYS(io)
+#endif
+
+/* */
diff --git a/include/linux/iocontext.h b/include/linux/iocontext.h
index dd05434..0c8eebf 100644
--- a/include/linux/iocontext.h
+++ b/include/linux/iocontext.h
@@ -73,6 +73,11 @@ struct io_context {
 	unsigned short ioprio;
 	unsigned short ioprio_changed;
 
+#ifdef CONFIG_GROUP_IOSCHED
+	/* If task changes the cgroup, elevator processes it asynchronously */
+	unsigned short cgroup_changed;
+#endif
+
 	/*
 	 * For request batching
 	 */
-- 
1.6.0.6


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