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Re: [dm-devel] [PATCH] dm-throttle: new device mapper target to throttle reads and writes



On Wed, Aug 11, 2010 at 05:45:13PM +0200, Heinz Mauelshagen wrote:

[..]
> > [..]
> > > +/* Decide about throttling (ie. deferring bios). */
> > > +static int throttle(struct throttle_c *tc, struct bio *bio)
> > > +{
> > > +	int rw = (bio_data_dir(bio) == WRITE);
> > > +	unsigned bps; /* Bytes per second. */
> > > +
> > > +	smp_rmb();
> > > +	bps = tc->params.bs[rw];
> > > +	if (bps) {
> > > +		unsigned size;
> > > +		struct account *ac = &tc->account;
> > > +		struct ac_rw *ac_rw = ac->rw + rw;
> > > +
> > > +		if (time_after(jiffies, ac_rw->end_jiffies))
> > > +			/* Measure time exceeded. */
> > > +			account_reset(rw, tc);
> > > +		else if (test_bit(rw, &ac->flags))
> > > +			/* In case we're throttled already. */
> > > +			return 1;
> > > +
> > > +		/* Account I/O size. */
> > > +		size = ac_rw->size + bio->bi_size;
> > > +		if (size > bps) {
> > > +			/* Hit kilobytes per second threshold. */
> > > +			set_bit(rw, &ac->flags);
> > > +			return 1;
> > 
> > If bio->bi_size is greate than bps, will I always keep on throttling
> > and hang?
> 
> bps needs to be set larger than the bio maximum size expected with the
> current implementatio, right. The algorithm needs changing to cope with
> bi_size larger than bps (see below).
> 
> > 
> > [..]
> > > +/* Map a throttle io. */
> > > +static int throttle_map(struct dm_target *ti, struct bio *bio,
> > > +			union map_info *map_context)
> > > +{
> > > +	int r, rw = (bio_data_dir(bio) == WRITE);
> > > +	struct throttle_c *tc = ti->private;
> > > +	struct ac_rw *ac_rw = tc->account.rw + rw;
> > > +
> > > +	mutex_lock(&ac_rw->mutex);
> > > +	do {
> > > +		r = throttle(tc, bio);
> > > +		if (r) {
> > > +			long end = ac_rw->end_jiffies, j = jiffies;
> > > +
> > > +			/* Wait till next second when KB/s reached. */
> > > +			if (j < end)
> > > +				schedule_timeout_uninterruptible(end - j);
> > > +		}
> > 
> > So a thread is blocked if it crossed the IO rate. There is no such
> mechanism
> > to take the bio, statsh away somewhere and dispatch it to disk later.
> The
> > way request queue descriptors work.
> 
> Right, the aim for this testing target was to keep it as simple as
> possible to solve the purpose of simulating low bandwidth transports or
> varying device throughput properties.
> 
> Cheap approaches to tackle this issue include to set ti->split_io based
> on bps < BIO_MAX_SIZE (units ignored) in the ctr/message interface,
> to prohibit bps smaller than BIO_MAX_SIZE altogether or to change the
> throttle() algorithm to allow for > 1s measurement periods based on
> bi_size maximum vs. bps ratios.
> 
> The 1st one obviously causing more bio splits, the 2nd one prohibiting
> small bandwidth simulation and the last one causing io peeks, which is
> actually not what I wanted.

Can't we just wait for enough number of seconds to allow bigger bio to
pass. So if bio size is 4MB and rate limit is 1MB/s then wait for 4 
seconds. That way there are no splits, and no io peeks?

Thanks
Vivek


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