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[dm-devel] [PATCH 3/5] dm: relax ordering of bio-based flush implementation



Unlike REQ_HARDBARRIER, REQ_FLUSH/FUA doesn't mandate any ordering
against other bio's.  This patch relaxes ordering around flushes.

* A flush bio is no longer deferred to workqueue directly.  It's
  processed like other bio's but __split_and_process_bio() uses
  md->flush_bio as the clone source.  md->flush_bio is initialized to
  empty flush during md initialization and shared for all flushes.

* When dec_pending() detects that a flush has completed, it checks
  whether the original bio has data.  If so, the bio is queued to the
  deferred list w/ REQ_FLUSH cleared; otherwise, it's completed.

* As flush sequencing is handled in the usual issue/completion path,
  dm_wq_work() no longer needs to handle flushes differently.  Now its
  only responsibility is re-issuing deferred bio's the same way as
  _dm_request() would.  REQ_FLUSH handling logic including
  process_flush() is dropped.

* There's no reason for queue_io() and dm_wq_work() write lock
  dm->io_lock.  queue_io() now only uses md->deferred_lock and
  dm_wq_work() read locks dm->io_lock.

* bio's no longer need to be queued on the deferred list while a flush
  is in progress making DMF_QUEUE_IO_TO_THREAD unncessary.  Drop it.

This avoids stalling the device during flushes and simplifies the
implementation.

Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj kernel org>
---
 drivers/md/dm.c |  157 ++++++++++++++++---------------------------------------
 1 files changed, 45 insertions(+), 112 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/md/dm.c b/drivers/md/dm.c
index 32e6622..e67c519 100644
--- a/drivers/md/dm.c
+++ b/drivers/md/dm.c
@@ -110,7 +110,6 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(dm_get_rq_mapinfo);
 #define DMF_FREEING 3
 #define DMF_DELETING 4
 #define DMF_NOFLUSH_SUSPENDING 5
-#define DMF_QUEUE_IO_TO_THREAD 6
 
 /*
  * Work processed by per-device workqueue.
@@ -144,11 +143,6 @@ struct mapped_device {
 	spinlock_t deferred_lock;
 
 	/*
-	 * An error from the flush request currently being processed.
-	 */
-	int flush_error;
-
-	/*
 	 * Protect barrier_error from concurrent endio processing
 	 * in request-based dm.
 	 */
@@ -529,16 +523,10 @@ static void end_io_acct(struct dm_io *io)
  */
 static void queue_io(struct mapped_device *md, struct bio *bio)
 {
-	down_write(&md->io_lock);
-
 	spin_lock_irq(&md->deferred_lock);
 	bio_list_add(&md->deferred, bio);
 	spin_unlock_irq(&md->deferred_lock);
-
-	if (!test_and_set_bit(DMF_QUEUE_IO_TO_THREAD, &md->flags))
-		queue_work(md->wq, &md->work);
-
-	up_write(&md->io_lock);
+	queue_work(md->wq, &md->work);
 }
 
 /*
@@ -626,11 +614,9 @@ static void dec_pending(struct dm_io *io, int error)
 			 * Target requested pushing back the I/O.
 			 */
 			spin_lock_irqsave(&md->deferred_lock, flags);
-			if (__noflush_suspending(md)) {
-				if (!(io->bio->bi_rw & REQ_FLUSH))
-					bio_list_add_head(&md->deferred,
-							  io->bio);
-			} else
+			if (__noflush_suspending(md))
+				bio_list_add_head(&md->deferred, io->bio);
+			else
 				/* noflush suspend was interrupted. */
 				io->error = -EIO;
 			spin_unlock_irqrestore(&md->deferred_lock, flags);
@@ -638,26 +624,22 @@ static void dec_pending(struct dm_io *io, int error)
 
 		io_error = io->error;
 		bio = io->bio;
+		end_io_acct(io);
+		free_io(md, io);
+
+		if (io_error == DM_ENDIO_REQUEUE)
+			return;
 
-		if (bio->bi_rw & REQ_FLUSH) {
+		if (!(bio->bi_rw & REQ_FLUSH) || !bio->bi_size) {
+			trace_block_bio_complete(md->queue, bio);
+			bio_endio(bio, io_error);
+		} else {
 			/*
-			 * There can be just one flush request so we use
-			 * a per-device variable for error reporting.
-			 * Note that you can't touch the bio after end_io_acct
+			 * Preflush done for flush with data, reissue
+			 * without REQ_FLUSH.
 			 */
-			if (!md->flush_error)
-				md->flush_error = io_error;
-			end_io_acct(io);
-			free_io(md, io);
-		} else {
-			end_io_acct(io);
-			free_io(md, io);
-
-			if (io_error != DM_ENDIO_REQUEUE) {
-				trace_block_bio_complete(md->queue, bio);
-
-				bio_endio(bio, io_error);
-			}
+			bio->bi_rw &= ~REQ_FLUSH;
+			queue_io(md, bio);
 		}
 	}
 }
@@ -1369,21 +1351,17 @@ static int __clone_and_map(struct clone_info *ci)
  */
 static void __split_and_process_bio(struct mapped_device *md, struct bio *bio)
 {
+	bool is_flush = bio->bi_rw & REQ_FLUSH;
 	struct clone_info ci;
 	int error = 0;
 
 	ci.map = dm_get_live_table(md);
 	if (unlikely(!ci.map)) {
-		if (!(bio->bi_rw & REQ_FLUSH))
-			bio_io_error(bio);
-		else
-			if (!md->flush_error)
-				md->flush_error = -EIO;
+		bio_io_error(bio);
 		return;
 	}
 
 	ci.md = md;
-	ci.bio = bio;
 	ci.io = alloc_io(md);
 	ci.io->error = 0;
 	atomic_set(&ci.io->io_count, 1);
@@ -1391,18 +1369,19 @@ static void __split_and_process_bio(struct mapped_device *md, struct bio *bio)
 	ci.io->md = md;
 	spin_lock_init(&ci.io->endio_lock);
 	ci.sector = bio->bi_sector;
-	if (!(bio->bi_rw & REQ_FLUSH))
+	ci.idx = bio->bi_idx;
+
+	if (!is_flush) {
+		ci.bio = bio;
 		ci.sector_count = bio_sectors(bio);
-	else {
-		/* all FLUSH bio's reaching here should be empty */
-		WARN_ON_ONCE(bio_has_data(bio));
+	} else {
+		ci.bio = &ci.md->flush_bio;
 		ci.sector_count = 1;
 	}
-	ci.idx = bio->bi_idx;
 
 	start_io_acct(ci.io);
 	while (ci.sector_count && !error) {
-		if (!(bio->bi_rw & REQ_FLUSH))
+		if (!is_flush)
 			error = __clone_and_map(&ci);
 		else
 			error = __clone_and_map_flush(&ci);
@@ -1490,22 +1469,14 @@ static int _dm_request(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio)
 	part_stat_add(cpu, &dm_disk(md)->part0, sectors[rw], bio_sectors(bio));
 	part_stat_unlock();
 
-	/*
-	 * If we're suspended or the thread is processing flushes
-	 * we have to queue this io for later.
-	 */
-	if (unlikely(test_bit(DMF_QUEUE_IO_TO_THREAD, &md->flags)) ||
-	    (bio->bi_rw & REQ_FLUSH)) {
+	/* if we're suspended, we have to queue this io for later */
+	if (unlikely(test_bit(DMF_BLOCK_IO_FOR_SUSPEND, &md->flags))) {
 		up_read(&md->io_lock);
 
-		if (unlikely(test_bit(DMF_BLOCK_IO_FOR_SUSPEND, &md->flags)) &&
-		    bio_rw(bio) == READA) {
+		if (bio_rw(bio) != READA)
+			queue_io(md, bio);
+		else
 			bio_io_error(bio);
-			return 0;
-		}
-
-		queue_io(md, bio);
-
 		return 0;
 	}
 
@@ -2015,6 +1986,10 @@ static struct mapped_device *alloc_dev(int minor)
 	if (!md->bdev)
 		goto bad_bdev;
 
+	bio_init(&md->flush_bio);
+	md->flush_bio.bi_bdev = md->bdev;
+	md->flush_bio.bi_rw = WRITE_FLUSH;
+
 	/* Populate the mapping, nobody knows we exist yet */
 	spin_lock(&_minor_lock);
 	old_md = idr_replace(&_minor_idr, md, minor);
@@ -2407,37 +2382,6 @@ static int dm_wait_for_completion(struct mapped_device *md, int interruptible)
 	return r;
 }
 
-static void process_flush(struct mapped_device *md, struct bio *bio)
-{
-	md->flush_error = 0;
-
-	/* handle REQ_FLUSH */
-	dm_wait_for_completion(md, TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
-
-	bio_init(&md->flush_bio);
-	md->flush_bio.bi_bdev = md->bdev;
-	md->flush_bio.bi_rw = WRITE_FLUSH;
-	__split_and_process_bio(md, &md->flush_bio);
-
-	dm_wait_for_completion(md, TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
-
-	/* if it's an empty flush or the preflush failed, we're done */
-	if (!bio_has_data(bio) || md->flush_error) {
-		if (md->flush_error != DM_ENDIO_REQUEUE)
-			bio_endio(bio, md->flush_error);
-		else {
-			spin_lock_irq(&md->deferred_lock);
-			bio_list_add_head(&md->deferred, bio);
-			spin_unlock_irq(&md->deferred_lock);
-		}
-		return;
-	}
-
-	/* issue data + REQ_FUA */
-	bio->bi_rw &= ~REQ_FLUSH;
-	__split_and_process_bio(md, bio);
-}
-
 /*
  * Process the deferred bios
  */
@@ -2447,33 +2391,27 @@ static void dm_wq_work(struct work_struct *work)
 						work);
 	struct bio *c;
 
-	down_write(&md->io_lock);
+	down_read(&md->io_lock);
 
 	while (!test_bit(DMF_BLOCK_IO_FOR_SUSPEND, &md->flags)) {
 		spin_lock_irq(&md->deferred_lock);
 		c = bio_list_pop(&md->deferred);
 		spin_unlock_irq(&md->deferred_lock);
 
-		if (!c) {
-			clear_bit(DMF_QUEUE_IO_TO_THREAD, &md->flags);
+		if (!c)
 			break;
-		}
 
-		up_write(&md->io_lock);
+		up_read(&md->io_lock);
 
 		if (dm_request_based(md))
 			generic_make_request(c);
-		else {
-			if (c->bi_rw & REQ_FLUSH)
-				process_flush(md, c);
-			else
-				__split_and_process_bio(md, c);
-		}
+		else
+			__split_and_process_bio(md, c);
 
-		down_write(&md->io_lock);
+		down_read(&md->io_lock);
 	}
 
-	up_write(&md->io_lock);
+	up_read(&md->io_lock);
 }
 
 static void dm_queue_flush(struct mapped_device *md)
@@ -2672,17 +2610,12 @@ int dm_suspend(struct mapped_device *md, unsigned suspend_flags)
 	 *
 	 * To get all processes out of __split_and_process_bio in dm_request,
 	 * we take the write lock. To prevent any process from reentering
-	 * __split_and_process_bio from dm_request, we set
-	 * DMF_QUEUE_IO_TO_THREAD.
-	 *
-	 * To quiesce the thread (dm_wq_work), we set DMF_BLOCK_IO_FOR_SUSPEND
-	 * and call flush_workqueue(md->wq). flush_workqueue will wait until
-	 * dm_wq_work exits and DMF_BLOCK_IO_FOR_SUSPEND will prevent any
-	 * further calls to __split_and_process_bio from dm_wq_work.
+	 * __split_and_process_bio from dm_request and quiesce the thread
+	 * (dm_wq_work), we set BMF_BLOCK_IO_FOR_SUSPEND and call
+	 * flush_workqueue(md->wq).
 	 */
 	down_write(&md->io_lock);
 	set_bit(DMF_BLOCK_IO_FOR_SUSPEND, &md->flags);
-	set_bit(DMF_QUEUE_IO_TO_THREAD, &md->flags);
 	up_write(&md->io_lock);
 
 	/*
-- 
1.7.1


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