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Re: [dm-devel] kobject_put vs module unload



On Fri, 7 Jan 2011, Greg KH wrote:

> On Fri, Jan 07, 2011 at 10:42:22PM -0500, Mikulas Patocka wrote:
> > Hi
> > 
> > I'm looking at some kobject problem in device mapper and I came across 
> > this problem:
> > 
> > According to kobject interface specification, If we embed a kobject into 
> > the device structure, we shouldn't free the device structure when the 
> > device is unloaded, but we should register a "release" callback in 
> > kobj_type that will actually free the device structure.
> 
> That is correct.
> 
> What does "device is unloaded" mean?  That really doesn't mean anything
> in reference to the driver model/kobject code.
> 
> > What happens in this scenario?:
> > 
> > 1) someone references a device kobject
> > 2) the device is unloaded (but the device structure is still in memory 
> > because of that reference)
> 
> What do you mean here?  How can a device be "unloaded"?  Is it just
> unregistered?

Device mapper devices can be unloaded by the user with "dmsetup remove" 
command. Other drivers (like md), offer other commands to unload devices, 
but the principle is the same.

> > 3) the driver module is unloaded
> 
> Oops, you just lost.

If you unload all device mappers's devices, the module reference count 
drops to zero and you can unload the device mapper module.

> > 4) the reference obtained at point 1) is dropped, kobject reference count 
> > reaches zero and the release callback is called. But that callback points 
> > to an unloaded module and causes a crash.
> > 
> > How is it solved? Am I missing something?
> 
> You have the code that creates and frees the object, to not be in the
> module that could have been unloaded.  It's really just that simple.

If the whole device mapper subsystem can be a module, where can I put the 
code?

I think a similar bug exists in md, it can also be unloaded as a module 
and it has "release" method in its module code.

> Hope this helps,
> 
> greg k-h

Mikulas


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