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Re: [dm-devel] dd to a striped device with 9 disks gets much lower throughput when oflag=direct used



On 01/27/2012 02:06 AM, Richard Sharpe wrote:
> Hi,
> 
> Perhaps I am doing something stupid, but I would like to understand
> why there is a difference in the following situation.
> 
> I have defined a stripe device thusly:
> 
>      "echo 0 17560535040 striped 9 8 /dev/sdd 0 /dev/sde 0 /dev/sdf 0
> /dev/sdg 0 /dev/sdh 0 /dev/sdi 0 /dev/sdj 0 /dev/sdk 0 /dev/sdl 0 |
> dmsetup create stripe_dev"
> 
> Then is did the following:
> 
>     dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/mapper/stripe_dev bs=262144 count=1000000
> 
> and I got 880 MB/s
> 
> However, when I changed that command to:
> 
>     dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/mapper/stripe_dev bs=262144 count=1000000
> oflag=direct
> 
> I get 210 MB/s reliably.
> 
> The system in question is a 16 core (probably two CPUs) Intel Xeon
> E5620 @2.40Ghz with 64GB of memory and 12 7200PRM SATA drives
> connected to an LSI SAS controller but set up as a JBOD of 12 drives.
> 
> Why do I see such a big performance difference? Does writing to the
> device also use the page cache if I don't specify DIRECT IO?
> 
Yes. All I/O using read/write calls is going via the pagecache.
The only way to circumvent this is to use DIRECT_IO.

Cheers,

Hannes
-- 
Dr. Hannes Reinecke		      zSeries & Storage
hare suse de			      +49 911 74053 688
SUSE LINUX Products GmbH, Maxfeldstr. 5, 90409 Nürnberg
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