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Re: [dm-devel] [PATCH] dm: remake of the verity target




On Tue, 20 Mar 2012, Mandeep Singh Baines wrote:

> > I can introduce a switch to make it accept the old format. Do you want to?
> >
> 
> We can carry that as an out-of-tree patch until we migrate.
> 
> On the other hand, it might be nice to support prepend or append.
> 
> I don't too strong feelings but it might be nice to have
> prepend/append flag. Would definitely make our life easier.

This is improved patch that supports both the old format and the new 
format. I checked that it is interoperable with with the old Google 
userspace tool and with the original Google kernel driver.

Mikulas

---

Remake of the google dm-verity patch.

Signed-off-by: Mikulas Patocka <mpatocka redhat com>

---
 drivers/md/Kconfig     |   17 
 drivers/md/Makefile    |    1 
 drivers/md/dm-verity.c |  876 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 3 files changed, 894 insertions(+)

Index: linux-3.3-fast/drivers/md/Kconfig
===================================================================
--- linux-3.3-fast.orig/drivers/md/Kconfig	2012-03-21 01:17:56.000000000 +0100
+++ linux-3.3-fast/drivers/md/Kconfig	2012-03-21 01:17:56.000000000 +0100
@@ -404,4 +404,21 @@ config DM_VERITY2
 
           If unsure, say N.
 
+config DM_VERITY
+	tristate "Verity target support"
+	depends on BLK_DEV_DM
+	select CRYPTO
+	select CRYPTO_HASH
+	select DM_BUFIO
+	---help---
+	  This device-mapper target allows you to create a device that
+	  transparently integrity checks the data on it. You'll need to
+	  activate the digests you're going to use in the cryptoapi
+	  configuration.
+
+	  To compile this code as a module, choose M here: the module will
+	  be called dm-verity.
+
+	  If unsure, say N.
+
 endif # MD
Index: linux-3.3-fast/drivers/md/Makefile
===================================================================
--- linux-3.3-fast.orig/drivers/md/Makefile	2012-03-21 01:17:56.000000000 +0100
+++ linux-3.3-fast/drivers/md/Makefile	2012-03-21 01:17:56.000000000 +0100
@@ -29,6 +29,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_MD_FAULTY)		+= faulty.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_BLK_DEV_MD)	+= md-mod.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_BLK_DEV_DM)	+= dm-mod.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_DM_BUFIO)		+= dm-bufio.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_DM_VERITY)		+= dm-verity.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_DM_CRYPT)		+= dm-crypt.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_DM_DELAY)		+= dm-delay.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_DM_FLAKEY)		+= dm-flakey.o
Index: linux-3.3-fast/drivers/md/dm-verity.c
===================================================================
--- /dev/null	1970-01-01 00:00:00.000000000 +0000
+++ linux-3.3-fast/drivers/md/dm-verity.c	2012-03-21 18:01:11.000000000 +0100
@@ -0,0 +1,876 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2012 Red Hat, Inc.
+ *
+ * Author: Mikulas Patocka <mpatocka redhat com>
+ *
+ * Based on Chromium dm-verity driver (C) 2011 The Chromium OS Authors
+ *
+ * This file is released under the GPLv2.
+ *
+ * Device mapper target parameters:
+ *	<version>		(0 - original Google's format, 1 - new format)
+ *	<data device>
+ *	<hash device>
+ *	<data block size>
+ *	<hash block size>
+ *	<the number of data blocks>
+ *	<hash start block>
+ *	<algorithm>
+ *	<digest>
+ *	<salt>			(hex bytes or "-" for no salt)
+ *
+ * In the file "/sys/module/dm_verity/parameters/prefetch_cluster" you can set
+ * default prefetch value. Data are read in "prefetch_cluster" chunks from the
+ * hash device. Prefetch cluster greatly improves performance when data and hash
+ * are on the same disk on different partitions on devices with poor random
+ * access behavior.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/device-mapper.h>
+#include <crypto/hash.h>
+#include "dm-bufio.h"
+
+#define DM_MSG_PREFIX			"verity"
+
+#define DM_VERITY_IO_VEC_INLINE		16
+#define DM_VERITY_MEMPOOL_SIZE		4
+#define DM_VERITY_DEFAULT_PREFETCH_SIZE	262144
+
+#define DM_VERITY_MAX_LEVELS		63
+
+static unsigned prefetch_cluster = DM_VERITY_DEFAULT_PREFETCH_SIZE;
+
+module_param_named(prefetch_cluster, prefetch_cluster, uint, S_IRUGO | S_IWUSR);
+
+struct dm_verity {
+	struct dm_dev *data_dev;
+	struct dm_dev *hash_dev;
+	struct dm_target *ti;
+	struct dm_bufio_client *bufio;
+	char *alg_name;
+	struct crypto_shash *tfm;
+	u8 *root_digest;	/* digest of the root block */
+	u8 *salt;		/* salt, its size is salt_size */
+	unsigned salt_size;
+	sector_t data_start;	/* data offset in 512-byte sectors */
+	sector_t hash_start;	/* hash start in blocks */
+	sector_t data_blocks;	/* the number of data blocks */
+	sector_t hash_blocks;	/* the number of hash blocks */
+	unsigned char data_dev_block_bits;	/* log2(data blocksize) */
+	unsigned char hash_dev_block_bits;	/* log2(hash blocksize) */
+	unsigned char hash_per_block_bits;	/* log2(hashes in hash block) */
+	unsigned char levels;	/* the number of tree levels */
+	unsigned char version;
+	unsigned digest_size;	/* digest size for the current hash algorithm */
+	unsigned shash_descsize;/* the size of temporary space for crypto */
+
+	mempool_t *io_mempool;	/* mempool of struct dm_verity_io */
+	mempool_t *vec_mempool;	/* mempool of bio vector */
+
+	struct workqueue_struct *verify_wq;
+
+	/* starting blocks for each tree level. 0 is the lowest level. */
+	sector_t hash_level_block[DM_VERITY_MAX_LEVELS];
+};
+
+struct dm_verity_io {
+	struct dm_verity *v;
+	struct bio *bio;
+
+	/* original values of bio->bi_end_io and bio->bi_private */
+	bio_end_io_t *orig_bi_end_io;
+	void *orig_bi_private;
+
+	sector_t block;
+	unsigned n_blocks;
+
+	/* saved bio vector */
+	struct bio_vec *io_vec;
+	unsigned io_vec_size;
+
+	struct work_struct work;
+
+	/* a space for short vectors; longer vectors are allocated separately */
+	struct bio_vec io_vec_inline[DM_VERITY_IO_VEC_INLINE];
+
+	/* variable-size fields, accessible with functions
+		io_hash_desc, io_real_digest, io_want_digest */
+	/* u8 hash_desc[v->shash_descsize]; */
+	/* u8 real_digest[v->digest_size]; */
+	/* u8 want_digest[v->digest_size]; */
+};
+
+static struct shash_desc *io_hash_desc(struct dm_verity *v, struct dm_verity_io *io)
+{
+	return (struct shash_desc *)(io + 1);
+}
+
+static u8 *io_real_digest(struct dm_verity *v, struct dm_verity_io *io)
+{
+	return (u8 *)(io + 1) + v->shash_descsize;
+}
+
+static u8 *io_want_digest(struct dm_verity *v, struct dm_verity_io *io)
+{
+	return (u8 *)(io + 1) + v->shash_descsize + v->digest_size;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Auxiliary structure appended to each dm-bufio buffer. If the value
+ * hash_verified is nonzero, hash of the block has been verified.
+ *
+ * The variable hash_verified is set to 0 when allocating the buffer, then
+ * it can be changed to 1 and it is never reset to 0 again.
+ *
+ * There is no lock around this value, a race condition can at worst cause
+ * that multiple processes verify the hash of the same buffer simultaneously
+ * and write 1 to hash_verified simultaneously.
+ * This condition is harmless, so we don't need locking.
+ */
+struct buffer_aux {
+	int hash_verified;
+};
+
+/*
+ * Initialize struct buffer_aux for a freshly created buffer.
+ */
+static void dm_bufio_alloc_callback(struct dm_buffer *buf)
+{
+	struct buffer_aux *aux = dm_bufio_get_aux_data(buf);
+	aux->hash_verified = 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Translate input sector number to the sector number on the target device.
+ */
+static sector_t verity_map_sector(struct dm_verity *v, sector_t bi_sector)
+{
+	return v->data_start + dm_target_offset(v->ti, bi_sector);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Return hash position of a specified block at a specified tree level
+ * (0 is the lowest level).
+ * The lowest "hash_per_block_bits"-bits of the result denote hash position
+ * inside a hash block. The remaining bits denote location of the hash block.
+ */
+static sector_t verity_position_at_level(struct dm_verity *v, sector_t block,
+					 int level)
+{
+	return block >> (level * v->hash_per_block_bits);
+}
+
+static void verity_hash_at_level(struct dm_verity *v, sector_t block, int level,
+				 sector_t *hash_block, unsigned *offset)
+{
+	sector_t position = verity_position_at_level(v, block, level);
+
+	*hash_block = v->hash_level_block[level] + (position >> v->hash_per_block_bits);
+	if (offset) {
+		unsigned idx = position & ((1 << v->hash_per_block_bits) - 1);
+		if (!v->version)
+			*offset = idx * v->digest_size;
+		else
+			*offset = idx << (v->hash_dev_block_bits - v->hash_per_block_bits);
+	}
+}
+
+/*
+ * Verify hash of a metadata block pertaining to the specified data block
+ * ("block" argument) at a specified level ("level" argument).
+ *
+ * On successful return, io_want_digest(v, io) contains the hash value for
+ * a lower tree level or for the data block (if we're at the lowest leve).
+ *
+ * If "skip_unverified" is true, unverified buffer is skipped an 1 is returned.
+ * If "skip_unverified" is false, unverified buffer is hashed and verified
+ * against current value of io_want_digest(v, io).
+ */
+static int verity_verify_level(struct dm_verity_io *io, sector_t block,
+			       int level, bool skip_unverified)
+{
+	struct dm_verity *v = io->v;
+	struct dm_buffer *buf;
+	struct buffer_aux *aux;
+	u8 *data;
+	int r;
+	sector_t hash_block;
+	unsigned offset;
+
+	verity_hash_at_level(v, block, level, &hash_block, &offset);
+
+	data = dm_bufio_read(v->bufio, hash_block, &buf);
+	if (unlikely(IS_ERR(data)))
+		return PTR_ERR(data);
+
+	aux = dm_bufio_get_aux_data(buf);
+
+	if (!aux->hash_verified) {
+		struct shash_desc *desc;
+		u8 *result;
+
+		if (skip_unverified) {
+			r = 1;
+			goto release_ret_r;
+		}
+
+		desc = io_hash_desc(v, io);
+		desc->tfm = v->tfm;
+		desc->flags = CRYPTO_TFM_REQ_MAY_SLEEP;
+		r = crypto_shash_init(desc);
+		if (r < 0) {
+			DMERR("crypto_shash_init failed: %d", r);
+			goto release_ret_r;
+		}
+
+		if (likely(v->version >= 1)) {
+			r = crypto_shash_update(desc, v->salt, v->salt_size);
+			if (r < 0) {
+				DMERR("crypto_shash_update failed: %d", r);
+				goto release_ret_r;
+			}
+		}
+
+		r = crypto_shash_update(desc, data, 1 << v->hash_dev_block_bits);
+		if (r < 0) {
+			DMERR("crypto_shash_update failed: %d", r);
+			goto release_ret_r;
+		}
+
+		if (!v->version) {
+			r = crypto_shash_update(desc, v->salt, v->salt_size);
+			if (r < 0) {
+				DMERR("crypto_shash_update failed: %d", r);
+				goto release_ret_r;
+			}
+		}
+
+		result = io_real_digest(v, io);
+		r = crypto_shash_final(desc, result);
+		if (r < 0) {
+			DMERR("crypto_shash_final failed: %d", r);
+			goto release_ret_r;
+		}
+		if (unlikely(memcmp(result, io_want_digest(v, io), v->digest_size))) {
+			DMERR_LIMIT("metadata block %llu is corrupted",
+				(unsigned long long)hash_block);
+			r = -EIO;
+			goto release_ret_r;
+		} else
+			aux->hash_verified = 1;
+	}
+
+	data += offset;
+
+	memcpy(io_want_digest(v, io), data, v->digest_size);
+
+	dm_bufio_release(buf);
+	return 0;
+
+release_ret_r:
+	dm_bufio_release(buf);
+	return r;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Verify one "dm_verity_io" structure.
+ */
+static int verity_verify_io(struct dm_verity_io *io)
+{
+	struct dm_verity *v = io->v;
+	unsigned b;
+	int i;
+	unsigned vector = 0, offset = 0;
+	for (b = 0; b < io->n_blocks; b++) {
+		struct shash_desc *desc;
+		u8 *result;
+		int r;
+		unsigned todo;
+
+		if (likely(v->levels)) {
+			/*
+			 * First, we try to get the requested hash for
+			 * the current block. If the hash block itself is
+			 * verified, zero is returned. If it isn't, this
+			 * function returns 0 and we fall back to whole
+			 * chain verification.
+			 */
+			int r = verity_verify_level(io, io->block + b, 0, true);
+			if (likely(!r))
+				goto test_block_hash;
+			if (r < 0)
+				return r;
+		}
+
+		memcpy(io_want_digest(v, io), v->root_digest, v->digest_size);
+
+		for (i = v->levels - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
+			int r = verity_verify_level(io, io->block + b, i, false);
+			if (unlikely(r))
+				return r;
+		}
+
+test_block_hash:
+		desc = io_hash_desc(v, io);
+		desc->tfm = v->tfm;
+		desc->flags = CRYPTO_TFM_REQ_MAY_SLEEP;
+		r = crypto_shash_init(desc);
+		if (r < 0) {
+			DMERR("crypto_shash_init failed: %d", r);
+			return r;
+		}
+
+		if (likely(v->version >= 1)) {
+			r = crypto_shash_update(desc, v->salt, v->salt_size);
+			if (r < 0) {
+				DMERR("crypto_shash_update failed: %d", r);
+				return r;
+			}
+		}
+
+		todo = 1 << v->data_dev_block_bits;
+		do {
+			struct bio_vec *bv;
+			u8 *page;
+			unsigned len;
+
+			BUG_ON(vector >= io->io_vec_size);
+			bv = &io->io_vec[vector];
+			page = kmap_atomic(bv->bv_page, KM_USER0);
+			len = bv->bv_len - offset;
+			if (likely(len >= todo))
+				len = todo;
+			r = crypto_shash_update(desc,
+					page + bv->bv_offset + offset, len);
+			kunmap_atomic(page, KM_USER0);
+			if (r < 0) {
+				DMERR("crypto_shash_update failed: %d", r);
+				return r;
+			}
+			offset += len;
+			if (likely(offset == bv->bv_len)) {
+				offset = 0;
+				vector++;
+			}
+			todo -= len;
+		} while (todo);
+
+		if (!v->version) {
+			r = crypto_shash_update(desc, v->salt, v->salt_size);
+			if (r < 0) {
+				DMERR("crypto_shash_update failed: %d", r);
+				return r;
+			}
+		}
+
+		result = io_real_digest(v, io);
+		r = crypto_shash_final(desc, result);
+		if (r < 0) {
+			DMERR("crypto_shash_final failed: %d", r);
+			return r;
+		}
+		if (unlikely(memcmp(result, io_want_digest(v, io), v->digest_size))) {
+			DMERR_LIMIT("data block %llu is corrupted",
+				(unsigned long long)(io->block + b));
+			return -EIO;
+		}
+	}
+	BUG_ON(vector != io->io_vec_size);
+	BUG_ON(offset);
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * End one "io" structure with a given error.
+ */
+static void verity_finish_io(struct dm_verity_io *io, int error)
+{
+	struct bio *bio = io->bio;
+	struct dm_verity *v = io->v;
+
+	bio->bi_end_io = io->orig_bi_end_io;
+	bio->bi_private = io->orig_bi_private;
+
+	if (io->io_vec != io->io_vec_inline)
+		mempool_free(io->io_vec, v->vec_mempool);
+	mempool_free(io, v->io_mempool);
+
+	bio_endio(bio, error);
+}
+
+static void verity_work(struct work_struct *w)
+{
+	struct dm_verity_io *io = container_of(w, struct dm_verity_io, work);
+
+	verity_finish_io(io, verity_verify_io(io));
+}
+
+static void verity_end_io(struct bio *bio, int error)
+{
+	struct dm_verity_io *io = bio->bi_private;
+	if (error) {
+		verity_finish_io(io, error);
+		return;
+	}
+
+	INIT_WORK(&io->work, verity_work);
+	queue_work(io->v->verify_wq, &io->work);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Prefetch buffers for the specified io.
+ * The root buffer is not prefetched, it is assumed that it will be cached
+ * all the time.
+ */
+static void verity_prefetch_io(struct dm_verity *v, struct dm_verity_io *io)
+{
+	int i;
+	for (i = v->levels - 2; i >= 0; i--) {
+		sector_t hash_block_start;
+		sector_t hash_block_end;
+		verity_hash_at_level(v, io->block, i, &hash_block_start, NULL);
+		verity_hash_at_level(v, io->block + io->n_blocks - 1, i, &hash_block_end, NULL);
+		if (!i) {
+			unsigned cluster = *(volatile unsigned *)&prefetch_cluster;
+			cluster >>= v->data_dev_block_bits;
+			if (unlikely(!cluster))
+				goto no_prefetch_cluster;
+			if (unlikely(cluster & (cluster - 1)))
+				cluster = 1 << (fls(cluster) - 1);
+
+			hash_block_start &= ~(sector_t)(cluster - 1);
+			hash_block_end |= cluster - 1;
+			if (unlikely(hash_block_end >= v->hash_blocks))
+				hash_block_end = v->hash_blocks - 1;
+		}
+no_prefetch_cluster:
+		dm_bufio_prefetch(v->bufio, hash_block_start,
+					hash_block_end - hash_block_start + 1);
+	}
+}
+
+/*
+ * Bio map function. It allocates dm_verity_io structure and bio vector and
+ * fills them. Then it issues prefetches and the I/O.
+ */
+static int verity_map(struct dm_target *ti, struct bio *bio,
+		      union map_info *map_context)
+{
+	struct dm_verity *v = ti->private;
+	struct dm_verity_io *io;
+
+	bio->bi_bdev = v->data_dev->bdev;
+	bio->bi_sector = verity_map_sector(v, bio->bi_sector);
+
+	if (((unsigned)bio->bi_sector | bio_sectors(bio)) &
+	    ((1 << (v->data_dev_block_bits - SECTOR_SHIFT)) - 1)) {
+		DMERR_LIMIT("unaligned io");
+		return -EIO;
+	}
+
+	if ((bio->bi_sector + bio_sectors(bio)) >>
+	    (v->data_dev_block_bits - SECTOR_SHIFT) > v->data_blocks) {
+		DMERR_LIMIT("io out of range");
+		return -EIO;
+	}
+
+	if (bio_data_dir(bio) == WRITE)
+		return -EIO;
+
+	io = mempool_alloc(v->io_mempool, GFP_NOIO);
+	io->v = v;
+	io->bio = bio;
+	io->orig_bi_end_io = bio->bi_end_io;
+	io->orig_bi_private = bio->bi_private;
+	io->block = bio->bi_sector >> (v->data_dev_block_bits - SECTOR_SHIFT);
+	io->n_blocks = bio->bi_size >> v->data_dev_block_bits;
+
+	bio->bi_end_io = verity_end_io;
+	bio->bi_private = io;
+	io->io_vec_size = bio->bi_vcnt - bio->bi_idx;
+	if (io->io_vec_size < DM_VERITY_IO_VEC_INLINE)
+		io->io_vec = io->io_vec_inline;
+	else
+		io->io_vec = mempool_alloc(v->vec_mempool, GFP_NOIO);
+	memcpy(io->io_vec, bio_iovec(bio),
+	       io->io_vec_size * sizeof(struct bio_vec));
+
+	verity_prefetch_io(v, io);
+
+	generic_make_request(bio);
+
+	return DM_MAPIO_SUBMITTED;
+}
+
+static int verity_status(struct dm_target *ti, status_type_t type,
+			 char *result, unsigned maxlen)
+{
+	struct dm_verity *v = ti->private;
+	unsigned sz = 0;
+	unsigned x;
+
+	switch (type) {
+	case STATUSTYPE_INFO:
+		result[0] = 0;
+		break;
+	case STATUSTYPE_TABLE:
+		DMEMIT("%u %s %s %u %u %llu %llu %s ",
+			v->version,
+			v->data_dev->name,
+			v->hash_dev->name,
+			1 << v->data_dev_block_bits,
+			1 << v->hash_dev_block_bits,
+			(unsigned long long)v->data_blocks,
+			(unsigned long long)v->hash_start,
+			v->alg_name
+			);
+		for (x = 0; x < v->digest_size; x++)
+			DMEMIT("%02x", v->root_digest[x]);
+		DMEMIT(" ");
+		if (!v->salt_size)
+			DMEMIT("-");
+		else
+			for (x = 0; x < v->salt_size; x++)
+				DMEMIT("%02x", v->salt[x]);
+		break;
+	}
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int verity_ioctl(struct dm_target *ti, unsigned cmd,
+			unsigned long arg)
+{
+	struct dm_verity *v = ti->private;
+	int r = 0;
+
+	if (v->data_start ||
+	    ti->len != i_size_read(v->data_dev->bdev->bd_inode) >> SECTOR_SHIFT)
+		r = scsi_verify_blk_ioctl(NULL, cmd);
+
+	return r ? : __blkdev_driver_ioctl(v->data_dev->bdev, v->data_dev->mode,
+				     cmd, arg);
+}
+
+static int verity_merge(struct dm_target *ti, struct bvec_merge_data *bvm,
+			struct bio_vec *biovec, int max_size)
+{
+	struct dm_verity *v = ti->private;
+	struct request_queue *q = bdev_get_queue(v->data_dev->bdev);
+
+	if (!q->merge_bvec_fn)
+		return max_size;
+
+	bvm->bi_bdev = v->data_dev->bdev;
+	bvm->bi_sector = verity_map_sector(v, bvm->bi_sector);
+
+	return min(max_size, q->merge_bvec_fn(q, bvm, biovec));
+}
+
+static int verity_iterate_devices(struct dm_target *ti,
+				  iterate_devices_callout_fn fn, void *data)
+{
+	struct dm_verity *v = ti->private;
+	return fn(ti, v->data_dev, v->data_start, ti->len, data);
+}
+
+static void verity_io_hints(struct dm_target *ti, struct queue_limits *limits)
+{
+	struct dm_verity *v = ti->private;
+
+	if (limits->logical_block_size < 1 << v->data_dev_block_bits)
+		limits->logical_block_size = 1 << v->data_dev_block_bits;
+	if (limits->physical_block_size < 1 << v->data_dev_block_bits)
+		limits->physical_block_size = 1 << v->data_dev_block_bits;
+	blk_limits_io_min(limits, limits->logical_block_size);
+}
+
+static void verity_dtr(struct dm_target *ti);
+
+static int verity_ctr(struct dm_target *ti, unsigned argc, char **argv)
+{
+	struct dm_verity *v;
+	unsigned num;
+	unsigned long long num_ll;
+	int r;
+	int i;
+	sector_t hash_position;
+	char dummy;
+
+	v = kzalloc(sizeof(struct dm_verity), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!v) {
+		ti->error = "Cannot allocate verity structure";
+		return -ENOMEM;
+	}
+	ti->private = v;
+	v->ti = ti;
+
+	if ((dm_table_get_mode(ti->table) & ~FMODE_READ) != 0) {
+		ti->error = "Device must be readonly";
+		r = -EINVAL;
+		goto bad;
+	}
+
+	if (argc != 10) {
+		ti->error = "Invalid argument count";
+		r = -EINVAL;
+		goto bad;
+	}
+
+	if (sscanf(argv[0], "%d%c", &num, &dummy) != 1 ||
+	    num < 0 || num > 1) {
+		ti->error = "Invalid version";
+		r = -EINVAL;
+		goto bad;
+	}
+	v->version = num;
+
+	r = dm_get_device(ti, argv[1], FMODE_READ, &v->data_dev);
+	if (r) {
+		ti->error = "Data device lookup failed";
+		goto bad;
+	}
+
+	r = dm_get_device(ti, argv[2], FMODE_READ, &v->hash_dev);
+	if (r) {
+		ti->error = "Data device lookup failed";
+		goto bad;
+	}
+
+	if (sscanf(argv[3], "%u%c", &num, &dummy) != 1 ||
+	    !num || (num & (num - 1)) ||
+	    num < bdev_logical_block_size(v->data_dev->bdev) ||
+	    num > PAGE_SIZE) {
+		ti->error = "Invalid data device block size";
+		r = -EINVAL;
+		goto bad;
+	}
+	v->data_dev_block_bits = ffs(num) - 1;
+
+	if (sscanf(argv[4], "%u%c", &num, &dummy) != 1 ||
+	    !num || (num & (num - 1)) ||
+	    num < bdev_logical_block_size(v->hash_dev->bdev) ||
+	    num > INT_MAX) {
+		ti->error = "Invalid hash device block size";
+		r = -EINVAL;
+		goto bad;
+	}
+	v->hash_dev_block_bits = ffs(num) - 1;
+
+	if (sscanf(argv[5], "%llu%c", &num_ll, &dummy) != 1 ||
+	    num_ll << (v->data_dev_block_bits - SECTOR_SHIFT) !=
+	    (sector_t)num_ll << (v->data_dev_block_bits - SECTOR_SHIFT)) {
+		ti->error = "Invalid data blocks";
+		r = -EINVAL;
+		goto bad;
+	}
+	v->data_blocks = num_ll;
+
+	if (ti->len > (v->data_blocks << (v->data_dev_block_bits - SECTOR_SHIFT))) {
+		ti->error = "Data device is too small";
+		r = -EINVAL;
+		goto bad;
+	}
+
+	if (sscanf(argv[6], "%llu%c", &num_ll, &dummy) != 1 ||
+	    num_ll << (v->hash_dev_block_bits - SECTOR_SHIFT) !=
+	    (sector_t)num_ll << (v->hash_dev_block_bits - SECTOR_SHIFT)) {
+		ti->error = "Invalid hash start";
+		r = -EINVAL;
+		goto bad;
+	}
+	v->hash_start = num_ll;
+
+	v->alg_name = kstrdup(argv[7], GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!v->alg_name) {
+		ti->error = "Cannot allocate algorithm name";
+		r = -ENOMEM;
+		goto bad;
+	}
+
+	v->tfm = crypto_alloc_shash(v->alg_name, 0, 0);
+	if (IS_ERR(v->tfm)) {
+		ti->error = "Cannot initialize hash function";
+		r = PTR_ERR(v->tfm);
+		v->tfm = NULL;
+		goto bad;
+	}
+	v->digest_size = crypto_shash_digestsize(v->tfm);
+	if ((1 << v->hash_dev_block_bits) < v->digest_size * 2) {
+		ti->error = "Digest size too big";
+		r = -EINVAL;
+		goto bad;
+	}
+	v->shash_descsize =
+		sizeof(struct shash_desc) + crypto_shash_descsize(v->tfm);
+
+	v->root_digest = kmalloc(v->digest_size, GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!v->root_digest) {
+		ti->error = "Cannot allocate root digest";
+		r = -ENOMEM;
+		goto bad;
+	}
+	if (strlen(argv[8]) != v->digest_size * 2 ||
+	    hex2bin(v->root_digest, argv[8], v->digest_size)) {
+		ti->error = "Invalid root digest";
+		r = -EINVAL;
+		goto bad;
+	}
+
+	if (strcmp(argv[9], "-")) {
+		v->salt_size = strlen(argv[9]) / 2;
+		v->salt = kmalloc(v->salt_size, GFP_KERNEL);
+		if (!v->salt) {
+			ti->error = "Cannot allocate salt";
+			r = -ENOMEM;
+			goto bad;
+		}
+		if (strlen(argv[9]) != v->salt_size * 2 ||
+		    hex2bin(v->salt, argv[9], v->salt_size)) {
+			ti->error = "Invalid salt";
+			r = -EINVAL;
+			goto bad;
+		}
+	}
+
+	v->hash_per_block_bits =
+		fls((1 << v->hash_dev_block_bits) / v->digest_size) - 1;
+
+	v->levels = 0;
+	if (v->data_blocks)
+		while (v->hash_per_block_bits * v->levels < 64 &&
+		       (unsigned long long)(v->data_blocks - 1) >>
+		       (v->hash_per_block_bits * v->levels))
+			v->levels++;
+
+	if (v->levels > DM_VERITY_MAX_LEVELS) {
+		ti->error = "Too many tree levels";
+		r = -E2BIG;
+		goto bad;
+	}
+
+	hash_position = v->hash_start;
+	for (i = v->levels - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
+		sector_t s;
+		v->hash_level_block[i] = hash_position;
+		s = verity_position_at_level(v, v->data_blocks, i);
+		s = (s >> v->hash_per_block_bits) +
+		    !!(s & ((1 << v->hash_per_block_bits) - 1));
+		if (hash_position + s < hash_position) {
+			ti->error = "Hash device offset overflow";
+			r = -E2BIG;
+			goto bad;
+		}
+		hash_position += s;
+	}
+	v->hash_blocks = hash_position;
+
+	v->bufio = dm_bufio_client_create(v->hash_dev->bdev,
+		1 << v->hash_dev_block_bits, 1, sizeof(struct buffer_aux),
+		dm_bufio_alloc_callback, NULL);
+	if (IS_ERR(v->bufio)) {
+		ti->error = "Cannot initialize dm-bufio";
+		r = PTR_ERR(v->bufio);
+		v->bufio = NULL;
+		goto bad;
+	}
+
+	if (dm_bufio_get_device_size(v->bufio) < v->hash_blocks) {
+		ti->error = "Hash device is too small";
+		r = -E2BIG;
+		goto bad;
+	}
+
+	v->io_mempool = mempool_create_kmalloc_pool(DM_VERITY_MEMPOOL_SIZE,
+	  sizeof(struct dm_verity_io) + v->shash_descsize + v->digest_size * 2);
+	if (!v->io_mempool) {
+		ti->error = "Cannot allocate io mempool";
+		r = -ENOMEM;
+		goto bad;
+	}
+
+	v->vec_mempool = mempool_create_kmalloc_pool(DM_VERITY_MEMPOOL_SIZE,
+					BIO_MAX_PAGES * sizeof(struct bio_vec));
+	if (!v->vec_mempool) {
+		ti->error = "Cannot allocate vector mempool";
+		r = -ENOMEM;
+		goto bad;
+	}
+
+	/*v->verify_wq = alloc_workqueue("verityd", WQ_CPU_INTENSIVE | WQ_MEM_RECLAIM, 1);*/
+	/* WQ_UNBOUND greatly improves performance when running on ramdisk */
+	v->verify_wq = alloc_workqueue("verityd", WQ_CPU_INTENSIVE | WQ_MEM_RECLAIM | WQ_UNBOUND, num_online_cpus());
+	if (!v->verify_wq) {
+		ti->error = "Cannot allocate workqueue";
+		r = -ENOMEM;
+		goto bad;
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+
+bad:
+	verity_dtr(ti);
+	return r;
+}
+
+static void verity_dtr(struct dm_target *ti)
+{
+	struct dm_verity *v = ti->private;
+
+	if (v->verify_wq)
+		destroy_workqueue(v->verify_wq);
+	if (v->vec_mempool)
+		mempool_destroy(v->vec_mempool);
+	if (v->io_mempool)
+		mempool_destroy(v->io_mempool);
+	if (v->bufio)
+		dm_bufio_client_destroy(v->bufio);
+	kfree(v->salt);
+	kfree(v->root_digest);
+	if (v->tfm)
+		crypto_free_shash(v->tfm);
+	kfree(v->alg_name);
+	if (v->hash_dev)
+		dm_put_device(ti, v->hash_dev);
+	if (v->data_dev)
+		dm_put_device(ti, v->data_dev);
+	kfree(v);
+}
+
+static struct target_type verity_target = {
+	.name		= "verity",
+	.version	= {1, 0, 0},
+	.module		= THIS_MODULE,
+	.ctr		= verity_ctr,
+	.dtr		= verity_dtr,
+	.map		= verity_map,
+	.status		= verity_status,
+	.ioctl		= verity_ioctl,
+	.merge		= verity_merge,
+	.iterate_devices = verity_iterate_devices,
+	.io_hints	= verity_io_hints,
+};
+
+static int __init dm_verity_init(void)
+{
+	int r;
+	r = dm_register_target(&verity_target);
+	if (r < 0)
+		DMERR("register failed %d", r);
+	return r;
+}
+
+static void __exit dm_verity_exit(void)
+{
+	dm_unregister_target(&verity_target);
+}
+
+module_init(dm_verity_init);
+module_exit(dm_verity_exit);
+
+MODULE_AUTHOR("Mikulas Patocka <mpatocka redhat com>");
+MODULE_AUTHOR("Mandeep Baines <msb chromium org>");
+MODULE_AUTHOR("Will Drewry <wad chromium org>");
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION(DM_NAME " target for transparent disk integrity checking");
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
+


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