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Re: [linux-lvm] RAID chunk size & LVM 'offset' affecting RAID stripe alignment



Revisiting an older topic (I got sidetracked w/other issues,
as usual, fortunately email usually waits...).

About a month ago, I'd mentioned docs for 2 HW raid cards
(LSI & Rocket Raid) both suggested 64K as a RAID chunk size.

Two responses came up, Doug Ledford said:
 Hardware raid and software raid are two entirely different things
 when it comes to optimization.


And Luca Berra said:
 I think 64k might be small as a chunk size, depending on your
array size you probably want a bigger size.
(I asked why and Luca contiued..)

 First we have to consider usage scenarios, i.e. average read and
 average write size, large reads benefit from larger chunks, small
 writes with too large chunks would still result on whole stripe
 Read-Modify-Write.

 there were people on linux-raid ml doing benchmarks, and iirc
 using chunks between 256k and 1m gave better average results...

(Doug seconded this, as he was the benchmarker..)
That was me. The best results are with 256 or 512k chunk sizes.
 Above 512k you don't get any more benefit.

------

 My questions at this point -- why are SW and HW raid so different?
Aren't they doing the same algorithms on the same media?  SW might
be a bit slower at some things (or it might be faster if it's good
SW and the HW doesn't clearly make it faster).

Secondly, how would array size affect the choice for chunk size? Wouldn't chunk size be based on your average update size, trading off against the increased benefit of a larger chunk size benefitting reads more than writes. I.e. if you read 10 times as much as write,
then maybe faster reads provide a clear win, but if you update
nearly as much as read, then a stripe size closer to your average
update size would be preferable.

 Concerning the benefit of a larger chunk size benefitting reads --
would that benefit be less if one also was using read-ahead on the
array?

 >-----------------------<
In another note, Luca Berra commented, in response to my observation that my 256K-data wide stripes (4x64K chunks) would be skewed by a
chunk size on my PV's that defaulted to starting data at offset 192K:

LB> it will cause multiple R-M-W cycles fro writes that cross stripe
LB> boundary, not good.

I don't see how it would make a measurable difference. If it did, wouldn't we also have to account for the parity disks so that they are aligned as well -- as they also have to be written during a stripe-write? I.e. -- if it is a requirement that they be aligned,
it seems that the LVM alignment has to be:

 (total disks)x(chunk-size)

not
 (data-disks)x(chunk-size)

as I *think* we were both thinking when we earlier discussed this.

Either way, I don't know how much of an effect there would be if,
when updating a stripe, some of the disks read/write chunk "N", while
the other disks use chunk "N-1"...  They would all be writing 1
chunk/stripe update, no?  The only conceivable impact on performance
would be at some 'boundary' point -- if your volume contained
multiple physical partitions -- but those would be far and few between large areas where it should (?) make no difference. Eh?

Linda








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