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Re: [linux-lvm] Need help with a particular use-case for pvmove.



On Sun, Nov 14, 2010 at 4:58 PM, Lars Ellenberg
<lars ellenberg linbit com> wrote:
> On Sat, Nov 13, 2010 at 10:56:05PM -0500, Stirling Westrup wrote:
>> On Sat, Nov 13, 2010 at 6:03 PM, Lars Ellenberg
>> <lars ellenberg linbit com> wrote:
>> > On Sat, Nov 13, 2010 at 04:45:36PM -0500, Stirling Westrup wrote:
>>
>> ...
>> >> All I want to do is move physical extents from one physical volume to
>> >> another. Both of those volumes are present and accessible. Why should
>> >> uninvolved missing volumes be an issue, and is there any way around
>> >> it?  pmmove suggests running "vgreduce --removemissing" but the
>> >> documentation for vgreduce seems to say that I'd need to 1) use
>> >> --force and 2) it would likely result in data loss.
>> >>
>> >> Is there anything I can do, short of borrowing another storage array
>> >> somewhere, just so I can have an extra slot to do this move? My other
>> >> option is to put the new drive into a USB case, but the server only
>> >> supports USB1, so moving a terrabyte will take over a week.
>> >>
>>
>> > If you do it offline anyways:
>> >
>> > Shut down.
>> > Unplug one of the good old drives, plug in the new drive.
>> > If you want to be extra sure against typos,
>> > unplug all but the bad-old drive ;-)
>> >
>> > Boot into maintenance mode, use a live-cd if you have to.
>> >
>> > Don't activate the VG.  It won't activate with one pv missing anyways,
>> > unless you really want it to.
>> >
>> > Then dd_rescue copy the disk image from bad-old to new, including
>> > everything (partition table, if any, LVM signature, the full image).
>> >
>> > Remove bad-old drive, have all other old and the new plugged,
>> > reboot normally.
>> >
>> > Done.
>> >
>> > Estimated downtime, assuming a sustained linear write speed of 80 MiB/s:
>> > 1 TiB / (80 MiB/s), well under 4 hours.
>> >
>>
>> Thanks. I did consider this, but the new drive is twice the size of
>> the old one, so I would need to make sure I had created a partition on
>> the new drive the exact size of the old one, and had dd-ed everything
>> correctly. Even then, I wasn't sure if it would work, because I don't
>> know what the metadata records in terms of the drive configurations.
>
> No. Don't ask for advice, if you don't take it.  I don't just post
> nonsense on mailing lists, just to read my own words in the net ;-)
>
> Demo run, simulating a two drive VG, replacing one drive with a bigger one,
> using LVs of some other VG as "drives".
>
> root racke:~/demo# export LVM_SYSTEM_DIR=$PWD
> root racke:~/demo# pvs
> root racke:~/demo# pvcreate /dev/demo/dummy-a
>  Physical volume "/dev/demo/dummy-a" successfully created
> root racke:~/demo# pvcreate /dev/demo/dummy-b
>  Physical volume "/dev/demo/dummy-b" successfully created
> root racke:~/demo# vgcreate Data /dev/demo/dummy-{a,b}
>  Volume group "Data" successfully created
> root racke:~/demo# vgs
>  VG   #PV #LV #SN Attr   VSize VFree
>  Data   2   0   0 wz--n- 1.99g 1.99g
> root racke:~/demo# lvcreate -n data -L 1.8g Data
>  Rounding up size to full physical extent 1.80 GiB
>  Logical volume "data" created
> root racke:~/demo# mkefs.ext4 /dev/Data/data
> mke2fs 1.41.11 (14-Mar-2010)
> ...
> Creating journal (8192 blocks): done
> Writing superblocks and filesystem accounting information: done
> ...
> root racke:~/demo# vgs
>  VG   #PV #LV #SN Attr   VSize VFree
>  Data   2   1   0 wz--n- 1.99g 196.00m
> root racke:~/demo# blockdev --getsize64 /dev/demo/dummy-*
> 1073741824
> 1073741824
> 2147483648
> root racke:~/demo# blockdev --getsize64 /dev/demo/dummy-c
> 2147483648
>
> Ok, so you now have a LV data in a VG Data consisting of two "drives", 1gig each,
> and a third drive of two gig.
>
> Now, simulating drive replacement with the method I told you.
>
> root racke:~/demo# vgchange -an Data
>  0 logical volume(s) in volume group "Data" now active
> root racke:~/demo# lvs
>  LV   VG   Attr   LSize Origin Snap%  Move Log Copy%  Convert
>  data Data -wi--- 1.80g
>
>
> (you may want to play with some options of dd_rescue
> to get best performance)
> root racke:~/demo# dd_rescue /dev/demo/dummy-a /dev/demo/dummy-c
> ...
> dd_rescue: (info): /dev/demo/dummy-a (1048576.0k): EOF
> Summary for /dev/demo/dummy-a -> /dev/demo/dummy-c:
> dd_rescue: (info): ipos:   1048576.0k, opos:   1048576.0k, xferd:   1048576.0k
> ...
>
> root racke:~/demo# pvs -v
>    Scanning for physical volume names
>  Found duplicate PV 8Miyc0iXMErbqbTBMfCxrMSLMIo0F2IP: using /dev/demo/dummy-c not /dev/demo/dummy-a
>  PV                          VG   Fmt  Attr PSize    PFree   DevSize PV UUID
>  /dev/demo/dummy-b Data lvm2 a-   1020.00m 196.00m   1.00g N8tSRP-qwxK-M8wo-wy5A-4f8V-u07s-8xDwgi
>  /dev/demo/dummy-c Data lvm2 a-   1020.00m      0    2.00g 8Miyc0-iXME-rbqb-TBMf-CxrM-SLMI-o0F2IP
>
> Uh oh... duplicate PV signature...  Well, yes, of course, we physically
> copied the image, including any signatures..
>
>        =>> if you have your PVs on partitions, not the full disks,
>            just create a partition fully covering the new drive,
>            and dd the old PV partition into the new partition.
>            No matter if the new partition is bigger.
>
> Now, simulate unplugging the old drive by adjusting my demo filter:
> root racke:~/demo# vi lvm.conf +/filter\ =
>
> ...
> -    filter = [ "a|^/dev/demo/dummy-[abc]$|", "r/.*/" ]
> +    filter = [ "a|^/dev/demo/dummy-[bc]$|", "r/.*/" ]
>
> root racke:~/demo# vgscan
>  Reading all physical volumes.  This may take a while...
>  Found volume group "Data" using metadata type lvm2
> root racke:~/demo# pvscan
>  PV /dev/demo/dummy-c   VG Data   lvm2 [1020.00 MiB / 0    free]
>  PV /dev/demo/dummy-b   VG Data   lvm2 [1020.00 MiB / 196.00 MiB free]
>  Total: 2 [1.99 GiB] / in use: 2 [1.99 GiB] / in no VG: 0 [0   ]
>
> There. No more duplicate PV signatures.
>
> root racke:~/demo# lvs
>  LV   VG   Attr   LSize Origin Snap%  Move Log Copy%  Convert
>  data Data -wi-a- 1.80g
> root racke:~/demo# vgs
>  VG   #PV #LV #SN Attr   VSize VFree
>  Data   2   1   0 wz--n- 1.99g 196.00m
>
> have lvm recognize the new PV size:
> root racke:~/demo# pvresize /dev/demo/dummy-c
>  Physical volume "/dev/demo/dummy-c" changed
>  1 physical volume(s) resized / 0 physical volume(s) not resized
> root racke:~/demo# vgs
>  VG   #PV #LV #SN Attr   VSize VFree
>  Data   2   1   0 wz--n- 2.99g 1.19g
>                          ^^^^^ ^^^^^
> root racke:~/demo# lvs
>  LV   VG   Attr   LSize Origin Snap%  Move Log Copy%  Convert
>  data Data -wi-a- 1.80g
>
> reactivate the VG:
> root racke:~/demo# vgchange -ay Data
>
> and now mount your LV, and be happy.
>
>
> You now can add more space to your LV,
> or pvmove an other drive onto the new space of the new bigger drive,
> reducing it from the VGs, replace it with an other bigger one,
> pvcreate and add it into the VG to grow your VG further.
>
> Still you should consider some RAID, as in _redundancy_ of your data.
>
Thanks for going through all those steps. It does make the procedure a
lot clearer in my mind, and it does look like dd_rescue is the way to
go then. I'm going to head off to try it now.


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