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Re: [augeas-devel] Path and increasing identifiers



On Wed, 2009-12-16 at 15:28 +0100, Tim Stoop wrote:
> I'm trying to knit some of our puppet recipes together with Augeas,
> because I think the Augeas way of working is much nicer than sourcing
> files. However, I'm running into one thing I can't seem to solve: Take
> the /etc/hosts file, every entry has a unique identifier (like
> /files/etc/hosts/1/), how do I determine which one is the highest, so
> I can automatically do something like last()+1 for a new IP address?

For numbered nodes (like the ones underneath /files/etc/hosts) the
easiest is to just use numbers that start with a '0', since Augeas will
never use such numbers, i.e. 01, 02 etc. will always be unique. You can
therefore do something like the following in puppet

        augeas { myhost:
          changes =>
            "set /files/etc/hosts/01/ipaddr 192.168.0.1
             set /files/etc/hosts/01/canonical gateway.example.com
             ... ",
          onlyif => "match /files/etc/hosts/*[ipaddr = '192.168.0.1'] size == 0"
        }

The expressions 'last()' and 'last()+1' only have a meaning inside
predicates (the stuff in [ ... ]) in path expressions, and are generally
used when adding to a list of nodes that all have thesame name, like the
aliases for an entry in /etc/hosts. For example, to an alias to the
entry with IP 192.168.0.1 (assuming we know it exists), you would write
in augtool

        augtool> set /files/etc/hosts/*[ipaddr='192.168.0.1']/alias[last()+1] myhost.example.com
        
David




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