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[Cluster-devel] cluster/ccs/man cluster.conf.5



CVSROOT:	/cvs/cluster
Module name:	cluster
Changes by:	teigland sourceware org	2007-08-17 18:27:13

Modified files:
	ccs/man        : cluster.conf.5 

Log message:
	Vastly simplify this man page.  Include no cman or fencing information
	but refer to the cman and fenced pages.

Patches:
http://sourceware.org/cgi-bin/cvsweb.cgi/cluster/ccs/man/cluster.conf.5.diff?cvsroot=cluster&r1=1.7&r2=1.8

--- cluster/ccs/man/cluster.conf.5	2006/11/29 17:04:31	1.7
+++ cluster/ccs/man/cluster.conf.5	2007/08/17 18:27:13	1.8
@@ -1,222 +1,65 @@
 .\"
 .\"  Copyright 2001-2003 Sistina Software, Inc.
-.\"  Copyright (C) 2004 Red Hat, Inc.  All rights reserved.
+.\"  Copyright (C) 2004-2007 Red Hat, Inc.  All rights reserved.
 
 .TH cluster.conf 5
 
 .SH NAME
-cluster.conf - The configuration file for cluster products
+cluster.conf - configuration file for cman, fence, dlm, gfs, rgmanager
 
 .SH DESCRIPTION
+
 The \fBcluster.conf\fP file is located in the /etc/cluster directory.  It
-is the source of information used by the cluster products - accessed
-indirectly through CCS (see \fBccs(7)\fP).  This file contains all the
-information needed for the cluster to operate, such as: what nodes are in
-the cluster and how to I/O fence those nodes.  There is generic information
-that is applicable to all cluster infrastructures, as well as specific
-information relevant for specific cluster products.
-
-This man page describes the generic contents of the \fBcluster.conf\fP file.
-The product specific sections of \fBcluster.conf\fP are left to their
-respective man pages.  For example, after constructing the generic content,
-a user should look at the \fBcman(5)\fP man page for further information
-about the \fBcman\fP section of cluster.conf.
-
-The \fBcluster.conf\fP file is an XML file.  It has one encompassing section
-in which everything is contained.  That entity's name is \fIcluster\fP and it
-has two mandatory attributes: \fIname\fP and \fIconfig_version\fP.  The
-\fIname\fP attribute specifies the name of the cluster.  It is important
-that this name is unique from other clusters the user might set up.  The
-\fIconfig_version\fP attribute is a number used to identify the revision
-level of the \fBcluster.conf\fP file.  Given this information, your
+is the source of information used by cman, fence, dlm, gfs and rgmanager.
+It's accessed indirectly through libccs (see \fBccs(7)\fP).  This file
+contains all the information needed for the cluster to operate, such as
+what nodes are in the cluster and how to I/O fence those nodes.
+
+This man page describes the generic contents of the \fBcluster.conf\fP
+file.  For other information see man pages for cman(5), fenced(8) and
+dlm_controld(8).
+
+\fBcluster.conf\fP is an XML file.  It has one top-level \fIcluster\fP
+section containing everything else.  The cluster section has two mandatory
+attributes: \fIname\fP and \fIconfig_version\fP.  \fIname\fP can be up to
+16 characters long and specifies the name of the cluster.  It is important
+that this name is unique from other clusters the user might set up.
+\fIconfig_version\fP is a number used to identify the revision level of
+the \fBcluster.conf\fP file.  Given this information, your
 \fBcluster.conf\fP file might look something like:
 
-<cluster name="alpha" config_version="1">
+  <cluster name="alpha" config_version="1">
+  </cluster>
 
-</cluster>
+.SS Nodes
 
-You should specify a <cman/> tag even if no special cman parameters
-are needed for the cluster.
+The set of nodes that make up the cluster are defined under the
+\fIclusternodes\fP section.  A \fIclusternode\fP section defines each
+node.  A clusternode has two mandatory attributes:
+.I name
+and
+.I nodeid
+
+The name should correspond to the hostname (the fully qualified name is
+generally not necessary) on the network interface to be used for cluster
+communication.  Nodeid's must be greater than zero and unique.
+
+  <cluster name="alpha" config_version="1">
+          <clusternodes>
+                  <clusternode name="node-01" nodeid="1">
+                  </clusternode>
+
+                  <clusternode name="node-02" nodeid="2">
+                  </clusternode>
+
+                  <clusternode name="node-03" nodeid="3">
+                  </clusternode>
+          </clusternodes>
+  </cluster>
 
-A mandatory subsection of \fIcluster\fP is \fIfencedevices\fP.  It contains
-all of the I/O fencing devices at the disposal of the cluster.  The I/O
-fencing devices are listed as entities designated as \fIfencedevice\fP and have
-attributes that describe the particular fencing device.  For example:
-
-  <fencedevices>
-    <fencedevice name="apc" agent="fence_apc"
-            ipaddr="apc_1" login="apc" passwd="apc"/>
-  </fencedevices>
-
-Concerning the \fIfencedevice\fP entity, the \fIname\fP and \fIagent\fP attributes
-must be specified for all I/O fence devices.  The remaining attributes are
-device specific and are used to specify the necessary information to
-access the device.  The \fIname\fP attribute must be unique and is used to
-reference the I/O fence device in other sections of the \fBcluster.conf\fP file.  The \fIagent\fP attribute is used to specify the binary fence agent program used to communicate with the particular device.  Your \fBcluster.conf\fP file might now look something like:
-
-<cluster name="alpha" config_version="1">
-  <cman/>
-  <fencedevices>
-    <fencedevice name="apc" agent="fence_apc"
-            ipaddr="apc_1" login="apc" passwd="apc"/>
-
-    <fencedevice name="brocade" agent="fence_brocade"
-            ipaddr="brocade_1" login="bro" passwd="bro"/>
-
-    <!-- The WTI fence device requires no login name -->
-    <fencedevice name="wti" agent="fence_wti"
-            ipaddr="wti_1" passwd="wti"/>
-
-    <fencedevice name="last_resort" agent="fence_manual"/>
-  </fencedevices>
-</cluster>
-
-The final mandatory subsection of \fIcluster\fP is \fIclusternodes\fP.  It contains
-the individual specification of all the machines (members) in the cluster.
-Each machine has its own section, \fIclusternode\fP, which has the \fIname\fP
-attribute - this should be the name of the machine.  Each machine should be
-given a unique node id number with the option \fInodeid\fP attribute.
-For example, nodeid="3".  The \fIclusternode\fP section
-also contains the \fIfence\fP section.  Not to be confused with \fIfencedevices\fP the \fIfence\fP section is used to specify all the possible "methods" for
-fencing a particular machine, as well as the device used to perform that method
-and the machine specific parameters necessary.  By example, the \fIclusternodes\fP
-section may look as follows:
-
-  <!-- This example only contains one machine -->
-  <clusternodes>
-    <clusternode name="nd01" nodeid="1">
-      <fence>
-        <!-- "power" method is tried before all others -->
-        <method name="power">
-          <device name="apc" switch="1" port="1"/>
-        </method>
-        <!-- If the "power" method fails,
-             try fencing through the "fabric" -->
-        <method name="fabric">
-          <device name="brocade" port="1"/>
-        </method>
-	<!-- If all else fails,
-             make someone do it manually -->
-        <method name="human">
-          <device name="last_resort" ipaddr="nd01"/>
-        </method>
-      </fence>
-    </clusternode>
-  </clusternodes>  
-
-Putting it all together, a three node cluster's \fBcluster.conf\fP file
-might look like:
-
-
-<cluster name="example" config_version="1">
-  <cman/>
-  <clusternodes>
-    <clusternode name="nd01" nodeid="1">
-      <fence>
-        <!-- "power" method is tried before all others -->
-        <method name="power">
-          <device name="apc" switch="1" port="1"/>
-        </method>
-        <!-- If the "power" method fails,
-             try fencing through the "fabric" -->
-        <method name="fabric">
-          <device name="brocade" port="1"/>
-        </method>
-	<!-- If all else fails,
-             make someone do it manually -->
-        <method name="human">
-          <device name="last_resort" ipaddr="nd01"/>
-        </method>
-      </fence>
-    </clusternode>
-    <clusternode name="nd02" nodeid="2">
-      <fence>
-        <!-- "power" method is tried before all others -->
-        <method name="power">
-          <device name="apc" switch="1" port="2"/>
-        </method>
-        <!-- If the "power" method fails,
-             try fencing through the "fabric" -->
-        <method name="fabric">
-          <device name="brocade" port="2"/>
-        </method>
-	<!-- If all else fails,
-             make someone do it manually -->
-        <method name="human">
-          <device name="last_resort" ipaddr="nd02"/>
-        </method>
-      </fence>
-    </clusternode>
-    <clusternode name="nd11" nodeid="3">
-      <fence>
-        <!-- "power" method is tried before all others -->
-        <method name="power">
-          <!-- This machine has 2 power supplies -->
-          <device name="apc" switch="2" port="1"/>
-          <device name="wti" port="1"/>
-        </method>
-        <!-- If the "power" method fails,
-             try fencing through the "fabric" -->
-        <method name="fabric">
-          <device name="brocade" port="11"/>
-        </method>
-	<!-- If all else fails,
-             make someone do it manually -->
-        <method name="human">
-          <device name="last_resort" ipaddr="nd11"/>
-        </method>
-      </fence>
-    </clusternode>
-  </clusternodes>  
-
-  <fencedevices>
-    <fencedevice name="apc" agent="fence_apc"
-            ipaddr="apc_1" login="apc" passwd="apc"/>
-
-    <fencedevice name="brocade" agent="fence_brocade"
-            ipaddr="brocade_1" login="bro" passwd="bro"/>
-
-    <!-- The WTI fence device requires no login name -->
-    <fencedevice name="wti" agent="fence_wti"
-            ipaddr="wti_1" passwd="wti"/>
-
-    <fencedevice name="last_resort" agent="fence_manual"/>
-  </fencedevices>
-</cluster>
-
-\fBSpecial two-node cluster options:\fP
-
-Two-node clusters have special options in cluster.conf because they need to
-decide quorum between them without a majority of votes.  These options are
-placed with the <cman/> tag.  For example:
-
-
-  <cman two_node="1" expected_votes="1"/>
-
-
-\fBValidating your cluster.conf file:\fP
-
-While cluster.conf files produced by the system-config-cluster GUI are pretty
-certain to be well-formed, it is convenient to have a way to validate legacy
-configuration files, or files that were produced by hand in an editor. If you
-have the system-config-cluster GUI, you can validate a cluster.conf file with
-this command:
-
-xmllint --relaxng /usr/share/system-config-cluster/misc/cluster.ng /etc/cluster/cluster.conf
-
-If validation errors are detected in your conf file, the first place to start
-is with the first error.  Sometimes addressing the first error will remove 
-all error messages. Another good troubleshooting approach is to comment out 
-sections of the conf file.  For example, it is okay to have nothing beneath 
-the <rm> tag.  If you have services, failoverdomains and resources defined 
-there, temporarily comment them all out and rerun xmllint to see if the
-problems go away.  This may help you locate the problem.  Errors that 
-contain the string IDREF mean that an attribute value is supposed to be
-shared two places in the file, and that no other instance of the name string
-could be located. Finally, the most common problem with hand-edited 
-cluster.conf files is spelling errors. Check your attribute and tag names
-carefully.
+The next step in completing cluster.conf is adding fencing information;
+see fenced(8).
 
 .SH SEE ALSO
-ccs(7), ccs_tool(8), cman(5)
+ccs(7), ccs_tool(8), ccsd(8), cman(5), fenced(8), dlm_controld(8)
 


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