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[Cluster-devel] [PATCH v2 14/14] locks: move file_lock_list to a set of percpu hlist_heads and convert file_lock_lock to an lglock



The file_lock_list is only used for /proc/locks. The vastly common case
is for locks to be put onto the list and come off again, without ever
being traversed.

Help optimize for this use-case by moving to percpu hlist_head-s. At the
same time, we can make the locking less contentious by moving to an
lglock. When iterating over the lists for /proc/locks, we must take the
global lock and then iterate over each CPU's list in turn.

This change necessitates a new fl_link_cpu field to keep track of which
CPU the entry is on. On x86_64 at least, this field is placed within an
existing hole in the struct to avoid growing its real size.

Signed-off-by: Jeff Layton <jlayton redhat com>
---
 fs/locks.c         |   57 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----------------
 include/linux/fs.h |    1 +
 2 files changed, 40 insertions(+), 18 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/locks.c b/fs/locks.c
index 8124fc1..094eb4d 100644
--- a/fs/locks.c
+++ b/fs/locks.c
@@ -127,6 +127,8 @@
 #include <linux/rcupdate.h>
 #include <linux/pid_namespace.h>
 #include <linux/hashtable.h>
+#include <linux/percpu.h>
+#include <linux/lglock.h>
 
 #include <asm/uaccess.h>
 
@@ -165,8 +167,8 @@ int lease_break_time = 45;
 static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(blocked_hash_lock);
 static DEFINE_HASHTABLE(blocked_hash, BLOCKED_HASH_BITS);
 
-static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(file_lock_lock);
-static HLIST_HEAD(file_lock_list);
+DEFINE_STATIC_LGLOCK(file_lock_lglock);
+static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct hlist_head, file_lock_list);
 
 static struct kmem_cache *filelock_cache __read_mostly;
 
@@ -512,17 +514,21 @@ locks_delete_global_blocked(struct file_lock *waiter)
 static inline void
 locks_insert_global_locks(struct file_lock *waiter)
 {
-	spin_lock(&file_lock_lock);
-	hlist_add_head(&waiter->fl_link, &file_lock_list);
-	spin_unlock(&file_lock_lock);
+	lg_local_lock(&file_lock_lglock);
+	waiter->fl_link_cpu = smp_processor_id();
+	hlist_add_head(&waiter->fl_link, this_cpu_ptr(&file_lock_list));
+	lg_local_unlock(&file_lock_lglock);
 }
 
 static inline void
 locks_delete_global_locks(struct file_lock *waiter)
 {
-	spin_lock(&file_lock_lock);
+	/* avoid taking lock if already unhashed */
+	if (hlist_unhashed(&waiter->fl_link))
+		return;
+	lg_local_lock_cpu(&file_lock_lglock, waiter->fl_link_cpu);
 	hlist_del_init(&waiter->fl_link);
-	spin_unlock(&file_lock_lock);
+	lg_local_unlock_cpu(&file_lock_lglock, waiter->fl_link_cpu);
 }
 
 /* Remove waiter from blocker's block list.
@@ -2228,6 +2234,11 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vfs_cancel_lock);
 #include <linux/proc_fs.h>
 #include <linux/seq_file.h>
 
+struct locks_iterator {
+	int	li_cpu;
+	loff_t	li_pos;
+};
+
 static void lock_get_status(struct seq_file *f, struct file_lock *fl,
 			    loff_t id, char *pfx)
 {
@@ -2302,16 +2313,17 @@ static void lock_get_status(struct seq_file *f, struct file_lock *fl,
 static int locks_show(struct seq_file *f, void *v)
 {
 	int bkt;
+	struct locks_iterator *iter = f->private;
 	struct file_lock *fl, *bfl;
 
 	fl = hlist_entry(v, struct file_lock, fl_link);
 
-	lock_get_status(f, fl, *((loff_t *)f->private), "");
+	lock_get_status(f, fl, iter->li_pos, "");
 
 	spin_lock(&blocked_hash_lock);
 	hash_for_each(blocked_hash, bkt, bfl, fl_link) {
 		if (bfl->fl_next == fl)
-			lock_get_status(f, bfl, *((loff_t *)f->private), " ->");
+			lock_get_status(f, bfl, iter->li_pos, " ->");
 	}
 	spin_unlock(&blocked_hash_lock);
 
@@ -2320,23 +2332,24 @@ static int locks_show(struct seq_file *f, void *v)
 
 static void *locks_start(struct seq_file *f, loff_t *pos)
 {
-	loff_t *p = f->private;
+	struct locks_iterator *iter = f->private;
 
-	spin_lock(&file_lock_lock);
-	*p = (*pos + 1);
-	return seq_hlist_start(&file_lock_list, *pos);
+	iter->li_pos = *pos + 1;
+	lg_global_lock(&file_lock_lglock);
+	return seq_hlist_start_percpu(&file_lock_list, &iter->li_cpu, *pos);
 }
 
 static void *locks_next(struct seq_file *f, void *v, loff_t *pos)
 {
-	loff_t *p = f->private;
-	++*p;
-	return seq_hlist_next(v, &file_lock_list, pos);
+	struct locks_iterator *iter = f->private;
+
+	++iter->li_pos;
+	return seq_hlist_next_percpu(v, &file_lock_list, &iter->li_cpu, pos);
 }
 
 static void locks_stop(struct seq_file *f, void *v)
 {
-	spin_unlock(&file_lock_lock);
+	lg_global_unlock(&file_lock_lglock);
 }
 
 static const struct seq_operations locks_seq_operations = {
@@ -2348,7 +2361,8 @@ static const struct seq_operations locks_seq_operations = {
 
 static int locks_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
 {
-	return seq_open_private(filp, &locks_seq_operations, sizeof(loff_t));
+	return seq_open_private(filp, &locks_seq_operations,
+					sizeof(struct locks_iterator));
 }
 
 static const struct file_operations proc_locks_operations = {
@@ -2448,9 +2462,16 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(lock_may_write);
 
 static int __init filelock_init(void)
 {
+	int i;
+
 	filelock_cache = kmem_cache_create("file_lock_cache",
 			sizeof(struct file_lock), 0, SLAB_PANIC, NULL);
 
+	lg_lock_init(&file_lock_lglock, "file_lock_lglock");
+
+	for_each_possible_cpu(i)
+		INIT_HLIST_HEAD(per_cpu_ptr(&file_lock_list, i));
+
 	return 0;
 }
 
diff --git a/include/linux/fs.h b/include/linux/fs.h
index 232a345..18e59b8 100644
--- a/include/linux/fs.h
+++ b/include/linux/fs.h
@@ -953,6 +953,7 @@ struct file_lock {
 	unsigned int fl_flags;
 	unsigned char fl_type;
 	unsigned int fl_pid;
+	int fl_link_cpu;		/* what cpu's list is this on? */
 	struct pid *fl_nspid;
 	wait_queue_head_t fl_wait;
 	struct file *fl_file;
-- 
1.7.1


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