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[dm-devel] Odd data corruption problem with LVM/ReiserFS



I reported this to linux-kernel, but I'm also now sending this to
dm-devel since it's applicable to DM.

Alex

---------- Forwarded message ----------
From: Alex Adriaanse <alex adriaanse gmail com>
Date: Sun, 20 Feb 2005 23:25:37 -0600
Subject: Odd data corruption problem with LVM/ReiserFS
To: linux-kernel vger kernel org, reiserfs-list namesys com


As of this morning I've experienced some very odd data corruption
problem on my server.  Let me post some background information first.

For the past few years I've been running this server under Linux 2.4.x
and Debian Woody.  It has two software RAID 1 partitions, one for the
ReiserFS root filesystem (md0), and one for LVM running on top of RAID
1 (md1).  Under LVM I have three logical volumes, one for /usr, one
for /var, and one for /home.  All of them run ReiserFS.  Also, during
daily backups I'd create a snapshot of /var and /home and back that
up.  I haven't experienced any problems with this, other than
occasional power outages which might've corruped some log files by
adding a bunch of NULs to it, but that's never caused problems for me.

A few weeks ago I decided to upgrade to Debian Sarge.  This was a
fairly smooth process, and haven't seen any problems with that (and I
don't think this is related to the problem I described below).  Also,
last week I decided to upgrade from the 2.4.22 kernel to 2.6.10-ac12.
This has been a pretty smooth ride too (until this morning).  One
exception is that I might not have had swap turned on due to device
name changes, so yesterday I saw some big processes getting killed due
to out-of-memory conditions (my server has 256MB non-ECC RAM, normally
with 512MB of swap).  That swap issue had not been fixed until this
afternoon, after the crash/corruption.  Yesterday afternoon I also
updated the metadata of my LVM volume group from version 1 to version
2.  Before then I temporarily stopped taking snapshots once I upgraded
to 2.6.10-ac12 since it didn't like taking snapshots inside LVM1
volume groups.  This morning was the first time my backup script took
a snapshot since upgrading to 2.6.10-ac12 (yesterday I had taken a few
snapshots myself for testing purposes, this seemed to work fine).

This morning when I tried to login after the backup process (which
takes snapshots) had started I couldn't get in.  SSH would just hang
after I sent my username.  After a while I gave up waiting and tried
to reboot the server by attaching a keyboard and hitting Ctrl-Alt-Del,
which started the shutdown process.  I can't fully remember if that
successfully rebooted the server, but I believe I ended up having to
press the reset button because the shutdown process would hang at some
point.  The server came back up but some processes wouldn't start due
to some corrupted files in the /var partition.

I checked the logs, and saw a bunch of the messages below.  On a
sidenote, when my backup script isn't able to mount a snapshot, it
removes it, waits a minute, then tries creating/mounting the snapshot
again, supposedly up to 10 times, even though those messages, spaced
apart by one minute, occurred much more than 10 times, but that might
be a bug in my script.  This was due to occasional problems I had with
older kernels which sometimes failed to mount the snapshot, but were
successful when trying again later.

These are the messages I saw:

Feb 20 09:59:16 homer kernel: lvcreate: page allocation failure.
order:0, mode:0xd0
Feb 20 09:59:16 homer kernel:  [__alloc_pages+440/864] __alloc_pages+0x1b8/0x360
Feb 20 09:59:16 homer kernel:  [alloc_pl+51/96] alloc_pl+0x33/0x60
Feb 20 09:59:16 homer kernel:  [client_alloc_pages+28/96]
client_alloc_pages+0x1c/0x60
Feb 20 09:59:16 homer kernel:  [vmalloc+32/48] vmalloc+0x20/0x30
Feb 20 09:59:16 homer kernel:  [kcopyd_client_create+104/192]
kcopyd_client_create+0x68/0xc0
Feb 20 09:59:16 homer kernel:  [dm_create_persistent+199/320]
dm_create_persistent+0xc7/0x140
Feb 20 09:59:16 homer kernel:  [snapshot_ctr+680/880] snapshot_ctr+0x2a8/0x370
Feb 20 09:59:16 homer kernel:  [dm_table_add_target+262/432]
dm_table_add_target+0x106/0x1b0
Feb 20 09:59:16 homer kernel:  [populate_table+130/224] populate_table+0x82/0xe0
Feb 20 09:59:16 homer kernel:  [table_load+103/368] table_load+0x67/0x170
Feb 20 09:59:16 homer kernel:  [ctl_ioctl+241/336] ctl_ioctl+0xf1/0x150
Feb 20 09:59:16 homer kernel:  [table_load+0/368] table_load+0x0/0x170
Feb 20 09:59:16 homer kernel:  [sys_ioctl+173/528] sys_ioctl+0xad/0x210
Feb 20 09:59:16 homer kernel:  [syscall_call+7/11] syscall_call+0x7/0xb
Feb 20 09:59:16 homer kernel: device-mapper: error adding target to table
Feb 20 09:59:16 homer kernel: lvremove: page allocation failure.
order:0, mode:0xd0
Feb 20 09:59:16 homer kernel:  [__alloc_pages+440/864] __alloc_pages+0x1b8/0x360
Feb 20 09:59:16 homer kernel:  [alloc_pl+51/96] alloc_pl+0x33/0x60
Feb 20 09:59:16 homer kernel:  [client_alloc_pages+28/96]
client_alloc_pages+0x1c/0x60
Feb 20 09:59:16 homer kernel:  [vmalloc+32/48] vmalloc+0x20/0x30
Feb 20 09:59:16 homer kernel:  [kcopyd_client_create+104/192]
kcopyd_client_create+0x68/0xc0
Feb 20 09:59:16 homer kernel:  [dm_create_persistent+199/320]
dm_create_persistent+0xc7/0x140
Feb 20 09:59:16 homer kernel:  [snapshot_ctr+680/880] snapshot_ctr+0x2a8/0x370
Feb 20 09:59:16 homer kernel:  [dm_table_add_target+262/432]
dm_table_add_target+0x106/0x1b0
Feb 20 09:59:16 homer kernel:  [populate_table+130/224] populate_table+0x82/0xe0
Feb 20 09:59:16 homer kernel:  [table_load+103/368] table_load+0x67/0x170
Feb 20 09:59:16 homer kernel:  [ctl_ioctl+241/336] ctl_ioctl+0xf1/0x150
Feb 20 09:59:16 homer kernel:  [table_load+0/368] table_load+0x0/0x170
Feb 20 09:59:16 homer kernel:  [sys_ioctl+173/528] sys_ioctl+0xad/0x210
Feb 20 09:59:16 homer kernel:  [syscall_call+7/11] syscall_call+0x7/0xb
Feb 20 09:59:16 homer kernel: device-mapper: error adding target to table
...

As far as I can tell all the directories are still intact, but there
was a good number of files that had been corrupted.  Those files
looked like they had some chunks removed, and some had a bunch of NUL
characters (in blocks of 4096 characters).  Some files even had chunks
of other files inside of them!  I suspect that some of the contents
from the other files were from different partitions (e.g. /home
contents in /var file).  I also believe I saw contents from my
/root/.viminfo in one of the files in /var or /home (and keep in mind
that my root partition which stores /root does not use LVM)

/var was not the only volume that was corrupted.  /home was corrupted
as well.  I first thought files that had been written to within the
past 24 hours were corrupted, but later I realized that some files
that haven't been changed for months were corrupted too.

I did not test /usr for corruption.  Also, from some quick checks I
did on my root (non-LVM) partition I did not find any corrupted files
there, as far as I can remember.

I did a reiserfsck (3.6.19) on /var, which did not report any problems.

So, I figured I'd just restore those corrupted files from my backups.
I restored a few corrupted files, verified that they were in good
shape, moved on to other parts... only to find out that the I restored
first had become corrupted again (with a similar type of corruption as
I saw before)!

Another thing to keep in mind is that I never removed those snapshots
after rebooting.  I'd be curious to see if the continual corruption
goes away if I remove those snapshots, but I'll wait to make sure you
guys don't want me to try anything else first.

Also, I did a preliminary memory check to make sure my memory hadn't
gone bad.  After a single pass of memtest86+ on my memory, it was not
able to find any memory problems during that pass.

Anyway, what do you guys think could be the problem?  Could it be that
the LVM / Device Mapper snapshot feature is solely responsible for
this corruption?  (I'm sure there's a reason it's marked
Experimental).

I know it might be hard to pinpoint without more details.  If you want
me to provide more details (e.g. LVM data, debugreiserfs data, kernel
config, more system details, etc.) or run some experiments, I can do
so, but please let me know ASAP because I'm planning on scrapping my
entire LVM volume group and restoring it from my backups tomorrow
unless I'm told otherwise.

Thanks a lot,

Alex


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