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[dm-devel] Re: [PATCH 2.6.19 5/5] fs: freeze_bdev with semaphore not mutex

Andrew Morton wrote:
On Tue, 07 Nov 2006 16:45:07 -0600
Eric Sandeen <sandeen redhat com> wrote:

Andrew Morton wrote:

--- linux-2.6.19-rc4.orig/fs/buffer.c	2006-11-07 17:06:20.000000000 +0000
+++ linux-2.6.19-rc4/fs/buffer.c	2006-11-07 17:26:04.000000000 +0000
@@ -188,7 +188,9 @@ struct super_block *freeze_bdev(struct b
 	struct super_block *sb;
- mutex_lock(&bdev->bd_mount_mutex);
+	if (down_trylock(&bdev->bd_mount_sem))
+		return -EBUSY;

Guys, I'm going to park this patch pending a full description of what it
does, a description of what the above hunk is doing
Iam really sorry for delayed reply. Here is my full explanation on my patch.
Patch, that I have proposed replaces the mutex on bd_mount_mutex with the semaphore (bd_mount_sem). It was(bd_mount_sem) used to be a semaphore earlier and then Ingo's patch changed it to mutex. Hence we had the problem in device mapper commands. But now, the proposed patch allows two separate device mapper commands to suspend and resume the logical devices. Even though this explaination is from deveice mapper perspective, since semaphore(bd_mount_sem) existed earlier, proposed patch doesn't hurt XFS code which access the freeze_bdev(). As for as the above code is concerned,Iam using down_trylock() to allow only one process to freeze the filesystem at a time and hence stops the other process from queuing up.

and pending an
examination of whether we'd be better off changing the mutex-debugging code
rather than switching to semaphores.
Regarding this one,I agree with what Arjan has told.
" It's not used as a mutex. Sad but true. It's not so easy to say "just
shut up the debug code", because it's just not that easy: The interface
allows double "unlock", which is fine for semaphores for example. There
fundamentally is no "owner" for this case, and all the mutex concepts
assume that there is an owner. If the owner goes away, pointers to their
task struct for example are no longer valid (used by lockdep and the
other debugging parts). It's what makes the difference between a mutex
and a semaphore: a mutex has an owner and several semantics follow from
that. These semantics allow a more efficient implementation (no multiple
"owners" possible) but once you go away from that fundamental property,
soon we'll see "oh and it needs <this extra code> to cover the wider
semantics correctly.. and soon you have a semaphore again.

Let true semaphores be semaphores, and make all real mutexes mutexes.
But lets not make actual semaphores use mutex code... ".

So Iam reproposing my patch(taken against latest kernel) here. Please let me know your comments on this.

Signed-off-by: Srinivasa DS <srinivasa in ibm com>
Signed-off-by: Alasdair G Kergon <agk redhat com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo elte hu>
Cc: Eric Sandeen <sandeen sandeen net>
Cc: dm-devel redhat com

 fs/block_dev.c     |    2 +-
 fs/buffer.c        |    6 ++++--
 fs/super.c         |    4 ++--
 include/linux/fs.h |    2 +-
 4 files changed, 8 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)

Index: linux-2.6.20-rc4/fs/block_dev.c
--- linux-2.6.20-rc4.orig/fs/block_dev.c
+++ linux-2.6.20-rc4/fs/block_dev.c
@@ -411,7 +411,7 @@ static void init_once(void * foo, struct
 		memset(bdev, 0, sizeof(*bdev));
-		mutex_init(&bdev->bd_mount_mutex);
+		sema_init(&bdev->bd_mount_sem, 1);
Index: linux-2.6.20-rc4/fs/buffer.c
--- linux-2.6.20-rc4.orig/fs/buffer.c
+++ linux-2.6.20-rc4/fs/buffer.c
@@ -189,7 +189,9 @@ struct super_block *freeze_bdev(struct b
 	struct super_block *sb;
-	mutex_lock(&bdev->bd_mount_mutex);
+	if (down_trylock(&bdev->bd_mount_sem))
+		return -EBUSY;
 	sb = get_super(bdev);
 	if (sb && !(sb->s_flags & MS_RDONLY)) {
 		sb->s_frozen = SB_FREEZE_WRITE;
@@ -231,7 +233,7 @@ void thaw_bdev(struct block_device *bdev
-	mutex_unlock(&bdev->bd_mount_mutex);
+	up(&bdev->bd_mount_sem);
Index: linux-2.6.20-rc4/include/linux/fs.h
--- linux-2.6.20-rc4.orig/include/linux/fs.h
+++ linux-2.6.20-rc4/include/linux/fs.h
@@ -458,7 +458,7 @@ struct block_device {
 	struct inode *		bd_inode;	/* will die */
 	int			bd_openers;
 	struct mutex		bd_mutex;	/* open/close mutex */
-	struct mutex		bd_mount_mutex;	/* mount mutex */
+	struct semaphore	bd_mount_sem;
 	struct list_head	bd_inodes;
 	void *			bd_holder;
 	int			bd_holders;
Index: linux-2.6.20-rc4/fs/super.c
--- linux-2.6.20-rc4.orig/fs/super.c
+++ linux-2.6.20-rc4/fs/super.c
@@ -753,9 +753,9 @@ int get_sb_bdev(struct file_system_type 
 	 * will protect the lockfs code from trying to start a snapshot
 	 * while we are mounting
-	mutex_lock(&bdev->bd_mount_mutex);
+	down(&bdev->bd_mount_sem);
 	s = sget(fs_type, test_bdev_super, set_bdev_super, bdev);
-	mutex_unlock(&bdev->bd_mount_mutex);
+	up(&bdev->bd_mount_sem);
 	if (IS_ERR(s))
 		goto error_s;

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