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Re: [dm-devel] multipath performance

Andy [genanr emsphone com] wrote:
> I did some basic dd tests to get an idea of the speed of multipath vs
> individual devices, some of the numbers seem not to make sense.
> I ran several test with dd, 4 at a time reading different parts of the
> device.
> multibus - round robin among paths rr_min_io=1, 4 paths
> individual - each dd going to a separate path
> dd with iflag=direct
> 	multibus : 120 MB/s
> 	individual : 115 MB/s
> dd without direct
> 	multibus : 44MB/s (why is this so bad)
> 	individual : 160MB/s (why is this so good)
> Why is multibus without direct the worst, yet individual devices without
> direct is the fastest.  And why doesn't multibus perform about the same as
> going to the individual devices (25% performance hit using multibus)?

I am assuming that you are only reading from the device based on your
iflag. When you do O_DIRECT, you inherently disable read-ahead. Also
note that the read-ahead benefit would be insignificant as you increase
the block size.

without direct I/O, you end up with very big I/O's in individual mode.
Same can't be said in multibus mode as it tries to send small I/O's
(actually bio's) on different paths and it makes the system not to merge
any adjacent requests. Use iostat to see the average I/O size in each

You should be able to get the same behavior even in direct I/O mode
provided you use very block size with dd.

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