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[dm-devel] Re: [PATCH 1/7] scsi_dh: add skeleton for SCSI Device Handlers



On Wed, 2008-02-27 at 17:08 -0800, Chandra Seetharaman wrote:
> Subject: scsi_dh: add skeleton for SCSI Device Handlers
> 
> From: Chandra Seetharaman <sekharan us ibm com>
> 
> Add base support to the SCSI subsystem for SCSI device handlers.

Generally, this is much cleaner and an easier implementation to follow,
thanks.

> Signed-off-by: Chandra Seetharaman <sekharan us ibm com>
> Signed-off-by: Mike Anderson <andmike linux vnet ibm com>
> Signed-off-by: Mike Christie <michaelc cs wisc edu>
> ---
> 
>  drivers/scsi/Kconfig                  |    2 	2 +	0 -	0 !
>  drivers/scsi/Makefile                 |    1 	1 +	0 -	0 !
>  drivers/scsi/device_handler/Kconfig   |   12 	12 +	0 -	0 !
>  drivers/scsi/device_handler/Makefile  |    4 	4 +	0 -	0 !
>  drivers/scsi/device_handler/scsi_dh.c |  146 	146 +	0 -	0 !
>  drivers/scsi/scsi_error.c             |   10 	10 +	0 -	0 !
>  drivers/scsi/scsi_lib.c               |    5 	5 +	0 -	0 !
>  include/scsi/scsi_device.h            |   18 	18 +	0 -	0 !
>  include/scsi/scsi_dh.h                |   58 	58 +	0 -	0 !
>  9 files changed, 256 insertions(+)
> 
> Index: linux-2.6.25-rc2-mm1/drivers/scsi/Kconfig
> ===================================================================
> --- linux-2.6.25-rc2-mm1.orig/drivers/scsi/Kconfig
> +++ linux-2.6.25-rc2-mm1/drivers/scsi/Kconfig
> @@ -1749,4 +1749,6 @@ endif # SCSI_LOWLEVEL
>  
>  source "drivers/scsi/pcmcia/Kconfig"
>  
> +source "drivers/scsi/device_handler/Kconfig"
> +
>  endmenu
> Index: linux-2.6.25-rc2-mm1/drivers/scsi/Makefile
> ===================================================================
> --- linux-2.6.25-rc2-mm1.orig/drivers/scsi/Makefile
> +++ linux-2.6.25-rc2-mm1/drivers/scsi/Makefile
> @@ -34,6 +34,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_SCSI_ISCSI_ATTRS)	+= scsi_t
>  obj-$(CONFIG_SCSI_SAS_ATTRS)	+= scsi_transport_sas.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_SCSI_SAS_LIBSAS)	+= libsas/
>  obj-$(CONFIG_SCSI_SRP_ATTRS)	+= scsi_transport_srp.o
> +obj-$(CONFIG_SCSI_DH)		+= device_handler/
>  
>  obj-$(CONFIG_ISCSI_TCP) 	+= libiscsi.o	iscsi_tcp.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_INFINIBAND_ISER) 	+= libiscsi.o
> Index: linux-2.6.25-rc2-mm1/drivers/scsi/device_handler/Kconfig
> ===================================================================
> --- /dev/null
> +++ linux-2.6.25-rc2-mm1/drivers/scsi/device_handler/Kconfig
> @@ -0,0 +1,12 @@
> +#
> +# SCSI Device Handler configuration
> +#
> +
> +menuconfig SCSI_DH
> +	bool "SCSI Device Handlers"
> +	depends on SCSI!=n
> +	default n
> +	help
> +	  SCSI Device Handlers provide device specific support for
> +	  devices utilized in multipath configurations. Say Y here to
> +	  select support for specific hardware.
> Index: linux-2.6.25-rc2-mm1/drivers/scsi/device_handler/Makefile
> ===================================================================
> --- /dev/null
> +++ linux-2.6.25-rc2-mm1/drivers/scsi/device_handler/Makefile
> @@ -0,0 +1,4 @@
> +#
> +# SCSI Device Handler
> +#
> +obj-$(CONFIG_SCSI_DH)		+= scsi_dh.o
> Index: linux-2.6.25-rc2-mm1/drivers/scsi/scsi_error.c
> ===================================================================
> --- linux-2.6.25-rc2-mm1.orig/drivers/scsi/scsi_error.c
> +++ linux-2.6.25-rc2-mm1/drivers/scsi/scsi_error.c
> @@ -298,6 +298,7 @@ static inline void scsi_eh_prt_fail_stat
>   */
>  static int scsi_check_sense(struct scsi_cmnd *scmd)
>  {
> +	struct scsi_device *sdev = scmd->device;
>  	struct scsi_sense_hdr sshdr;
>  
>  	if (! scsi_command_normalize_sense(scmd, &sshdr))
> @@ -306,6 +307,15 @@ static int scsi_check_sense(struct scsi_
>  	if (scsi_sense_is_deferred(&sshdr))
>  		return NEEDS_RETRY;
>  
> +	if (sdev->sdev_dh && sdev->sdev_dh->check_sense) {
> +		int rc;
> +
> +		rc = sdev->sdev_dh->check_sense(sdev, &sshdr);
> +		if (rc != SUCCESS)

I can see reasons for a sense handler to return SUCCESS to trigger a
fast failure (say not ready needs initialising command or something, so
this should be a specific sense handler doesn't care return code.

> +			return rc;
> +		/* handler does not care. Drop down to default handling */
> +	}
> +
>  	/*
>  	 * Previous logic looked for FILEMARK, EOM or ILI which are
>  	 * mainly associated with tapes and returned SUCCESS.
> Index: linux-2.6.25-rc2-mm1/include/scsi/scsi_device.h
> ===================================================================
> --- linux-2.6.25-rc2-mm1.orig/include/scsi/scsi_device.h
> +++ linux-2.6.25-rc2-mm1/include/scsi/scsi_device.h
> @@ -161,9 +161,25 @@ struct scsi_device {
>  
>  	struct execute_work	ew; /* used to get process context on put */
>  
> +	struct scsi_device_handler *sdev_dh;
> +	void			*sdev_dh_data;

This is a bit wasteful of 8 bytes ... why not simply move the
sdev_dh_data inside the sdev_dh structure, then if there's no handler
it's not occupying space?

>  	enum scsi_device_state sdev_state;
>  	unsigned long		sdev_data[0];
>  } __attribute__((aligned(sizeof(unsigned long))));
> +
> +struct scsi_device_handler {
> +	/* Used by the infrastructure */
> +	struct list_head list; /* list of scsi_device_handlers */
> +	struct notifier_block nb;
> +
> +	/* Filled by the hardware handler */
> +	struct module *module;
> +	const char *name;
> +	int (*check_sense)(struct scsi_device *, struct scsi_sense_hdr *);
> +	int (*activate)(struct scsi_device *);
> +	int (*prep_fn)(struct scsi_device *);
> +};
> +
>  #define	to_scsi_device(d)	\
>  	container_of(d, struct scsi_device, sdev_gendev)
>  #define	class_to_sdev(d)	\
> @@ -229,7 +245,9 @@ extern struct scsi_device *__scsi_add_de
>  		uint, uint, uint, void *hostdata);
>  extern int scsi_add_device(struct Scsi_Host *host, uint channel,
>  			   uint target, uint lun);
> +extern int scsi_register_device_handler(struct scsi_device_handler *sdev_dh);
>  extern void scsi_remove_device(struct scsi_device *);
> +extern int scsi_unregister_device_handler(struct scsi_device_handler *sdev_dh);
>  
>  extern int scsi_device_get(struct scsi_device *);
>  extern void scsi_device_put(struct scsi_device *);
> Index: linux-2.6.25-rc2-mm1/drivers/scsi/device_handler/scsi_dh.c
> ===================================================================
> --- /dev/null
> +++ linux-2.6.25-rc2-mm1/drivers/scsi/device_handler/scsi_dh.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,146 @@
> +/*
> + * SCSI device handler infrastruture.
> + *
> + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
> + * under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the
> + * Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your
> + * option) any later version.
> + *
> + * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
> + * WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
> + * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
> + * General Public License for more details.
> + *
> + * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along
> + * with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc.,
> + * 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.
> + *
> + * Copyright IBM Corporation, 2007
> + *      Authors:
> + *               Chandra Seetharaman <sekharan us ibm com>
> + *               Mike Anderson <andmike linux vnet ibm com>
> + */
> +
> +#include <scsi/scsi_dh.h>
> +#include "../scsi_priv.h"
> +
> +static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(list_lock);
> +static LIST_HEAD(scsi_dh_list);
> +
> +static struct scsi_device_handler *get_device_handler(const char *name)
> +{
> +	struct scsi_device_handler *tmp, *found = NULL;
> +
> +	spin_lock(&list_lock);
> +	list_for_each_entry(tmp, &scsi_dh_list, list) {
> +		if (!strcmp(tmp->name, name)) {
> +			found = tmp;
> +			break;
> +		}
> +	}
> +	spin_unlock(&list_lock);
> +	return found;
> +}
> +
> +static int scsi_dh_notifier_add(struct device *dev, void *data)
> +{
> +	struct scsi_device_handler *sdev_dh = data;
> +
> +	sdev_dh->nb.notifier_call(&sdev_dh->nb, BUS_NOTIFY_ADD_DEVICE, dev);
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * scsi_register_device_handler - register a device handler personality
> + *      module.
> + * @sdev_dh - device handler to be registered.
> + *
> + * Returns 0 on success, -EBUSY if handler already registered.
> + */
> +int scsi_register_device_handler(struct scsi_device_handler *sdev_dh)
> +{
> +	int ret = -EBUSY;
> +	struct scsi_device_handler *tmp;
> +
> +	tmp = get_device_handler(sdev_dh->name);
> +	if (tmp)
> +		goto done;
> +
> +	ret = bus_register_notifier(&scsi_bus_type, &sdev_dh->nb);
> +
> +	bus_for_each_dev(&scsi_bus_type, NULL, sdev_dh, scsi_dh_notifier_add);
> +	spin_lock(&list_lock);
> +	list_add(&sdev_dh->list, &scsi_dh_list);
> +	spin_unlock(&list_lock);
> +
> +done:
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(scsi_register_device_handler);
> +
> +static int scsi_dh_notifier_remove(struct device *dev, void *data)
> +{
> +	struct scsi_device_handler *sdev_dh = data;
> +
> +	sdev_dh->nb.notifier_call(&sdev_dh->nb, BUS_NOTIFY_DEL_DEVICE, dev);
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * scsi_unregister_device_handler - register a device handler personality
> + *      module.
> + * @sdev_dh - device handler to be unregistered.
> + *
> + * Returns 0 on success, -ENODEV if handler not registered.
> + */
> +int scsi_unregister_device_handler(struct scsi_device_handler *sdev_dh)
> +{
> +	int ret = -ENODEV;
> +	struct scsi_device_handler *tmp;
> +
> +	tmp = get_device_handler(sdev_dh->name);
> +	if (!tmp)
> +		goto done;
> +
> +	ret = bus_unregister_notifier(&scsi_bus_type, &sdev_dh->nb);
> +
> +	bus_for_each_dev(&scsi_bus_type, NULL, sdev_dh,
> +					scsi_dh_notifier_remove);
> +	spin_lock(&list_lock);
> +	list_del(&sdev_dh->list);
> +	spin_unlock(&list_lock);
> +
> +done:
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(scsi_unregister_device_handler);
> +
> +/*
> + * scsi_dh_activate - activate the path associated with the scsi_device
> + *      corresponding to the given request queue.
> + * @q - Request queue that is associated with the scsi_device to be
> + *      activated.
> + */
> +int scsi_dh_activate(struct request_queue *q)
> +{
> +	int err = SCSI_DH_NOSYS;
> +	struct scsi_device *sdev;
> +	struct scsi_device_handler *sdev_dh;
> +	unsigned long flags;
> +
> +	spin_lock_irqsave(q->queue_lock, flags);
> +	sdev = q->queuedata;
> +	sdev_dh = sdev->sdev_dh;
> +	if (!sdev || !sdev_dh || !get_device(&sdev->sdev_gendev)) {
> +		spin_unlock_irqrestore(q->queue_lock, flags);
> +		goto done;
> +	}
> +	spin_unlock_irqrestore(q->queue_lock, flags);

just on programming style, this is marginally better expressed as

err = (!sdev || !sdev_dh || !get_device(&sdev->sdev_gendev)) ? SCSI_DH_NOSYS : 0;
spin_unlock_irqrestore(q->queue_lock, flags);

if (err)
	goto done; (or even return err)

Just to eliminate the duplicate unlocks.

> +
> +	if (sdev_dh->activate)
> +		err = sdev_dh->activate(sdev);
> +	put_device(&sdev->sdev_gendev);
> +done:
> +	return err;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(scsi_dh_activate);
> Index: linux-2.6.25-rc2-mm1/include/scsi/scsi_dh.h
> ===================================================================
> --- /dev/null
> +++ linux-2.6.25-rc2-mm1/include/scsi/scsi_dh.h
> @@ -0,0 +1,58 @@
> +/*
> + * Header file for SCSI device handler infrastruture.
> + *
> + * Modified version of patches posted by Mike Christie <michaelc cs wisc edu>
> + *
> + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
> + * under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the
> + * Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your
> + * option) any later version.
> + *
> + * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
> + * WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
> + * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
> + * General Public License for more details.
> + *
> + * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along
> + * with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc.,
> + * 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.
> + *
> + * Copyright IBM Corporation, 2007
> + *      Authors:
> + *               Chandra Seetharaman <sekharan us ibm com>
> + *               Mike Anderson <andmike linux vnet ibm com>
> + */
> +
> +#include <scsi/scsi_device.h>
> +
> +enum {
> +	SCSI_DH_OK = 0,
> +	/*
> +	 * device errors
> +	 */
> +	SCSI_DH_DEV_FAILED,	/* generic device error */
> +	SCSI_DH_DEV_TEMP_BUSY,
> +	SCSI_DH_DEVICE_MAX,	/* max device blkerr definition */
> +
> +	/*
> +	 * transport errors
> +	 */
> +	SCSI_DH_NOTCONN = SCSI_DH_DEVICE_MAX + 1,
> +	SCSI_DH_CONN_FAILURE,
> +	SCSI_DH_TRANSPORT_MAX,	/* max transport blkerr definition */
> +
> +	/*
> +	 * driver and generic errors
> +	 */
> +	SCSI_DH_IO = SCSI_DH_TRANSPORT_MAX + 1,	/* generic error */
> +	SCSI_DH_INVALID_IO,
> +	SCSI_DH_RETRY,		/* retry the req, but not immediately */
> +	SCSI_DH_IMM_RETRY,	/* immediately retry the req */
> +	SCSI_DH_TIMED_OUT,
> +	SCSI_DH_RES_TEMP_UNAVAIL,
> +	SCSI_DH_DEV_OFFLINED,
> +	SCSI_DH_NOSYS,
> +	SCSI_DH_DRIVER_MAX,
> +};
> +
> +extern int scsi_dh_activate(struct request_queue *);
> Index: linux-2.6.25-rc2-mm1/drivers/scsi/scsi_lib.c
> ===================================================================
> --- linux-2.6.25-rc2-mm1.orig/drivers/scsi/scsi_lib.c
> +++ linux-2.6.25-rc2-mm1/drivers/scsi/scsi_lib.c
> @@ -1156,6 +1156,11 @@ int scsi_setup_fs_cmnd(struct scsi_devic
>  	struct scsi_cmnd *cmd;
>  	int ret = scsi_prep_state_check(sdev, req);
>  
> +	if ((ret == BLKPREP_OK) && (req->cmd_type == REQ_TYPE_FS)) {
> +		if (sdev->sdev_dh && sdev->sdev_dh->prep_fn)
> +			ret = sdev->sdev_dh->prep_fn(sdev);
> +	}
> +
>  	if (ret != BLKPREP_OK)
>  		return ret;

This is the fastpath and we need to be careful.  We already checked
cmd_type == REQ_TYPE before calling scsi_setup_fs_cmnd(), so there's no
need to check it again, surely.

Plus, since we're doing if (ret != BLKPREP_OK) just below this, if you
move the if down below that, it can simply become

if (unlikely(sdev->sdev_dh && sdev->sdev_dh->prep_fn)) {
	ret = sdev->sdev_dh->prep_fn(sdev);
	if (ret != BLKPREP_OK)
		return ret;
}

Because the two outer gates have already been checked.  The unlikely
expresses the fact that having device handlers isn't currently the very
common case.

Presumably the gcc optimiser would see all of this, but it never hurts
to make sure.

James



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