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[dm-devel] Re: [PATCH 1/2] lld busy status exporting interface



On Fri, 19 Sep 2008 10:48:54 -0400 (EDT)
Kiyoshi Ueda <k-ueda ct jp nec com> wrote:

> This patch adds an interface to check lld's busy status
> from the block layer.
> This resolves a performance problem on request stacking devices below.
> 
> 
> Some drivers like scsi mid layer stop dispatching request when
> they detect busy state on its low-level device like host/bus/device.
> It allows other requests to stay in the I/O scheduler's queue
> for a chance of merging.
> 
> Request stacking drivers like request-based dm should follow
> the same logic.
> However, there is no generic interface for the stacked device
> to check if the underlying device(s) are busy.
> If the request stacking driver dispatches and submits requests to
> the busy underlying device, the requests will stay in
> the underlying device's queue without a chance of merging.
> This causes performance problem on burst I/O load.
> 
> With this patch, busy state of the underlying device is exported
> via the state flag of queue's backing_dev_info.  So the request
> stacking driver can check it and stop dispatching requests if busy.
> 
> The underlying device driver must set/clear the flag appropriately:
>    ON:  when the device driver can't process requests immediately.
>    OFF: when the device driver can process requests immediately,
>         including abnormal situations where the device driver needs
>         to kill all requests.
> 
> 
> Signed-off-by: Kiyoshi Ueda <k-ueda ct jp nec com>
> Signed-off-by: Jun'ichi Nomura <j-nomura ce jp nec com>
> Cc: James Bottomley <James Bottomley HansenPartnership com>
> ---
>  include/linux/backing-dev.h |    8 ++++++++
>  mm/backing-dev.c            |   12 ++++++++++++
>  2 files changed, 20 insertions(+)
> 
> Index: scsi-misc-2.6/include/linux/backing-dev.h
> ===================================================================
> --- scsi-misc-2.6.orig/include/linux/backing-dev.h
> +++ scsi-misc-2.6/include/linux/backing-dev.h
> @@ -26,6 +26,7 @@ enum bdi_state {
>  	BDI_pdflush,		/* A pdflush thread is working this device */
>  	BDI_write_congested,	/* The write queue is getting full */
>  	BDI_read_congested,	/* The read queue is getting full */
> +	BDI_lld_congested,	/* The device/host is busy */
>  	BDI_unused,		/* Available bits start here */
>  };
>  
> @@ -226,8 +227,15 @@ static inline int bdi_rw_congested(struc
>  				  (1 << BDI_write_congested));
>  }
>  
> +static inline int bdi_lld_congested(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
> +{
> +	return bdi_congested(bdi, 1 << BDI_lld_congested);
> +}
> +
>  void clear_bdi_congested(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, int rw);
>  void set_bdi_congested(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, int rw);
> +void clear_bdi_lld_congested(struct backing_dev_info *bdi);
> +void set_bdi_lld_congested(struct backing_dev_info *bdi);
>  long congestion_wait(int rw, long timeout);
>  
>  
> Index: scsi-misc-2.6/mm/backing-dev.c
> ===================================================================
> --- scsi-misc-2.6.orig/mm/backing-dev.c
> +++ scsi-misc-2.6/mm/backing-dev.c
> @@ -279,6 +279,18 @@ void set_bdi_congested(struct backing_de
>  }
>  EXPORT_SYMBOL(set_bdi_congested);
>  
> +void clear_bdi_lld_congested(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
> +{
> +	clear_bit(BDI_lld_congested, &bdi->state);
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(clear_bdi_lld_congested);
> +
> +void set_bdi_lld_congested(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
> +{
> +	set_bit(BDI_lld_congested, &bdi->state);
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(set_bdi_lld_congested);
> +
>  /**
>   * congestion_wait - wait for a backing_dev to become uncongested
>   * @rw: READ or WRITE

Is this really the right way to do it?

Back in the days when we first did the backing_dev_info.congested_fn()
logic it was decided that there basically was no single place in which
the congested state could be stored.

So we ended up deciding that whenever a caller wants to know a
backing_dev's congested status, it has to call in to the
->congested_fn() and that congested_fn would then call down into all
the constituent low-level drivers/queues/etc asking each one if it is
congested.

I mean, as a simple example which is probably wrong - what happens if a
single backing_dev is implemented via two different disks and
controllers, and they both become congested and then one of them comes
uncongested.  Is there no way in which the above implemention can
incorrectly flag the backing_dev as being uncongested?


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