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[dm-devel] dm snapshot: eliminate busy waiting when stopping merge [Was: Re: dm snapshot: stop merging using a completion]



On Mon, Dec 07 2009 at  9:01am -0500,
Mike Snitzer <snitzer redhat com> wrote:

> On Mon, Dec 07 2009 at  6:22am -0500,
> Mikulas Patocka <mpatocka redhat com> wrote:
> 
> > 
> > 
> > On Sun, 6 Dec 2009, Mike Snitzer wrote:
> > 
> > > On Sat, Dec 05 2009 at  9:01pm -0500,
> > > Mikulas Patocka <mpatocka redhat com> wrote:
> > > 
> > > > On Sat, 5 Dec 2009, Mike Snitzer wrote:
> > > > 
> > > > > Switch stop_merge() from using a busy loop to a completion event.
> > > > > 
> > > > > stop_merge() now requests merging be shutdown using the
> > > > > 'merge_completion' pointer (instead of the 'merge_shutdown' flag).  This
> > > > > is accomplished by testing if 'merge_completion' is not NULL in
> > > > > snapshot_merge_process().  stop_merge() allocates its completion on the
> > > > > stack and assigns it to the 'merge_completion' pointer in the snapshot.
> > > > > 'merge_completion' is protected by the snapshot's lock.
> > > > > 
> > > > > Also changed the 'merge_running' flag from int to atomic_t.
> > > > 
> > > > No, there's a bug:
> > > > 
> > > > >  static void stop_merge(struct dm_snapshot *s)
> > > > >  {
> > > > > -	while (s->merge_running) {
> > > > > -		s->merge_shutdown = 1;
> > > > > -		msleep(1);
> > > > > +	DECLARE_COMPLETION_ONSTACK(merge_stopped);
> > > > > +	if (atomic_read(&s->merge_running)) {
> > > > 
> > > > --- if the merge stops exactly at this point (because it gets finished or 
> > > > because of an i/o error), we are waiting for a completion that will be 
> > > > never signalled.
> > > 
> > > Yes, valid point.  But for this rare corner case we could just use
> > > wait_for_completion_timeout() with a fairly large timeout; like 30 sec?
> > > That actually isn't a great option (racey)...
> > > 
> > > How about if the 'shut:' code paths also checked for s->merge_completion
> > > and complete() if it is not NULL?  Which means that check and related
> > > complete() code would become a function.
> > > 
> > > > > +		down_write(&s->lock);
> > > > > +		s->merge_completion = &merge_stopped;
> > > > > +		up_write(&s->lock);
> > > > > +		wait_for_completion(&merge_stopped);
> > > > >  	}
> > > > > -	s->merge_shutdown = 0;
> > > > >  }
> > > > >  
> > > > >  /*
> > > > 
> > > > For Alasdair: do you get the problem? If I write it with msleep() 
> > > > correctly, you keep on complaining how unclean it is --- if it is written 
> > > > with completions and it is wrong (because they are just harder to use 
> > > > correctly than simple variables and msleep), you tend to support it. Now 
> > > > you see in practice how complex constructs tend to trigger bugs.
> > > > 
> > > > Mike: I thought that the completion would be in struct dm_snapshot. But 
> > > > maybe, try it with wait_on_bit / wake_up_bit / test_bit / set_bit etc., it 
> > > > may be easier than completions.
> > > 
> > > I can look at it; but I think using a completion can work.
> > > 
> > > Mike
> > 
> > Here it is with bits:
> 
> OK, looks good; especially in that we can reuse 'bits' for other things
> as needed.
> 
> Acked-by: Mike Snitzer <snitzer redhat com>

Here is a refreshed patch that applies cleanly ontop of the
'merge_failed' patch.  I've added it to my quilt tree that is here:
http://people.redhat.com/msnitzer/patches/snapshot-merge/kernel/2.6.33/

---

dm snapshot: eliminate busy waiting when stopping merge

stop_merge() now requests merging be shutdown by setting the
'SHUTDOWN_MERGE' bit.  stop_merge() then waits on the 'SNAPSHOT_RUNNING'
bit to be cleared rather tahn busy waiting.

Signed-off-by: Mikulas Patocka <mpatocka redhat com>
Reviewed-by: Mike Snitzer <snitzer redhat com>
---
 drivers/md/dm-snap.c |   45 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++------------------
 1 file changed, 27 insertions(+), 18 deletions(-)

Index: linux-rhel6/drivers/md/dm-snap.c
===================================================================
--- linux-rhel6.orig/drivers/md/dm-snap.c
+++ linux-rhel6/drivers/md/dm-snap.c
@@ -102,15 +102,18 @@ struct dm_snapshot {
 	spinlock_t tracked_chunk_lock;
 	struct hlist_head tracked_chunk_hash[DM_TRACKED_CHUNK_HASH_SIZE];
 
-	/* Merge operation failed if this is set */
-	int merge_failed;
+	/* Wait for events based on state bits */
+	unsigned long bits;
 
 	/* Merge operation is in progress */
-	int merge_running;
+#define MERGE_RUNNING		0
 
 	/* It is requested to shut down merging */
 	/* Cleared back to 0 when the merging is stopped */
-	int merge_shutdown;
+#define SHUTDOWN_MERGE		1
+
+	/* Merge operation failed if this is set */
+	int merge_failed;
 
 	/* Merging this area --- block any writes */
 	chunk_t merge_write_interlock;
@@ -776,8 +779,8 @@ static void snapshot_merge_process(struc
 	struct dm_io_region src, dest;
 	sector_t io_size;
 
-	BUG_ON(!s->merge_running);
-	if (s->merge_shutdown)
+	BUG_ON(!test_bit(MERGE_RUNNING, &s->bits));
+	if (unlikely(test_bit(SHUTDOWN_MERGE, &s->bits)))
 		goto shut;
 
 	if (!s->valid) {
@@ -849,7 +852,9 @@ test_again:
 	return;
 
 shut:
-	s->merge_running = 0;
+	clear_bit_unlock(MERGE_RUNNING, &s->bits);
+	smp_mb__after_clear_bit();
+	wake_up_bit(&s->bits, MERGE_RUNNING);
 }
 
 /* This function drops s->lock */
@@ -931,15 +936,21 @@ shut:
 	down_write(&s->lock);
 	s->merge_failed = 1;
 	release_write_interlock(s, 1);
-	s->merge_running = 0;
+	clear_bit_unlock(MERGE_RUNNING, &s->bits);
+	smp_mb__after_clear_bit();
+	wake_up_bit(&s->bits, MERGE_RUNNING);
 }
 
 static void start_merge(struct dm_snapshot *s)
 {
-	if (!s->merge_running && !s->merge_shutdown) {
-		s->merge_running = 1;
+	if (!test_and_set_bit(MERGE_RUNNING, &s->bits))
 		snapshot_merge_process(s);
-	}
+}
+
+static int wait_schedule(void *ptr)
+{
+	schedule();
+	return 0;
 }
 
 /*
@@ -947,11 +958,10 @@ static void start_merge(struct dm_snapsh
  */
 static void stop_merge(struct dm_snapshot *s)
 {
-	while (s->merge_running) {
-		s->merge_shutdown = 1;
-		msleep(1);
-	}
-	s->merge_shutdown = 0;
+	set_bit(SHUTDOWN_MERGE, &s->bits);
+	wait_on_bit(&s->bits, MERGE_RUNNING, wait_schedule,
+		    TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
+	clear_bit(SHUTDOWN_MERGE, &s->bits);
 }
 
 /*
@@ -1018,9 +1028,8 @@ static int snapshot_ctr(struct dm_target
 	init_rwsem(&s->lock);
 	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&s->list);
 	spin_lock_init(&s->pe_lock);
+	s->bits = 0;
 	s->merge_failed = 0;
-	s->merge_running = 0;
-	s->merge_shutdown = 0;
 	s->merge_write_interlock = 0;
 	s->merge_write_interlock_n = 0;
 	bio_list_init(&s->merge_write_list);



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