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[dm-devel] a deadlock bug in the kernel-side device mapper code


we encountered a deadlock inside the kernel part of the device-mapper code. it was found in a CentOS 5.3 system's kernel - but from looking at the code of kernel 2.6.31 - the same bug is still in there.

below is the stack trace of the self-deadlocking code. this is one of the threads of multipathd, that attempts to remove a dm device using a ioctl to the dm driver:

crash> bt 22619
PID: 22619  TASK: ffff8106521247e0  CPU: 3   COMMAND: "multipathd"
 #0 [ffff8106298dfb48] schedule at ffffffff80063035
 #1 [ffff8106298dfc20] __down_read at ffffffff8006475d
 #2 [ffff8106298dfc60] dm_copy_name_and_uuid at ffffffff8824f740
 #3 [ffff8106298dfc90] dm_send_uevents at ffffffff88252685
 #4 [ffff8106298dfcd0] event_callback at ffffffff8824c678
 #5 [ffff8106298dfd00] dm_table_event at ffffffff8824dd01
 #6 [ffff8106298dfd10] __hash_remove at ffffffff882507ad
 #7 [ffff8106298dfd30] dev_remove at ffffffff88250865
 #8 [ffff8106298dfd60] ctl_ioctl at ffffffff88250d80
 #9 [ffff8106298dfee0] do_ioctl at ffffffff800418c4
#10 [ffff8106298dff00] vfs_ioctl at ffffffff8002fab9
#11 [ffff8106298dff40] sys_ioctl at ffffffff8004bdaf
#12 [ffff8106298dff80] tracesys at ffffffff8005d28d (via system_call)
    RIP: 00000039deecbb47  RSP: 0000000041e35bb8  RFLAGS: 00000246
    RAX: ffffffffffffffda  RBX: ffffffff8005d28d  RCX: ffffffffffffffff
    RDX: 000000001b9a7ac0  RSI: 00000000c138fd04  RDI: 0000000000000007
    RBP: 0000000000000000   R8: 00000039df211e45   R9: 000000001b9a7af0
    R10: 00000039df211d59  R11: 0000000000000246  R12: 00000039df211e23
    R13: 0000000000000000  R14: 00000039df211d59  R15: 0000000000000000
    ORIG_RAX: 0000000000000010  CS: 0033  SS: 002b

(note: the crash was taken using kdump).

the problem appears to be that the function dm_remove in file drivers/md/dm-ioctl.c is locking the _hash_lock rw semaphore for write (down_write(&_hash_lock);), and then later in the call chain, the function dm_copy_name_and_uuid (in the same source file) attempts to lock the same semaphore for read. since the semaphore is not recursive - there is a deadlock. naturally, when this happens, any command trying to access those data structures (dmsetup, multipath, etc) block as well.

if my analysis is correct - is there any idea on how to go about fixing this? i can see several diffeernt paths - one is to store the data required by dm_copy_name_and_uuid in a location that won't require locking - or altenatively, have a dual version of the relevant functions - one to be invoked when there lock is not held, and one to be invoked when the lock is held.

note: we've encountered this deadlock twice in the past week - no idea if we saw it in the past or not.


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