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Re: [dm-devel] Re: dm: bind new table before destroying old



On Wed, 18 Nov 2009, malahal us ibm com wrote:

> Alasdair G Kergon [agk redhat com] wrote:
> > > After further testing I've hit a lockdep trace.  My testing was with
> > > handing over on the same device.  I had the snapshot (of an ext3 FS)
> > > mounted and I was doing a sequential direct-io write to a file in the
> > > FS.  While writing I triggered a handover with the following:
> > 
> > > =======================================================
> > > [ INFO: possible circular locking dependency detected ]
> > > 2.6.32-rc6-snitm #8
> > > -------------------------------------------------------
> > > dmsetup/1827 is trying to acquire lock:
> > >  (&md->suspend_lock){+.+...}, at: [<ffffffffa00678d8>] dm_swap_table+0x2d/0x249 [dm_mod]
> > > 
> > > but task is already holding lock:
> > >  (&journal->j_barrier){+.+...}, at: [<ffffffff8119192d>] journal_lock_updates+0xe1/0xf0
> > > 
> > > which lock already depends on the new lock.
> > 
> > I'm going to assume this is bogus - and I can't spot any annotations
> > available to suppress it, so people will just have to ignore it.
> > 
> > Suspend involves:
> >   get suspend lock
> >   if dev is not already suspended
> >     get journal lock
> >     set state "dev is suspended"
> >   release suspend lock
> >   
> > Resume involves
> >   [journal lock is held]
> >   get suspend lock
> >   if dev is suspended 
> >     release journal lock
> >     set state "dev is not suspended"
> >   release suspend lock
> > 
> > It looks as if lockdep sees that as a problem:
> >   Imagine those two sections running in parallel without the "Is dev
> >   suspended?" check, of which lockdep has no knowledge.
> 
> Agreed, but is it possible to restructure the suspend code such that it
> acquires the journal lock before the suspend lock, and then releases the
> journal lock if dev is already suspended? This needs some explaining
> in a comment form though! :-)
> 
> Thanks, Malahal.

The real reason for the warning is that ext3 jbd takes the mutex on 
suspend (ext3_freeze) and then keeps it taken until resume 
(ext3_unfreeze).

You also get a warning if you issue "dmsetup suspend" manually, it warns 
that a task exists with mutex held.

If suspending and resuming manually, suspend and resume are done from 
different processes, thus ext3 is violating mutex specification
Documentation/mutex-design.txt
* - only the owner can unlock the mutex
* - task may not exit with mutex held

It is really a bug in ext3 and ext4 and device mapper has nothing to do 
with it, except that it triggers it. The bug should be reported to ext[34] 
maintainers and fixed there.

Mikulas


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