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[dm-devel] Re: clustered snapshots



Hi

I don't understand the purpose of this patch. I think it's useless.

- during merge, nothing except the merge process reads the on-disk 
exceptions. So it doesn't matter when you clean them. You must clean them 
before dropping the interlock, but the order is not important.

- during merge, the interlock is held for the range to be merged. So there 
shouldn't be any concurrent writes. Concurrent reads are dispatched to the 
snapshot area (as long as the exception remains in the table).

- bug in this patch: merge_clear_exception_callback modifies the hash 
table outside a lock

I think this patch just hides other bug that you have made. Do you set and 
test the interlock correctly? If yes, it will block any I/Os to the chunks 
being merged.

Mikulas

On Sat, 3 Oct 2009, Mike Snitzer wrote:

> Mikulas,
> 
> I had the harddrive die in the server I was using for snapshot-merge
> testing so my "more extensive testing" was delayed until today.
> 
> In testing it was quite clear that back-merge was not working at all.  I
> had to get creative with how to make back-merging work with the
> older-style snapshot-merge (which doesn't have jon's work to fold the
> 'complete' hashtable into the store; that really helped snapshot-merge
> support back-merges).
> 
> I have updated my people page's quilt tree to include the following
> patch; I've now tested snapshot-merge to _really_ work with both just
> the snapshot-merge patches and also with your clustered snapshot patches
> ontop.
> 
> Also, I'll be folding these changes into the appropriate snapshot-merge
> patches; the dm-snapshot-merge-support-insert-before-existing-chunk.patch
> at the end of the snapshot-merge patches is just a means to get all the
> working snapshot-merge bits in place.
> 
> All things considered I think the following is about as clean as we can
> hope for but I welcome your (and others') review.  
> 
> 
> Subject: [PATCH] Add clear_exception callback to the dm_exception_store_type's ->commit_merge
> 
> This callback is used to clear in-core exceptions during the exception
> store's commit_merge.  One _must_ clear the in-core exceptions prior to
> the on-disk exceptions.  But this clearing of exceptions must be done
> fine-grained.  One cannot clear all in-core exceptions and then clear
> all on-disk exceptions and arrive a a solution that is actually stable
> and works.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Mike Snitzer <snitzer redhat com>
> ---
>  drivers/md/dm-exception-store.h |    5 ++
>  drivers/md/dm-snap-persistent.c |   30 ++++++++++-------
>  drivers/md/dm-snap.c            |   69 +++++++++++++++++++++++++---------------
>  3 files changed, 66 insertions(+), 38 deletions(-)
> 
> Index: linux-2.6/drivers/md/dm-exception-store.h
> ===================================================================
> --- linux-2.6.orig/drivers/md/dm-exception-store.h
> +++ linux-2.6/drivers/md/dm-exception-store.h
> @@ -91,8 +91,11 @@ struct dm_exception_store_type {
>  	/*
>  	 * Clear the last n exceptions.
>  	 * n must be <= the value returned by prepare_merge.
> +	 * callback is used to clear in-core exceptions.
>  	 */
> -	int (*commit_merge) (struct dm_exception_store *store, int n);
> +	int (*commit_merge) (struct dm_exception_store *store, int n,
> +			     int (*callback) (void *, chunk_t old, chunk_t new),
> +			     void *callback_context);
>  
>  	/*
>  	 * The snapshot is invalid, note this in the metadata.
> Index: linux-2.6/drivers/md/dm-snap-persistent.c
> ===================================================================
> --- linux-2.6.orig/drivers/md/dm-snap-persistent.c
> +++ linux-2.6/drivers/md/dm-snap-persistent.c
> @@ -410,15 +410,6 @@ static void write_exception(struct pstor
>  	e->new_chunk = cpu_to_le64(de->new_chunk);
>  }
>  
> -static void clear_exception(struct pstore *ps, uint32_t index)
> -{
> -	struct disk_exception *e = get_exception(ps, index);
> -
> -	/* clear it */
> -	e->old_chunk = 0;
> -	e->new_chunk = 0;
> -}
> -
>  /*
>   * Registers the exceptions that are present in the current area.
>   * 'full' is filled in to indicate if the area has been
> @@ -726,15 +717,30 @@ static int persistent_prepare_merge(stru
>  	return i;
>  }
>  
> -static int persistent_commit_merge(struct dm_exception_store *store, int n)
> +static int persistent_commit_merge(struct dm_exception_store *store, int n,
> +				   int (*callback) (void *,
> +						    chunk_t old, chunk_t new),
> +				   void *callback_context)
>  {
>  	int r, i;
>  	struct pstore *ps = get_info(store);
>  
>  	BUG_ON(n > ps->current_committed);
> +	BUG_ON(!callback);
>  
> -	for (i = 0; i < n; i++)
> -		clear_exception(ps, ps->current_committed - 1 - i);
> +	for (i = 0; i < n; i++) {
> +		struct disk_exception *de =
> +			get_exception(ps, ps->current_committed - 1 - i);
> +
> +		/* clear in-core exception */
> +		r = callback(callback_context, de->old_chunk, de->new_chunk);
> +		if (r < 0)
> +			return r;
> +
> +		/* clear disk exception */
> +		de->old_chunk = 0;
> +		de->new_chunk = 0;
> +	}
>  
>  	r = area_io(ps, WRITE);
>  	if (r < 0)
> Index: linux-2.6/drivers/md/dm-snap.c
> ===================================================================
> --- linux-2.6.orig/drivers/md/dm-snap.c
> +++ linux-2.6/drivers/md/dm-snap.c
> @@ -764,11 +764,50 @@ static inline void release_write_interlo
>  		error_bios(b);
>  }
>  
> +static int clear_merged_exception(struct dm_snap_exception *e,
> +				  chunk_t old_chunk, chunk_t new_chunk)
> +{
> +	if (dm_consecutive_chunk_count(e)) {
> +		if ((old_chunk == e->old_chunk) &&
> +		    (new_chunk == dm_chunk_number(e->new_chunk))) {
> +			e->old_chunk++;
> +			e->new_chunk++;
> +		} else if (old_chunk != e->old_chunk +
> +			   dm_consecutive_chunk_count(e) &&
> +			   new_chunk != dm_chunk_number(e->new_chunk) +
> +			   dm_consecutive_chunk_count(e)) {
> +			DMERR("merge from the middle of a chunk range");
> +			return -1;
> +		}
> +		dm_consecutive_chunk_count_dec(e);
> +	} else {
> +		remove_exception(e);
> +		free_exception(e);
> +	}
> +
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int merge_clear_exception_callback(void *context,
> +					  chunk_t old_chunk, chunk_t new_chunk)
> +{
> +	struct dm_snap_exception *e;
> +	struct exception_table *complete_et = context;
> +
> +	e = lookup_exception(complete_et, old_chunk);
> +	if (!e) {
> +		DMERR("exception for block %llu is on disk but not in memory",
> +		      (unsigned long long)old_chunk);
> +		return -1;
> +	}
> +
> +	return clear_merged_exception(e, old_chunk, new_chunk);
> +}
> +
>  static void merge_callback(int read_err, unsigned long write_err, void *context)
>  {
> -	int r, i;
> +	int r;
>  	struct dm_snapshot *s = context;
> -	struct dm_snap_exception *e;
>  
>  	if (read_err || write_err) {
>  		if (read_err)
> @@ -778,35 +817,15 @@ static void merge_callback(int read_err,
>  		goto shut;
>  	}
>  
> -	r = s->store->type->commit_merge(s->store, s->merge_write_interlock_n);
> +	r = s->store->type->commit_merge(s->store, s->merge_write_interlock_n,
> +					 merge_clear_exception_callback,
> +					 &s->complete);
>  	if (r < 0) {
>  		DMERR("Write error in exception store, shutting down merge");
>  		goto shut;
>  	}
>  
>  	down_write(&s->lock);
> -	/*
> -	 * Must process chunks (and associated exceptions) in reverse
> -	 * so that dm_consecutive_chunk_count_dec() accounting works
> -	 */
> -	for (i = s->merge_write_interlock_n - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
> -		e = lookup_exception(&s->complete,
> -				     s->merge_write_interlock + i);
> -		if (!e) {
> -			DMERR("exception for block %llu is on "
> -			      "disk but not in memory",
> -			      (unsigned long long)
> -			      s->merge_write_interlock + i);
> -			up_write(&s->lock);
> -			goto shut;
> -		}
> -		if (dm_consecutive_chunk_count(e)) {
> -			dm_consecutive_chunk_count_dec(e);
> -		} else {
> -			remove_exception(e);
> -			free_exception(e);
> -		}
> -	}
>  	release_write_interlock(s, 0);
>  
>  	snapshot_merge_process(s);
> 


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