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[dm-devel] Re: IO scheduler based IO controller V10



On Sun, Sep 27, 2009 at 07:00:08PM +0200, Corrado Zoccolo wrote:
> Hi Vivek,
> On Fri, Sep 25, 2009 at 10:26 PM, Vivek Goyal <vgoyal redhat com> wrote:
> > On Fri, Sep 25, 2009 at 04:20:14AM +0200, Ulrich Lukas wrote:
> >> Vivek Goyal wrote:
> >> > Notes:
> >> > - With vanilla CFQ, random writers can overwhelm a random reader.
> >> >   Bring down its throughput and bump up latencies significantly.
> >>
> >>
> >> IIRC, with vanilla CFQ, sequential writing can overwhelm random readers,
> >> too.
> >>
> >> I'm basing this assumption on the observations I made on both OpenSuse
> >> 11.1 and Ubuntu 9.10 alpha6 which I described in my posting on LKML
> >> titled: "Poor desktop responsiveness with background I/O-operations" of
> >> 2009-09-20.
> >> (Message ID: 4AB59CBB 8090907 datenparkplatz de)
> >>
> >>
> >> Thus, I'm posting this to show that your work is greatly appreciated,
> >> given the rather disappointig status quo of Linux's fairness when it
> >> comes to disk IO time.
> >>
> >> I hope that your efforts lead to a change in performance of current
> >> userland applications, the sooner, the better.
> >>
> > [Please don't remove people from original CC list. I am putting them back.]
> >
> > Hi Ulrich,
> >
> > I quicky went through that mail thread and I tried following on my
> > desktop.
> >
> > ##########################################
> > dd if=/home/vgoyal/4G-file of=/dev/null &
> > sleep 5
> > time firefox
> > # close firefox once gui pops up.
> > ##########################################
> >
> > It was taking close to 1 minute 30 seconds to launch firefox and dd got
> > following.
> >
> > 4294967296 bytes (4.3 GB) copied, 100.602 s, 42.7 MB/s
> >
> > (Results do vary across runs, especially if system is booted fresh. Don't
> >  know why...).
> >
> >
> > Then I tried putting both the applications in separate groups and assign
> > them weights 200 each.
> >
> > ##########################################
> > dd if=/home/vgoyal/4G-file of=/dev/null &
> > echo $! > /cgroup/io/test1/tasks
> > sleep 5
> > echo $$ > /cgroup/io/test2/tasks
> > time firefox
> > # close firefox once gui pops up.
> > ##########################################
> >
> > Now I firefox pops up in 27 seconds. So it cut down the time by 2/3.
> >
> > 4294967296 bytes (4.3 GB) copied, 84.6138 s, 50.8 MB/s
> >
> > Notice that throughput of dd also improved.
> >
> > I ran the block trace and noticed in many a cases firefox threads
> > immediately preempted the "dd". Probably because it was a file system
> > request. So in this case latency will arise from seek time.
> >
> > In some other cases, threads had to wait for up to 100ms because dd was
> > not preempted. In this case latency will arise both from waiting on queue
> > as well as seek time.
> 
> I think cfq should already be doing something similar, i.e. giving
> 100ms slices to firefox, that alternate with dd, unless:
> * firefox is too seeky (in this case, the idle window will be too small)
> * firefox has too much think time.
> 

Hi Corrado,

"firefox" is the shell script to setup the environment and launch the
broser. It seems to be a group of threads. Some of them run in parallel
and some of these seems to be running one after the other (once previous
process or threads finished).


> To rule out the first case, what happens if you run the test with your
> "fairness for seeky processes" patch?

I applied that patch and it helps a lot.

http://lwn.net/Articles/341032/

With above patchset applied, and fairness=1, firefox pops up in 27-28
seconds.

So it looks like if we don't disable idle window for seeky processes on 
hardware supporting command queuing, it helps in this particular case.

Thanks
Vivek


 
> To rule out the second case, what happens if you increase the slice_idle?
> 
> Thanks,
> Corrado
> 
> >
> > With cgroup thing, We will run 100ms slice for the group in which firefox
> > is being launched and then give 100ms uninterrupted time slice to dd. So
> > it should cut down on number of seeks happening and that's why we probably
> > see this improvement.
> >
> > So grouping can help in such cases. May be you can move your X session in
> > one group and launch the big IO in other group. Most likely you should
> > have better desktop experience without compromising on dd thread output.
> 
> > Thanks
> > Vivek
> > --
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> > Please read the FAQ at  http://www.tux.org/lkml/
> >
> 
> 
> 
> -- 
> __________________________________________________________________________
> 
> dott. Corrado Zoccolo                          mailto:czoccolo gmail com
> PhD - Department of Computer Science - University of Pisa, Italy
> --------------------------------------------------------------------------


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