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Re: [dm-devel] [PATCH] crypto/arc4: convert this stream cipher into a block cipher

* Herbert Xu | 2010-02-16 20:51:25 [+0800]:

>On Fri, Feb 12, 2010 at 09:42:28AM +0100, Sebastian Andrzej Siewior wrote:
>> -static void arc4_crypt(struct crypto_tfm *tfm, u8 *out, const u8 *in)
>> +static void arc4_ivsetup(struct arc4_ctx *ctx, u8 *iv)
>>  {
>> -	struct arc4_ctx *ctx = crypto_tfm_ctx(tfm);
>> +	if (unlikely(!ctx->new_key))
>> +		return;
>> +	memcpy(iv, &ctx->iv, sizeof(ctx->iv));
>> +	ctx->new_key = 0;
>Sorry, but this doesn't work.
>A ctx is supposed to be reentrant.  That is, while one thread
>is working away with a given ctx I should be able to use that
>same ctx in a different thread without them clobbering each
I also destroy the user supplied IV. You don't care about that? :)
So I have to know that someone called setkey() on this ctx but I can't
leave hints.
salsa also does not stick to plan here. ctx->input[6-9] is initialized
in encrypt() path. So two threads sharing a ctx are going to clobber
their state.

What about a new api for the stream cipher? We would merge the ctx part
and the iv into one handle. So the user would call setup_iv() instead of
setkey(). The difference would be that I can access the iv from within
setkey(). And the algorithm can fully express himself since he is no
longer trapped in the wrong body :)

>So that means (in general) you must not modify the ctx in any
>function other than setkey.
That is hard because I have a new state after encryption which I am only
allowed to save in the iv. And the new state may be reset in setkey()
where I can't touch the iv.
salsa does not keep/update its state. So the input[6-9] problem could be
fixed. Who/where is it used anyway? I can't see any user besides the
possible once (i.e. dm-crypt/ipsec).

>This also brings up the bigger question of how we transition to
>this new arc4.  I don't think we need to maintain exactly the
>same behaviour as the existing ecb(arc4).
>So what we could do is simply add a new blkcipher arc4, alongside
>the existing cipher arc4.  Then we can convert the existing users
>across, and finally remove the old arc4.
This has worked out before, lets stick to this :)



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