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Re: [dm-devel] dm-multipath splitting IOs in 4k blocks



On Fri, 22 Jan 2010 at 14:14:56 -0500,
Mike Snitzer <snitzer redhat com> wrote:

> On Fri, Jan 22 2010 at 11:41am -0500,
> Bob <M8R-0t7cpu mailinator com> wrote:
> 
> > Hello,
> > 
> > I have a question about dm-multipath. As you can see below, it seems that
> > multipath splits any IO incoming to the device in 4k blocks, and then
> > reassembles it when doing the actual read from the SAN. If the device is opened
> > in direct IO mode, this behavior is not experienced. It is not experienced
> > either if the IO is sent directly to a single path (eg /dev/sdef in this
> > example).
> > 
> > My question is : what causes this behavior, and is there any way to change that ?
> 
> direct-io will cause DM to accumulate pages into larger bios (via
> bio_add_page calls to dm_merge_bvec).  This is why you see larger
> requests with iflag=direct.
> 
> Buffered IO writes (from the page-cache) will always be in one-page
> units.  It is the IO scheduler that will merge these requests.
> 
> Buffered IO reads _should_ have larger requests.  So it is curious that
> you're seeing single-page read requests.  I can't reproduce that on a
> recent kernel.org kernel.  Will need time to test on RHEL 5.3.

I tested on a vanilla 2.6.31.12, and the 4k limitation is indeed gone (took me some time because of a buggy nash).
I also needed to upgrade multipath-tools to get the "Bad DM version" fix.

Anyway, I'm a bit clueless as to where to start looking for which commit removed the bug... (can we call that a bug ?)

> 
> NOTE: all DM devices should behave like I explained above (you just
> happen to be focusing on dm-multipath).  Testing against normal "linear"
> DM devices would also be valid.

Indeed, the results are the same.

> 
> > Some quick dd tests would tend to show that the device is quite faster if
> > multipath doesn't split the IOs.
> 
> The testing output you provided doesn't reflect that (nor would I expect
> it to for sequential IO if readahead is configured)...

Speaking of read-ahead, which one is used among :
 - the path RA ( /dev/sdX )
 - the mpath RA ( /dev/mapper/mpathX )
 - the LVM RA ( /dev/mapper/lvg-lvs ) ?

Thanks for your time
Bob

> 
> Mike
> 
> > [root test-bis ~]# dd if=/dev/dm-5 of=/dev/null bs=16384
> > 
> > Meanwhile...
> > 
> > [root test-bis ~]# iostat -kx /dev/dm-5 /dev/sdef /dev/sdfh /dev/sdgi /dev/sdgw 5
> > ...
> > Device:         rrqm/s   wrqm/s   r/s   w/s    rkB/s    wkB/s avgrq-sz avgqu-sz   await  svctm  %util
> > sdef           4187.82     0.00 289.42  0.00 17932.14     0.00   123.92     0.45    1.56   1.01  29.34
> > sdfh           4196.41     0.00 293.81  0.00 17985.63     0.00   122.43     0.41    1.39   0.90  26.37
> > sdgi           4209.98     0.00 286.43  0.00 17964.07     0.00   125.44     0.69    2.38   1.43  40.98
> > sdgw           4188.62     0.00 289.22  0.00 17885.03     0.00   123.68     0.54    1.87   1.16  33.59
> > dm-5              0.00     0.00 17922.55  0.00 71690.22     0.00     8.00    47.14    2.63   0.05  98.28
> > 
> > => avgrq-sz is 4kB (8.00 blocks) on the mpath device
> > --------
> > [root test-bis ~]# dd if=/dev/dm-5 iflag=direct of=/dev/null bs=16384
> > 
> > iostat now gives :
> > Device:         rrqm/s   wrqm/s   r/s   w/s    rkB/s    wkB/s avgrq-sz avgqu-sz   await  svctm  %util
> > sdef              0.00     0.00 640.00  0.00 10240.00     0.00    32.00     0.31    0.48   0.48  30.86
> > sdfh              0.00     0.00 644.40  0.00 10310.40     0.00    32.00     0.22    0.34   0.34  22.10
> > sdgi              0.00     0.00 663.80  0.00 10620.80     0.00    32.00     0.24    0.36   0.36  24.20
> > sdgw              0.00     0.00 640.00  0.00 10240.00     0.00    32.00     0.20    0.32   0.32  20.28
> > dm-5              0.00     0.00 2587.00  0.00 41392.00     0.00    32.00     0.97    0.38   0.38  97.20
> > 
> > => avgrq-sz is now 16kB (32.00 blocks) on the mpath device


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