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Re: [dm-devel] Shared snapshots

On Wed, Dec 16 2009 at  3:39pm -0500,
Mike Snitzer <snitzer redhat com> wrote:

> As an aside, I have some ideas for improving
> Documentation/device-mapper/dm-multisnapshot.txt
> I'll just send a patch and we can go from there.

OK, here is the updated dm-multisnapshot.txt (finally):

Device-mapper multiple snapshot support

Device-mapper allows a single copy-on-write (COW) block device to be
shared among multiple snapshots of an origin device.  This variant of dm
snapshot is ideal for supporting high numbers of snapshots.

There is a single dm target for the origin device:

and associated shared COW storage modules:
mikulas - supports 2^32 snapshots and 2^32 snapshots of snapshots with
	  full consistency across crashes via journaling
daniel  - only supports 64 snapshots and does not provide consistency
          through journaling

The snapshots within the shared COW use a single dm target:

*) multisnapshot <origin> <COW device> <chunksize>
   <# generic args> <generic args> <shared COW store type>
   <# shared COW store args> <shared COW store args>
   [<# snapshot ids> <snapshot ids>]

Table line arguments:
- <origin> : origin device
- <COW device> : shared COW store device
- <chunksize> : chunk size in 512b sectors
- <# generic args> : number of generic arguments
- <generic args> : generic arguments
	sync-snapshots --- synchronize snapshots according to the list
	preserve-on-error --- halt the origin on error in the snapshot store
- <shared COW store type> : shared COW store type
	mikulas --- provided by the 'dm-store-mikulas' module
	daniel --- provided by the 'dm-store-daniel' module
- <# shared COW store args> : number of arguments for shared COW store type
- <shared COW store args> : shared COW store arguments
	cache-threshold size --- a background write is started
	cache-limit size --- a limit for metadata cache size
If 'sync-snapshots' was specified:
- <# snapshot ids> : number of snapshot ids
- <snapshot ids> : snapshot ids in desired sync order

*) multisnap-snap <origin> <snapshot id>

Table line arguments:
- <origin> : origin device
- <snapshot id> : id of the snapshot within the shared store

Status output:
*) multisnapshot <# output args> <errno> <new snapid>
   <total_sectors> <sectors_allocated> <metadata_sectors>
   <# snapshot ids> <snapshot ids>

Status line output arguments:
- <# shared COW store output args> : number of output arguments before
                                     snapshot id list
- <errno> : error number associated with the first error that occurred in
            the store (e.g. -EIO), 0 means the store is active with no errors
- <new snapid> : snapshot id that will be used for next snapshot, '-' if
                 no snapshot is in the process of being created
- <total_sectors> : total size of the shared store in 512b sectors
- <sectors_allocated> : number of sectors allocated for data and metadata
- <metadata_sectors> : number of sectors allocated for metadata
- <# snapshot ids> : number of snapshot ids
- <snapshot ids> : snapshot ids for snapshots in the store

Other tunables:
*) multisnapshot (when using 'mikulas' store)
The size of the metadata cache associated with the 'mikulas' shared COW
store defaults to 2% of system memory or 25% of vmalloc memory (which
ever is lower).  The size of the metadata cache may be overriden using
the 'dm_bufio_cache_size' module parameter when loading the
'dm-store-mikulas' module.  Alternatively, the size may be changed or
queried after the module is loaded via sysfs:

DM messages:
*) multisnapshot
   - create : creates next new snapshot id, reports created id through 'status'
     (the snapshot is created once the multisnapshot is suspended)
   - create_subsnap <snapshot id> : create subsnapshot of specified snapshot
   - delete <snapshot id> : delete the specified snapshot

*) Create two logical volumes, one for origin and one for snapshots.
(The following examples assume /dev/sda for origin and /dev/sdb for snapshot)

*) Clear the first 4 sectors of the snapshot volume:
dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/sdb bs=4096 count=1
(Otherwise the multisnapshot target's constructor will fail)

*) Load the shared snapshot driver:
ORIGIN_BDEV_SIZE=`blockdev --getsize /dev/sda`
echo 0 $ORIGIN_BDEV_SIZE multisnapshot /dev/sda /dev/sdb 16 0 mikulas 0 | dmsetup create ms
('16' is the chunk size in 512-byte sectors. The chunk size may range
from 1 to 1024 512-byte sectors via lvm. DM's maximum chunk size is only
limited by 32-bit integer size and available memory)

This creates the multisnapshot device on /dev/mapper/ms. If the COW
store was zeroed, it creates a new structure, otherwise it loads
existing structure.

Once this is done, you should no longer access /dev/sda and
/dev/sdb and only use /dev/mapper/ms.

*) Create new snapshot:
('0' in the following dmsetup message commands means sector arg isn't needed)
dmsetup message /dev/mapper/ms 0 create
	If you want to create snapshot-of-snapshot, use:
	dmsetup message /dev/mapper/ms 0 create_subsnap <snapID>
dmsetup status /dev/mapper/ms
	(this will display the newly created snapshot ID)
dmsetup suspend /dev/mapper/ms
dmsetup resume /dev/mapper/ms

*) Attach the snapshot:
echo 0 $ORIGIN_BDEV_SIZE multisnap-snap /dev/sda <snapID> | dmsetup create ms0
This attaches the snapshot with <snapID> to /dev/mapper/ms0

*) Delete the snapshot:
dmsetup message /dev/mapper/ms 0 delete <snapID>

*) See shared store's status:
dmsetup status /dev/mapper/ms
(multisnapshot target's status output is documented above)

*) Unload it:
dmsetup remove ms
dmsetup remove ms0
... etc. (note, once you unload the origin, the snapshots become inaccessible
- the devices exist but they return -EIO when accessed)

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