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Re: [dm-devel] [PATCH 05/10] block: remove per-queue plugging



On 2011-04-11 06:50, NeilBrown wrote:
> On Tue, 5 Apr 2011 13:05:41 +1000 NeilBrown <neilb suse de> wrote:
> 
>> On Wed, 9 Mar 2011 19:58:10 -0500 Mike Snitzer <snitzer redhat com> wrote:
>>
>>> Also, in your MD changes, you removed all calls to md_unplug() but
>>> didn't remove md_unplug().  Seems it should be removed along with the
>>> 'plug' member of 'struct mddev_t'?  Neil?
>>
>> I've been distracted by other things and only just managed to have a look at
>> this.
>>
>> The new plugging code seems to completely ignore the needs of stacked devices
>> - or at least my needs in md.
>>
>> For RAID1 with a write-intent-bitmap, I queue all write requests and then on
>> an unplug I update the write-intent-bitmap to mark all the relevant blocks
>> and then release the writes.
>>
>> With the new code there is no way for an unplug event to wake up the raid1d
>> thread to start the writeout - I haven't tested it but I suspect it will just
>> hang.
>>
>> Similarly for RAID5 I gather write bios (long before they become 'struct
>> request' which is what the plugging code understands) and on an unplug event
>> I release the writes - hopefully with enough bios per stripe so that we don't
>> need to pre-read.
>>
>> Possibly the simplest fix would be to have a second list_head in 'struct
>> blk_plug' which contained callbacks (a function pointer a list_head in a
>> struct which is passed as an arg to the function!).
>> blk_finish_plug could then walk the list and call the call-backs.
>> It would be quite easy to hook into that.
> 
> I've implemented this and it seems to work.
> Jens:  could you please review and hopefully ack the patch below, and let
> me know if you will submit it or should I?
> 
> My testing of this combined with some other patches which cause various md
> personalities to use it shows up a bug somewhere.
> 
> The symptoms are crashes in various places in blk-core and sometimes
> elevator.c
> list_sort occurs fairly often included in the stack but not always.
> 
> This patch
> 
> diff --git a/block/blk-core.c b/block/blk-core.c
> index 273d60b..903ce8d 100644
> --- a/block/blk-core.c
> +++ b/block/blk-core.c
> @@ -2674,19 +2674,23 @@ static void flush_plug_list(struct blk_plug *plug)
>  	struct request_queue *q;
>  	unsigned long flags;
>  	struct request *rq;
> +	struct list_head head;
>  
>  	BUG_ON(plug->magic != PLUG_MAGIC);
>  
>  	if (list_empty(&plug->list))
>  		return;
> +	list_add(&head, &plug->list);
> +	list_del_init(&plug->list);
>  
>  	if (plug->should_sort)
> -		list_sort(NULL, &plug->list, plug_rq_cmp);
> +		list_sort(NULL, &head, plug_rq_cmp);
> +	plug->should_sort = 0;
>  
>  	q = NULL;
>  	local_irq_save(flags);
> -	while (!list_empty(&plug->list)) {
> -		rq = list_entry_rq(plug->list.next);
> +	while (!list_empty(&head)) {
> +		rq = list_entry_rq(head.next);
>  		list_del_init(&rq->queuelist);
>  		BUG_ON(!(rq->cmd_flags & REQ_ON_PLUG));
>  		BUG_ON(!rq->q);
> 
> 
> makes the symptom go away.  It simply moves the plug list onto a separate
> list head before sorting and processing it.
> My test was simply writing to a RAID1 with dd:
>   while true; do dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/md0 size=4k; done
> 
> Obviously all writes go to two devices so the plug list will always need
> sorting.
> 
> The only explanation I can come up with is that very occasionally schedule on
> 2 separate cpus calls blk_flush_plug for the same task.  I don't understand
> the scheduler nearly well enough to know if or how that can happen.
> However with this patch in place I can write to a RAID1 constantly for half
> an hour, and without it, the write rarely lasts for 3 minutes.

Or perhaps if the request_fn blocks, that would be problematic. So the
patch is likely a good idea even for that case.

I'll merge it, changing it to list_splice_init() as I think that would
be more clear.

> From 687b189c02276887dd7d5b87a817da9f67ed3c2c Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
> From: NeilBrown <neilb suse de>
> Date: Thu, 7 Apr 2011 13:16:59 +1000
> Subject: [PATCH] Enhance new plugging support to support general callbacks.
> 
> md/raid requires an unplug callback, but as it does not uses
> requests the current code cannot provide one.
> 
> So allow arbitrary callbacks to be attached to the blk_plug.
> 
> Cc: Jens Axboe <jaxboe fusionio com>
> Signed-off-by: NeilBrown <neilb suse de>
> ---
>  block/blk-core.c       |   13 +++++++++++++
>  include/linux/blkdev.h |    7 ++++++-
>  2 files changed, 19 insertions(+), 1 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/block/blk-core.c b/block/blk-core.c
> index 725091d..273d60b 100644
> --- a/block/blk-core.c
> +++ b/block/blk-core.c
> @@ -2644,6 +2644,7 @@ void blk_start_plug(struct blk_plug *plug)
>  
>  	plug->magic = PLUG_MAGIC;
>  	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&plug->list);
> +	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&plug->cb_list);
>  	plug->should_sort = 0;
>  
>  	/*
> @@ -2717,9 +2718,21 @@ static void flush_plug_list(struct blk_plug *plug)
>  	local_irq_restore(flags);
>  }
>  
> +static void flush_plug_callbacks(struct blk_plug *plug)
> +{
> +	while (!list_empty(&plug->cb_list)) {
> +		struct blk_plug_cb *cb = list_first_entry(&plug->cb_list,
> +							  struct blk_plug_cb,
> +							  list);
> +		list_del(&cb->list);
> +		cb->callback(cb);
> +	}
> +}
> +
>  static void __blk_finish_plug(struct task_struct *tsk, struct blk_plug *plug)
>  {
>  	flush_plug_list(plug);
> +	flush_plug_callbacks(plug);
>  
>  	if (plug == tsk->plug)
>  		tsk->plug = NULL;
> diff --git a/include/linux/blkdev.h b/include/linux/blkdev.h
> index 32176cc..3e5e604 100644
> --- a/include/linux/blkdev.h
> +++ b/include/linux/blkdev.h
> @@ -857,8 +857,13 @@ extern void blk_put_queue(struct request_queue *);
>  struct blk_plug {
>  	unsigned long magic;
>  	struct list_head list;
> +	struct list_head cb_list;
>  	unsigned int should_sort;
>  };
> +struct blk_plug_cb {
> +	struct list_head list;
> +	void (*callback)(struct blk_plug_cb *);
> +};
>  
>  extern void blk_start_plug(struct blk_plug *);
>  extern void blk_finish_plug(struct blk_plug *);
> @@ -876,7 +881,7 @@ static inline bool blk_needs_flush_plug(struct task_struct *tsk)
>  {
>  	struct blk_plug *plug = tsk->plug;
>  
> -	return plug && !list_empty(&plug->list);
> +	return plug && (!list_empty(&plug->list) || !list_empty(&plug->cb_list));
>  }
>  
>  /*

Maybe I'm missing something, but why do you need those callbacks? If
it's to use plugging yourself, perhaps we can just ensure that those
don't get assigned in the task - so it would be have to used with care.

It's not that I disagree to these callbacks, I just want to ensure I
understand why you need them.

-- 
Jens Axboe


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