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Re: [dm-devel] [PATCH v3] dm stripe: implement merge method

Hi Mustafa,

On Thu, Mar 10 2011 at  9:02am -0500,
Mustafa Mesanovic <mume linux vnet ibm com> wrote:

> On 03/08/2011 05:48 PM, Mike Snitzer wrote:
> >In any case, it clearly helps your workload.
> >
> >Could you explain your config in more detail?
> >- what is your chunk_size?
> >- how many stripes (how many mpath devices)?
> >- what is the performance, of your test workload, of a single underlying
> >   mpath device?
> >
> >And, in particular, what is your test workload?
> >- What is the nature of your IO (are you using a particular tool)?
> >- Are you using AIO?
> >- How many threads?
> >- Are you driving deep queue depths? Etc.
> >
> >I have various configs that I'll be testing to help verify the benefit.
> >The only other change Alasdair request is that the target version should
> >be bumped to 1.4 (rather than 1.3.2).
> >
> >Given that I can put some time to this now: we should be able to sort
> >all this out for upstream inclusion in 2.6.39.
> >
> >Thanks,
> >Mike
> Mike,
> the setup that I have used to verify and check upon the changes
> consisted of:
> - Benchmark
> iozone (seq write, seq read, random read and write),
> filesize 2000m, with 32 processes (no AIO used).
> - Disk-Setup
> 2 disks (queue_depth=192) ->  each disk with 8 paths
> ->  multipathed (multibus, rr_min_io=1)
> And a striped LVM out of these two (chunk_size=64KiB).
> The benchmark then runs on this LV.

What record size are you using?
Which filesystem are you using?
Also, were you using O_DIRECT?  If not then I'm having a hard time
understanding why implementing stripe_merge was so beneficial for you.
stripe_merge doesn't help buffered IO.

Please share your exact iozone command line.

In my testing with aio-stress I have seen the number of calls to
stripe_map be inversely proportional to the record size (when record
size is <= chunk_size).

That is, with the following aio-stress commandline:
aio-stress -O -o 0 -o 1 -r $RECORD_SIZE -d 64 -b 16 -i 16 -s 2048 /dev/snitm/striped_lv

I varied the $RECORD_SIZE from 4k to 256k (striped_lv is using a 64k
chunk_size across 8 mpath devices).

The number of stripe_map_sector() calls resulting from having
implemented stripe_merge is fixed at 1048560 (when reading and then
writing 2048m).  And there is one stripe_map_sector() call for each
stripe_map() call.

The following table shows the stripe_map_sector and stripe_map call
count for writes then reads of 2048m (using $record_size AIO).  AIO does
make use of dm_merge_bvec and stripe_merge.

record_size    stripe_map_sector calls    stripe_map calls
4k             2097152                    1048592
8k             1572864                    524304
16k            1310720                    262160
32k            1179648                    131088
64k            1114112                    65552
128k           1114112                    65552
256k           1114112                    65552

The above shows that bios are being assembled using larger payloads (up
to chunk_size) given that AIO does make use of stripe_merge.

When I did the same accounting (via attached systemtap script) for a
buffered iozone run with a file size of 2000m (using -i 0 -i 1 -i 2) I
saw that dm_merge_bvec() was _never_ called and the number of
stripe_map_sector calls was very close to the stripe_map calls.


All the above aside, one of our more elaborate benchmarks against XFS
has seen a significant benefit from stripe_merge() being present... I
still need to understand that benchmark's IO workload though.
# stap dm_stripe_map_count.stp -c '<benchmark>'

global dm_merge_bvec_count
global stripe_map_sector_count
global stripe_map_count

probe module("dm_mod").function("dm_merge_bvec")

probe module("dm_mod").function("stripe_map_sector")

probe module("dm_mod").function("stripe_map")

probe end {
        printf ("dm_merge_bvec_count calls: %d\n", dm_merge_bvec_count)
        printf ("stripe_map_sector calls: %d\n", stripe_map_sector_count)
        printf ("stripe_map calls: %d\n", stripe_map_count)

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