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[dm-devel] Semaphore bug in dm-thin

Hi Joe

Zdenek recently got a lockdep warning in dm-thin. See this: 

I looked at the warning and realized that it is not a false alarm, but a 
real bug.

Lockdep warns about dependency &md->io_lock -> &md->map_lock, but io_lock 
is a semaphore and map_lock is a spinlock, so such lock ordering should be 
always allowed (you can't take them in reverse order, because you can't 
take a semaphore while holding a spinlock).

Looking deeper in the warning, it complains that there is an exeisting 
dependency chain &md->map_lock --> &pmd->root_lock --> &md->io_lock

Here, map_lock is a spinlock and root_lock is a semaphore, this order of 
taking locks is obviously wrong.

Cutting relevant part of the backtrace, we see:
41. [ 3836.656384] -> #1 (&pmd->root_lock){+++++.}:
42. [ 3836.656384]        [<ffffffff81090740>] lock_acquire+0x90/0x1f0
43. [ 3836.656384]        [<ffffffff814ac1ce>] down_read+0x3e/0x86
44. [ 3836.656384]        [<ffffffffa02aaafe>]
    dm_pool_get_data_dev_size+0x2e/0x60 [dm_thin_pool]
45. [ 3836.656384]        [<ffffffffa02a615b>]
    thin_iterate_devices+0x3b/0x80 [dm_thin_pool]
46. [ 3836.656384]        [<ffffffffa006b2bf>]
    dm_table_supports_flush+0x5f/0x90 [dm_mod]
47. [ 3836.656384]        [<ffffffffa006d2ec>]
    dm_table_set_restrictions+0x9c/0x180 [dm_mod]
48. [ 3836.656384]        [<ffffffffa006a88a>] dm_swap_table+0x1da/0x2e0
49. [ 3836.656384]        [<ffffffffa00701db>] dev_suspend+0x11b/0x260
50. [ 3836.656384]        [<ffffffffa007089a>] ctl_ioctl+0x15a/0x2c0

dm_swap_table calls __bind (which is not shown because it is inlined), 
__bind takes a spinlock &md->map_lock and calls dm_table_set_restrictions, 
from there, the code goes to thin_iterate_devices and it tries to take a 
semaphore &pmd->root_lock.

So there is a clear bug, dm-thin is taking a semaphore while spinlock 
&md->map_lock is held.


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