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Re: [dm-devel] [PATCH 2/3] Introduce percpu rw semaphores



On Sun, 2012-07-29 at 12:10 +0200, Eric Dumazet wrote:

> You can probably design something needing no more than 4 bytes per cpu,
> and this thing could use non locked operations as bonus.
> 
> like the following ...

Coming back from my bike ride, here is a more polished version with
proper synchronization/ barriers.

struct percpu_rw_semaphore {
	/* percpu_sem_down_read() use the following in fast path */
	unsigned int __percpu *active_counters;

	unsigned int __percpu *counters;
	struct rw_semaphore	sem; /* used in slow path and by writers */
};

static inline int percpu_sem_init(struct percpu_rw_semaphore *p)
{
	p->counters = alloc_percpu(unsigned int);
	if (!p->counters)
		return -ENOMEM;
	init_rwsem(&p->sem);
	rcu_assign_pointer(p->active_counters, p->counters);
	return 0;
}


static inline bool percpu_sem_down_read(struct percpu_rw_semaphore *p)
{
	unsigned int __percpu *counters;

	rcu_read_lock();
	counters = rcu_dereference(p->active_counters);
	if (counters) {
		this_cpu_inc(*counters);
		smp_wmb(); /* paired with smp_rmb() in percpu_count() */
		rcu_read_unlock();
		return true;
	}
	rcu_read_unlock();
	down_read(&p->sem);
	return false;
}

static inline void percpu_sem_up_read(struct percpu_rw_semaphore *p, bool fastpath)
{
	if (fastpath)
		this_cpu_dec(*p->counters);
	else
		up_read(&p->sem);
}

static inline unsigned int percpu_count(unsigned int __percpu *counters)
{
	unsigned int total = 0;
	int cpu;

	for_each_possible_cpu(cpu)
		total += *per_cpu_ptr(counters, cpu);

	return total;
}

static inline void percpu_sem_down_write(struct percpu_rw_semaphore *p)
{
	down_write(&p->sem);
	p->active_counters = NULL;
	synchronize_rcu();
	smp_rmb(); /* paired with smp_wmb() in percpu_sem_down_read() */

	while (percpu_count(p->counters))
		schedule();
}

static inline void percpu_sem_up_write(struct percpu_rw_semaphore *p)
{
	rcu_assign_pointer(p->active_counters, p->counters);
	up_write(&p->sem);
}



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