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[dm-devel] Writing to a DM snapshot blocks for a long time



Hello,

I'm seeing some odd behavior using DM snapshots, and I was hoping someone here could help shed some light on it.  What I'm doing is creating a snapshot using DM directly (not through LVM), mounting the snapshot, and then writing to both sides (the mounted snapshot as well as the original filesystem).  The data written to the snapshot goes away after I tear it down, of course.

I managed to get this down to a simple reproduction case.  All this is starting with a LVM VG named "tests", which contains two LVs named "original" and "cow".  The "original" LV is formatted ext4 and mounted on /original.

1) time dd if=/dev/zero bs=16384 count=1 of=/original/zeroes
2) dmsetup suspend tests-original
3) dmsetup table tests-original | dmsetup create tests-original-backup
4) echo 0 `blockdev --getsz /dev/mapper/tests-original` snapshot-origin /dev/mapper/tests-original-backup  | dmsetup reload tests-original
5) echo 0 `blockdev --getsz /dev/mapper/tests-original-backup` snapshot /dev/mapper/tests-original-backup /dev/mapper/tests-cow N 1024 | dmsetup create tests-snap
6) dmsetup resume tests-original
7) mount /dev/mapper/tests-snap /snap

So far so good - original is mounted on /original, the snapshot is mounted on /snap.  Now here comes the problem:

8) time dd if=/dev/zero bs=16384 count=1 of=/snap/zeroes

Writing to the snapshot blocks for a long time (60-180 seconds).  Doing a strace of the dd shows it blocking in write().  Note that /snap/zeroes is overwriting (the snapshot version of) the /original/zeroes file written in step 1.  If this isn't an overwrite (if, for example, the dd wrote to "/snap/a-different-filename"), there is no blocking.  Similarly, there is no problem writing to anything under "/original".

Test cleanup steps that work without any problem:

9) umount /snap
10) dmsetup suspend tests-original
11) dmsetup table tests-original-backup | dmsetup reload tests-original
12) dmsetup remove tests-snap
13) dmsetup resume tests-original
14) dmsetup remove tests-original-backup 

The kernel in question is kernel-PAE-2.6.35.14-97.fc14.i686 (i.e. Fedora 14).  It's running on a Dell R410 with 16 gigs of RAM.  The PV the VG resides on is a 4-disk RAID5 using the Dell PERC 6 RAID card (from the LVM perspective, it just sees a single block device from the card here).

I captured this trace (via 'echo t > /proc/sysrq-trigger') of a cp stuck in write() while writing to the snapshot:

2013-05-06 15:53:41 foobar kernel: [1057700.540986] cp            D 0000000000000000     0 18683  18670 0x00000000
2013-05-06 15:53:41 foobar kernel: [1057700.540989]  ffff880018f5d438 0000000000000082 ffff880000000000 ffff88005ec245c0
2013-05-06 15:53:41 foobar kernel: [1057700.540991]  0000000000015540 0000000000015540 ffff880018f5dfd8 0000000000015540
2013-05-06 15:53:41 foobar kernel: [1057700.540994]  0000000000015540 0000000000015540 0000000000015540 ffff880018f5dfd8
2013-05-06 15:53:41 foobar kernel: [1057700.540996] Call Trace:
2013-05-06 15:53:41 foobar kernel: [1057700.540999]  [<ffffffff81138b9b>] ? sync_buffer+0x0/0x2e
2013-05-06 15:53:41 foobar kernel: [1057700.541001]  [<ffffffff81138b9b>] ? sync_buffer+0x0/0x2e
2013-05-06 15:53:41 foobar kernel: [1057700.541003]  [<ffffffff81468b35>] io_schedule+0x48/0x63
2013-05-06 15:53:41 foobar kernel: [1057700.541005]  [<ffffffff81138bc5>] sync_buffer+0x2a/0x2e
2013-05-06 15:53:41 foobar kernel: [1057700.541007]  [<ffffffff814690dd>] __wait_on_bit+0x48/0x7b
2013-05-06 15:53:41 foobar kernel: [1057700.541010]  [<ffffffff8146917e>] out_of_line_wait_on_bit+0x6e/0x79
2013-05-06 15:53:41 foobar kernel: [1057700.541012]  [<ffffffff81138b9b>] ? sync_buffer+0x0/0x2e
2013-05-06 15:53:41 foobar kernel: [1057700.541014]  [<ffffffff81066a44>] ? wake_bit_function+0x0/0x31
2013-05-06 15:53:41 foobar kernel: [1057700.541017]  [<ffffffff81138b58>] __wait_on_buffer+0x24/0x26
2013-05-06 15:53:41 foobar kernel: [1057700.541019]  [<ffffffff811abb14>] ext4_mb_init_cache+0x26b/0x55b
2013-05-06 15:53:41 foobar kernel: [1057700.541022]  [<ffffffff811ac863>] ext4_mb_init_group+0xa3/0x20e
2013-05-06 15:53:41 foobar kernel: [1057700.541025]  [<ffffffff811adc57>] ext4_mb_good_group+0x53/0xd6
2013-05-06 15:53:41 foobar kernel: [1057700.541028]  [<ffffffff811ade0d>] ext4_mb_regular_allocator+0x133/0x281
2013-05-06 15:53:41 foobar kernel: [1057700.541031]  [<ffffffff811aeb67>] ext4_mb_new_blocks+0x189/0x38c
2013-05-06 15:53:41 foobar kernel: [1057700.541033]  [<ffffffff811a4bd6>] ? ext4_ext_find_extent+0x51/0x2b2
2013-05-06 15:53:41 foobar kernel: [1057700.541036]  [<ffffffff811a7af9>] ext4_ext_map_blocks+0x15d1/0x186f
2013-05-06 15:53:41 foobar kernel: [1057700.541039]  [<ffffffff812479a0>] ? alloc_iova+0x1cb/0x1dd
2013-05-06 15:53:41 foobar kernel: [1057700.541042]  [<ffffffff810e7951>] ? zone_statistics+0x65/0x6a
2013-05-06 15:53:41 foobar kernel: [1057700.541044]  [<ffffffff810da22f>] ? get_page_from_freelist+0x3fd/0x674
2013-05-06 15:53:41 foobar kernel: [1057700.541047]  [<ffffffff8103c165>] ? need_resched+0x23/0x2d
2013-05-06 15:53:41 foobar kernel: [1057700.541050]  [<ffffffff8118e2b4>] ext4_map_blocks+0x13b/0x21d
2013-05-06 15:53:41 foobar kernel: [1057700.541053]  [<ffffffff8118e434>] _ext4_get_block+0x9e/0x126
2013-05-06 15:53:41 foobar kernel: [1057700.541055]  [<ffffffff81137f3b>] ? attach_page_buffers+0x27/0x35
2013-05-06 15:53:41 foobar kernel: [1057700.541058]  [<ffffffff8118e50c>] ext4_get_block+0x16/0x18
2013-05-06 15:53:41 foobar kernel: [1057700.541061]  [<ffffffff8113a0fa>] __block_prepare_write+0x12e/0x28d
2013-05-06 15:53:41 foobar kernel: [1057700.541063]  [<ffffffff8118e4f6>] ? ext4_get_block+0x0/0x18
2013-05-06 15:53:41 foobar kernel: [1057700.541066]  [<ffffffff8113a319>] block_write_begin_newtrunc+0x80/0xc1
2013-05-06 15:53:41 foobar kernel: [1057700.541069]  [<ffffffff8113a63f>] block_write_begin+0x38/0x71
2013-05-06 15:53:41 foobar kernel: [1057700.541071]  [<ffffffff8118e4f6>] ? ext4_get_block+0x0/0x18
2013-05-06 15:53:41 foobar kernel: [1057700.541074]  [<ffffffff8118f4f0>] ext4_write_begin+0x14d/0x22e
2013-05-06 15:53:41 foobar kernel: [1057700.541076]  [<ffffffff8118e4f6>] ? ext4_get_block+0x0/0x18
2013-05-06 15:53:41 foobar kernel: [1057700.541079]  [<ffffffff810d371f>] generic_file_buffered_write+0xfa/0x23d
2013-05-06 15:53:41 foobar kernel: [1057700.541081]  [<ffffffff81190c8f>] ? ext4_dirty_inode+0x45/0x4a
2013-05-06 15:53:41 foobar kernel: [1057700.541084]  [<ffffffff810d5184>] __generic_file_aio_write+0x24f/0x27f
2013-05-06 15:53:41 foobar kernel: [1057700.541086]  [<ffffffff810d3e51>] ? find_get_page+0x49/0x6e
2013-05-06 15:53:41 foobar kernel: [1057700.541089]  [<ffffffff8103c165>] ? need_resched+0x23/0x2d
2013-05-06 15:53:41 foobar kernel: [1057700.541091]  [<ffffffff8103c165>] ? need_resched+0x23/0x2d
2013-05-06 15:53:41 foobar kernel: [1057700.541094]  [<ffffffff810d520f>] generic_file_aio_write+0x5b/0xab
2013-05-06 15:53:41 foobar kernel: [1057700.541096]  [<ffffffff81187b43>] ext4_file_write+0xa0/0xad
2013-05-06 15:53:41 foobar kernel: [1057700.541099]  [<ffffffff8111752e>] do_sync_write+0xcb/0x108
2013-05-06 15:53:41 foobar kernel: [1057700.541102]  [<ffffffff811dd241>] ? security_file_permission+0x16/0x18
2013-05-06 15:53:41 foobar kernel: [1057700.541105]  [<ffffffff81117c08>] vfs_write+0xac/0x100
2013-05-06 15:53:41 foobar kernel: [1057700.541108]  [<ffffffff81117e11>] sys_write+0x4a/0x6e
2013-05-06 15:53:41 foobar kernel: [1057700.541110]  [<ffffffff81009cb2>] system_call_fastpath+0x16/0x1b

Any advice would be very much appreciated.

David



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