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[dm-devel] [PATCH 4/9] block: Make generic_make_request handle arbitrary sized bios



The way the block layer is currently written, it goes to great lengths
to avoid having to split bios; upper layer code (such as bio_add_page())
checks what the underlying device can handle and tries to always create
bios that don't need to be split.

But this approach becomes unwieldy and eventually breaks down with
stacked devices and devices with dynamic limits, and it adds a lot of
complexity. If the block layer could split bios as needed, we could
eliminate a lot of complexity elsewhere - particularly in stacked
drivers. Code that creates bios can then create whatever size bios are
convenient, and more importantly stacked drivers don't have to deal with
both their own bio size limitations and the limitations of the
(potentially multiple) devices underneath them.

In the future this will let us delete merge_bvec_fn and a bunch of other code.

Signed-off-by: Kent Overstreet <kmo daterainc com>
Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe kernel dk>
Cc: Neil Brown <neilb suse de>
Cc: Alasdair Kergon <agk redhat com>
Cc: dm-devel redhat com
---
 block/blk-core.c       |  26 ++++++-----
 block/blk-merge.c      | 120 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 block/blk.h            |   3 ++
 include/linux/blkdev.h |   4 ++
 4 files changed, 143 insertions(+), 10 deletions(-)

diff --git a/block/blk-core.c b/block/blk-core.c
index 3c7467e..abc5d23 100644
--- a/block/blk-core.c
+++ b/block/blk-core.c
@@ -566,6 +566,10 @@ struct request_queue *blk_alloc_queue_node(gfp_t gfp_mask, int node_id)
 	if (q->id < 0)
 		goto fail_c;
 
+	q->bio_split = bioset_create(4, 0);
+	if (!q->bio_split)
+		goto fail_id;
+
 	q->backing_dev_info.ra_pages =
 			(VM_MAX_READAHEAD * 1024) / PAGE_CACHE_SIZE;
 	q->backing_dev_info.state = 0;
@@ -575,7 +579,7 @@ struct request_queue *blk_alloc_queue_node(gfp_t gfp_mask, int node_id)
 
 	err = bdi_init(&q->backing_dev_info);
 	if (err)
-		goto fail_id;
+		goto fail_split;
 
 	setup_timer(&q->backing_dev_info.laptop_mode_wb_timer,
 		    laptop_mode_timer_fn, (unsigned long) q);
@@ -620,6 +624,8 @@ struct request_queue *blk_alloc_queue_node(gfp_t gfp_mask, int node_id)
 
 fail_bdi:
 	bdi_destroy(&q->backing_dev_info);
+fail_split:
+	bioset_free(q->bio_split);
 fail_id:
 	ida_simple_remove(&blk_queue_ida, q->id);
 fail_c:
@@ -1681,15 +1687,6 @@ generic_make_request_checks(struct bio *bio)
 		goto end_io;
 	}
 
-	if (likely(bio_is_rw(bio) &&
-		   nr_sectors > queue_max_hw_sectors(q))) {
-		printk(KERN_ERR "bio too big device %s (%u > %u)\n",
-		       bdevname(bio->bi_bdev, b),
-		       bio_sectors(bio),
-		       queue_max_hw_sectors(q));
-		goto end_io;
-	}
-
 	part = bio->bi_bdev->bd_part;
 	if (should_fail_request(part, bio->bi_iter.bi_size) ||
 	    should_fail_request(&part_to_disk(part)->part0,
@@ -1814,6 +1811,7 @@ void generic_make_request(struct bio *bio)
 	current->bio_list = &bio_list_on_stack;
 	do {
 		struct request_queue *q = bdev_get_queue(bio->bi_bdev);
+		struct bio *split = NULL;
 
 		/*
 		 * low level driver can indicate that it wants pages above a
@@ -1822,6 +1820,14 @@ void generic_make_request(struct bio *bio)
 		 */
 		blk_queue_bounce(q, &bio);
 
+		if (!blk_queue_largebios(q))
+			split = blk_bio_segment_split(q, bio, q->bio_split);
+		if (split) {
+			bio_chain(split, bio);
+			bio_list_add(current->bio_list, bio);
+			bio = split;
+		}
+
 		q->make_request_fn(q, bio);
 
 		bio = bio_list_pop(current->bio_list);
diff --git a/block/blk-merge.c b/block/blk-merge.c
index 9680ec73..6e07213 100644
--- a/block/blk-merge.c
+++ b/block/blk-merge.c
@@ -9,6 +9,126 @@
 
 #include "blk.h"
 
+static struct bio *blk_bio_discard_split(struct request_queue *q,
+					 struct bio *bio,
+					 struct bio_set *bs)
+{
+	unsigned int max_discard_sectors, granularity;
+	int alignment;
+	sector_t tmp;
+	unsigned split_sectors;
+
+	/* Zero-sector (unknown) and one-sector granularities are the same.  */
+	granularity = max(q->limits.discard_granularity >> 9, 1U);
+
+	max_discard_sectors = min(q->limits.max_discard_sectors, UINT_MAX >> 9);
+	max_discard_sectors -= max_discard_sectors % granularity;
+
+	if (unlikely(!max_discard_sectors)) {
+		/* XXX: warn */
+		return NULL;
+	}
+
+	if (bio_sectors(bio) <= max_discard_sectors)
+		return NULL;
+
+	split_sectors = max_discard_sectors;
+
+	/*
+	 * If the next starting sector would be misaligned, stop the discard at
+	 * the previous aligned sector.
+	 */
+	alignment = (q->limits.discard_alignment >> 9) % granularity;
+
+	tmp = bio->bi_iter.bi_sector + split_sectors - alignment;
+	tmp = sector_div(tmp, granularity);
+
+	if (split_sectors > tmp)
+		split_sectors -= tmp;
+
+	return bio_split(bio, split_sectors, GFP_NOIO, bs);
+}
+
+static struct bio *blk_bio_write_same_split(struct request_queue *q,
+					    struct bio *bio,
+					    struct bio_set *bs)
+{
+	if (!q->limits.max_write_same_sectors)
+		return NULL;
+
+	if (bio_sectors(bio) <= q->limits.max_write_same_sectors)
+		return NULL;
+
+	return bio_split(bio, q->limits.max_write_same_sectors, GFP_NOIO, bs);
+}
+
+struct bio *blk_bio_segment_split(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio,
+				  struct bio_set *bs)
+{
+	struct bio *split;
+	struct bio_vec bv, bvprv;
+	struct bvec_iter iter;
+	unsigned seg_size = 0, nsegs = 0;
+	int prev = 0;
+
+	struct bvec_merge_data bvm = {
+		.bi_bdev	= bio->bi_bdev,
+		.bi_sector	= bio->bi_iter.bi_sector,
+		.bi_size	= 0,
+		.bi_rw		= bio->bi_rw,
+	};
+
+	if (bio->bi_rw & REQ_DISCARD)
+		return blk_bio_discard_split(q, bio, bs);
+
+	if (bio->bi_rw & REQ_WRITE_SAME)
+		return blk_bio_write_same_split(q, bio, bs);
+
+	bio_for_each_segment(bv, bio, iter) {
+		if (q->merge_bvec_fn &&
+		    q->merge_bvec_fn(q, &bvm, &bv) < (int) bv.bv_len)
+			goto split;
+
+		bvm.bi_size += bv.bv_len;
+
+		if (prev && blk_queue_cluster(q)) {
+			if (seg_size + bv.bv_len > queue_max_segment_size(q))
+				goto new_segment;
+			if (!BIOVEC_PHYS_MERGEABLE(&bvprv, &bv))
+				goto new_segment;
+			if (!BIOVEC_SEG_BOUNDARY(q, &bvprv, &bv))
+				goto new_segment;
+
+			seg_size += bv.bv_len;
+			bvprv = bv;
+			prev = 1;
+			continue;
+		}
+new_segment:
+		if (nsegs == queue_max_segments(q))
+			goto split;
+
+		nsegs++;
+		bvprv = bv;
+		prev = 1;
+		seg_size = bv.bv_len;
+	}
+
+	return NULL;
+split:
+	split = bio_clone_bioset(bio, GFP_NOIO, bs);
+
+	split->bi_iter.bi_size -= iter.bi_size;
+	bio->bi_iter = iter;
+
+	if (bio_integrity(bio)) {
+		bio_integrity_advance(bio, split->bi_iter.bi_size);
+		bio_integrity_trim(split, 0, bio_sectors(split));
+	}
+
+	return split;
+}
+
 static unsigned int __blk_recalc_rq_segments(struct request_queue *q,
 					     struct bio *bio)
 {
diff --git a/block/blk.h b/block/blk.h
index c90e1d8..1e18330 100644
--- a/block/blk.h
+++ b/block/blk.h
@@ -147,6 +147,9 @@ static inline int blk_should_fake_timeout(struct request_queue *q)
 }
 #endif
 
+struct bio *blk_bio_segment_split(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio,
+				  struct bio_set *bs);
+
 int ll_back_merge_fn(struct request_queue *q, struct request *req,
 		     struct bio *bio);
 int ll_front_merge_fn(struct request_queue *q, struct request *req, 
diff --git a/include/linux/blkdev.h b/include/linux/blkdev.h
index ca0119d..e590a08 100644
--- a/include/linux/blkdev.h
+++ b/include/linux/blkdev.h
@@ -476,6 +476,7 @@ struct request_queue {
 	wait_queue_head_t	mq_freeze_wq;
 	struct percpu_counter	mq_usage_counter;
 	struct list_head	all_q_node;
+	struct bio_set		*bio_split;
 };
 
 #define QUEUE_FLAG_QUEUED	1	/* uses generic tag queueing */
@@ -499,6 +500,7 @@ struct request_queue {
 #define QUEUE_FLAG_SAME_FORCE  18	/* force complete on same CPU */
 #define QUEUE_FLAG_DEAD        19	/* queue tear-down finished */
 #define QUEUE_FLAG_INIT_DONE   20	/* queue is initialized */
+#define QUEUE_FLAG_LARGEBIOS   21	/* no limits on bio size */
 
 #define QUEUE_FLAG_DEFAULT	((1 << QUEUE_FLAG_IO_STAT) |		\
 				 (1 << QUEUE_FLAG_STACKABLE)	|	\
@@ -583,6 +585,8 @@ static inline void queue_flag_clear(unsigned int flag, struct request_queue *q)
 #define blk_queue_discard(q)	test_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_DISCARD, &(q)->queue_flags)
 #define blk_queue_secdiscard(q)	(blk_queue_discard(q) && \
 	test_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_SECDISCARD, &(q)->queue_flags))
+#define blk_queue_largebios(q)				\
+	test_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_LARGEBIOS, &(q)->queue_flags)
 
 #define blk_noretry_request(rq) \
 	((rq)->cmd_flags & (REQ_FAILFAST_DEV|REQ_FAILFAST_TRANSPORT| \
-- 
1.8.4.rc3


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