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[dm-devel] [PATCH RFC 00/10] dm-dedup: device-mapper deduplication target



This is a request for comments for Dmdedup.

Dmdedup is a device-mapper deduplication target.  Every write coming to the
Dmdedup instance is deduplicated against previously written data.  For
datasets that contain many duplicates scattered across the disk (e.g.,
collections of virtual machine disk images and backups) deduplication provides
a significant amount of space savings.

To quickly identify duplicates, Dmdedup maintains an index of hashes for all
written blocks.  A block is a user-configurable unit of deduplication with a
default block size of 4KB.  Dmdedup's index, along with other deduplication
metadata, resides on a separate block device, which we refer to as a
metadata device.  Although the metadata device can be on any block device,
e.g., an HDD or its own partition, for higher performance we recommend to
use SSD devices to store metadata.

Dmdedup is designed to support pluggable metadata backends.  A metadata
backend is responsible for storing metadata: LBN-to-PBN and HASH-to-PBN
mappings, allocation maps, and reference counters.  (LBN: Logical Block
Number, PBN: Physical Block Number).  Currently we implemented "cowbtree"
and "inram" backends.  The cowbtree uses device-mapper persistent API to
store metadata.  The inram backend stores all metadata in RAM as a hash
table.

Our preliminary experiments on real traces (FIU traces from
http://iotta.snia.org/tracetypes/3) demonstrate that Dmdedup can even exceed
the performance of a disk drive running ext4.  The reasons are that (1)
deduplication reduces I/O traffic to the data device, and (2) Dmdedup
effectively sequentializes random writes to the data device.

Dmdedup is developed by a joint group of researchers from Stony Brook
University, Harvey Mudd College, and EMC.  See the documentation patch for
more details.

Vasily Tarasov (10):
  dm-dedup: main data structures
  dm-dedup: core deduplication logic
  dm-dedup: hash computation
  dm-dedup: implementation of the read-on-write procedure
  dm-dedup: COW B-tree backend
  dm-dedup: inram backend
  dm-dedup: Makefile changes
  dm-dedup: Kconfig changes
  dm-dedup: status function
  dm-dedup: documentation

 Documentation/device-mapper/dm-dedup.txt |   51 ++
 drivers/md/Kconfig                       |    8 +
 drivers/md/Makefile                      |    2 +
 drivers/md/dm-dedup-backend.h            |  114 +++++
 drivers/md/dm-dedup-cbt.c                |  724 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 drivers/md/dm-dedup-cbt.h                |   44 ++
 drivers/md/dm-dedup-hash.c               |  148 ++++++
 drivers/md/dm-dedup-hash.h               |   30 ++
 drivers/md/dm-dedup-kvstore.h            |   51 ++
 drivers/md/dm-dedup-ram.c                |  585 +++++++++++++++++++++++
 drivers/md/dm-dedup-ram.h                |   43 ++
 drivers/md/dm-dedup-rw.c                 |  248 ++++++++++
 drivers/md/dm-dedup-rw.h                 |   19 +
 drivers/md/dm-dedup-target.c             |  760 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 drivers/md/dm-dedup-target.h             |  100 ++++
 15 files changed, 2927 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 Documentation/device-mapper/dm-dedup.txt
 create mode 100644 drivers/md/dm-dedup-backend.h
 create mode 100644 drivers/md/dm-dedup-cbt.c
 create mode 100644 drivers/md/dm-dedup-cbt.h
 create mode 100644 drivers/md/dm-dedup-hash.c
 create mode 100644 drivers/md/dm-dedup-hash.h
 create mode 100644 drivers/md/dm-dedup-kvstore.h
 create mode 100644 drivers/md/dm-dedup-ram.c
 create mode 100644 drivers/md/dm-dedup-ram.h
 create mode 100644 drivers/md/dm-dedup-rw.c
 create mode 100644 drivers/md/dm-dedup-rw.h
 create mode 100644 drivers/md/dm-dedup-target.c
 create mode 100644 drivers/md/dm-dedup-target.h


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