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[dm-devel] [PATCH RFC 06/10] dm-dedup: inram backend



The inram backend uses a simple in-memory hash table for storing
LBN-to-PBN and HASH-to-PBN mappings.  We use linear probing to
resolve collisions.

Signed-off-by: Vasily Tarasov <tarasov vasily name>
---
 drivers/md/dm-dedup-ram.c |  585 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 drivers/md/dm-dedup-ram.h |   43 ++++
 2 files changed, 628 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 drivers/md/dm-dedup-ram.c
 create mode 100644 drivers/md/dm-dedup-ram.h

diff --git a/drivers/md/dm-dedup-ram.c b/drivers/md/dm-dedup-ram.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..36945ae
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/md/dm-dedup-ram.c
@@ -0,0 +1,585 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2012-2014 Vasily Tarasov
+ * Copyright (C) 2012-2014 Geoff Kuenning
+ * Copyright (C) 2012-2014 Sonam Mandal
+ * Copyright (C) 2012-2014 Karthikeyani Palanisami
+ * Copyright (C) 2012-2014 Philip Shilane
+ * Copyright (C) 2012-2014 Sagar Trehan
+ * Copyright (C) 2012-2014 Erez Zadok
+ *
+ * This file is released under the GPL.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/errno.h>
+
+#include "dm-dedup-kvstore.h"
+#include "dm-dedup-ram.h"
+#include "dm-dedup-backend.h"
+
+#define EMPTY_ENTRY -5
+#define DELETED_ENTRY -6
+
+#define UINT32_MAX	(4294967295U)
+#define HASHTABLE_OVERPROV	(10)
+
+struct metadata {
+	/* Space Map */
+	uint32_t *smap;
+	uint64_t smax;
+	uint64_t allocptr;
+
+	/*
+	 * XXX: Currently we support only one linear and one sparse KVS.
+	 */
+	struct kvstore_inram *kvs_linear;
+	struct kvstore_inram *kvs_sparse;
+};
+
+struct kvstore_inram {
+	struct kvstore ckvs;
+	uint32_t kmax;
+	char *store;
+};
+
+static struct metadata *init_meta_inram(void *init_param, bool reconstruct)
+{
+	uint64_t smap_size;
+	struct metadata *md;
+	struct init_param_inram *p = (struct init_param_inram *)init_param;
+
+	DMINFO("Initializing INRAM backend");
+
+	if (reconstruct) {
+		DMERR("INRAM backend does not support reconstruction!");
+		return ERR_PTR(-ENOTSUPP);
+	}
+
+	md = kmalloc(sizeof(*md), GFP_NOIO);
+	if (!md)
+		return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+
+	smap_size = p->blocks * sizeof(uint32_t);
+
+	md->smap = vmalloc(smap_size);
+	if (!md->smap) {
+		kfree(md);
+		return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+	}
+
+	DMINFO("Space allocated for pbn reference count map: %llu.%06llu MB\n",
+			smap_size / (1024 * 1024),
+			smap_size - ((smap_size /
+			(1024 * 1024)) * (1024 * 1024)));
+
+	memset(md->smap, 0, smap_size);
+
+	md->smax = p->blocks;
+	md->allocptr = 0;
+	md->kvs_linear = NULL;
+	md->kvs_sparse = NULL;
+
+	return md;
+}
+
+static void exit_meta_inram(struct metadata *md)
+{
+	if (md->smap)
+		vfree(md->smap);
+
+	if (md->kvs_linear) {
+		if (md->kvs_linear->store)
+			vfree(md->kvs_linear->store);
+		kfree(md->kvs_linear);
+	}
+
+	if (md->kvs_sparse) {
+		if (md->kvs_sparse->store)
+			vfree(md->kvs_sparse->store);
+		kfree(md->kvs_sparse);
+	}
+
+	kfree(md);
+
+	return;
+}
+
+
+static int flush_meta_inram(struct metadata *md)
+{
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/********************************************************
+ *		Space Management Functions		*
+ ********************************************************/
+
+static int alloc_data_block_inram(struct metadata *md, uint64_t *blockn)
+{
+	uint64_t head, tail;
+
+	head = tail = md->allocptr;
+
+	do {
+		if (!md->smap[head]) {
+			md->smap[head] = 1;
+			*blockn = head;
+			md->allocptr = (head + 1) % md->smax;
+			return 0;
+		}
+
+		head = (head + 1) % md->smax;
+
+	} while (head != tail);
+
+	return -ENOSPC;
+}
+
+static int inc_refcount_inram(struct metadata *md, uint64_t blockn)
+{
+	if (blockn >= md->smax)
+		return -ERANGE;
+
+	if (md->smap[blockn] != UINT32_MAX)
+		md->smap[blockn]++;
+	else
+		return -E2BIG;
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int dec_refcount_inram(struct metadata *md, uint64_t blockn)
+{
+	if (blockn >= md->smax)
+		return -ERANGE;
+
+	if (md->smap[blockn])
+		md->smap[blockn]--;
+	else
+		return -EFAULT;
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int get_refcount_inram(struct metadata *md, uint64_t blockn)
+{
+	if (blockn >= md->smax)
+		return -ERANGE;
+
+	return md->smap[blockn];
+}
+
+/********************************************************
+ *		General KVS Functions			*
+ ********************************************************/
+
+static int is_empty(char *ptr, int length)
+{
+	int i = 0;
+
+	while ((i < length) && (ptr[i] == EMPTY_ENTRY))
+		i++;
+
+	return i == length;
+}
+
+static int is_deleted(char *ptr, int length)
+{
+	int i = 0;
+
+	while ((i < length) && (ptr[i] == DELETED_ENTRY))
+		i++;
+
+	return i == length;
+}
+
+/*********************************************************
+ *		Linear KVS Functions			 *
+ *********************************************************/
+
+static int kvs_delete_linear_inram(struct kvstore *kvs,
+					void *key, int32_t ksize)
+{
+	uint64_t idx;
+	char *ptr;
+	struct kvstore_inram *kvinram = NULL;
+
+	kvinram = container_of(kvs, struct kvstore_inram, ckvs);
+
+	if (ksize != kvs->ksize)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	idx = *((uint64_t *)key);
+
+	if (idx > kvinram->kmax)
+		return -ERANGE;
+
+	ptr = kvinram->store + kvs->vsize * idx;
+
+	if (is_empty(ptr, kvs->vsize))
+		return -ENODEV;
+
+	memset(ptr, EMPTY_ENTRY, kvs->vsize);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * 0 - not found
+ * 1 - found
+ * < 0 - error on lookup
+ */
+static int kvs_lookup_linear_inram(struct kvstore *kvs, void *key,
+			int32_t ksize, void *value, int32_t *vsize)
+{
+	uint64_t idx;
+	char *ptr;
+	struct kvstore_inram *kvinram = NULL;
+
+	kvinram = container_of(kvs, struct kvstore_inram, ckvs);
+
+	if (ksize != kvs->ksize)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	idx = *((uint64_t *)key);
+
+	if (idx > kvinram->kmax)
+		return -ERANGE;
+
+	ptr = kvinram->store + kvs->vsize * idx;
+
+	if (is_empty(ptr, kvs->vsize))
+		return 0;
+
+	memcpy(value, ptr, kvs->vsize);
+	*vsize = kvs->vsize;
+
+	return 1;
+}
+
+static int kvs_insert_linear_inram(struct kvstore *kvs, void *key,
+				int32_t ksize, void *value,
+				int32_t vsize)
+{
+	uint64_t idx;
+	char *ptr;
+	struct kvstore_inram *kvinram = NULL;
+
+	kvinram = container_of(kvs, struct kvstore_inram, ckvs);
+
+	if (ksize != kvs->ksize)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	if (vsize != kvs->vsize)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	idx = *((uint64_t *)key);
+
+	if (idx > kvinram->kmax)
+		return -ERANGE;
+
+	ptr = kvinram->store + kvs->vsize * idx;
+
+	memcpy(ptr, value, kvs->vsize);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * NOTE: if iteration_action() is a deletion/cleanup function,
+ *	Make sure that the store is implemented such that
+ *	deletion in-place is safe while iterating.
+ */
+static int kvs_iterate_linear_inram(struct kvstore *kvs,
+		int (*iteration_action)(void *key, int32_t ksize,
+		void *value, int32_t vsize, void *data), void *data)
+{
+	int ret = 0;
+	uint64_t i = 0;
+	char *ptr = NULL;
+	struct kvstore_inram *kvinram = NULL;
+
+	kvinram = container_of(kvs, struct kvstore_inram, ckvs);
+
+	for (i = 0; i < kvinram->kmax; i++) {
+		ptr = kvinram->store + (i * kvs->vsize);
+
+		ret = is_empty(ptr, kvs->vsize);
+
+		if (!ret) {
+			ret = iteration_action((void *)&i, kvs->ksize,
+					(void *)ptr, kvs->vsize, data);
+			if (ret < 0)
+				goto out;
+		}
+	}
+
+out:
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static struct kvstore *kvs_create_linear_inram(struct metadata *md,
+			uint32_t ksize, uint32_t vsize, uint32_t kmax,
+			bool reconstruct)
+{
+	struct kvstore_inram *kvs;
+	uint64_t kvstore_size;
+
+	if (!vsize || !ksize || !kmax)
+		return ERR_PTR(-ENOTSUPP);
+
+	/* Currently only 64bit keys are supported */
+	if (ksize != 8)
+		return ERR_PTR(-ENOTSUPP);
+
+	/* We do not support two or more KVSs at the moment */
+	if (md->kvs_linear)
+		return ERR_PTR(-EBUSY);
+
+	kvs = kmalloc(sizeof(*kvs), GFP_NOIO);
+	if (!kvs)
+		return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+
+	kvstore_size = (kmax + 1) * vsize;
+	kvs->store = vmalloc(kvstore_size);
+	if (!kvs->store) {
+		kfree(kvs);
+		return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+	}
+
+	DMINFO("Space allocated for linear key value store: %llu.%06llu MB\n",
+			kvstore_size / (1024 * 1024),
+			kvstore_size - ((kvstore_size / (1024 * 1024))
+			* (1024 * 1024)));
+
+	memset(kvs->store, EMPTY_ENTRY, kvstore_size);
+
+	kvs->ckvs.vsize = vsize;
+	kvs->ckvs.ksize = ksize;
+	kvs->kmax = kmax;
+
+	kvs->ckvs.kvs_insert = kvs_insert_linear_inram;
+	kvs->ckvs.kvs_lookup = kvs_lookup_linear_inram;
+	kvs->ckvs.kvs_delete = kvs_delete_linear_inram;
+	kvs->ckvs.kvs_iterate = kvs_iterate_linear_inram;
+	md->kvs_linear = kvs;
+
+	return &(kvs->ckvs);
+}
+
+/********************************************************
+ *		Sparse KVS Functions			*
+ ********************************************************/
+
+static int kvs_delete_sparse_inram(struct kvstore *kvs,
+				void *key, int32_t ksize)
+{
+	uint64_t idxhead = *((uint64_t *)key);
+	uint32_t entry_size, head, tail;
+	char *ptr;
+	struct kvstore_inram *kvinram = NULL;
+
+	if (ksize != kvs->ksize)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	kvinram = container_of(kvs, struct kvstore_inram, ckvs);
+
+	entry_size = kvs->vsize + kvs->ksize;
+	head = idxhead % kvinram->kmax;
+	tail = head;
+
+	do {
+		ptr = kvinram->store + entry_size * head;
+
+		if (is_empty(ptr, entry_size))
+			goto doesnotexist;
+
+		if (memcmp(ptr, key, kvs->ksize))
+			head = (head + 1) % kvinram->kmax;
+		else {
+			memset(ptr, DELETED_ENTRY, entry_size);
+			return 0;
+		}
+	} while (head != tail);
+
+doesnotexist:
+	return -ENODEV;
+}
+
+/*
+ * 0 - not found
+ * 1 - found
+ * < 0 - error on lookup
+ */
+static int kvs_lookup_sparse_inram(struct kvstore *kvs, void *key,
+			int32_t ksize, void *value, int32_t *vsize)
+{
+	uint64_t idxhead = *((uint64_t *)key);
+	uint32_t entry_size, head, tail;
+	char *ptr;
+	struct kvstore_inram *kvinram = NULL;
+
+	if (ksize != kvs->ksize)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	kvinram = container_of(kvs, struct kvstore_inram, ckvs);
+
+	entry_size = kvs->vsize + kvs->ksize;
+	head = idxhead % kvinram->kmax;
+	tail = head;
+
+	do {
+		ptr = kvinram->store + entry_size * head;
+
+		if (is_empty(ptr, entry_size))
+			return 0;
+
+		if (memcmp(ptr, key, kvs->ksize))
+			head = (head + 1) % kvinram->kmax;
+		else {
+			memcpy(value, ptr + kvs->ksize, kvs->vsize);
+			return 1;
+	}
+
+	} while (head != tail);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int kvs_insert_sparse_inram(struct kvstore *kvs, void *key,
+			int32_t ksize, void *value, int32_t vsize)
+{
+	uint64_t idxhead = *((uint64_t *)key);
+	uint32_t entry_size, head, tail;
+	char *ptr;
+	struct kvstore_inram *kvinram = NULL;
+
+	BUG_ON(!kvs);
+	BUG_ON(ksize > kvs->ksize);
+
+	kvinram = container_of(kvs, struct kvstore_inram, ckvs);
+
+	entry_size = kvs->vsize + kvs->ksize;
+	head = idxhead % kvinram->kmax;
+	tail = head;
+
+	do {
+		ptr = kvinram->store + entry_size * head;
+
+		if (is_empty(ptr, entry_size) || is_deleted(ptr, entry_size)) {
+			memcpy(ptr, key, kvs->ksize);
+			memcpy(ptr + kvs->ksize, value, kvs->vsize);
+			return 0;
+		}
+
+		head = (head + 1) % kvinram->kmax;
+
+	} while (head != tail);
+
+	return -ENOSPC;
+}
+
+/*
+ *
+ * NOTE: if iteration_action() is a deletion/cleanup function,
+ *	 Make sure that the store is implemented such that
+ *	 deletion in-place is safe while iterating.
+ */
+static int kvs_iterate_sparse_inram(struct kvstore *kvs,
+		int (*iteration_action)(void *key, int32_t ksize,
+		void *value, int32_t vsize, void *data), void *data)
+{
+	int err = 0;
+	uint32_t kvalue_size, head = 0;
+	char *ptr = NULL;
+	struct kvstore_inram *kvinram = NULL;
+
+	BUG_ON(!kvs);
+
+	kvinram = container_of(kvs, struct kvstore_inram, ckvs);
+
+	kvalue_size = kvs->vsize + kvs->ksize;
+
+	do {
+		ptr = kvinram->store + (head * kvalue_size);
+
+		if (!is_empty(ptr, kvalue_size) &&
+			!is_deleted(ptr, kvalue_size)) {
+			err = iteration_action((void *)ptr, kvs->ksize,
+					(void *)(ptr + kvs->ksize),
+					kvs->vsize, data);
+
+			if (err < 0)
+				goto out;
+		}
+
+		head = (head + 1) % kvinram->kmax;
+	} while (head);
+
+out:
+	return err;
+}
+
+static struct kvstore *kvs_create_sparse_inram(struct metadata *md,
+			uint32_t ksize, uint32_t vsize, uint32_t knummax,
+			bool reconstruct)
+{
+	struct kvstore_inram *kvs;
+	uint64_t kvstore_size;
+
+	if (!vsize || !ksize || !knummax)
+		return ERR_PTR(-ENOTSUPP);
+
+	/* We do not support two or more KVSs at the moment */
+	if (md->kvs_sparse)
+		return ERR_PTR(-EBUSY);
+
+	kvs = kmalloc(sizeof(*kvs), GFP_NOIO);
+	if (!kvs)
+		return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+
+	knummax += knummax * HASHTABLE_OVERPROV / 100;
+
+	kvstore_size = (knummax * (vsize + ksize));
+
+	kvs->store = vmalloc(kvstore_size);
+	if (!kvs->store) {
+		kfree(kvs);
+		return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+	}
+
+	DMINFO("Space allocated for sparse key value store: %llu.%06llu MB\n",
+			kvstore_size / (1024 * 1024),
+			kvstore_size - ((kvstore_size / (1024 * 1024))
+			* (1024 * 1024)));
+
+	memset(kvs->store, EMPTY_ENTRY, kvstore_size);
+
+	kvs->ckvs.vsize = vsize;
+	kvs->ckvs.ksize = ksize;
+	kvs->kmax = knummax;
+
+	kvs->ckvs.kvs_insert = kvs_insert_sparse_inram;
+	kvs->ckvs.kvs_lookup = kvs_lookup_sparse_inram;
+	kvs->ckvs.kvs_delete = kvs_delete_sparse_inram;
+	kvs->ckvs.kvs_iterate = kvs_iterate_sparse_inram;
+
+	md->kvs_sparse = kvs;
+
+	return &(kvs->ckvs);
+}
+
+struct metadata_ops metadata_ops_inram = {
+	.init_meta = init_meta_inram,
+	.exit_meta = exit_meta_inram,
+	.kvs_create_linear = kvs_create_linear_inram,
+	.kvs_create_sparse = kvs_create_sparse_inram,
+
+	.alloc_data_block = alloc_data_block_inram,
+	.inc_refcount = inc_refcount_inram,
+	.dec_refcount = dec_refcount_inram,
+	.get_refcount = get_refcount_inram,
+
+	.flush_meta = flush_meta_inram,
+
+	.flush_bufio_cache = NULL,
+};
diff --git a/drivers/md/dm-dedup-ram.h b/drivers/md/dm-dedup-ram.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..851b92f
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/md/dm-dedup-ram.h
@@ -0,0 +1,43 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2012-2014 Vasily Tarasov
+ * Copyright (C) 2012-2014 Geoff Kuenning
+ * Copyright (C) 2012-2014 Sonam Mandal
+ * Copyright (C) 2012-2014 Karthikeyani Palanisami
+ * Copyright (C) 2012-2014 Philip Shilane
+ * Copyright (C) 2012-2014 Sagar Trehan
+ * Copyright (C) 2012-2014 Erez Zadok
+ *
+ * This file is released under the GPL.
+ */
+
+#ifndef INRAM_BACKEND_H
+#define INRAM_BACKEND_H
+
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/device-mapper.h>
+#include <linux/dm-io.h>
+#include <linux/dm-kcopyd.h>
+#include <linux/list.h>
+#include <linux/err.h>
+#include <asm/current.h>
+#include <linux/string.h>
+#include <linux/gfp.h>
+
+#include <linux/scatterlist.h>
+#include <asm/page.h>
+#include <asm/unaligned.h>
+#include <crypto/hash.h>
+#include <crypto/md5.h>
+#include <crypto/algapi.h>
+
+#include "dm-dedup-target.h"
+
+extern struct metadata_ops metadata_ops_inram;
+
+struct init_param_inram {
+	uint64_t blocks;
+};
+
+#endif /* INRAM_BACKEND_H */
-- 
1.7.1


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