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Re: [dm-devel] [PATCH v2 1/4] scatterlist: Introduce some helper functions



Hi Robert,

Sorry for the late reply.

On 2 April 2016 at 23:00, Robert Jarzmik <robert jarzmik free fr> wrote:
> Baolin Wang <baolin wang linaro org> writes:
>
>> +/**
>> + * sg_is_contiguous - Check if the scatterlists are contiguous
>> + * @sga: SG entry
>> + * @sgb: SG entry
>> + *
>> + * Description:
>> + *   If the sga scatterlist is contiguous with the sgb scatterlist,
>> + *   that means they can be merged together.
>> + *
>> + **/
>> +static inline bool sg_is_contiguous(struct scatterlist *sga,
>> +                                 struct scatterlist *sgb)
>> +{
>> +     return *(unsigned long *)sg_virt(sga) + sga->length ==
>> +             *(unsigned long *)sg_virt(sgb);
> As I already said, I don't like casts.

OK. Could you give me a good example. Thanks.

>
> But let's take some height : you're needing this function to decide to merge
> scatterlists. That means that you think the probability of having 2 scatterlist
> mergeable is not meaningless, ie. 50% or more.
>
> I suppose your scatterlists are allocated through kmalloc(). I'd like to know,
> through your testing, what is the success rate of sg_is_contiguous(), ie. I'd
> like to know how many times sg_is_contiguous() was called, and amongst these
> calls how many times it returned true.
>
> That will tell me how "worth" is this optimization.

I think this is just one useful API for users, If the rate is only 1%,
we also need to check if they are contiguous to decide if they can be
coalesced.

>
>> + * sg_add_sg_to_table - Add one scatterlist into sg table
>> + * @sgt:     The sg table header to use
>> + * @src:     The sg need to be added into sg table
>> + *
>> + * Description:
>> + *   The 'nents' member indicates how many mapped scatterlists has been added
>> + *   in the dynamic sg table. The 'orig_nents' member indicates the size of the
>> + *   dynamic sg table.
>> + *
>> + *   Copy one mapped @src@ scatterlist into the dynamic sg table and increase
>> + *   'nents' member.
>> + *
>> + **/
> Okay, I still believe this one is wrong, because we don't understand each other.
> So let's take an example :
> sg_table = {
>          .sgl = {
>                 {
>                         .page_link = PAGE_48,
>                         .offset = 0,
>                         .length = 2048,
>                         .dma_address = 0x30000,
>                         .dma_length = 4096,
>                 },
>                 {
>                         .page_link = PAGE_48 | 0x02,
>                         .offset = 2048,
>                         .length = 2048,
>                         .dma_address = 0,
>                         .dma_length = 0,
>                 },
>         },
>          .nents = 1,
>          .orig_nents = 2,
> };
>
> In this example, by sheer luck the 2 scatterlist entries were physically
> contiguous, and the mapping function coallesced the 2 entries into only one
> (dma_address, dma_length) entry. That could also happen with an IOMMU by the
> way.  Therefore, sg_table.nents = 1.
>
> If I understand your function correctly, it will erase sg_table.sgl[1], and that
> looks incorrect to me. This is why I can't understand how your code can be
> correct, and why I say you add a new "meaning" to sg_table->nents, which is not
> consistent with the meaning I understand.

I think you misunderstood my point. The 'sg_add_sg_to_table()'
function is used to add one mapped scatterlist into the dynamic sg
table. For example:
1. How to add one mapped sg into dynamic sg table
(1) If we allocate one dynamic sg table with 3 (small size can be
showed easily) empty scatterlists.:
sg_table = {
          .sgl = {
                 {
                         .page_link = 0,
                         .offset = 0,
                         .length = 0,
                 },
                 {
                         .page_link = 0,
                         .offset = 0,
                         .length = 0,
                 },
                 {
                         .page_link = 0 | 0x02,
                         .offset = 0,
                         .length = 0,
                 },
         },
          .nents = 0,
          .orig_nents = 3,
 };

(2) If some module (like dm-crypt module) always sends one mapped
scatterlist (size is always 512bytes) to another module (crypto
driver) to handle the mapped scatterlist at one time. But we want to
collect the mapped scatterlist into one dynamic sg table to manage
them together, means we can send multiple mapped scatterlists (from
sg_table->sgl) to the crypto driver to handle them together to improve
its efficiency. So we add one mapped scatterlists into the dynamic sg
table.
mapped sg = {
          .page_link = PAGE_20,
          .offset = 0,
          .length = 512,
},

Add into synamic sg table ------->
sg_table = {
          .sgl = {
                 {
                         .page_link = PAGE_20 | 0x02,
                         .offset = 0,
                         .length = 512,
                 },
                 {
                         .page_link = 0,
                         .offset = 0,
                         .length = 0,
                 },
                 {
                         .page_link = 0,
                         .offset = 0,
                         .length = 0,
                 },
         },
          .nents = 1,
          .orig_nents = 3,
 };

Another two mapped scatterlists are added into synamic sg table ------->
sg_table = {
          .sgl = {
                 {
                         .page_link = PAGE_20,
                         .offset = 0,
                         .length = 512,
                 },
                 {
                         .page_link = PAGE_25,
                         .offset = 0,
                         .length = 512,
                 },
                 {
                         .page_link = PAGE_28 | 0x20,
                         .offset = 0,
                         .length = 512,
                 },
         },
          .nents = 3,
          .orig_nents = 3,
 };

Then we can send the dynamic sg table to the crypto engine driver to
handle them together at one time. (If the dynamic sg table size is
512, then the crypto engine driver can handle 512 scatterlists at one
time, which can improve much efficiency). That's the reason why we
want to introduce the dynamic sg table.

2. How to coalesce
(1) If one mapped scatterlsit already has been added into dynamic sg table:
sg_table = {
          .sgl = {
                 {
                         .page_link = PAGE_20 | 0x02,
                         .offset = 0,
                         .length = 512,
                 },
                 {
                         .page_link = 0,
                         .offset = 0,
                         .length = 0,
                 },
                 {
                         .page_link = 0,
                         .offset = 0,
                         .length = 0,
                 },
         },
          .nents = 1,
          .orig_nents = 3,
 };

(2) Another mapped scatterlist comes.
mapped sg = {
          .page_link = PAGE_20,
          .offset = 512,
          .length = 512,
},

So we check the new mapped scatterlist can be coalesced into previous
one in dynamic sg table like this:
sg_table = {
          .sgl = {
                 {
                         .page_link = PAGE_20 | 0x02,
                         .offset = 0,
                         .length = 1024,
                 },
                 {
                         .page_link = 0,
                         .offset = 0,
                         .length = 0,
                 },
                 {
                         .page_link = 0,
                         .offset = 0,
                         .length = 0,
                 },
         },
          .nents = 1,
          .orig_nents = 3,
 };

It's done. We coalesced one scatterlist into antoher one to expand the
scatterlist's length.
Thanks for your comments.

>
> Cheers.
>
> --
> Robert



-- 
Baolin.wang
Best Regards


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