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Re: [dm-devel] dm-cache performance behaviour



On Tue, Apr 05, 2016 at 10:36:12AM +0200, Zdenek Kabelac wrote:
> Dne 5.4.2016 v 09:12 Andreas Herrmann napsal(a):
> >Hi,
> >
> >I've recently looked at performance behaviour of dm-cache and bcache.
> >I've repeatedly observed very low performance with dm-cache in
> >different tests. (Similar tests with bcache showed no such oddities.)
> >
> >To rule out user errors that might have caused this, I shortly describe
> >what I've done and observed.
> >
> >- tested kernel version: 4.5.0
> >
> >- backing device: 1.5 TB spinning drive
> >
> >- caching device: 128 GB SSD (used for metadata and cache and size
> >   of metadata part calculated based on
> >   https://www.redhat.com/archives/dm-devel/2012-December/msg00046.html)
> >
> >- my test procedure consisted of a sequence of tests performing fio
> >   runs with different data sets, fio randread performance (bandwidth
> >   and IOPS) were compared, fio was invoked using something like
> >
> >   fio --directory=/cached-device --rw=randread --name=fio-1 \
> >     --size=50G --group_reporting --ioengine=libaio \
> >     --direct=1 --iodepth=1 --runtime=40 --numjobs=1
> >
> >   I've iterated over 10 runs for each of numjobs=1,2,3 and varied the
> >   name parameter to operate with different data sets.
> >
> >   This procedure implied that with 3 jobs the underlying data set for
> >   the test consisted of 3 files with 50G each which exceeds the size
> >   of the caching device.
> >
> >- Between some tests I've tried to empty the cache. For dm-cache I did
> >   this by unmounting the "compound" cache device, switching to cleaner
> >   target, zeroing metadata part of the caching device, recreating
> >   caching device and finally recreating the compound cache device
> >   (during this procedure I kept the backing device unmodified).
> >
> >   I used dmsetup status to check for success of this operation
> >   (checking for #used_cache_blocks).
> >   If there is an easier way to do this please let me know -- If it's
> >   documented I've missed it.
> >
> >- dm-cache parameters:
> >   * cache_mode: writeback
> >   * block size: 512 sectors
> >   * migration_threshold 2048 (default)
> >
> >I've observed two oddities:
> >
> >   (1) Only fio tests with the first data set created (and thus
> >   initially occupying the cache) showed decent performance
> >   results. Subsequent fio tests with another data set showed poor
> >   performance. I think this indicates that SMQ policy does not
> >   properly promote/demote data to/from caching device in my tests.
> >
> >   (2) I've seen results where performance was actually below "native"
> >   (w/o caching) performance of the backing device. I think that this
> >   should not happen. If a data access falls back to the backing device
> >   due to a cache miss I would have expected to see almost the
> >   performance of the backing device. Maybe this points to a
> >   performance issue in SMQ -- spending too much time in policy code
> >   before falling back to the backing device.
> >
> >I've tried to figure out what actually happened in SMQ code in these
> >cases - but eventually dismissed this. Next I want to check whether
> >there might be a flaw in my test setup/dm-cache configuration.
> 
> Hi
> 
> The dm-cache SMQ/MQ is a 'slow moving' hot-spot cache.
> 
> So before the block is 'promoted' to the cache - there needs to be a
> reason for it - and it's not a plain single read.
> 
> So if the other cache promotes the block to the cache with a single
> block access you may observe different performance.
> 
> dm-cache is not targeted for 'quick' promoting of read blocks into a
> cache - rather 'slow' moving of often used blocks.
> 

Are there currently any plans to add some kind of write-back caching of new blocks (writes) to dm-cache ? 

Earlier I did some benchmarks with dm-cache aswell, and it didn't perform well with write-back caching of new blocks,
while for example enhanceIO performed nicely.. (and yes I understand currently dm-cache isn't even supposed to help much with this use case).


Thanks,

-- Pasi


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