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RE: On very different journalling activity on 2 servers.

Hello Good People,

As we are already using the drives in udma mode, I wondered if either of the
settings mentioned here might help & what the implications may be:


The server handles a lot of email & several hundred web sites too.

Would "data=writeback option" help or not (to reduce journalling

Anything else we can do?

Thanks in advance.

Nico Morrison
nico morrison micronicos com
Micronicos Limited  -  London, UK.
Tel: +44 20 8870 8849 Fax: +44 20 8870 5290

From: Andrew Morton [mailto:akpm digeo com]
Sent: 04 February 2003 02:20
To: Nico Morrison
Cc: ext3-users redhat com; nico morrison micronicos com
Subject: Re: On very different journalling activity on 2 servers.

Nico Morrison <nico morrison micronicos com> wrote:
> Hello Folks,
> We have 2 (identical hardware) busy public 2U rack servers, both have
> several hundred users & peak email (for example) deliveries at 300/5min
> during the daytime.
> Both servers run RAID1 over 2 EIDE disk drives.
> One server is fine - it never has problems - it is running RH7.3 and CPU
> loads are normal.
> The other server has constant disk activity & kjournald at CPU load of
> 50/60/70% most of the time!  this machine is running RH7.2
> The same processes & loads are on both machines - can anyone tell me why
> machine should have so much kjournald activity & the other not?
> Is it a difference between 7.2 & 7.3 or must it be another factor?

Usually, this is due to IDE drives running in PIO mode and not DMA mode.

> How can I find out?

Look at the output of `hdparm -i':

# hdparm -i /dev/hda


 Model=Maxtor 5T040H4, FwRev=TAH71DP0, SerialNo=T4J0N9BC
 Config={ Fixed }
 RawCHS=16383/16/63, TrkSize=0, SectSize=0, ECCbytes=57
 BuffType=DualPortCache, BuffSize=2048kB, MaxMultSect=16, MultSect=16
 CurCHS=16383/16/63, CurSects=16514064, LBA=yes, LBAsects=80043264
 IORDY=on/off, tPIO={min:120,w/IORDY:120}, tDMA={min:120,rec:120}
 PIO modes:  pio0 pio1 pio2 pio3 pio4 
 DMA modes:  mdma0 mdma1 mdma2 
 UDMA modes: udma0 udma1 *udma2 udma3 udma4 udma5 
 AdvancedPM=yes: disabled (255) WriteCache=enabled
 Drive conforms to: ATA/ATAPI-6 T13 1410D revision 0:  1 2 3 4 5 6

See the "*" next to UDMA2?  This disk is doing DMA.

You can manually force DMA mode, which is considered risky.  Or upgrade the
kernel, perhaps.

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