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Re: How many files can I have safely in a subdirectory?



The 2GB worry isn't about the contents of files in the directory, but
rather what happens when the directory 'file' itself gets to be over
2GB  in size.   If something's likely to break, then it's either there
or at 4GB (( i.e. if somebody made the mistake of using a 32bit
pointer in the wrong place )).

There are probably not a whole lot of examples of directories (as
opposed to data files) getting larger than 2GB, so I'd consider it
relatively uncharted territory.


On Tue, Sep 1, 2009 at 12:00 PM, Marc<marc_n zeroreality com> wrote:
> Thank you for the reply.  (it seemed to come only via email as your reply
> and one other to my post, aren't showing up in the thread).
>
> Yes there is definitely over 2gb of files in that directory.  My' inodes'
> are only at 3% of the 590M or whatever it was, that were created at the time
> the disc structure was created.  I just wasn't sure if there was a limit
> with ext3 to the # of files that could reside in a single directory.  I
> guess I will have to start adding new files under a new user account (which
> will put them in that user's attachment subdir).
>
> Thanks.!
>
> At 01:50 PM 9/1/2009, you wrote:
>>
>> Well, if you presume the possibility of running into bugs when the
>> directory gets over 2GB,
>> and directory entries averaging  under 20 bytes, then you might see a
>> problem at around
>> 100million entries.
>> You can probably expect performance issues before that point.
>> If you expect these directories to keep growing year after year,
>> you might want to consider doing directory hashing...
>> If nothing else, it could get ugly if someone decides to do an 'ls'
>> on a directory with 10million entries.
>>
>>
>> On Sun, Aug 30, 2009 at 9:00 AM, z0diac<web2009 zeroreality com> wrote:
>> >
>> > Ok, I'm running a vBulletin forum (3.8.4) and found that all user
>> > attachments
>> > go into 1 single directory for each user. For each attached file in the
>> > forum, there's 2 files on disk (*.attach and *.thumb), for pictures that
>> > is.
>> >
>> > One user already has over 100,000 attachements, thus, over 200,000 files
>> > in
>> > his attach directory.
>> >
>> > Someone recently told me to 'keep an eye on it' because certain setups
>> > can't
>> > hold more than X number of files in a single directory. Yet someone else
>> > said I could have over 1 trillion files in a single directory if the HDD
>> > was
>> > large enough...
>> >
>> > Here's my setup:
>> >
>> > linux version: 2.6.18-92.1.10.el5
>> > php: 5.1.6
>> > mySQL: 5.0.45
>> > File system: ext3
>> >
>> > vB support has told me any limitation there might be, will not be the
>> > result
>> > of vB, so now I'm looking at either Linux and the way it handles files,
>> > or
>> > the ext3 file system.
>> >
>> > Does anyone know if I can just keep going with putting files into one
>> > directory? (there will be over 1million probably by year's end.
>> > Hopefully
>> > not more than 5 million ever).
>> >
>> > And, will having so many files in a single directory cause any
>> > performance
>> > problems? (ie: slowdowns)
>> >
>> > My only option is to hire a coder to somehow have it split the 1M+ files
>> > into several subdirs, say 50,000 per subdir. But even though it's messy,
>> > if
>> > it really doesn't make a difference in the end whether they're in 50
>> > subdirs, or just 1 dir, then I won't bother (and can sigh a breath of
>> > relief)
>> >
>> >
>> > Thanks in advance!!
>> > z0diac is offline
>> > Looking for Linux Hosting? Click Here.
>> >
>> > --
>> > View this message in context:
>> > http://www.nabble.com/How-many-files-can-I-have-safely-in-a-subdirectory--tp25212801p25212801.html
>> > Sent from the Ext3 - User mailing list archive at Nabble.com.
>> >
>> > _______________________________________________
>> > Ext3-users mailing list
>> > Ext3-users redhat com
>> > https://www.redhat.com/mailman/listinfo/ext3-users
>> >
>>
>>
>>
>> --
>> Stephen Samuel http://www.bcgreen.com  Software, like love,
>> 778-861-7641                              grows when you give it away
>
>



-- 
Stephen Samuel http://www.bcgreen.com  Software, like love,
778-861-7641                              grows when you give it away


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