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Re: dmraid comments and a warning



On Tue, 2006-02-07 at 17:34 -0500, Peter Jones wrote:
> On Tue, 2006-02-07 at 00:17 -0700, Dax Kelson wrote:
> > On Mon, 2006-02-06 at 21:02 -0500, Peter Jones wrote:
> > > On Mon, 2006-02-06 at 13:08 -0700, Dax Kelson wrote:
> > > > The standard root=LABEL=/ was used on the kernel command line and what
> > > > happened is that it booted up to one side of the mirror. All the updates
> > > > and new packages (including a new kernel install which modified the
> > > > grub.conf) activity just happened on that one side of the mirror.
> 
> Are you sure about this?  Your blkid.tab looks very much like you  used
> the default layout on Jan 13...

My para was regarding "event one" which got blown away and reinstalled
over. The blkid.tab I posted was from the next install I did which used
the auto-layout feature of disk druid.

> > > This should be fixed in the current rawhide tree.
> > 
> > And now it uses root=/dev/mapper/$DEV ?
> 
> No, it still uses root=LABEL=/ (assuming no lvm), but the label
> searching mechanism early in the boot process is now the same as that
> used by mount, umount, swapon, etc.,  and it currently gives
> device-mapper devices a higher "priority", which should guarantee that,
> assuming it's possible to build the raid, all of those tools will use
> the dm device instead of the normal disks.

Good to know.

> So your blkid.tab says:
> 
> > <device DEVNO="0xfd01" TIME="1139069826" PRI="40"
> TYPE="swap">/dev/dm-1</device>
> > <device DEVNO="0xfd05" TIME="1137182541" PRI="40" TYPE="swap">/dev/dm-5</device>
> > <device DEVNO="0xfd02" TIME="1137182541" PRI="40" TYPE="ntfs">/dev/dm-2</device>
> > <device DEVNO="0xfd04" TIME="1137182541" PRI="40" UUID="faffb8d3-2562-4489-a1f8-a7e0077e1e6c" SEC_TYPE="ext2" TYPE="ext3">/dev/dm-4</device>
> > <device DEVNO="0x0801" TIME="1137182541" TYPE="ntfs">/dev/sda1</device>
> > <device DEVNO="0x0802" TIME="1139162151" LABEL="/boot" UUID="f49b0225-bdd4-430a-a3b0-f0f7c20daaff" SEC_TYPE="ext2" TYPE="ext3">/dev/sda2</device>
> > <device DEVNO="0x0811" TIME="1137182541" TYPE="ntfs">/dev/sdb1</device>
> > <device DEVNO="0x0812" TIME="1137182541" LABEL="/boot" UUID="f49b0225-bdd4-430a-a3b0-f0f7c20daaff" SEC_TYPE="ext2" TYPE="ext3">/dev/sdb2</device>
> > <device DEVNO="0x0813" TIME="1137182541" TYPE="swap">/dev/sdb3</device>
> > <device DEVNO="0xfd03" TIME="1137182541" TYPE="swap">/dev/dm-3</device>
> > <device DEVNO="0xfd01" TIME="1139162137" TYPE="swap">/dev/VolGroup00/LogVol01</device>
> 
> OK, archeology time.  On Jan 13, 2006 at about 8pm GMT you installed
> with the disk layout something like:
> 
> /dev/sda  /dev/sdb  -> dm-1 (which would not have gotten an entry
>                             in blkid.tab)
> /dev/sda1 /dev/sdb1 -> dm-2 ntfs (PRI=40, wheras sda1 and sdb1 have
>                             PRI=0)
> /dev/sda2 + /dev/sdb2 -> VolGroup00 (no device node, thus no entry)
> VolGroup00 ->
>   dm-3 (LogVol01) -> swap
>   dm-4 (LogVol00) -> /
> 
> (dm-3 vs dm-4 reflects the order they were activated, not necessarily
> the order on disk)
> 
> *something happened here, no idea what*
> 
> Sometime around Feb 4, 2006, at 4pm GMT you rebooted, and the raid
> didn't get started.  This looks like one of your disks wasn't connected
> at all, and the other was doing weird things.  LVM brought up LogVol01,
> but if both disks were there it would have been complaining about
> inconsistent VG metadata for VolumeGroup00.  For whatever reason,
> LogVol00 _didn't_ come back up.  /boot may or may not have been mounted,
> we can't say.

Physically the disks and their cables haven't been touched.

I remember a big yum update that segfaulted half way through. Maybe
related?

> 25 hours later you walked back into the room and power cycled the box.
> Then about 26 hours later you rebooted again.  This time for some reason
> the /boot record on /dev/sda2 was modified.  This may indicate that sda2
> was missing the previous time we booted far enough to get / mounted rw.
> Once again VolGroup00/LogVol01 was activated correctly, but / was not.
> 
> The last 2 lines have no PRI= section, that's weird, and might mean my
> leaf-node test in libblkid is broken.  That shouldn't cause the other
> failures we've seen, though.
> 
> >From what you say below I'm assuming something went wrong making your
> initrd on the 4th.
> 
> > GRUB always sees the "activated" RAID because of the BIOS RAID driver.
> > When it reads the "grub.conf" it is interleaving pieces of the two (now
> > different) grub.conf files and the result most likely has bogus syntax
> > and content.
> 
> Well, yes and no.  It sees a disk as 0x80, and when it does int 13h, the
> bios decides which disk it's going to send that to.  How it decides is
> anybody's guess; I'm sure it varies wildly between bioses.
> 
> > Jan 14th 2006 rawhide for event one, and jan 14th 2006 initial install
> > with yum updates every couple days for event two.
> 
> Looks like the 13th, but either should be sufficient.
> 
> > > > On bootup I noticed an error flash by something to the effect of "LVM
> > > > ignoring duplicate PV".
> 
> This is the inconsistent metadata error I mentioned above, FWIW.
> 
> > I booted to the rescue environment with a Jan 14th boot.iso and NFS
> > tree. The rescue environment properly activated the dmraid and
> > "pvdisplay" showed "/dev/mapper/nvidia-foo"
> > 
> > I looked inside the two initrd files I had:
> > 
> > 2.6.15-1.1884 = dm commands inside "init"
> 
> OK, so that should work assuming you didn't move the disks around, etc.
> (I'm working on making moving the disks around ok, but it's a bit
> complicated so it might take a while)
> 
> > 2.6.15-1.1889 - no dm commands inside "init" -- dated Feb 4th on my box
> 
> OK, so if you boot this you're going to get /dev/sda* accessed.  Any
> idea what versions of e2fsprogs, lvm2, util-linux, device-mapper, and
> mkinitrd were installed?  (I'll understand if you don't...)

I can look and see tonight when I get home. My guess right now is
whatever was in rawhide at that time.

> So that means when you installed that, you were either already booted
> without using raid, or mkinitrd (or one of the many tools it uses) was
> broken.

Yes. I'm sure I didn't closely observe every bootup sequence or was even
in the room while the boot occurred so it would be easy for me to have
missed something. 

> > > One interesting note is that given any of these you should be getting
> > > the same disk mounted each time.  Which means there's a good chance that
> > > sda and sdb are both fine, one of them just happens to represent your
> > > machine 3 weeks ago.
> > 
> > It installed OK on Jan 14th, and has been successfully booting and using
> > the dmraid until (I think) Feb 4th.
> 
> Looks like there was at least one problem before that, or mkinitrd
> couldn't find the raid devices when you updated that day.
> 
> > > Do you still have this disk set, or have you wiped it and reinstalled
> > > already?  If you've got it, I'd like to see /etc/blkid.tab from either
> > > disk (both if possible).
> > 
> > Since the / filesystem is in a LVM LV sitting ontop of a dmraid
> > partition PV, it seems non-trivial to force the PV for the LV to change
> > back and both to access the separate files. If you know a way, let me
> > know.
> 
> export the metadata, use vim to rename the volume group, reimport the
> metadata.  I can't recall the commands off the top of my head right
> now...
> 
> alternately you can add this to the "device" subsection
> of /etc/lvm/lvm.conf :
> 
> filter = [r|sda|]
> 
> and it'll no longer look at anything with "sda" in the name.

I can attempt this if you still want.

Dax Kelson
Guru Labs


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