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Re: df hangs -- nfs related problem

Aldo Foot wrote:
I have a NFS client in which the df commands hangs. I have to manually
kill it to get back to the prompt.

The client had a nfs export mounted, but as of now the export is not
available to the client, and the client is trying to access it.
Is there a way to terminate the nfs mount on the client?
There are no messages in the log files pointing to this.

I know its a nfs problem because strace bails out when it tries
to access /mnt/nfs.

**command output trimmed for clarity.

% strace df -h
statfs64("/proc/fs/nfsd", 84, {f_type=0x6e667364, f_bsize=4096, f_blocks=0, \
f_bfree=0, f_bavail=0, f_files=0, f_ffree=0, f_fsid={0, 0},
f_namelen=255, f_frsize=4096}) = 0
statfs64("/mnt/nfs", 84,

The mtab shows the export
    nfsclient> cat /etc/mtab
    nfsserver:/stor1 /mnt/nfs nfs rw,addr=xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx 0 0

The mount command also shows the relevant line.
   nfsclient> mount -l
   nfsserver:/stor1 on /mnt/nfs type nfs (rw,addr=xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx)

Umount says the nfs export is busy --but there is nothing there.
   nfsclient> umount nfsserver:/stor1
   umount: /mnt/nfs: device is busy
   umount: /mnt/nfs: device is busy

Cannot see what processes (if any) are accessing nfsserver:/stor1 because
the lsof command hangs just like df.

Umount does not find anything either.
   nfsclient> umount /stor1
   umount: /stor1: not found

A cron job created a number of df processes over several days that I had
to kill manually on the nfsclient.

Does anyone have a tip about this? A web search did not yield much.

Try "lsof | grep nfs" to see if anything has the mountpoint open.  If
not, try "umount -f /mnt/nfs" as the root user to try a forced umount.

Also check to see if the mount command (or /etc/fstab entry) has "hard"
specified (that's the default as well).  Unless you're really certain
about the stability of the network and of the NFS server, I'd recommend
you specify "soft" in the mount command (see "man 5 nfs" for details).
- Rick Stevens, Systems Engineer                      ricks nerd com -
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