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[Libguestfs] [PATCH 1/2] daemon: Add flags argument to command*() functions.



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Richard Jones, Virtualization Group, Red Hat http://people.redhat.com/~rjones
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>From 1813b2df03ff6a4fe36d72c46827cf380185ca38 Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Richard W.M. Jones <rjones redhat com>
Date: Fri, 6 Nov 2009 13:19:26 +0000
Subject: [PATCH 1/2] daemon: Add flags argument to command*() functions.

This adds new variations of the command*() functions which
take a 'flags' argument.  Currently the only flag available
is defined as follows:

 COMMAND_FLAG_FOLD_STDOUT_ON_STDERR: For broken external commands
 that send error messages to stdout (hello, parted) but that don't
 have any useful stdout information, use this flag to capture the
 error messages in the *stderror buffer.  If using this flag,
 you should pass stdoutput as NULL because nothing could ever be
 captured in that buffer.

This patch also adds some documentation for command*()
function.
---
 daemon/daemon.h   |   21 +++++++++++++++------
 daemon/guestfsd.c |   48 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------------
 2 files changed, 51 insertions(+), 18 deletions(-)

diff --git a/daemon/daemon.h b/daemon/daemon.h
index 86c6876..f082690 100644
--- a/daemon/daemon.h
+++ b/daemon/daemon.h
@@ -47,12 +47,21 @@ extern void sort_strings (char **argv, int len);
 extern void free_strings (char **argv);
 extern void free_stringslen (char **argv, int len);
 
-extern int command (char **stdoutput, char **stderror, const char *name, ...);
-extern int commandr (char **stdoutput, char **stderror, const char *name, ...);
-extern int commandv (char **stdoutput, char **stderror,
-                     char *const *argv);
-extern int commandrv (char **stdoutput, char **stderror,
-                      char const* const *argv);
+#define command(out,err,name,...) commandf((out),(err),0,(name),__VA_ARGS__)
+#define commandr(out,err,name,...) commandrf((out),(err),0,(name),__VA_ARGS__)
+#define commandv(out,err,argv) commandvf((out),(err),0,(argv))
+#define commandrv(out,err,argv) commandrvf((out),(err),0,(argv))
+
+#define COMMAND_FLAG_FOLD_STDOUT_ON_STDERR 1
+
+extern int commandf (char **stdoutput, char **stderror, int flags,
+		     const char *name, ...);
+extern int commandrf (char **stdoutput, char **stderror, int flags,
+		      const char *name, ...);
+extern int commandvf (char **stdoutput, char **stderror, int flags,
+		      char *const *argv);
+extern int commandrvf (char **stdoutput, char **stderror, int flags,
+		       char const* const *argv);
 
 extern char **split_lines (char *str);
 
diff --git a/daemon/guestfsd.c b/daemon/guestfsd.c
index 649a630..bf06c73 100644
--- a/daemon/guestfsd.c
+++ b/daemon/guestfsd.c
@@ -508,13 +508,11 @@ free_stringslen (char **argv, int len)
   free (argv);
 }
 
-/* This is a more sane version of 'system(3)' for running external
- * commands.  It uses fork/execvp, so we don't need to worry about
- * quoting of parameters, and it allows us to capture any error
- * messages in a buffer.
+/* Easy ways to run external commands.  For full documentation, see
+ * 'commandrvf' below.
  */
 int
-command (char **stdoutput, char **stderror, const char *name, ...)
+commandf (char **stdoutput, char **stderror, int flags, const char *name, ...)
 {
   va_list args;
   const char **argv;
@@ -548,7 +546,7 @@ command (char **stdoutput, char **stderror, const char *name, ...)
 
   va_end (args);
 
-  r = commandv (stdoutput, stderror, (char **) argv);
+  r = commandvf (stdoutput, stderror, flags, (char **) argv);
 
   /* NB: Mustn't free the strings which are on the stack. */
   free (argv);
@@ -561,7 +559,7 @@ command (char **stdoutput, char **stderror, const char *name, ...)
  * We still return -1 if there was some other error.
  */
 int
-commandr (char **stdoutput, char **stderror, const char *name, ...)
+commandrf (char **stdoutput, char **stderror, int flags, const char *name, ...)
 {
   va_list args;
   const char **argv;
@@ -595,7 +593,7 @@ commandr (char **stdoutput, char **stderror, const char *name, ...)
 
   va_end (args);
 
-  r = commandrv (stdoutput, stderror, argv);
+  r = commandrvf (stdoutput, stderror, flags, argv);
 
   /* NB: Mustn't free the strings which are on the stack. */
   free (argv);
@@ -605,19 +603,42 @@ commandr (char **stdoutput, char **stderror, const char *name, ...)
 
 /* Same as 'command', but passing an argv. */
 int
-commandv (char **stdoutput, char **stderror, char *const *argv)
+commandvf (char **stdoutput, char **stderror, int flags, char *const *argv)
 {
   int r;
 
-  r = commandrv (stdoutput, stderror, (void *) argv);
+  r = commandrvf (stdoutput, stderror, flags, (void *) argv);
   if (r == 0)
     return 0;
   else
     return -1;
 }
 
+/* This is a more sane version of 'system(3)' for running external
+ * commands.  It uses fork/execvp, so we don't need to worry about
+ * quoting of parameters, and it allows us to capture any error
+ * messages in a buffer.
+ *
+ * If stdoutput is not NULL, then *stdoutput will return the stdout
+ * of the command.
+ *
+ * If stderror is not NULL, then *stderror will return the stderr
+ * of the command.  If there is a final \n character, it is removed
+ * so you can use the error string directly in a call to
+ * reply_with_error.
+ *
+ * Flags:
+ *
+ * COMMAND_FLAG_FOLD_STDOUT_ON_STDERR: For broken external commands
+ * that send error messages to stdout (hello, parted) but that don't
+ * have any useful stdout information, use this flag to capture the
+ * error messages in the *stderror buffer.  If using this flag,
+ * you should pass stdoutput as NULL because nothing could ever be
+ * captured in that buffer.
+ */
 int
-commandrv (char **stdoutput, char **stderror, char const* const *argv)
+commandrvf (char **stdoutput, char **stderror, int flags,
+	    char const* const *argv)
 {
   int so_size = 0, se_size = 0;
   int so_fd[2], se_fd[2];
@@ -657,7 +678,10 @@ commandrv (char **stdoutput, char **stderror, char const* const *argv)
     open ("/dev/null", O_RDONLY); /* Set stdin to /dev/null (ignore failure) */
     close (so_fd[0]);
     close (se_fd[0]);
-    dup2 (so_fd[1], 1);
+    if (!(flags & COMMAND_FLAG_FOLD_STDOUT_ON_STDERR))
+      dup2 (so_fd[1], 1);
+    else
+      dup2 (se_fd[1], 1);
     dup2 (se_fd[1], 2);
     close (so_fd[1]);
     close (se_fd[1]);
-- 
1.6.2.5


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