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[Libguestfs] [PATCH] guestfish: Redirect stdout when executing remote commands



guestfish --listen necessarily redirects its stdout to /dev/null so as not to
interfere with eval. The remote protocol doesn't contain any other provision for
collecting stdout for the caller, so executing guestfish --remote will never
generate any output.

This patch fixes that by forwarding the caller's STDOUT to the listener over the
unix socket connection. The listener redirects its STDOUT to the caller's STDOUT
for the duration of the command, then closes it again.
---
 fish/rc.c                  |  134 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
 guestfish.pod              |    7 --
 regressions/test-remote.sh |   12 ++++
 3 files changed, 138 insertions(+), 15 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fish/rc.c b/fish/rc.c
index 5423c22..5d64c70 100644
--- a/fish/rc.c
+++ b/fish/rc.c
@@ -27,6 +27,7 @@
 #include <sys/types.h>
 #include <sys/un.h>
 #include <signal.h>
+#include <sys/socket.h>
 
 #include <rpc/types.h>
 #include <rpc/xdr.h>
@@ -49,6 +50,124 @@ create_sockpath (pid_t pid, char *sockpath, int len, struct sockaddr_un *addr)
   strcpy (addr->sun_path, sockpath);
 }
 
+static const socklen_t controllen = CMSG_LEN (sizeof (int));
+
+static void
+receive_stdout (int s)
+{
+  static struct cmsghdr *cmptr = NULL, *h;
+  struct msghdr         msg;
+  struct iovec          iov[1];
+
+  /* Our 1 byte buffer */
+  char buf[1];
+
+  if (NULL == cmptr) {
+    cmptr = malloc (controllen);
+    if (NULL == cmptr) {
+      perror ("malloc");
+      exit (1);
+    }
+  }
+
+  /* Don't specify a source */
+  msg.msg_name = NULL;
+  msg.msg_namelen = 0;
+
+  /* Initialise the msghdr to receive zero byte */
+  iov[0].iov_base = buf;
+  iov[0].iov_len  = 1;
+  msg.msg_iov     = iov;
+  msg.msg_iovlen  = 1;
+
+  /* Initialise the control data */
+  msg.msg_control     = cmptr;
+  msg.msg_controllen  = controllen;
+
+  /* Read a message from the socket */
+  ssize_t n = recvmsg (s, &msg, 0);
+  if (n < 0) {
+    perror ("recvmsg stdout fd");
+    exit (1);
+  }
+
+  h = CMSG_FIRSTHDR(&msg);
+  if (NULL == h) {
+    fprintf (stderr, "didn't receive a stdout file descriptor\n");
+  }
+
+  else {
+    /* Extract the transferred file descriptor from the control data */
+    int fd = *(int *)CMSG_DATA (h);
+
+    /* Duplicate the received file descriptor to stdout */
+    dup2 (fd, STDOUT_FILENO);
+    close (fd);
+  }
+}
+
+static void
+send_stdout (int s)
+{
+  static struct cmsghdr *cmptr = NULL;
+  struct msghdr         msg;
+  struct iovec          iov[1];
+
+  /* Our 1 byte dummy buffer */
+  char buf[1];
+
+  /* Don't specify a destination */
+  msg.msg_name    = NULL;
+  msg.msg_namelen = 0;
+
+  /* Initialise the msghdr to send zero byte */
+  iov[0].iov_base = buf;
+  iov[0].iov_len  = 1;
+  msg.msg_iov     = iov;
+  msg.msg_iovlen  = 1;
+
+  /* Initialize the zero byte */
+  buf[0] = 0;
+
+  /* Initialize the control data */
+  if (NULL == cmptr) {
+    cmptr = malloc (controllen);
+    if (NULL == cmptr) {
+      perror ("malloc");
+      exit (1);
+    }
+  }
+  cmptr->cmsg_level = SOL_SOCKET;
+  cmptr->cmsg_type  = SCM_RIGHTS;
+  cmptr->cmsg_len   = controllen;
+
+  /* Add control header to the message */
+  msg.msg_control     = cmptr;
+  msg.msg_controllen  = controllen;
+
+  /* Add STDOUT to the control data */
+  *(int *)CMSG_DATA (cmptr) = STDOUT_FILENO;
+
+  if (sendmsg (s, &msg, 0) != 1) {
+    perror ("sendmsg stdout fd");
+    exit (1);
+  }
+}
+
+static void
+close_stdout (void)
+{
+  int fd;
+
+  fd = open ("/dev/null", O_WRONLY);
+  if (fd == -1)
+    perror ("/dev/null");
+  else {
+    dup2 (fd, STDOUT_FILENO);
+    close (fd);
+  }
+}
+
 /* Remote control server. */
 void
 rc_listen (void)
@@ -56,7 +175,7 @@ rc_listen (void)
   char sockpath[128];
   pid_t pid;
   struct sockaddr_un addr;
-  int sock, s, i, fd;
+  int sock, s, i;
   FILE *fp;
   XDR xdr, xdr2;
   guestfish_hello hello;
@@ -111,13 +230,7 @@ rc_listen (void)
   /* Now close stdout and substitute /dev/null.  This is necessary
    * so that eval `guestfish --listen` doesn't block forever.
    */
-  fd = open ("/dev/null", O_WRONLY);
-  if (fd == -1)
-    perror ("/dev/null");
-  else {
-    dup2 (fd, 1);
-    close (fd);
-  }
+  close_stdout();
 
   /* Read commands and execute them. */
   while (!quit) {
@@ -125,6 +238,8 @@ rc_listen (void)
     if (s == -1)
       perror ("accept");
     else {
+      receive_stdout(s);
+
       fp = fdopen (s, "r+");
       xdrstdio_create (&xdr, fp, XDR_DECODE);
 
@@ -180,6 +295,7 @@ rc_listen (void)
     error:
       xdr_destroy (&xdr);	/* NB. This doesn't close 'fp'. */
       fclose (fp);		/* Closes the underlying socket 's'. */
+      close_stdout(); /* Re-close stdout */
     }
   }
 
@@ -227,6 +343,8 @@ rc_remote (int pid, const char *cmd, int argc, char *argv[],
     return -1;
   }
 
+  send_stdout(sock);
+
   /* Send the greeting. */
   fp = fdopen (sock, "r+");
   xdrstdio_create (&xdr, fp, XDR_ENCODE);
diff --git a/guestfish.pod b/guestfish.pod
index 5427b23..2e50873 100644
--- a/guestfish.pod
+++ b/guestfish.pod
@@ -394,13 +394,6 @@ You can have several guestfish listener processes running using:
  guestfish --remote=$pid1 cmd
  guestfish --remote=$pid2 cmd
 
-=head2 STANDARD OUTPUT DURING REMOTE CONTROL
-
-Because of limitations in the C<eval> statement, stdout from the
-listener is currently redirected to C</dev/null>.
-
-Stderr is unchanged.
-
 =head2 REMOTE CONTROL DETAILS
 
 Remote control happens over a Unix domain socket called
diff --git a/regressions/test-remote.sh b/regressions/test-remote.sh
index f3c14b4..783dd6e 100755
--- a/regressions/test-remote.sh
+++ b/regressions/test-remote.sh
@@ -29,6 +29,18 @@ eval `../fish/guestfish --listen`
 ../fish/guestfish --remote sfdiskM /dev/sda ,
 ../fish/guestfish --remote mkfs ext2 /dev/sda1
 ../fish/guestfish --remote mount /dev/sda1 /
+
+# Failure of the above commands will cause the guestfish listener to exit.
+# Incorrect return from echo_daemon will not, so need to ensure the listener
+# exits in any case, while still reporting an error.
+error=0
+echo=$(../fish/guestfish --remote echo_daemon "This is a test")
+if [ "$echo" != "This is a test" ]; then
+    error=1;
+fi
+
 ../fish/guestfish --remote exit
 
 rm -f test.img
+
+exit $error
-- 
1.6.2.5


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