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[Libguestfs] [PATCH] New APIs: Support for creating LUKS and managing keys.



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Richard Jones, Virtualization Group, Red Hat http://people.redhat.com/~rjones
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>From ce2052408c16633b2403fc55f658338c40b03c15 Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Richard Jones <rjones redhat com>
Date: Thu, 22 Jul 2010 11:00:59 +0100
Subject: [PATCH] New APIs: Support for creating LUKS and managing keys.

This commit adds four APIs for creating new LUKS devices
and key management.  These are:

  luks_format         Format a LUKS device with the default cipher.
  luks_format_cipher  Format with a chosen cipher.
  luks_add_key        Add another key to an existing device.
  luks_kill_slot      Delete a key from an existing device.

This enables all the significant functionality of the
cryptsetup luks* commands.

Note that you can obtain the UUID of a LUKS device already
by using vfs-uuid.

This also includes a regression test covering all the LUKS
functions.
---
 TODO                     |    2 -
 daemon/luks.c            |  204 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----
 regressions/Makefile.am  |    1 +
 regressions/test-luks.sh |   88 ++++++++++++++++++++
 src/MAX_PROC_NR          |    2 +-
 src/generator.ml         |   37 ++++++++
 6 files changed, 311 insertions(+), 23 deletions(-)
 create mode 100755 regressions/test-luks.sh

diff --git a/TODO b/TODO
index d0196c8..5bce5d9 100644
--- a/TODO
+++ b/TODO
@@ -365,7 +365,5 @@ groups.  If it contains, eg., partitions, you cannot access them.
 We would like to add:
 
   - An easier way to use this from guestfish.
-  - Ability to create LUKS devices.
-  - Ability to change LUKS keys on existing devices.
   - Direct access to the /dev/mapper device (eg. if it contains
     anything apart from VGs).
diff --git a/daemon/luks.c b/daemon/luks.c
index f5a0b9d..07aebdd 100644
--- a/daemon/luks.c
+++ b/daemon/luks.c
@@ -33,43 +33,69 @@ optgroup_luks_available (void)
   return prog_exists ("cryptsetup");
 }
 
-static int
-luks_open (const char *device, const char *key, const char *mapname,
-           int readonly)
+/* Callers must also call remove_temp (tempfile). */
+static char *
+write_key_to_temp (const char *key)
 {
-  /* Sanity check: /dev/mapper/mapname must not exist already.  Note
-   * that the device-mapper control device (/dev/mapper/control) is
-   * always there, so you can't ever have mapname == "control".
-   */
-  size_t len = strlen (mapname);
-  char devmapper[len+32];
-  snprintf (devmapper, len+32, "/dev/mapper/%s", mapname);
-  if (access (devmapper, F_OK) == 0) {
-    reply_with_error ("%s: device already exists", devmapper);
-    return -1;
+  char *tempfile = strdup ("/tmp/luksXXXXXX");
+  if (!tempfile) {
+    reply_with_perror ("strdup");
+    return NULL;
   }
 
-  char tempfile[] = "/tmp/luksXXXXXX";
   int fd = mkstemp (tempfile);
   if (fd == -1) {
     reply_with_perror ("mkstemp");
-    return -1;
+    goto error;
   }
 
-  len = strlen (key);
+  size_t len = strlen (key);
   if (xwrite (fd, key, len) == -1) {
     reply_with_perror ("write");
     close (fd);
-    unlink (tempfile);
-    return -1;
+    goto error;
   }
 
   if (close (fd) == -1) {
     reply_with_perror ("close");
-    unlink (tempfile);
+    goto error;
+  }
+
+  return tempfile;
+
+ error:
+  unlink (tempfile);
+  free (tempfile);
+  return NULL;
+}
+
+static void
+remove_temp (char *tempfile)
+{
+  unlink (tempfile);
+  free (tempfile);
+}
+
+static int
+luks_open (const char *device, const char *key, const char *mapname,
+           int readonly)
+{
+  /* Sanity check: /dev/mapper/mapname must not exist already.  Note
+   * that the device-mapper control device (/dev/mapper/control) is
+   * always there, so you can't ever have mapname == "control".
+   */
+  size_t len = strlen (mapname);
+  char devmapper[len+32];
+  snprintf (devmapper, len+32, "/dev/mapper/%s", mapname);
+  if (access (devmapper, F_OK) == 0) {
+    reply_with_error ("%s: device already exists", devmapper);
     return -1;
   }
 
+  char *tempfile = write_key_to_temp (key);
+  if (!tempfile)
+    return -1;
+
   const char *argv[16];
   size_t i = 0;
 
@@ -84,7 +110,7 @@ luks_open (const char *device, const char *key, const char *mapname,
 
   char *err;
   int r = commandv (NULL, &err, (const char * const *) argv);
-  unlink (tempfile);
+  remove_temp (tempfile);
 
   if (r == -1) {
     reply_with_error ("%s", err);
@@ -136,3 +162,141 @@ do_luks_close (const char *device)
 
   return 0;
 }
+
+static int
+luks_format (const char *device, const char *key, int keyslot,
+             const char *cipher)
+{
+  char *tempfile = write_key_to_temp (key);
+  if (!tempfile)
+    return -1;
+
+  const char *argv[16];
+  char keyslot_s[16];
+  size_t i = 0;
+
+  argv[i++] = "cryptsetup";
+  argv[i++] = "-q";
+  if (cipher) {
+    argv[i++] = "--cipher";
+    argv[i++] = cipher;
+  }
+  argv[i++] = "--key-slot";
+  snprintf (keyslot_s, sizeof keyslot_s, "%d", keyslot);
+  argv[i++] = keyslot_s;
+  argv[i++] = "luksFormat";
+  argv[i++] = device;
+  argv[i++] = tempfile;
+  argv[i++] = NULL;
+
+  char *err;
+  int r = commandv (NULL, &err, (const char * const *) argv);
+  remove_temp (tempfile);
+
+  if (r == -1) {
+    reply_with_error ("%s", err);
+    free (err);
+    return -1;
+  }
+
+  free (err);
+
+  udev_settle ();
+
+  return 0;
+}
+
+int
+do_luks_format (const char *device, const char *key, int keyslot)
+{
+  return luks_format (device, key, keyslot, NULL);
+}
+
+int
+do_luks_format_cipher (const char *device, const char *key, int keyslot,
+                       const char *cipher)
+{
+  return luks_format (device, key, keyslot, cipher);
+}
+
+int
+do_luks_add_key (const char *device, const char *key, const char *newkey,
+                 int keyslot)
+{
+  char *keyfile = write_key_to_temp (key);
+  if (!keyfile)
+    return -1;
+
+  char *newkeyfile = write_key_to_temp (newkey);
+  if (!newkeyfile) {
+    remove_temp (keyfile);
+    return -1;
+  }
+
+  const char *argv[16];
+  char keyslot_s[16];
+  size_t i = 0;
+
+  argv[i++] = "cryptsetup";
+  argv[i++] = "-q";
+  argv[i++] = "-d";
+  argv[i++] = keyfile;
+  argv[i++] = "--key-slot";
+  snprintf (keyslot_s, sizeof keyslot_s, "%d", keyslot);
+  argv[i++] = keyslot_s;
+  argv[i++] = "luksAddKey";
+  argv[i++] = device;
+  argv[i++] = newkeyfile;
+  argv[i++] = NULL;
+
+  char *err;
+  int r = commandv (NULL, &err, (const char * const *) argv);
+  remove_temp (keyfile);
+  remove_temp (newkeyfile);
+
+  if (r == -1) {
+    reply_with_error ("%s", err);
+    free (err);
+    return -1;
+  }
+
+  free (err);
+
+  return 0;
+}
+
+int
+do_luks_kill_slot (const char *device, const char *key, int keyslot)
+{
+  char *tempfile = write_key_to_temp (key);
+  if (!tempfile)
+    return -1;
+
+  const char *argv[16];
+  char keyslot_s[16];
+  size_t i = 0;
+
+  argv[i++] = "cryptsetup";
+  argv[i++] = "-q";
+  argv[i++] = "-d";
+  argv[i++] = tempfile;
+  argv[i++] = "luksKillSlot";
+  argv[i++] = device;
+  snprintf (keyslot_s, sizeof keyslot_s, "%d", keyslot);
+  argv[i++] = keyslot_s;
+  argv[i++] = NULL;
+
+  char *err;
+  int r = commandv (NULL, &err, (const char * const *) argv);
+  remove_temp (tempfile);
+
+  if (r == -1) {
+    reply_with_error ("%s", err);
+    free (err);
+    return -1;
+  }
+
+  free (err);
+
+  return 0;
+}
diff --git a/regressions/Makefile.am b/regressions/Makefile.am
index ff00321..e0218bc 100644
--- a/regressions/Makefile.am
+++ b/regressions/Makefile.am
@@ -34,6 +34,7 @@ TESTS = \
 	test-cancellation-download-librarycancels.sh \
 	test-cancellation-upload-daemoncancels.sh \
 	test-find0.sh \
+	test-luks.sh \
 	test-lvm-filtering.sh \
 	test-lvm-mapping.pl \
 	test-noexec-stack.pl \
diff --git a/regressions/test-luks.sh b/regressions/test-luks.sh
new file mode 100755
index 0000000..fe42d87
--- /dev/null
+++ b/regressions/test-luks.sh
@@ -0,0 +1,88 @@
+#!/bin/bash -
+# libguestfs
+# Copyright (C) 2010 Red Hat Inc.
+#
+# This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+# it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+# the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+# (at your option) any later version.
+#
+# This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+# but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+# MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+# GNU General Public License for more details.
+#
+# You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+# along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+# Foundation, Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
+
+# Test LUKS device creation, opening, key slots.
+
+set -e
+
+rm -f test1.img
+
+../fish/guestfish --keys-from-stdin <<EOF
+sparse test1.img 1G
+run
+part-disk /dev/sda mbr
+
+# Create LUKS device with key "key0" in slot 0.
+luks-format /dev/sda1 0
+key0
+
+# Open the device.
+luks-open /dev/sda1 lukstest
+key0
+
+# Put some LVM structures on the encrypted device.
+pvcreate /dev/mapper/lukstest
+vgcreate VG /dev/mapper/lukstest
+lvcreate LV1 VG 64
+lvcreate LV2 VG 64
+vg-activate-all false
+
+# Close the device.
+luks-close /dev/mapper/lukstest
+
+# Add keys in other slots.
+luks-add-key /dev/sda1 1
+key0
+key1
+luks-add-key /dev/sda1 2
+key1
+key2
+luks-add-key /dev/sda1 3
+key2
+key3
+
+# Check we can open the device with one of the new keys.
+luks-open /dev/sda1 lukstest
+key1
+luks-close /dev/mapper/lukstest
+luks-open /dev/sda1 lukstest
+key3
+luks-close /dev/mapper/lukstest
+
+# Remove a key.
+luks-kill-slot /dev/sda1 1
+key0
+
+# This is expected to fail.
+-luks-open /dev/sda1 lukstest
+key1
+
+# Replace a key slot.
+luks-kill-slot /dev/sda1 3
+key2
+luks-add-key /dev/sda1 3
+key2
+newkey3
+
+luks-open /dev/sda1 lukstest
+newkey3
+luks-close /dev/mapper/lukstest
+
+EOF
+
+rm -f test1.img
diff --git a/src/MAX_PROC_NR b/src/MAX_PROC_NR
index 98ecf58..175b6c5 100644
--- a/src/MAX_PROC_NR
+++ b/src/MAX_PROC_NR
@@ -1 +1 @@
-259
+263
diff --git a/src/generator.ml b/src/generator.ml
index 69f561c..3af673d 100755
--- a/src/generator.ml
+++ b/src/generator.ml
@@ -4918,6 +4918,43 @@ C<device> parameter must be the name of the LUKS mapping
 device (ie. C</dev/mapper/mapname>) and I<not> the name
 of the underlying block device.");
 
+  ("luks_format", (RErr, [Device "device"; Key "key"; Int "keyslot"]), 260, [Optional "luks"; DangerWillRobinson],
+   [],
+   "format a block device as a LUKS encrypted device",
+   "\
+This command erases existing data on C<device> and formats
+the device as a LUKS encrypted device.  C<key> is the
+initial key, which is added to key slot C<slot>.  (LUKS
+supports 8 key slots, numbered 0-7).");
+
+  ("luks_format_cipher", (RErr, [Device "device"; Key "key"; Int "keyslot"; String "cipher"]), 261, [Optional "luks"; DangerWillRobinson],
+   [],
+   "format a block device as a LUKS encrypted device",
+   "\
+This command is the same as C<guestfs_luks_format> but
+it also allows you to set the C<cipher> used.");
+
+  ("luks_add_key", (RErr, [Device "device"; Key "key"; Key "newkey"; Int "keyslot"]), 262, [Optional "luks"],
+   [],
+   "add a key on a LUKS encrypted device",
+   "\
+This command adds a new key on LUKS device C<device>.
+C<key> is any existing key, and is used to access the device.
+C<newkey> is the new key to add.  C<keyslot> is the key slot
+that will be replaced.
+
+Note that if C<keyslot> already contains a key, then this
+command will fail.  You have to use C<guestfs_luks_kill_slot>
+first to remove that key.");
+
+  ("luks_kill_slot", (RErr, [Device "device"; Key "key"; Int "keyslot"]), 263, [Optional "luks"],
+   [],
+   "remove a key from a LUKS encrypted device",
+   "\
+This command deletes the key in key slot C<keyslot> from the
+encrypted LUKS device C<device>.  C<key> must be one of the
+I<other> keys.");
+
 ]
 
 let all_functions = non_daemon_functions @ daemon_functions
-- 
1.7.1


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