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[Libguestfs] [PATCH] inspect: Cache downloaded files in the handle g->tmpdir.



-- 
Richard Jones, Virtualization Group, Red Hat http://people.redhat.com/~rjones
virt-top is 'top' for virtual machines.  Tiny program with many
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>From 3c1f762abed92f7a358f3bc93e3396d0606b18ad Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Richard W.M. Jones <rjones redhat com>
Date: Wed, 13 Apr 2011 22:35:35 +0100
Subject: [PATCH 2/2] inspect: Cache downloaded files in the handle g->tmpdir.

During inspection we download various files such as the Windows
'software' and 'system' registries.  Previously these were downloaded
as temporary files and discarded immediately after use.  This meant
that the 'software' registry was being downloaded twice by
virt-inspector (it's required once for basic OS inspection, and a
second time to list Windows applications).

This commit changes this so that these files are cached in g->tmpdir,
and thus the second time we just reuse the file we've already
downloaded.

Callers shouldn't be relying on inspect-list-applications to reread
the actual registry from the VM (unless you close and reopen the
handle).  It says in the documentation that the results of inspection
may be cached in the handle.
---
 src/inspect.c |  128 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------------------------
 1 files changed, 72 insertions(+), 56 deletions(-)

diff --git a/src/inspect.c b/src/inspect.c
index 16baf0b..c7182b4 100644
--- a/src/inspect.c
+++ b/src/inspect.c
@@ -23,6 +23,7 @@
 #include <stdint.h>
 #include <inttypes.h>
 #include <unistd.h>
+#include <fcntl.h>
 #include <string.h>
 #include <sys/stat.h>
 #include <errno.h>
@@ -243,7 +244,7 @@ static int add_fstab_entry (guestfs_h *g, struct inspect_fs *fs,
 static char *resolve_fstab_device (guestfs_h *g, const char *spec);
 static void check_package_format (guestfs_h *g, struct inspect_fs *fs);
 static void check_package_management (guestfs_h *g, struct inspect_fs *fs);
-static int download_to_tmp (guestfs_h *g, const char *filename, char *localtmp, int64_t max_size);
+static int download_to_tmp (guestfs_h *g, const char *filename, const char *basename, int64_t max_size);
 static int inspect_with_augeas (guestfs_h *g, struct inspect_fs *fs, const char *filename, int (*f) (guestfs_h *, struct inspect_fs *));
 static char *first_line_of_file (guestfs_h *g, const char *filename);
 static int first_egrep_of_file (guestfs_h *g, const char *filename, const char *eregex, int iflag, char **ret);
@@ -1482,7 +1483,10 @@ check_windows_arch (guestfs_h *g, struct inspect_fs *fs)
 static int
 check_windows_software_registry (guestfs_h *g, struct inspect_fs *fs)
 {
-  TMP_TEMPLATE_ON_STACK (software_local);
+  const char *basename = "software";
+  char tmpdir_basename[strlen (g->tmpdir) + strlen (basename) + 2];
+  snprintf (tmpdir_basename, sizeof tmpdir_basename, "%s/%s",
+            g->tmpdir, basename);
 
   size_t len = strlen (fs->windows_systemroot) + 64;
   char software[len];
@@ -1500,11 +1504,10 @@ check_windows_software_registry (guestfs_h *g, struct inspect_fs *fs)
   hive_h *h = NULL;
   hive_value_h *values = NULL;
 
-  if (download_to_tmp (g, software_path, software_local,
-                       MAX_REGISTRY_SIZE) == -1)
+  if (download_to_tmp (g, software_path, basename, MAX_REGISTRY_SIZE) == -1)
     goto out;
 
-  h = hivex_open (software_local, g->verbose ? HIVEX_OPEN_VERBOSE : 0);
+  h = hivex_open (tmpdir_basename, g->verbose ? HIVEX_OPEN_VERBOSE : 0);
   if (h == NULL) {
     perrorf (g, "hivex_open");
     goto out;
@@ -1589,17 +1592,16 @@ check_windows_software_registry (guestfs_h *g, struct inspect_fs *fs)
   free (values);
   free (software_path);
 
-  /* Free up the temporary file. */
-  unlink (software_local);
-#undef software_local_len
-
   return ret;
 }
 
 static int
 check_windows_system_registry (guestfs_h *g, struct inspect_fs *fs)
 {
-  TMP_TEMPLATE_ON_STACK (system_local);
+  const char *basename = "system";
+  char tmpdir_basename[strlen (g->tmpdir) + strlen (basename) + 2];
+  snprintf (tmpdir_basename, sizeof tmpdir_basename, "%s/%s",
+            g->tmpdir, basename);
 
   size_t len = strlen (fs->windows_systemroot) + 64;
   char system[len];
@@ -1620,10 +1622,10 @@ check_windows_system_registry (guestfs_h *g, struct inspect_fs *fs)
   int32_t dword;
   size_t i, count;
 
-  if (download_to_tmp (g, system_path, system_local, MAX_REGISTRY_SIZE) == -1)
+  if (download_to_tmp (g, system_path, basename, MAX_REGISTRY_SIZE) == -1)
     goto out;
 
-  h = hivex_open (system_local, g->verbose ? HIVEX_OPEN_VERBOSE : 0);
+  h = hivex_open (tmpdir_basename, g->verbose ? HIVEX_OPEN_VERBOSE : 0);
   if (h == NULL) {
     perrorf (g, "hivex_open");
     goto out;
@@ -1770,10 +1772,6 @@ check_windows_system_registry (guestfs_h *g, struct inspect_fs *fs)
   free (values);
   free (system_path);
 
-  /* Free up the temporary file. */
-  unlink (system_local);
-#undef system_local_len
-
   return ret;
 }
 
@@ -2490,19 +2488,22 @@ guestfs__inspect_list_applications (guestfs_h *g, const char *root)
 static struct guestfs_application_list *
 list_applications_rpm (guestfs_h *g, struct inspect_fs *fs)
 {
-  TMP_TEMPLATE_ON_STACK (tmpfile);
+  const char *basename = "rpm_Name";
+  char tmpdir_basename[strlen (g->tmpdir) + strlen (basename) + 2];
+  snprintf (tmpdir_basename, sizeof tmpdir_basename, "%s/%s",
+            g->tmpdir, basename);
 
-  if (download_to_tmp (g, "/var/lib/rpm/Name", tmpfile, MAX_PKG_DB_SIZE) == -1)
+  if (download_to_tmp (g, "/var/lib/rpm/Name", basename, MAX_PKG_DB_SIZE) == -1)
     return NULL;
 
   struct guestfs_application_list *apps = NULL, *ret = NULL;
-#define cmd_len (strlen (tmpfile) + 64)
+#define cmd_len (strlen (tmpdir_basename) + 64)
   char cmd[cmd_len];
   FILE *pp = NULL;
   char line[1024];
   size_t len;
 
-  snprintf (cmd, cmd_len, DB_DUMP " -p '%s'", tmpfile);
+  snprintf (cmd, cmd_len, DB_DUMP " -p '%s'", tmpdir_basename);
 
   debug (g, "list_applications_rpm: %s", cmd);
 
@@ -2581,8 +2582,6 @@ list_applications_rpm (guestfs_h *g, struct inspect_fs *fs)
     guestfs_free_application_list (apps);
   if (pp)
     pclose (pp);
-  unlink (tmpfile);
-#undef cmd_len
 
   return ret;
 }
@@ -2591,9 +2590,12 @@ list_applications_rpm (guestfs_h *g, struct inspect_fs *fs)
 static struct guestfs_application_list *
 list_applications_deb (guestfs_h *g, struct inspect_fs *fs)
 {
-  TMP_TEMPLATE_ON_STACK (tmpfile);
+  const char *basename = "deb_status";
+  char tmpdir_basename[strlen (g->tmpdir) + strlen (basename) + 2];
+  snprintf (tmpdir_basename, sizeof tmpdir_basename, "%s/%s",
+            g->tmpdir, basename);
 
-  if (download_to_tmp (g, "/var/lib/dpkg/status", tmpfile,
+  if (download_to_tmp (g, "/var/lib/dpkg/status", basename,
                        MAX_PKG_DB_SIZE) == -1)
     return NULL;
 
@@ -2604,9 +2606,9 @@ list_applications_deb (guestfs_h *g, struct inspect_fs *fs)
   char *name = NULL, *version = NULL, *release = NULL;
   int installed_flag = 0;
 
-  fp = fopen (tmpfile, "r");
+  fp = fopen (tmpdir_basename, "r");
   if (fp == NULL) {
-    perrorf (g, "fopen: %s", tmpfile);
+    perrorf (g, "fopen: %s", tmpdir_basename);
     goto out;
   }
 
@@ -2662,7 +2664,7 @@ list_applications_deb (guestfs_h *g, struct inspect_fs *fs)
   }
 
   if (fclose (fp) == -1) {
-    perrorf (g, "fclose: %s", tmpfile);
+    perrorf (g, "fclose: %s", tmpdir_basename);
     goto out;
   }
   fp = NULL;
@@ -2677,7 +2679,6 @@ list_applications_deb (guestfs_h *g, struct inspect_fs *fs)
   free (name);
   free (version);
   free (release);
-  unlink (tmpfile);
   return ret;
 }
 
@@ -2686,12 +2687,11 @@ static void list_applications_windows_from_path (guestfs_h *g, hive_h *h, struct
 static struct guestfs_application_list *
 list_applications_windows (guestfs_h *g, struct inspect_fs *fs)
 {
-  TMP_TEMPLATE_ON_STACK (software_local);
+  const char *basename = "software";
+  char tmpdir_basename[strlen (g->tmpdir) + strlen (basename) + 2];
+  snprintf (tmpdir_basename, sizeof tmpdir_basename, "%s/%s",
+            g->tmpdir, basename);
 
-  /* XXX We already download the SOFTWARE hive when doing general
-   * inspection.  We could avoid this second download of the same file
-   * by caching these entries in the handle.
-   */
   size_t len = strlen (fs->windows_systemroot) + 64;
   char software[len];
   snprintf (software, len, "%s/system32/config/software",
@@ -2700,21 +2700,20 @@ list_applications_windows (guestfs_h *g, struct inspect_fs *fs)
   char *software_path = case_sensitive_path_silently (g, software);
   if (!software_path)
     /* If the software hive doesn't exist, just accept that we cannot
-     * find product_name etc.
+     * list windows apps.
      */
     return 0;
 
   struct guestfs_application_list *ret = NULL;
   hive_h *h = NULL;
 
-  if (download_to_tmp (g, software_path, software_local,
-                       MAX_REGISTRY_SIZE) == -1)
+  if (download_to_tmp (g, software_path, basename, MAX_REGISTRY_SIZE) == -1)
     goto out;
 
   free (software_path);
   software_path = NULL;
 
-  h = hivex_open (software_local, g->verbose ? HIVEX_OPEN_VERBOSE : 0);
+  h = hivex_open (tmpdir_basename, g->verbose ? HIVEX_OPEN_VERBOSE : 0);
   if (h == NULL) {
     perrorf (g, "hivex_open");
     goto out;
@@ -2743,10 +2742,6 @@ list_applications_windows (guestfs_h *g, struct inspect_fs *fs)
   if (h) hivex_close (h);
   free (software_path);
 
-  /* Delete the temporary file. */
-  unlink (software_local);
-#undef software_local_len
-
   return ret;
 }
 
@@ -2881,49 +2876,70 @@ sort_applications (struct guestfs_application_list *apps)
            compare_applications);
 }
 
-/* Download to a guest file to a local temporary file.  Refuse to
+/* Download a guest file to a local temporary file.  The file is
+ * downloaded into g->tmpdir, unless it already exists in g->tmpdir.
+ * The final name will be g->tmpdir + "/" + basename.  Refuse to
  * download the guest file if it is larger than max_size.  The caller
- * is responsible for deleting the temporary file after use.
+ * does not need to delete the temporary file after use: it will be
+ * deleted when the handle is cleaned up.
  */
 static int
 download_to_tmp (guestfs_h *g, const char *filename,
-                 char *localtmp, int64_t max_size)
+                 const char *basename, int64_t max_size)
 {
-  int fd;
+  int tmpdirfd, fd, r = -1;
   char buf[32];
   int64_t size;
 
+  tmpdirfd = open (g->tmpdir, O_RDONLY);
+  if (tmpdirfd == -1) {
+    perrorf (g, _("%s: temporary directory not found"), g->tmpdir);
+    return -1;
+  }
+
+  /* If the file has already been downloaded, return. */
+  if (faccessat (tmpdirfd, basename, R_OK, 0) == 0) {
+    r = 0;
+    goto out;
+  }
+
+  /* Check size of remote file. */
   size = guestfs_filesize (g, filename);
   if (size == -1)
     /* guestfs_filesize failed and has already set error in handle */
-    return -1;
+    goto out;
   if (size > max_size) {
     error (g, _("size of %s is unreasonably large (%" PRIi64 " bytes)"),
            filename, size);
-    return -1;
+    goto out;
   }
 
-  fd = mkstemp (localtmp);
+  fd = openat (tmpdirfd, basename, O_WRONLY|O_CREAT|O_TRUNC|O_NOCTTY, 0600);
   if (fd == -1) {
-    perrorf (g, "mkstemp");
-    return -1;
+    perrorf (g, "openat: %s/%s", g->tmpdir, basename);
+    goto out;
   }
 
   snprintf (buf, sizeof buf, "/dev/fd/%d", fd);
 
   if (guestfs_download (g, filename, buf) == -1) {
+    unlinkat (tmpdirfd, basename, 0);
     close (fd);
-    unlink (localtmp);
-    return -1;
+    goto out;
   }
 
   if (close (fd) == -1) {
-    perrorf (g, "close: %s", localtmp);
-    unlink (localtmp);
-    return -1;
+    perrorf (g, "close: %s/%s", g->tmpdir, basename);
+    unlinkat (tmpdirfd, basename, 0);
+    goto out;
   }
 
-  return 0;
+  r = 0;
+ out:
+  if (tmpdirfd >= 0)
+    close (tmpdirfd);
+
+  return r;
 }
 
 /* Call 'f' with Augeas opened and having parsed 'filename' (this file
-- 
1.7.4.1


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