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[Libguestfs] [PATCH 1/2] New APIs: mount-local, mount-local-run, umount-local (FUSE support in the API).



From: "Richard W.M. Jones" <rjones redhat com>

Add FUSE support directly to the API.  Instead of needing to use the
external 'guestmount' command, you can mount the libguestfs filesystem
space on a local mountpoint using an API call from any language.
---
 configure.ac                   |   11 +-
 fuse/Makefile.am               |    2 -
 fuse/dircache.c                |  400 -----------
 fuse/dircache.h                |   46 --
 fuse/guestmount.c              |  965 ++-----------------------
 fuse/guestmount.h              |    2 -
 generator/generator_actions.ml |   59 ++
 gobject/Makefile.inc           |    4 +
 po/POTFILES.in                 |   39 +-
 src/Makefile.am                |    9 +-
 src/fuse.c                     | 1523 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 src/guestfs-internal.h         |   14 +
 src/guestfs.pod                |   52 ++
 13 files changed, 1775 insertions(+), 1351 deletions(-)
 delete mode 100644 fuse/dircache.c
 delete mode 100644 fuse/dircache.h
 create mode 100644 src/fuse.c

diff --git a/configure.ac b/configure.ac
index a16e9a6..90d14b9 100644
--- a/configure.ac
+++ b/configure.ac
@@ -696,9 +696,14 @@ AC_ARG_ENABLE([fuse],
         [],
         [enable_fuse=yes])
 AS_IF([test "x$enable_fuse" != "xno"],
-        [PKG_CHECK_MODULES([FUSE],[fuse],,[
-                enable_fuse=no
-                AC_MSG_WARN([FUSE library and headers are missing, so optional FUSE module won't be built])])])
+        [PKG_CHECK_MODULES([FUSE],[fuse],
+            [AC_SUBST([FUSE_CFLAGS])
+             AC_SUBST([FUSE_LIBS])
+             AC_DEFINE([HAVE_FUSE],[1],[Define to 1 if you have FUSE])],
+            [enable_fuse=no
+             AC_MSG_WARN([FUSE library and headers are missing, so optional FUSE module won't be built])
+            ])
+        ])
 AM_CONDITIONAL([HAVE_FUSE],[test "x$enable_fuse" != "xno"])
 
 dnl Check for C++ (optional, we just use this to test the header works).
diff --git a/fuse/Makefile.am b/fuse/Makefile.am
index 19c498b..f9d513b 100644
--- a/fuse/Makefile.am
+++ b/fuse/Makefile.am
@@ -37,8 +37,6 @@ SHARED_SOURCE_FILES = \
 
 guestmount_SOURCES = \
 	$(SHARED_SOURCE_FILES) \
-	dircache.c \
-	dircache.h \
 	guestmount.c \
 	guestmount.h
 
diff --git a/fuse/dircache.c b/fuse/dircache.c
deleted file mode 100644
index 771e313..0000000
--- a/fuse/dircache.c
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,400 +0,0 @@
-/* guestmount - mount guests using libguestfs and FUSE
- * Copyright (C) 2009 Red Hat Inc.
- *
- * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
- * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
- * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
- * (at your option) any later version.
- *
- * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
- * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
- * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
- * GNU General Public License for more details.
- *
- * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
- * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
- * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.
- *
- * Derived from the example program 'fusexmp.c':
- * Copyright (C) 2001-2007  Miklos Szeredi <miklos szeredi hu>
- *
- * This program can be distributed under the terms of the GNU GPL.
- * See the file COPYING.
- */
-
-#include <config.h>
-
-#include <stdio.h>
-#include <stdlib.h>
-#include <string.h>
-#include <time.h>
-#include <assert.h>
-#include <sys/time.h>
-#include <sys/types.h>
-
-#include <guestfs.h>
-
-#include "hash.h"
-#include "hash-pjw.h"
-
-#include "guestmount.h"
-#include "dircache.h"
-
-/* Note on attribute caching: FUSE can cache filesystem attributes for
- * short periods of time (configurable via -o attr_timeout).  It
- * doesn't cache xattrs, and in any case FUSE caching doesn't solve
- * the problem that we have to make a series of guestfs_lstat and
- * guestfs_lgetxattr calls when we first list a directory (thus, many
- * round trips).
- *
- * For this reason, we also implement a readdir cache here which is
- * invoked when a readdir call is made.  readdir is modified so that
- * as well as reading the directory, it also requests all the stat
- * structures, xattrs and readlinks of all entries in the directory,
- * and these are added to the cache here (for a short, configurable
- * period of time) in anticipation that they will be needed
- * immediately afterwards, which is usually the case when the user is
- * doing an "ls"-like operation.
- *
- * You can still use FUSE attribute caching on top of this mechanism
- * if you like.
- */
-
-struct lsc_entry {              /* lstat cache entry */
-  char *pathname;               /* full path to the file */
-  time_t timeout;               /* when this entry expires */
-  struct stat statbuf;          /* statbuf */
-};
-
-struct xac_entry {              /* xattr cache entry */
-  /* NB first two fields must be same as lsc_entry */
-  char *pathname;               /* full path to the file */
-  time_t timeout;               /* when this entry expires */
-  struct guestfs_xattr_list *xattrs;
-};
-
-struct rlc_entry {              /* readlink cache entry */
-  /* NB first two fields must be same as lsc_entry */
-  char *pathname;               /* full path to the file */
-  time_t timeout;               /* when this entry expires */
-  char *link;
-};
-
-static size_t
-gen_hash (void const *x, size_t table_size)
-{
-  struct lsc_entry const *p = x;
-  return hash_pjw (p->pathname, table_size);
-}
-
-static bool
-gen_compare (void const *x, void const *y)
-{
-  struct lsc_entry const *a = x;
-  struct lsc_entry const *b = y;
-  return STREQ (a->pathname, b->pathname);
-}
-
-static void
-lsc_free (void *x)
-{
-  if (x) {
-    struct lsc_entry *p = x;
-
-    free (p->pathname);
-    free (p);
-  }
-}
-
-static void
-xac_free (void *x)
-{
-  if (x) {
-    struct xac_entry *p = x;
-
-    guestfs_free_xattr_list (p->xattrs);
-    lsc_free (x);
-  }
-}
-
-static void
-rlc_free (void *x)
-{
-  if (x) {
-    struct rlc_entry *p = x;
-
-    free (p->link);
-    lsc_free (x);
-  }
-}
-
-static Hash_table *lsc_ht, *xac_ht, *rlc_ht;
-
-void
-init_dir_caches (void)
-{
-  lsc_ht = hash_initialize (1024, NULL, gen_hash, gen_compare, lsc_free);
-  xac_ht = hash_initialize (1024, NULL, gen_hash, gen_compare, xac_free);
-  rlc_ht = hash_initialize (1024, NULL, gen_hash, gen_compare, rlc_free);
-  if (!lsc_ht || !xac_ht || !rlc_ht) {
-    fprintf (stderr, "guestmount: could not initialize dir cache hashtables\n");
-    exit (EXIT_FAILURE);
-  }
-}
-
-void
-free_dir_caches (void)
-{
-  hash_free (lsc_ht);
-  hash_free (xac_ht);
-  hash_free (rlc_ht);
-}
-
-struct gen_remove_data {
-  time_t now;
-  Hash_table *ht;
-  Hash_data_freer freer;
-};
-
-static bool
-gen_remove_if_expired (void *x, void *data)
-{
-  /* XXX hash_do_for_each was observed calling this function
-   * with x == NULL.
-   */
-  if (x) {
-    struct lsc_entry *p = x;
-    struct gen_remove_data *d = data;
-
-    if (p->timeout < d->now) {
-      if (verbose)
-        fprintf (stderr, "dir cache: expiring entry %p (%s)\n",
-                 p, p->pathname);
-      d->freer (hash_delete (d->ht, x));
-    }
-  }
-
-  return 1;
-}
-
-static void
-gen_remove_all_expired (Hash_table *ht, Hash_data_freer freer, time_t now)
-{
-  struct gen_remove_data data;
-  data.now = now;
-  data.ht = ht;
-  data.freer = freer;
-
-  /* Careful reading of the documentation to hash _seems_ to indicate
-   * that this is safe, _provided_ we use the default thresholds (in
-   * particular, no shrink threshold).
-   */
-  hash_do_for_each (ht, gen_remove_if_expired, &data);
-}
-
-void
-dir_cache_remove_all_expired (time_t now)
-{
-  gen_remove_all_expired (lsc_ht, lsc_free, now);
-  gen_remove_all_expired (xac_ht, xac_free, now);
-  gen_remove_all_expired (rlc_ht, rlc_free, now);
-}
-
-static int
-gen_replace (Hash_table *ht, struct lsc_entry *new_entry, Hash_data_freer freer)
-{
-  struct lsc_entry *old_entry;
-
-  old_entry = hash_delete (ht, new_entry);
-  freer (old_entry);
-
-  if (verbose && old_entry)
-    fprintf (stderr, "dir cache: this entry replaced old entry %p (%s)\n",
-             old_entry, old_entry->pathname);
-
-  old_entry = hash_insert (ht, new_entry);
-  if (old_entry == NULL) {
-    perror ("hash_insert");
-    freer (new_entry);
-    return -1;
-  }
-  assert (old_entry == new_entry);
-
-  return 0;
-}
-
-int
-lsc_insert (const char *path, const char *name, time_t now,
-            struct stat const *statbuf)
-{
-  struct lsc_entry *entry;
-
-  entry = malloc (sizeof *entry);
-  if (entry == NULL) {
-    perror ("malloc");
-    return -1;
-  }
-
-  size_t len = strlen (path) + strlen (name) + 2;
-  entry->pathname = malloc (len);
-  if (entry->pathname == NULL) {
-    perror ("malloc");
-    free (entry);
-    return -1;
-  }
-  if (STREQ (path, "/"))
-    snprintf (entry->pathname, len, "/%s", name);
-  else
-    snprintf (entry->pathname, len, "%s/%s", path, name);
-
-  memcpy (&entry->statbuf, statbuf, sizeof entry->statbuf);
-
-  entry->timeout = now + dir_cache_timeout;
-
-  if (verbose)
-    fprintf (stderr, "dir cache: inserting lstat entry %p (%s)\n",
-             entry, entry->pathname);
-
-  return gen_replace (lsc_ht, entry, lsc_free);
-}
-
-int
-xac_insert (const char *path, const char *name, time_t now,
-            struct guestfs_xattr_list *xattrs)
-{
-  struct xac_entry *entry;
-
-  entry = malloc (sizeof *entry);
-  if (entry == NULL) {
-    perror ("malloc");
-    return -1;
-  }
-
-  size_t len = strlen (path) + strlen (name) + 2;
-  entry->pathname = malloc (len);
-  if (entry->pathname == NULL) {
-    perror ("malloc");
-    free (entry);
-    return -1;
-  }
-  if (STREQ (path, "/"))
-    snprintf (entry->pathname, len, "/%s", name);
-  else
-    snprintf (entry->pathname, len, "%s/%s", path, name);
-
-  entry->xattrs = xattrs;
-
-  entry->timeout = now + dir_cache_timeout;
-
-  if (verbose)
-    fprintf (stderr, "dir cache: inserting xattr entry %p (%s)\n",
-             entry, entry->pathname);
-
-  return gen_replace (xac_ht, (struct lsc_entry *) entry, xac_free);
-}
-
-int
-rlc_insert (const char *path, const char *name, time_t now,
-            char *link)
-{
-  struct rlc_entry *entry;
-
-  entry = malloc (sizeof *entry);
-  if (entry == NULL) {
-    perror ("malloc");
-    return -1;
-  }
-
-  size_t len = strlen (path) + strlen (name) + 2;
-  entry->pathname = malloc (len);
-  if (entry->pathname == NULL) {
-    perror ("malloc");
-    free (entry);
-    return -1;
-  }
-  if (STREQ (path, "/"))
-    snprintf (entry->pathname, len, "/%s", name);
-  else
-    snprintf (entry->pathname, len, "%s/%s", path, name);
-
-  entry->link = link;
-
-  entry->timeout = now + dir_cache_timeout;
-
-  if (verbose)
-    fprintf (stderr, "dir cache: inserting readlink entry %p (%s)\n",
-             entry, entry->pathname);
-
-  return gen_replace (rlc_ht, (struct lsc_entry *) entry, rlc_free);
-}
-
-const struct stat *
-lsc_lookup (const char *pathname)
-{
-  const struct lsc_entry key = { .pathname = bad_cast (pathname) };
-  struct lsc_entry *entry;
-  time_t now;
-
-  time (&now);
-
-  entry = hash_lookup (lsc_ht, &key);
-  if (entry && entry->timeout >= now)
-    return &entry->statbuf;
-  else
-    return NULL;
-}
-
-const struct guestfs_xattr_list *
-xac_lookup (const char *pathname)
-{
-  const struct xac_entry key = { .pathname = bad_cast (pathname) };
-  struct xac_entry *entry;
-  time_t now;
-
-  time (&now);
-
-  entry = hash_lookup (xac_ht, &key);
-  if (entry && entry->timeout >= now)
-    return entry->xattrs;
-  else
-    return NULL;
-}
-
-const char *
-rlc_lookup (const char *pathname)
-{
-  const struct rlc_entry key = { .pathname = bad_cast (pathname) };
-  struct rlc_entry *entry;
-  time_t now;
-
-  time (&now);
-
-  entry = hash_lookup (rlc_ht, &key);
-  if (entry && entry->timeout >= now)
-    return entry->link;
-  else
-    return NULL;
-}
-
-static void
-lsc_remove (Hash_table *ht, const char *pathname, Hash_data_freer freer)
-{
-  const struct lsc_entry key = { .pathname = bad_cast (pathname) };
-  struct lsc_entry *entry;
-
-  entry = hash_delete (ht, &key);
-
-  if (verbose && entry)
-    fprintf (stderr, "dir cache: invalidating entry %p (%s)\n",
-             entry, entry->pathname);
-
-  freer (entry);
-}
-
-void
-dir_cache_invalidate (const char *path)
-{
-  lsc_remove (lsc_ht, path, lsc_free);
-  lsc_remove (xac_ht, path, xac_free);
-  lsc_remove (rlc_ht, path, rlc_free);
-}
diff --git a/fuse/dircache.h b/fuse/dircache.h
deleted file mode 100644
index 76ee930..0000000
--- a/fuse/dircache.h
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,46 +0,0 @@
-/* guestmount - mount guests using libguestfs and FUSE
- * Copyright (C) 2009 Red Hat Inc.
- *
- * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
- * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
- * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
- * (at your option) any later version.
- *
- * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
- * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
- * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
- * GNU General Public License for more details.
- *
- * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
- * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
- * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.
- *
- * Derived from the example program 'fusexmp.c':
- * Copyright (C) 2001-2007  Miklos Szeredi <miklos szeredi hu>
- *
- * This program can be distributed under the terms of the GNU GPL.
- * See the file COPYING.
- */
-
-#ifndef GUESTMOUNT_DIRCACHE_H
-#define GUESTMOUNT_DIRCACHE_H 1
-
-#include <time.h>
-#include <sys/stat.h>
-#include <guestfs.h>
-
-extern void init_dir_caches (void);
-extern void free_dir_caches (void);
-extern void dir_cache_remove_all_expired (time_t now);
-extern void dir_cache_invalidate (const char *path);
-
-extern int lsc_insert (const char *path, const char *name, time_t now, struct stat const *statbuf);
-extern int xac_insert (const char *path, const char *name, time_t now, struct guestfs_xattr_list *xattrs);
-extern int rlc_insert (const char *path, const char *name, time_t now, char *link);
-extern const struct stat *lsc_lookup (const char *pathname);
-extern const struct guestfs_xattr_list *xac_lookup (const char *pathname);
-extern const char *rlc_lookup (const char *pathname);
-
-extern int dir_cache_timeout;
-
-#endif /* GUESTMOUNT_DIRCACHE_H */
diff --git a/fuse/guestmount.c b/fuse/guestmount.c
index f6c3463..7c5e0af 100644
--- a/fuse/guestmount.c
+++ b/fuse/guestmount.c
@@ -14,12 +14,6 @@
  * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
  * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
  * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.
- *
- * Derived from the example program 'fusexmp.c':
- * Copyright (C) 2001-2007  Miklos Szeredi <miklos szeredi hu>
- *
- * This program can be distributed under the terms of the GNU GPL.
- * See the file COPYING.
  */
 
 #define FUSE_USE_VERSION 26
@@ -33,30 +27,18 @@
 #include <string.h>
 #include <unistd.h>
 #include <getopt.h>
-#include <fcntl.h>
-#include <dirent.h>
-#include <errno.h>
 #include <signal.h>
-#include <time.h>
-#include <assert.h>
-#include <sys/time.h>
-#include <sys/types.h>
-#include <locale.h>
-#include <libintl.h>
 
+/* We're still using some of FUSE to handle command line options. */
 #include <fuse.h>
-#include <guestfs.h>
+
+#include "guestfs.h"
 
 #include "progname.h"
+#include "ignore-value.h"
 
 #include "guestmount.h"
 #include "options.h"
-#include "dircache.h"
-
-/* See <attr/xattr.h> */
-#ifndef ENOATTR
-#define ENOATTR ENODATA
-#endif
 
 guestfs_h *g = NULL;
 int read_only = 0;
@@ -66,838 +48,13 @@ int inspector = 0;
 int keys_from_stdin = 0;
 int echo_keys = 0;
 const char *libvirt_uri;
-int dir_cache_timeout = 60;
-static int trace_calls = 0;
-
-#define TRACE_CALL(fs,...)                                              \
-  if (trace_calls) {                                                    \
-    fprintf (stderr, "%s: %s (" fs ")\n",                               \
-             program_name, __func__, __VA_ARGS__);                      \
-  }
-
-static int
-error (void)
-{
-  return -guestfs_last_errno (g);
-}
-
-static struct guestfs_xattr_list *
-copy_xattr_list (const struct guestfs_xattr *first, size_t num)
-{
-  struct guestfs_xattr_list *xattrs;
-
-  xattrs = malloc (sizeof *xattrs);
-  if (xattrs == NULL) {
-    perror ("malloc");
-    return NULL;
-  }
-
-  xattrs->len = num;
-  xattrs->val = malloc (num * sizeof (struct guestfs_xattr));
-  if (xattrs->val == NULL) {
-    perror ("malloc");
-    free (xattrs);
-    return NULL;
-  }
-
-  size_t i;
-  for (i = 0; i < num; ++i) {
-    xattrs->val[i].attrname = strdup (first[i].attrname);
-    xattrs->val[i].attrval_len = first[i].attrval_len;
-    xattrs->val[i].attrval = malloc (first[i].attrval_len);
-    memcpy (xattrs->val[i].attrval, first[i].attrval, first[i].attrval_len);
-  }
-
-  return xattrs;
-}
-
-static int
-fg_readdir (const char *path, void *buf, fuse_fill_dir_t filler,
-            off_t offset, struct fuse_file_info *fi)
-{
-  TRACE_CALL ("%s, %p, %ld", path, buf, (long) offset);
-
-  time_t now;
-  time (&now);
-
-  dir_cache_remove_all_expired (now);
-
-  struct guestfs_dirent_list *ents;
-
-  ents = guestfs_readdir (g, path);
-  if (ents == NULL)
-    return error ();
-
-  size_t i;
-  for (i = 0; i < ents->len; ++i) {
-    struct stat stat;
-    memset (&stat, 0, sizeof stat);
-
-    stat.st_ino = ents->val[i].ino;
-    switch (ents->val[i].ftyp) {
-    case 'b': stat.st_mode = S_IFBLK; break;
-    case 'c': stat.st_mode = S_IFCHR; break;
-    case 'd': stat.st_mode = S_IFDIR; break;
-    case 'f': stat.st_mode = S_IFIFO; break;
-    case 'l': stat.st_mode = S_IFLNK; break;
-    case 'r': stat.st_mode = S_IFREG; break;
-    case 's': stat.st_mode = S_IFSOCK; break;
-    case 'u':
-    case '?':
-    default:  stat.st_mode = 0;
-    }
-
-    /* Copied from the example, which also ignores 'offset'.  I'm
-     * not quite sure how this is ever supposed to work on large
-     * directories. XXX
-     */
-    if (filler (buf, ents->val[i].name, &stat, 0))
-      break;
-  }
-
-  /* Now prepopulate the directory caches.  This step is just an
-   * optimization, don't worry if it fails.
-   */
-  char **names = malloc ((ents->len + 1) * sizeof (char *));
-  if (names) {
-    for (i = 0; i < ents->len; ++i)
-      names[i] = ents->val[i].name;
-    names[i] = NULL;
-
-    struct guestfs_stat_list *ss = guestfs_lstatlist (g, path, names);
-    if (ss) {
-      for (i = 0; i < ss->len; ++i) {
-        if (ss->val[i].ino >= 0) {
-          struct stat statbuf;
-
-          statbuf.st_dev = ss->val[i].dev;
-          statbuf.st_ino = ss->val[i].ino;
-          statbuf.st_mode = ss->val[i].mode;
-          statbuf.st_nlink = ss->val[i].nlink;
-          statbuf.st_uid = ss->val[i].uid;
-          statbuf.st_gid = ss->val[i].gid;
-          statbuf.st_rdev = ss->val[i].rdev;
-          statbuf.st_size = ss->val[i].size;
-          statbuf.st_blksize = ss->val[i].blksize;
-          statbuf.st_blocks = ss->val[i].blocks;
-          statbuf.st_atime = ss->val[i].atime;
-          statbuf.st_mtime = ss->val[i].mtime;
-          statbuf.st_ctime = ss->val[i].ctime;
-
-          lsc_insert (path, names[i], now, &statbuf);
-        }
-      }
-      guestfs_free_stat_list (ss);
-    }
-
-    struct guestfs_xattr_list *xattrs = guestfs_lxattrlist (g, path, names);
-    if (xattrs) {
-      size_t ni, num;
-      struct guestfs_xattr *first;
-      struct guestfs_xattr_list *copy;
-      for (i = 0, ni = 0; i < xattrs->len; ++i, ++ni) {
-        assert (strlen (xattrs->val[i].attrname) == 0);
-        if (xattrs->val[i].attrval_len > 0) {
-          ++i;
-          first = &xattrs->val[i];
-          num = 0;
-          for (; i < xattrs->len && strlen (xattrs->val[i].attrname) > 0; ++i)
-            num++;
-
-          copy = copy_xattr_list (first, num);
-          if (copy)
-            xac_insert (path, names[ni], now, copy);
-
-          i--;
-        }
-      }
-      guestfs_free_xattr_list (xattrs);
-    }
-
-    char **links = guestfs_readlinklist (g, path, names);
-    if (links) {
-      for (i = 0; names[i] != NULL; ++i) {
-        if (links[i][0])
-          /* Note that rlc_insert owns the string links[i] after this, */
-          rlc_insert (path, names[i], now, links[i]);
-        else
-          /* which is why we have to free links[i] here. */
-          free (links[i]);
-      }
-      free (links);             /* free the array, not the strings */
-    }
-
-    free (names);
-  }
-
-  guestfs_free_dirent_list (ents);
-
-  return 0;
-}
-
-static int
-fg_getattr (const char *path, struct stat *statbuf)
-{
-  TRACE_CALL ("%s, %p", path, statbuf);
-
-  const struct stat *buf;
-
-  buf = lsc_lookup (path);
-  if (buf) {
-    memcpy (statbuf, buf, sizeof *statbuf);
-    return 0;
-  }
-
-  struct guestfs_stat *r;
-
-  r = guestfs_lstat (g, path);
-  if (r == NULL)
-    return error ();
-
-  statbuf->st_dev = r->dev;
-  statbuf->st_ino = r->ino;
-  statbuf->st_mode = r->mode;
-  statbuf->st_nlink = r->nlink;
-  statbuf->st_uid = r->uid;
-  statbuf->st_gid = r->gid;
-  statbuf->st_rdev = r->rdev;
-  statbuf->st_size = r->size;
-  statbuf->st_blksize = r->blksize;
-  statbuf->st_blocks = r->blocks;
-  statbuf->st_atime = r->atime;
-  statbuf->st_mtime = r->mtime;
-  statbuf->st_ctime = r->ctime;
-
-  guestfs_free_stat (r);
-
-  return 0;
-}
-
-/* Nautilus loves to use access(2) to test everything about a file,
- * such as whether it's executable.  Therefore treat this a lot like
- * fg_getattr.
- */
-static int
-fg_access (const char *path, int mask)
-{
-  TRACE_CALL ("%s, %d", path, mask);
-
-  struct stat statbuf;
-  int r;
-
-  if (read_only && (mask & W_OK))
-    return -EROFS;
-
-  r = fg_getattr (path, &statbuf);
-  if (r < 0 || mask == F_OK)
-    return r;
-
-  struct fuse_context *fuse = fuse_get_context ();
-  int ok = 1;
-
-  if (mask & R_OK)
-    ok = ok &&
-      (  fuse->uid == statbuf.st_uid ? statbuf.st_mode & S_IRUSR
-       : fuse->gid == statbuf.st_gid ? statbuf.st_mode & S_IRGRP
-       : statbuf.st_mode & S_IROTH);
-  if (mask & W_OK)
-    ok = ok &&
-      (  fuse->uid == statbuf.st_uid ? statbuf.st_mode & S_IWUSR
-       : fuse->gid == statbuf.st_gid ? statbuf.st_mode & S_IWGRP
-       : statbuf.st_mode & S_IWOTH);
-  if (mask & X_OK)
-    ok = ok &&
-      (  fuse->uid == statbuf.st_uid ? statbuf.st_mode & S_IXUSR
-       : fuse->gid == statbuf.st_gid ? statbuf.st_mode & S_IXGRP
-       : statbuf.st_mode & S_IXOTH);
-
-  return ok ? 0 : -EACCES;
-}
-
-static int
-fg_readlink (const char *path, char *buf, size_t size)
-{
-  TRACE_CALL ("%s, %p, %zu", path, buf, size);
-
-  const char *r;
-  int free_it = 0;
-
-  r = rlc_lookup (path);
-  if (!r) {
-    r = guestfs_readlink (g, path);
-    if (r == NULL)
-      return error ();
-    free_it = 1;
-  }
-
-  /* Note this is different from the real readlink(2) syscall.  FUSE wants
-   * the string to be always nul-terminated, even if truncated.
-   */
-  size_t len = strlen (r);
-  if (len > size - 1)
-    len = size - 1;
-
-  memcpy (buf, r, len);
-  buf[len] = '\0';
-
-  if (free_it) {
-    char *tmp = (char *) r;
-    free (tmp);
-  }
-
-  return 0;
-}
-
-static int
-fg_mknod (const char *path, mode_t mode, dev_t rdev)
-{
-  TRACE_CALL ("%s, 0%o, 0x%lx", path, mode, (long) rdev);
-
-  int r;
-
-  if (read_only) return -EROFS;
-
-  dir_cache_invalidate (path);
-
-  r = guestfs_mknod (g, mode, major (rdev), minor (rdev), path);
-  if (r == -1)
-    return error ();
-
-  return 0;
-}
-
-static int
-fg_mkdir (const char *path, mode_t mode)
-{
-  TRACE_CALL ("%s, 0%o", path, mode);
-
-  int r;
-
-  if (read_only) return -EROFS;
-
-  dir_cache_invalidate (path);
-
-  r = guestfs_mkdir_mode (g, path, mode);
-  if (r == -1)
-    return error ();
-
-  return 0;
-}
-
-static int
-fg_unlink (const char *path)
-{
-  TRACE_CALL ("%s", path);
-
-  int r;
-
-  if (read_only) return -EROFS;
-
-  dir_cache_invalidate (path);
-
-  r = guestfs_rm (g, path);
-  if (r == -1)
-    return error ();
-
-  return 0;
-}
-
-static int
-fg_rmdir (const char *path)
-{
-  TRACE_CALL ("%s", path);
-
-  int r;
-
-  if (read_only) return -EROFS;
-
-  dir_cache_invalidate (path);
-
-  r = guestfs_rmdir (g, path);
-  if (r == -1)
-    return error ();
-
-  return 0;
-}
-
-static int
-fg_symlink (const char *from, const char *to)
-{
-  TRACE_CALL ("%s, %s", from, to);
-
-  int r;
-
-  if (read_only) return -EROFS;
-
-  dir_cache_invalidate (to);
-
-  r = guestfs_ln_s (g, from, to);
-  if (r == -1)
-    return error ();
-
-  return 0;
-}
-
-static int
-fg_rename (const char *from, const char *to)
-{
-  TRACE_CALL ("%s, %s", from, to);
-
-  int r;
-
-  if (read_only) return -EROFS;
-
-  dir_cache_invalidate (from);
-  dir_cache_invalidate (to);
-
-  /* XXX It's not clear how close the 'mv' command is to the
-   * rename syscall.  We might need to add the rename syscall
-   * to the guestfs(3) API.
-   */
-  r = guestfs_mv (g, from, to);
-  if (r == -1)
-    return error ();
-
-  return 0;
-}
-
-static int
-fg_link (const char *from, const char *to)
-{
-  TRACE_CALL ("%s, %s", from, to);
-
-  int r;
-
-  if (read_only) return -EROFS;
-
-  dir_cache_invalidate (from);
-  dir_cache_invalidate (to);
-
-  r = guestfs_ln (g, from, to);
-  if (r == -1)
-    return error ();
-
-  return 0;
-}
-
-static int
-fg_chmod (const char *path, mode_t mode)
-{
-  TRACE_CALL ("%s, 0%o", path, mode);
-
-  int r;
-
-  if (read_only) return -EROFS;
-
-  dir_cache_invalidate (path);
-
-  r = guestfs_chmod (g, mode, path);
-  if (r == -1)
-    return error ();
-
-  return 0;
-}
-
-static int
-fg_chown (const char *path, uid_t uid, gid_t gid)
-{
-  TRACE_CALL ("%s, %ld, %ld", path, (long) uid, (long) gid);
-
-  int r;
-
-  if (read_only) return -EROFS;
-
-  dir_cache_invalidate (path);
-
-  r = guestfs_lchown (g, uid, gid, path);
-  if (r == -1)
-    return error ();
-
-  return 0;
-}
-
-static int
-fg_truncate (const char *path, off_t size)
-{
-  TRACE_CALL ("%s, %ld", path, (long) size);
-
-  int r;
-
-  if (read_only) return -EROFS;
-
-  dir_cache_invalidate (path);
-
-  r = guestfs_truncate_size (g, path, size);
-  if (r == -1)
-    return error ();
-
-  return 0;
-}
-
-static int
-fg_utimens (const char *path, const struct timespec ts[2])
-{
-  TRACE_CALL ("%s, [{ %ld, %ld }, { %ld, %ld }]",
-              path, ts[0].tv_sec, ts[0].tv_nsec, ts[1].tv_sec, ts[1].tv_nsec);
-
-  int r;
-
-  if (read_only) return -EROFS;
-
-  dir_cache_invalidate (path);
-
-  time_t atsecs = ts[0].tv_sec;
-  long atnsecs = ts[0].tv_nsec;
-  time_t mtsecs = ts[1].tv_sec;
-  long mtnsecs = ts[1].tv_nsec;
-
-#ifdef UTIME_NOW
-  if (atnsecs == UTIME_NOW)
-    atnsecs = -1;
-#endif
-#ifdef UTIME_OMIT
-  if (atnsecs == UTIME_OMIT)
-    atnsecs = -2;
-#endif
-#ifdef UTIME_NOW
-  if (mtnsecs == UTIME_NOW)
-    mtnsecs = -1;
-#endif
-#ifdef UTIME_OMIT
-  if (mtnsecs == UTIME_OMIT)
-    mtnsecs = -2;
-#endif
-
-  r = guestfs_utimens (g, path, atsecs, atnsecs, mtsecs, mtnsecs);
-  if (r == -1)
-    return error ();
-
-  return 0;
-}
-
-/* All this function needs to do is to check that the requested open
- * flags are valid.  See the notes in <fuse/fuse.h>.
- */
-static int
-fg_open (const char *path, struct fuse_file_info *fi)
-{
-  TRACE_CALL ("%s, 0%o", path, fi->flags);
-
-  int flags = fi->flags & O_ACCMODE;
-
-  if (read_only && flags != O_RDONLY)
-    return -EROFS;
-
-  return 0;
-}
-
-static int
-fg_read (const char *path, char *buf, size_t size, off_t offset,
-         struct fuse_file_info *fi)
-{
-  TRACE_CALL ("%s, %p, %zu, %ld", path, buf, size, (long) offset);
-
-  char *r;
-  size_t rsize;
-
-  if (verbose)
-    fprintf (stderr, "fg_read: %s: size %zu offset %ju\n",
-             path, size, offset);
-
-  /* The guestfs protocol limits size to somewhere over 2MB.  We just
-   * reduce the requested size here accordingly and push the problem
-   * up to every user.  http://www.jwz.org/doc/worse-is-better.html
-   */
-  const size_t limit = 2 * 1024 * 1024;
-  if (size > limit)
-    size = limit;
-
-  r = guestfs_pread (g, path, size, offset, &rsize);
-  if (r == NULL)
-    return error ();
-
-  /* This should never happen, but at least it stops us overflowing
-   * the output buffer if it does happen.
-   */
-  if (rsize > size)
-    rsize = size;
-
-  memcpy (buf, r, rsize);
-  free (r);
-
-  return rsize;
-}
-
-static int
-fg_write (const char *path, const char *buf, size_t size,
-          off_t offset, struct fuse_file_info *fi)
-{
-  TRACE_CALL ("%s, %p, %zu, %ld", path, buf, size, (long) offset);
-
-  if (read_only) return -EROFS;
-
-  dir_cache_invalidate (path);
-
-  /* See fg_read. */
-  const size_t limit = 2 * 1024 * 1024;
-  if (size > limit)
-    size = limit;
-
-  int r;
-  r = guestfs_pwrite (g, path, buf, size, offset);
-  if (r == -1)
-    return error ();
-
-  return r;
-}
-
-static int
-fg_statfs (const char *path, struct statvfs *stbuf)
-{
-  TRACE_CALL ("%s, %p", path, stbuf);
-
-  struct guestfs_statvfs *r;
-
-  r = guestfs_statvfs (g, path);
-  if (r == NULL)
-    return error ();
-
-  stbuf->f_bsize = r->bsize;
-  stbuf->f_frsize = r->frsize;
-  stbuf->f_blocks = r->blocks;
-  stbuf->f_bfree = r->bfree;
-  stbuf->f_bavail = r->bavail;
-  stbuf->f_files = r->files;
-  stbuf->f_ffree = r->ffree;
-  stbuf->f_favail = r->favail;
-  stbuf->f_fsid = r->fsid;
-  stbuf->f_flag = r->flag;
-  stbuf->f_namemax = r->namemax;
-
-  guestfs_free_statvfs (r);
-
-  return 0;
-}
-
-static int
-fg_release (const char *path, struct fuse_file_info *fi)
-{
-  TRACE_CALL ("%s", path);
-
-  /* Just a stub. This method is optional and can safely be left
-   * unimplemented.
-   */
-  return 0;
-}
-
-/* Emulate this by calling sync. */
-static int fg_fsync(const char *path, int isdatasync,
-                     struct fuse_file_info *fi)
-{
-  TRACE_CALL ("%s, %d", path, isdatasync);
-
-  int r;
-
-  r = guestfs_sync (g);
-  if (r == -1)
-    return error ();
-
-  return 0;
-}
-
-static int
-fg_setxattr (const char *path, const char *name, const char *value,
-             size_t size, int flags)
-{
-  TRACE_CALL ("%s, %s, %p, %zu", path, name, value, size);
-
-  int r;
-
-  if (read_only) return -EROFS;
-
-  dir_cache_invalidate (path);
-
-  /* XXX Underlying guestfs(3) API doesn't understand the flags. */
-  r = guestfs_lsetxattr (g, name, value, size, path);
-  if (r == -1)
-    return error ();
-
-  return 0;
-}
-
-/* The guestfs(3) API for getting xattrs is much easier to use
- * than the real syscall.  Unfortunately we now have to emulate
- * the real syscall using that API :-(
- */
-static int
-fg_getxattr (const char *path, const char *name, char *value,
-             size_t size)
-{
-  TRACE_CALL ("%s, %s, %p, %zu", path, name, value, size);
-
-  const struct guestfs_xattr_list *xattrs;
-  int free_attrs = 0;
-
-  xattrs = xac_lookup (path);
-  if (xattrs == NULL) {
-    xattrs = guestfs_lgetxattrs (g, path);
-    if (xattrs == NULL)
-      return error ();
-    free_attrs = 1;
-  }
-
-  /* Find the matching attribute (index in 'i'). */
-  ssize_t r;
-  size_t i;
-  for (i = 0; i < xattrs->len; ++i) {
-    if (STREQ (xattrs->val[i].attrname, name))
-      break;
-  }
-
-  if (i == xattrs->len) {       /* not found */
-    r = -ENOATTR;
-    goto out;
-  }
-
-  /* The getxattr man page is unclear, but if value == NULL then we
-   * return the space required (the caller then makes a second syscall
-   * after allocating the required amount of space).  If value != NULL
-   * then it's not clear what we should do, but it appears we should
-   * copy as much as possible and return -ERANGE if there's not enough
-   * space in the buffer.
-   */
-  size_t sz = xattrs->val[i].attrval_len;
-  if (value == NULL) {
-    r = sz;
-    goto out;
-  }
-
-  if (sz <= size)
-    r = sz;
-  else {
-    r = -ERANGE;
-    sz = size;
-  }
-  memcpy (value, xattrs->val[i].attrval, sz);
-
-out:
-  if (free_attrs)
-    guestfs_free_xattr_list ((struct guestfs_xattr_list *) xattrs);
-
-  return r;
-}
-
-/* Ditto as above. */
-static int
-fg_listxattr (const char *path, char *list, size_t size)
-{
-  TRACE_CALL ("%s, %p, %zu", path, list, size);
-
-  const struct guestfs_xattr_list *xattrs;
-  int free_attrs = 0;
-
-  xattrs = xac_lookup (path);
-  if (xattrs == NULL) {
-    xattrs = guestfs_lgetxattrs (g, path);
-    if (xattrs == NULL)
-      return error ();
-    free_attrs = 1;
-  }
-
-  /* Calculate how much space is required to hold the result. */
-  size_t space = 0;
-  size_t len;
-  size_t i;
-  for (i = 0; i < xattrs->len; ++i) {
-    len = strlen (xattrs->val[i].attrname) + 1;
-    space += len;
-  }
-
-  /* The listxattr man page is unclear, but if list == NULL then we
-   * return the space required (the caller then makes a second syscall
-   * after allocating the required amount of space).  If list != NULL
-   * then it's not clear what we should do, but it appears we should
-   * copy as much as possible and return -ERANGE if there's not enough
-   * space in the buffer.
-   */
-  ssize_t r;
-  if (list == NULL) {
-    r = space;
-    goto out;
-  }
-
-  r = 0;
-  for (i = 0; i < xattrs->len; ++i) {
-    len = strlen (xattrs->val[i].attrname) + 1;
-    if (size >= len) {
-      memcpy (list, xattrs->val[i].attrname, len);
-      size -= len;
-      list += len;
-      r += len;
-    } else {
-      r = -ERANGE;
-      break;
-    }
-  }
-
- out:
-  if (free_attrs)
-    guestfs_free_xattr_list ((struct guestfs_xattr_list *) xattrs);
-
-  return r;
-}
-
-static int
-fg_removexattr(const char *path, const char *name)
-{
-  TRACE_CALL ("%s, %s", path, name);
-
-  int r;
-
-  if (read_only) return -EROFS;
-
-  dir_cache_invalidate (path);
-
-  r = guestfs_lremovexattr (g, name, path);
-  if (r == -1)
-    return error ();
-
-  return 0;
-}
-
-static struct fuse_operations fg_operations = {
-  .getattr	= fg_getattr,
-  .access	= fg_access,
-  .readlink	= fg_readlink,
-  .readdir	= fg_readdir,
-  .mknod	= fg_mknod,
-  .mkdir	= fg_mkdir,
-  .symlink	= fg_symlink,
-  .unlink	= fg_unlink,
-  .rmdir	= fg_rmdir,
-  .rename	= fg_rename,
-  .link		= fg_link,
-  .chmod	= fg_chmod,
-  .chown	= fg_chown,
-  .truncate	= fg_truncate,
-  .utimens	= fg_utimens,
-  .open		= fg_open,
-  .read		= fg_read,
-  .write	= fg_write,
-  .statfs	= fg_statfs,
-  .release	= fg_release,
-  .fsync	= fg_fsync,
-  .setxattr	= fg_setxattr,
-  .getxattr	= fg_getxattr,
-  .listxattr	= fg_listxattr,
-  .removexattr	= fg_removexattr,
-};
 
 static void __attribute__((noreturn))
 fuse_help (void)
 {
+  static struct fuse_operations null_operations;
   const char *tmp_argv[] = { program_name, "--help", NULL };
-  fuse_main (2, (char **) tmp_argv, &fg_operations, NULL);
+  fuse_main (2, (char **) tmp_argv, &null_operations, NULL);
   exit (EXIT_SUCCESS);
 }
 
@@ -990,20 +147,12 @@ main (int argc, char *argv[])
   int option_index;
   struct sigaction sa;
 
-  size_t fuse_argc = 0;
-  const char **fuse_argv = NULL;
+  int debug_calls = 0;
+  int dir_cache_timeout = -1;
+  int do_fork = 1;
+  char *fuse_options = NULL;
 
-#define ADD_FUSE_ARG(str)                                               \
-  do {                                                                  \
-    fuse_argc ++;                                                       \
-    fuse_argv = realloc (fuse_argv, (1+fuse_argc) * sizeof (char *));   \
-    if (!fuse_argv) {                                                   \
-      perror ("realloc");                                               \
-      exit (EXIT_FAILURE);                                                         \
-    }                                                                   \
-    fuse_argv[fuse_argc-1] = (str);                                     \
-    fuse_argv[fuse_argc] = NULL;                                        \
-  } while (0)
+  struct guestfs_mount_local_argv optargs;
 
   /* LC_ALL=C is required so we can parse error messages. */
   setenv ("LC_ALL", "C", 1);
@@ -1016,24 +165,12 @@ main (int argc, char *argv[])
   sa.sa_flags = SA_RESTART;
   sigaction (SIGPIPE, &sa, NULL);
 
-  /* Various initialization. */
-  init_dir_caches ();
-
   g = guestfs_create ();
   if (g == NULL) {
     fprintf (stderr, _("guestfs_create: failed to create handle\n"));
     exit (EXIT_FAILURE);
   }
 
-  guestfs_set_recovery_proc (g, 0);
-
-  ADD_FUSE_ARG (program_name);
-  /* MUST be single-threaded.  You cannot have two threads accessing the
-   * same libguestfs handle, and opening more than one handle is likely
-   * to be very expensive.
-   */
-  ADD_FUSE_ARG ("-s");
-
   for (;;) {
     c = getopt_long (argc, argv, options, long_options, &option_index);
     if (c == -1) break;
@@ -1089,8 +226,7 @@ main (int argc, char *argv[])
       break;
 
     case 'o':
-      ADD_FUSE_ARG ("-o");
-      ADD_FUSE_ARG (optarg);
+      fuse_opt_add_opt_escaped (&fuse_options, optarg);
       break;
 
     case 'r':
@@ -1111,9 +247,8 @@ main (int argc, char *argv[])
 
     case 'x':
       OPTION_x;
-      ADD_FUSE_ARG ("-f");
-      guestfs_set_recovery_proc (g, 1);
-      trace_calls = 1;
+      debug_calls = 1;
+      do_fork = 0;
       break;
 
     case HELP_OPTION:
@@ -1181,6 +316,9 @@ main (int argc, char *argv[])
     exit (EXIT_FAILURE);
   }
 
+  /* If we're forking, we can't use the recovery process. */
+  guestfs_set_recovery_proc (g, !do_fork);
+
   /* Do the guest drives and mountpoints. */
   add_drives (drvs, 'a');
   if (guestfs_launch (g) == -1)
@@ -1196,36 +334,71 @@ main (int argc, char *argv[])
   if (guestfs_umask (g, 0) == -1)
     exit (EXIT_FAILURE);
 
+  optargs.bitmask = 0;
+  if (read_only) {
+    optargs.bitmask |= GUESTFS_MOUNT_LOCAL_READONLY_BITMASK;
+    optargs.readonly = 1;
+  }
+  if (debug_calls) {
+    optargs.bitmask |= GUESTFS_MOUNT_LOCAL_DEBUGCALLS_BITMASK;
+    optargs.debugcalls = 1;
+  }
+  if (dir_cache_timeout > 0) {
+    optargs.bitmask |= GUESTFS_MOUNT_LOCAL_CACHETIMEOUT_BITMASK;
+    optargs.cachetimeout = dir_cache_timeout;
+  }
+  if (fuse_options != NULL) {
+    optargs.bitmask |= GUESTFS_MOUNT_LOCAL_OPTIONS_BITMASK;
+    optargs.options = fuse_options;
+  }
+
+  if (guestfs_mount_local_argv (g, argv[optind], &optargs) == -1)
+    exit (EXIT_FAILURE);
+
   /* At the last minute, remove the libguestfs error handler.  In code
    * above this point, the default error handler has been used which
-   * sends all errors to stderr.  Now before entering FUSE itself we
-   * want to silence errors so we can convert them (see error()
-   * function above).
+   * sends all errors to stderr.  From now on, the FUSE code will
+   * convert errors into error codes (errnos) when appropriate.
    */
   guestfs_set_error_handler (g, NULL, NULL);
 
-  /* Finish off FUSE args. */
-  ADD_FUSE_ARG (argv[optind]);
+  /* Daemonize. */
+  if (do_fork) {
+    pid_t pid;
+    int fd;
+
+    pid = fork ();
+    if (pid == -1) {
+      perror ("fork");
+      exit (EXIT_FAILURE);
+    }
+
+    if (pid != 0)               /* parent */
+      _exit (EXIT_SUCCESS);
+
+    /* Emulate what old fuse_daemonize used to do. */
+    if (setsid () == -1) {
+      perror ("setsid");
+      exit (EXIT_FAILURE);
+    }
 
-  /*
-    It says about the line containing the for-statement:
-    error: assuming signed overflow does not occur when simplifying conditional to constant [-Wstrict-overflow]
+    ignore_value (chdir ("/"));
 
-  if (verbose) {
-    fprintf (stderr, "guestmount: invoking FUSE with args [");
-    for (i = 0; i < fuse_argc; ++i) {
-      if (i > 0) fprintf (stderr, ", ");
-      fprintf (stderr, "%s", fuse_argv[i]);
+    fd = open ("/dev/null", O_RDWR);
+    if (fd >= 0) {
+      dup2 (fd, 0);
+      dup2 (fd, 1);
+      dup2 (fd, 2);
+      if (fd > 2)
+        close (fd);
     }
-    fprintf (stderr, "]\n");
   }
-  */
 
-  r = fuse_main (fuse_argc, (char **) fuse_argv, &fg_operations, NULL);
+  /* Main loop. */
+  r = guestfs_mount_local_run (g);
 
   /* Cleanup. */
   guestfs_close (g);
-  free_dir_caches ();
 
   exit (r == 0 ? EXIT_SUCCESS : EXIT_FAILURE);
 }
diff --git a/fuse/guestmount.h b/fuse/guestmount.h
index 81d026d..a6249ec 100644
--- a/fuse/guestmount.h
+++ b/fuse/guestmount.h
@@ -50,6 +50,4 @@ bad_cast (char const *s)
   return (char *) s;
 }
 
-extern int verbose;
-
 #endif /* GUESTMOUNT_H_ */
diff --git a/generator/generator_actions.ml b/generator/generator_actions.ml
index f74db2d..24db395 100644
--- a/generator/generator_actions.ml
+++ b/generator/generator_actions.ml
@@ -1663,6 +1663,65 @@ This function must be called before C<guestfs_launch>.");
    "\
 This returns the number of virtual CPUs assigned to the appliance.");
 
+  ("mount_local", (RErr, [String "localmountpoint"], [OBool "readonly"; OString "options"; OInt "cachetimeout"; OBool "debugcalls"]), -1, [],
+   [], (* tests in fuse subdirectory *)
+   "mount on the local filesystem",
+   "\
+This call exports the libguestfs-accessible filesystem to
+a local mountpoint (directory) called C<localmountpoint>.
+Ordinary reads and writes to files and directories under
+C<localmountpoint> are redirected through libguestfs.
+
+If the optional C<readonly> flag is set to true, then
+writes to the filesystem return error C<EROFS>.
+
+C<options> is a comma-separated list of mount options.
+See L<guestmount(1)> for some useful options.
+
+C<cachetimeout> sets the timeout (in seconds) for cached directory
+entries.  The default is 60 seconds.  See L<guestmount(1)>
+for further information.
+
+If C<debugcalls> is set to true, then additional debugging
+information is generated for every FUSE call.
+
+When C<guestfs_mount_local> returns, the filesystem is ready,
+but is not processing requests (access to it will block).  You
+have to call C<guestfs_mount_local_run> to run the main loop.
+
+See L<guestfs(3)/MOUNT LOCAL> for full documentation.");
+
+  ("mount_local_run", (RErr, [], []), -1, [],
+   [],
+   "run main loop of mount on the local filesystem",
+   "\
+Run the main loop which translates kernel calls to libguestfs
+calls.
+
+This should only be called after C<guestfs_mount_local>
+returns successfully.  The call will not return until the
+filesystem is unmounted.
+
+B<Note> you must I<not> make concurrent libguestfs calls
+on the same handle from another thread,
+with the exception of C<guestfs_umount_local>.
+
+You may call this from a different thread than the one which
+called C<guestfs_mount_local>, subject to the usual rules
+for threads and libguestfs (see
+L<guestfs(3)/MULTIPLE HANDLES AND MULTIPLE THREADS>).
+
+See L<guestfs(3)/MOUNT LOCAL> for full documentation.");
+
+  ("umount_local", (RErr, [], [OBool "retry"]), -1, [],
+   [], (* tests in fuse subdirectory *)
+   "unmount a locally mounted filesystem",
+   "\
+If libguestfs is exporting the filesystem on a local
+mountpoint, then this unmounts it.
+
+See L<guestfs(3)/MOUNT LOCAL> for full documentation.");
+
 ]
 
 (* daemon_functions are any functions which cause some action
diff --git a/gobject/Makefile.inc b/gobject/Makefile.inc
index b936dfe..ec6577d 100644
--- a/gobject/Makefile.inc
+++ b/gobject/Makefile.inc
@@ -41,6 +41,8 @@ guestfs_gobject_headers=\
   guestfs-gobject-optargs-add_drive_opts.h \
   guestfs-gobject-optargs-add_domain.h \
   guestfs-gobject-optargs-inspect_get_icon.h \
+  guestfs-gobject-optargs-mount_local.h \
+  guestfs-gobject-optargs-umount_local.h \
   guestfs-gobject-optargs-mkfs_opts.h \
   guestfs-gobject-optargs-mount_9p.h \
   guestfs-gobject-optargs-ntfsresize_opts.h \
@@ -78,6 +80,8 @@ guestfs_gobject_sources=\
   guestfs-gobject-optargs-add_drive_opts.c \
   guestfs-gobject-optargs-add_domain.c \
   guestfs-gobject-optargs-inspect_get_icon.c \
+  guestfs-gobject-optargs-mount_local.c \
+  guestfs-gobject-optargs-umount_local.c \
   guestfs-gobject-optargs-mkfs_opts.c \
   guestfs-gobject-optargs-mount_9p.c \
   guestfs-gobject-optargs-ntfsresize_opts.c \
diff --git a/po/POTFILES.in b/po/POTFILES.in
index 620d68f..7cd55ca 100644
--- a/po/POTFILES.in
+++ b/po/POTFILES.in
@@ -129,8 +129,44 @@ fish/tilde.c
 fish/time.c
 fish/virt.c
 format/format.c
-fuse/dircache.c
 fuse/guestmount.c
+gobject/guestfs-gobject-optargs-add_domain.c
+gobject/guestfs-gobject-optargs-add_drive_opts.c
+gobject/guestfs-gobject-optargs-btrfs_filesystem_resize.c
+gobject/guestfs-gobject-optargs-compress_device_out.c
+gobject/guestfs-gobject-optargs-compress_out.c
+gobject/guestfs-gobject-optargs-copy_device_to_device.c
+gobject/guestfs-gobject-optargs-copy_device_to_file.c
+gobject/guestfs-gobject-optargs-copy_file_to_device.c
+gobject/guestfs-gobject-optargs-copy_file_to_file.c
+gobject/guestfs-gobject-optargs-e2fsck.c
+gobject/guestfs-gobject-optargs-inspect_get_icon.c
+gobject/guestfs-gobject-optargs-md_create.c
+gobject/guestfs-gobject-optargs-mkfs_opts.c
+gobject/guestfs-gobject-optargs-mount_9p.c
+gobject/guestfs-gobject-optargs-mount_local.c
+gobject/guestfs-gobject-optargs-ntfsclone_out.c
+gobject/guestfs-gobject-optargs-ntfsfix.c
+gobject/guestfs-gobject-optargs-ntfsresize_opts.c
+gobject/guestfs-gobject-optargs-test0.c
+gobject/guestfs-gobject-optargs-tune2fs.c
+gobject/guestfs-gobject-optargs-umount_local.c
+gobject/guestfs-gobject-session.c
+gobject/guestfs-gobject-struct-application.c
+gobject/guestfs-gobject-struct-dirent.c
+gobject/guestfs-gobject-struct-inotify_event.c
+gobject/guestfs-gobject-struct-int_bool.c
+gobject/guestfs-gobject-struct-isoinfo.c
+gobject/guestfs-gobject-struct-lvm_lv.c
+gobject/guestfs-gobject-struct-lvm_pv.c
+gobject/guestfs-gobject-struct-lvm_vg.c
+gobject/guestfs-gobject-struct-mdstat.c
+gobject/guestfs-gobject-struct-partition.c
+gobject/guestfs-gobject-struct-stat.c
+gobject/guestfs-gobject-struct-statvfs.c
+gobject/guestfs-gobject-struct-version.c
+gobject/guestfs-gobject-struct-xattr.c
+gobject/guestfs-gobject-tristate.c
 gobject/guestfs-gobject.c
 inspector/virt-inspector.c
 java/com_redhat_et_libguestfs_GuestFS.c
@@ -155,6 +191,7 @@ src/errnostring.c
 src/errnostring_gperf.c
 src/events.c
 src/filearch.c
+src/fuse.c
 src/guestfs.c
 src/inspect.c
 src/inspect_apps.c
diff --git a/src/Makefile.am b/src/Makefile.am
index b91ffc1..a7fcbac 100644
--- a/src/Makefile.am
+++ b/src/Makefile.am
@@ -1,5 +1,5 @@
 # libguestfs
-# Copyright (C) 2010 Red Hat Inc.
+# Copyright (C) 2010-2012 Red Hat Inc.
 #
 # This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 # it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
@@ -139,6 +139,7 @@ libguestfs_la_SOURCES = \
 	listfs.c \
 	match.c \
 	proto.c \
+	fuse.c \
 	virt.c \
 	libguestfs.syms
 
@@ -169,6 +170,12 @@ libguestfs_la_CFLAGS = \
 
 libguestfs_la_CPPFLAGS = -I$(top_srcdir)/gnulib/lib -I$(top_builddir)/gnulib/lib
 
+if HAVE_FUSE
+# XXX Unfortunately FUSE_CFLAGS defines _FILE_OFFSET_BITS=64.
+libguestfs_la_CFLAGS += $(FUSE_CFLAGS)
+libguestfs_la_LIBADD += $(FUSE_LIBS) -lulockmgr
+endif
+
 if HAVE_RPCGEN
 guestfs_protocol.c: guestfs_protocol.x
 	rm -f $ -t $ -t2
diff --git a/src/fuse.c b/src/fuse.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..f233e37
--- /dev/null
+++ b/src/fuse.c
@@ -0,0 +1,1523 @@
+/* libguestfs
+ * Copyright (C) 2009-2012 Red Hat Inc.
+ *
+ * This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
+ * License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
+ * version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
+ * Lesser General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
+ * License along with this library; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
+ */
+
+#include <config.h>
+
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+#include <errno.h>
+#include <sys/types.h>
+#include <sys/wait.h>
+
+/* See <attr/xattr.h> */
+#ifndef ENOATTR
+#define ENOATTR ENODATA
+#endif
+
+#define FUSE_USE_VERSION 26
+
+#if HAVE_FUSE
+#include <fuse.h>
+#include <fuse_lowlevel.h>
+#endif
+
+#include "cloexec.h"
+#include "glthread/lock.h"
+#include "hash.h"
+#include "hash-pjw.h"
+
+#include "guestfs.h"
+#include "guestfs-internal.h"
+#include "guestfs-internal-actions.h"
+#include "guestfs_protocol.h"
+
+#if HAVE_FUSE
+
+/* Functions handling the directory cache. */
+static int init_dir_caches (guestfs_h *);
+static void free_dir_caches (guestfs_h *);
+static void dir_cache_remove_all_expired (guestfs_h *, time_t now);
+static void dir_cache_invalidate (guestfs_h *, const char *path);
+static int lsc_insert (guestfs_h *, const char *path, const char *name, time_t now, struct stat const *statbuf);
+static int xac_insert (guestfs_h *, const char *path, const char *name, time_t now, struct guestfs_xattr_list *xattrs);
+static int rlc_insert (guestfs_h *, const char *path, const char *name, time_t now, char *link);
+static const struct stat *lsc_lookup (guestfs_h *, const char *pathname);
+static const struct guestfs_xattr_list *xac_lookup (guestfs_h *, const char *pathname);
+static const char *rlc_lookup (guestfs_h *, const char *pathname);
+
+/* This lock protects access to g->localmountpoint. */
+gl_lock_define_initialized (static, mount_local_lock);
+
+#define DECL_G() guestfs_h *g = fuse_get_context()->private_data
+#define DEBUG_CALL(fs,...)                                              \
+  if (g->ml_debug_calls) {                                              \
+    debug (g,                                                           \
+           "%s: %s (" fs ")\n",                                         \
+           g->localmountpoint, __func__, ## __VA_ARGS__);               \
+  }
+
+#define RETURN_ERRNO return -guestfs_last_errno (g)
+
+static struct guestfs_xattr_list *
+copy_xattr_list (const struct guestfs_xattr *first, size_t num)
+{
+  struct guestfs_xattr_list *xattrs;
+
+  xattrs = malloc (sizeof *xattrs);
+  if (xattrs == NULL) {
+    perror ("malloc");
+    return NULL;
+  }
+
+  xattrs->len = num;
+  xattrs->val = malloc (num * sizeof (struct guestfs_xattr));
+  if (xattrs->val == NULL) {
+    perror ("malloc");
+    free (xattrs);
+    return NULL;
+  }
+
+  size_t i;
+  for (i = 0; i < num; ++i) {
+    xattrs->val[i].attrname = strdup (first[i].attrname);
+    xattrs->val[i].attrval_len = first[i].attrval_len;
+    xattrs->val[i].attrval = malloc (first[i].attrval_len);
+    memcpy (xattrs->val[i].attrval, first[i].attrval, first[i].attrval_len);
+  }
+
+  return xattrs;
+}
+
+static int
+mount_local_readdir (const char *path, void *buf, fuse_fill_dir_t filler,
+                     off_t offset, struct fuse_file_info *fi)
+{
+  DECL_G ();
+  DEBUG_CALL ("%s, %p, %ld", path, buf, (long) offset);
+
+  time_t now;
+  time (&now);
+
+  dir_cache_remove_all_expired (g, now);
+
+  struct guestfs_dirent_list *ents;
+
+  ents = guestfs_readdir (g, path);
+  if (ents == NULL)
+    RETURN_ERRNO;
+
+  size_t i;
+  for (i = 0; i < ents->len; ++i) {
+    struct stat stat;
+    memset (&stat, 0, sizeof stat);
+
+    stat.st_ino = ents->val[i].ino;
+    switch (ents->val[i].ftyp) {
+    case 'b': stat.st_mode = S_IFBLK; break;
+    case 'c': stat.st_mode = S_IFCHR; break;
+    case 'd': stat.st_mode = S_IFDIR; break;
+    case 'f': stat.st_mode = S_IFIFO; break;
+    case 'l': stat.st_mode = S_IFLNK; break;
+    case 'r': stat.st_mode = S_IFREG; break;
+    case 's': stat.st_mode = S_IFSOCK; break;
+    case 'u':
+    case '?':
+    default:  stat.st_mode = 0;
+    }
+
+    /* Copied from the example, which also ignores 'offset'.  I'm
+     * not quite sure how this is ever supposed to work on large
+     * directories. XXX
+     */
+    if (filler (buf, ents->val[i].name, &stat, 0))
+      break;
+  }
+
+  /* Now prepopulate the directory caches.  This step is just an
+   * optimization, don't worry if it fails.
+   */
+  char **names = malloc ((ents->len + 1) * sizeof (char *));
+  if (names) {
+    for (i = 0; i < ents->len; ++i)
+      names[i] = ents->val[i].name;
+    names[i] = NULL;
+
+    struct guestfs_stat_list *ss = guestfs_lstatlist (g, path, names);
+    if (ss) {
+      for (i = 0; i < ss->len; ++i) {
+        if (ss->val[i].ino >= 0) {
+          struct stat statbuf;
+
+          statbuf.st_dev = ss->val[i].dev;
+          statbuf.st_ino = ss->val[i].ino;
+          statbuf.st_mode = ss->val[i].mode;
+          statbuf.st_nlink = ss->val[i].nlink;
+          statbuf.st_uid = ss->val[i].uid;
+          statbuf.st_gid = ss->val[i].gid;
+          statbuf.st_rdev = ss->val[i].rdev;
+          statbuf.st_size = ss->val[i].size;
+          statbuf.st_blksize = ss->val[i].blksize;
+          statbuf.st_blocks = ss->val[i].blocks;
+          statbuf.st_atime = ss->val[i].atime;
+          statbuf.st_mtime = ss->val[i].mtime;
+          statbuf.st_ctime = ss->val[i].ctime;
+
+          lsc_insert (g, path, names[i], now, &statbuf);
+        }
+      }
+      guestfs_free_stat_list (ss);
+    }
+
+    struct guestfs_xattr_list *xattrs = guestfs_lxattrlist (g, path, names);
+    if (xattrs) {
+      size_t ni, num;
+      struct guestfs_xattr *first;
+      struct guestfs_xattr_list *copy;
+      for (i = 0, ni = 0; i < xattrs->len; ++i, ++ni) {
+        /* assert (strlen (xattrs->val[i].attrname) == 0); */
+        if (xattrs->val[i].attrval_len > 0) {
+          ++i;
+          first = &xattrs->val[i];
+          num = 0;
+          for (; i < xattrs->len && strlen (xattrs->val[i].attrname) > 0; ++i)
+            num++;
+
+          copy = copy_xattr_list (first, num);
+          if (copy)
+            xac_insert (g, path, names[ni], now, copy);
+
+          i--;
+        }
+      }
+      guestfs_free_xattr_list (xattrs);
+    }
+
+    char **links = guestfs_readlinklist (g, path, names);
+    if (links) {
+      for (i = 0; names[i] != NULL; ++i) {
+        if (links[i][0])
+          /* Note that rlc_insert owns the string links[i] after this, */
+          rlc_insert (g, path, names[i], now, links[i]);
+        else
+          /* which is why we have to free links[i] here. */
+          free (links[i]);
+      }
+      free (links);             /* free the array, not the strings */
+    }
+
+    free (names);
+  }
+
+  guestfs_free_dirent_list (ents);
+
+  return 0;
+}
+
+static int
+mount_local_getattr (const char *path, struct stat *statbuf)
+{
+  DECL_G ();
+  DEBUG_CALL ("%s, %p", path, statbuf);
+
+  const struct stat *buf;
+
+  buf = lsc_lookup (g, path);
+  if (buf) {
+    memcpy (statbuf, buf, sizeof *statbuf);
+    return 0;
+  }
+
+  struct guestfs_stat *r;
+
+  r = guestfs_lstat (g, path);
+  if (r == NULL)
+    RETURN_ERRNO;
+
+  statbuf->st_dev = r->dev;
+  statbuf->st_ino = r->ino;
+  statbuf->st_mode = r->mode;
+  statbuf->st_nlink = r->nlink;
+  statbuf->st_uid = r->uid;
+  statbuf->st_gid = r->gid;
+  statbuf->st_rdev = r->rdev;
+  statbuf->st_size = r->size;
+  statbuf->st_blksize = r->blksize;
+  statbuf->st_blocks = r->blocks;
+  statbuf->st_atime = r->atime;
+  statbuf->st_mtime = r->mtime;
+  statbuf->st_ctime = r->ctime;
+
+  guestfs_free_stat (r);
+
+  return 0;
+}
+
+/* Nautilus loves to use access(2) to test everything about a file,
+ * such as whether it's executable.  Therefore treat this a lot like
+ * mount_local_getattr.
+ */
+static int
+mount_local_access (const char *path, int mask)
+{
+  DECL_G ();
+  DEBUG_CALL ("%s, %d", path, mask);
+
+  struct stat statbuf;
+  int r;
+
+  if (g->ml_read_only && (mask & W_OK))
+    return -EROFS;
+
+  r = mount_local_getattr (path, &statbuf);
+  if (r < 0 || mask == F_OK)
+    return r;
+
+  struct fuse_context *fuse = fuse_get_context ();
+  int ok = 1;
+
+  if (mask & R_OK)
+    ok = ok &&
+      (  fuse->uid == statbuf.st_uid ? statbuf.st_mode & S_IRUSR
+       : fuse->gid == statbuf.st_gid ? statbuf.st_mode & S_IRGRP
+       : statbuf.st_mode & S_IROTH);
+  if (mask & W_OK)
+    ok = ok &&
+      (  fuse->uid == statbuf.st_uid ? statbuf.st_mode & S_IWUSR
+       : fuse->gid == statbuf.st_gid ? statbuf.st_mode & S_IWGRP
+       : statbuf.st_mode & S_IWOTH);
+  if (mask & X_OK)
+    ok = ok &&
+      (  fuse->uid == statbuf.st_uid ? statbuf.st_mode & S_IXUSR
+       : fuse->gid == statbuf.st_gid ? statbuf.st_mode & S_IXGRP
+       : statbuf.st_mode & S_IXOTH);
+
+  return ok ? 0 : -EACCES;
+}
+
+static int
+mount_local_readlink (const char *path, char *buf, size_t size)
+{
+  DECL_G ();
+  DEBUG_CALL ("%s, %p, %zu", path, buf, size);
+
+  const char *r;
+  int free_it = 0;
+
+  r = rlc_lookup (g, path);
+  if (!r) {
+    r = guestfs_readlink (g, path);
+    if (r == NULL)
+      RETURN_ERRNO;
+    free_it = 1;
+  }
+
+  /* Note this is different from the real readlink(2) syscall.  FUSE wants
+   * the string to be always nul-terminated, even if truncated.
+   */
+  size_t len = strlen (r);
+  if (len > size - 1)
+    len = size - 1;
+
+  memcpy (buf, r, len);
+  buf[len] = '\0';
+
+  if (free_it) {
+    char *tmp = (char *) r;
+    free (tmp);
+  }
+
+  return 0;
+}
+
+static int
+mount_local_mknod (const char *path, mode_t mode, dev_t rdev)
+{
+  DECL_G ();
+  DEBUG_CALL ("%s, 0%o, 0x%lx", path, mode, (long) rdev);
+
+  int r;
+
+  if (g->ml_read_only) return -EROFS;
+
+  dir_cache_invalidate (g, path);
+
+  r = guestfs_mknod (g, mode, major (rdev), minor (rdev), path);
+  if (r == -1)
+    RETURN_ERRNO;
+
+  return 0;
+}
+
+static int
+mount_local_mkdir (const char *path, mode_t mode)
+{
+  DECL_G ();
+  DEBUG_CALL ("%s, 0%o", path, mode);
+
+  int r;
+
+  if (g->ml_read_only) return -EROFS;
+
+  dir_cache_invalidate (g, path);
+
+  r = guestfs_mkdir_mode (g, path, mode);
+  if (r == -1)
+    RETURN_ERRNO;
+
+  return 0;
+}
+
+static int
+mount_local_unlink (const char *path)
+{
+  DECL_G ();
+  DEBUG_CALL ("%s", path);
+
+  int r;
+
+  if (g->ml_read_only) return -EROFS;
+
+  dir_cache_invalidate (g, path);
+
+  r = guestfs_rm (g, path);
+  if (r == -1)
+    RETURN_ERRNO;
+
+  return 0;
+}
+
+static int
+mount_local_rmdir (const char *path)
+{
+  DECL_G ();
+  DEBUG_CALL ("%s", path);
+
+  int r;
+
+  if (g->ml_read_only) return -EROFS;
+
+  dir_cache_invalidate (g, path);
+
+  r = guestfs_rmdir (g, path);
+  if (r == -1)
+    RETURN_ERRNO;
+
+  return 0;
+}
+
+static int
+mount_local_symlink (const char *from, const char *to)
+{
+  DECL_G ();
+  DEBUG_CALL ("%s, %s", from, to);
+
+  int r;
+
+  if (g->ml_read_only) return -EROFS;
+
+  dir_cache_invalidate (g, to);
+
+  r = guestfs_ln_s (g, from, to);
+  if (r == -1)
+    RETURN_ERRNO;
+
+  return 0;
+}
+
+static int
+mount_local_rename (const char *from, const char *to)
+{
+  DECL_G ();
+  DEBUG_CALL ("%s, %s", from, to);
+
+  int r;
+
+  if (g->ml_read_only) return -EROFS;
+
+  dir_cache_invalidate (g, from);
+  dir_cache_invalidate (g, to);
+
+  /* XXX It's not clear how close the 'mv' command is to the
+   * rename syscall.  We might need to add the rename syscall
+   * to the guestfs(3) API.
+   */
+  r = guestfs_mv (g, from, to);
+  if (r == -1)
+    RETURN_ERRNO;
+
+  return 0;
+}
+
+static int
+mount_local_link (const char *from, const char *to)
+{
+  DECL_G ();
+  DEBUG_CALL ("%s, %s", from, to);
+
+  int r;
+
+  if (g->ml_read_only) return -EROFS;
+
+  dir_cache_invalidate (g, from);
+  dir_cache_invalidate (g, to);
+
+  r = guestfs_ln (g, from, to);
+  if (r == -1)
+    RETURN_ERRNO;
+
+  return 0;
+}
+
+static int
+mount_local_chmod (const char *path, mode_t mode)
+{
+  DECL_G ();
+  DEBUG_CALL ("%s, 0%o", path, mode);
+
+  int r;
+
+  if (g->ml_read_only) return -EROFS;
+
+  dir_cache_invalidate (g, path);
+
+  r = guestfs_chmod (g, mode, path);
+  if (r == -1)
+    RETURN_ERRNO;
+
+  return 0;
+}
+
+static int
+mount_local_chown (const char *path, uid_t uid, gid_t gid)
+{
+  DECL_G ();
+  DEBUG_CALL ("%s, %ld, %ld", path, (long) uid, (long) gid);
+
+  int r;
+
+  if (g->ml_read_only) return -EROFS;
+
+  dir_cache_invalidate (g, path);
+
+  r = guestfs_lchown (g, uid, gid, path);
+  if (r == -1)
+    RETURN_ERRNO;
+
+  return 0;
+}
+
+static int
+mount_local_truncate (const char *path, off_t size)
+{
+  DECL_G ();
+  DEBUG_CALL ("%s, %ld", path, (long) size);
+
+  int r;
+
+  if (g->ml_read_only) return -EROFS;
+
+  dir_cache_invalidate (g, path);
+
+  r = guestfs_truncate_size (g, path, size);
+  if (r == -1)
+    RETURN_ERRNO;
+
+  return 0;
+}
+
+static int
+mount_local_utimens (const char *path, const struct timespec ts[2])
+{
+  DECL_G ();
+  DEBUG_CALL ("%s, [{ %ld, %ld }, { %ld, %ld }]",
+              path, ts[0].tv_sec, ts[0].tv_nsec, ts[1].tv_sec, ts[1].tv_nsec);
+
+  int r;
+
+  if (g->ml_read_only) return -EROFS;
+
+  dir_cache_invalidate (g, path);
+
+  time_t atsecs = ts[0].tv_sec;
+  long atnsecs = ts[0].tv_nsec;
+  time_t mtsecs = ts[1].tv_sec;
+  long mtnsecs = ts[1].tv_nsec;
+
+#ifdef UTIME_NOW
+  if (atnsecs == UTIME_NOW)
+    atnsecs = -1;
+#endif
+#ifdef UTIME_OMIT
+  if (atnsecs == UTIME_OMIT)
+    atnsecs = -2;
+#endif
+#ifdef UTIME_NOW
+  if (mtnsecs == UTIME_NOW)
+    mtnsecs = -1;
+#endif
+#ifdef UTIME_OMIT
+  if (mtnsecs == UTIME_OMIT)
+    mtnsecs = -2;
+#endif
+
+  r = guestfs_utimens (g, path, atsecs, atnsecs, mtsecs, mtnsecs);
+  if (r == -1)
+    RETURN_ERRNO;
+
+  return 0;
+}
+
+/* All this function needs to do is to check that the requested open
+ * flags are valid.  See the notes in <fuse/fuse.h>.
+ */
+static int
+mount_local_open (const char *path, struct fuse_file_info *fi)
+{
+  DECL_G ();
+  DEBUG_CALL ("%s, 0%o", path, fi->flags);
+
+  int flags = fi->flags & O_ACCMODE;
+
+  if (g->ml_read_only && flags != O_RDONLY)
+    return -EROFS;
+
+  return 0;
+}
+
+static int
+mount_local_read (const char *path, char *buf, size_t size, off_t offset,
+                  struct fuse_file_info *fi)
+{
+  DECL_G ();
+  DEBUG_CALL ("%s, %p, %zu, %ld", path, buf, size, (long) offset);
+
+  char *r;
+  size_t rsize;
+
+  debug (g,
+         "mount_local_read: %s: size %zu offset %ju\n", path, size, offset);
+
+  /* The guestfs protocol limits size to somewhere over 2MB.  We just
+   * reduce the requested size here accordingly and push the problem
+   * up to every user.  http://www.jwz.org/doc/worse-is-better.html
+   */
+  const size_t limit = 2 * 1024 * 1024;
+  if (size > limit)
+    size = limit;
+
+  r = guestfs_pread (g, path, size, offset, &rsize);
+  if (r == NULL)
+    RETURN_ERRNO;
+
+  /* This should never happen, but at least it stops us overflowing
+   * the output buffer if it does happen.
+   */
+  if (rsize > size)
+    rsize = size;
+
+  memcpy (buf, r, rsize);
+  free (r);
+
+  return rsize;
+}
+
+static int
+mount_local_write (const char *path, const char *buf, size_t size,
+                   off_t offset, struct fuse_file_info *fi)
+{
+  DECL_G ();
+  DEBUG_CALL ("%s, %p, %zu, %ld", path, buf, size, (long) offset);
+
+  if (g->ml_read_only) return -EROFS;
+
+  dir_cache_invalidate (g, path);
+
+  /* See mount_local_read. */
+  const size_t limit = 2 * 1024 * 1024;
+  if (size > limit)
+    size = limit;
+
+  int r;
+  r = guestfs_pwrite (g, path, buf, size, offset);
+  if (r == -1)
+    RETURN_ERRNO;
+
+  return r;
+}
+
+static int
+mount_local_statfs (const char *path, struct statvfs *stbuf)
+{
+  DECL_G ();
+  DEBUG_CALL ("%s, %p", path, stbuf);
+
+  struct guestfs_statvfs *r;
+
+  r = guestfs_statvfs (g, path);
+  if (r == NULL)
+    RETURN_ERRNO;
+
+  stbuf->f_bsize = r->bsize;
+  stbuf->f_frsize = r->frsize;
+  stbuf->f_blocks = r->blocks;
+  stbuf->f_bfree = r->bfree;
+  stbuf->f_bavail = r->bavail;
+  stbuf->f_files = r->files;
+  stbuf->f_ffree = r->ffree;
+  stbuf->f_favail = r->favail;
+  stbuf->f_fsid = r->fsid;
+  stbuf->f_flag = r->flag;
+  stbuf->f_namemax = r->namemax;
+
+  guestfs_free_statvfs (r);
+
+  return 0;
+}
+
+static int
+mount_local_release (const char *path, struct fuse_file_info *fi)
+{
+  DECL_G ();
+  DEBUG_CALL ("%s", path);
+
+  /* Just a stub. This method is optional and can safely be left
+   * unimplemented.
+   */
+  return 0;
+}
+
+/* Emulate this by calling sync. */
+static int
+mount_local_fsync (const char *path, int isdatasync,
+                   struct fuse_file_info *fi)
+{
+  DECL_G ();
+  DEBUG_CALL ("%s, %d", path, isdatasync);
+
+  int r;
+
+  r = guestfs_sync (g);
+  if (r == -1)
+    RETURN_ERRNO;
+
+  return 0;
+}
+
+static int
+mount_local_setxattr (const char *path, const char *name, const char *value,
+             size_t size, int flags)
+{
+  DECL_G ();
+  DEBUG_CALL ("%s, %s, %p, %zu", path, name, value, size);
+
+  int r;
+
+  if (g->ml_read_only) return -EROFS;
+
+  dir_cache_invalidate (g, path);
+
+  /* XXX Underlying guestfs(3) API doesn't understand the flags. */
+  r = guestfs_lsetxattr (g, name, value, size, path);
+  if (r == -1)
+    RETURN_ERRNO;
+
+  return 0;
+}
+
+/* The guestfs(3) API for getting xattrs is much easier to use
+ * than the real syscall.  Unfortunately we now have to emulate
+ * the real syscall using that API :-(
+ */
+static int
+mount_local_getxattr (const char *path, const char *name, char *value,
+                      size_t size)
+{
+  DECL_G ();
+  DEBUG_CALL ("%s, %s, %p, %zu", path, name, value, size);
+
+  const struct guestfs_xattr_list *xattrs;
+  int free_attrs = 0;
+
+  xattrs = xac_lookup (g, path);
+  if (xattrs == NULL) {
+    xattrs = guestfs_lgetxattrs (g, path);
+    if (xattrs == NULL)
+      RETURN_ERRNO;
+    free_attrs = 1;
+  }
+
+  /* Find the matching attribute (index in 'i'). */
+  ssize_t r;
+  size_t i;
+  for (i = 0; i < xattrs->len; ++i) {
+    if (STREQ (xattrs->val[i].attrname, name))
+      break;
+  }
+
+  if (i == xattrs->len) {       /* not found */
+    r = -ENOATTR;
+    goto out;
+  }
+
+  /* The getxattr man page is unclear, but if value == NULL then we
+   * return the space required (the caller then makes a second syscall
+   * after allocating the required amount of space).  If value != NULL
+   * then it's not clear what we should do, but it appears we should
+   * copy as much as possible and return -ERANGE if there's not enough
+   * space in the buffer.
+   */
+  size_t sz = xattrs->val[i].attrval_len;
+  if (value == NULL) {
+    r = sz;
+    goto out;
+  }
+
+  if (sz <= size)
+    r = sz;
+  else {
+    r = -ERANGE;
+    sz = size;
+  }
+  memcpy (value, xattrs->val[i].attrval, sz);
+
+out:
+  if (free_attrs)
+    guestfs_free_xattr_list ((struct guestfs_xattr_list *) xattrs);
+
+  return r;
+}
+
+/* Ditto as above. */
+static int
+mount_local_listxattr (const char *path, char *list, size_t size)
+{
+  DECL_G ();
+  DEBUG_CALL ("%s, %p, %zu", path, list, size);
+
+  const struct guestfs_xattr_list *xattrs;
+  int free_attrs = 0;
+
+  xattrs = xac_lookup (g, path);
+  if (xattrs == NULL) {
+    xattrs = guestfs_lgetxattrs (g, path);
+    if (xattrs == NULL)
+      RETURN_ERRNO;
+    free_attrs = 1;
+  }
+
+  /* Calculate how much space is required to hold the result. */
+  size_t space = 0;
+  size_t len;
+  size_t i;
+  for (i = 0; i < xattrs->len; ++i) {
+    len = strlen (xattrs->val[i].attrname) + 1;
+    space += len;
+  }
+
+  /* The listxattr man page is unclear, but if list == NULL then we
+   * return the space required (the caller then makes a second syscall
+   * after allocating the required amount of space).  If list != NULL
+   * then it's not clear what we should do, but it appears we should
+   * copy as much as possible and return -ERANGE if there's not enough
+   * space in the buffer.
+   */
+  ssize_t r;
+  if (list == NULL) {
+    r = space;
+    goto out;
+  }
+
+  r = 0;
+  for (i = 0; i < xattrs->len; ++i) {
+    len = strlen (xattrs->val[i].attrname) + 1;
+    if (size >= len) {
+      memcpy (list, xattrs->val[i].attrname, len);
+      size -= len;
+      list += len;
+      r += len;
+    } else {
+      r = -ERANGE;
+      break;
+    }
+  }
+
+ out:
+  if (free_attrs)
+    guestfs_free_xattr_list ((struct guestfs_xattr_list *) xattrs);
+
+  return r;
+}
+
+static int
+mount_local_removexattr(const char *path, const char *name)
+{
+  DECL_G ();
+  DEBUG_CALL ("%s, %s", path, name);
+
+  int r;
+
+  if (g->ml_read_only) return -EROFS;
+
+  dir_cache_invalidate (g, path);
+
+  r = guestfs_lremovexattr (g, name, path);
+  if (r == -1)
+    RETURN_ERRNO;
+
+  return 0;
+}
+
+static struct fuse_operations mount_local_operations = {
+  .getattr	= mount_local_getattr,
+  .access	= mount_local_access,
+  .readlink	= mount_local_readlink,
+  .readdir	= mount_local_readdir,
+  .mknod	= mount_local_mknod,
+  .mkdir	= mount_local_mkdir,
+  .symlink	= mount_local_symlink,
+  .unlink	= mount_local_unlink,
+  .rmdir	= mount_local_rmdir,
+  .rename	= mount_local_rename,
+  .link		= mount_local_link,
+  .chmod	= mount_local_chmod,
+  .chown	= mount_local_chown,
+  .truncate	= mount_local_truncate,
+  .utimens	= mount_local_utimens,
+  .open		= mount_local_open,
+  .read		= mount_local_read,
+  .write	= mount_local_write,
+  .statfs	= mount_local_statfs,
+  .release	= mount_local_release,
+  .fsync	= mount_local_fsync,
+  .setxattr	= mount_local_setxattr,
+  .getxattr	= mount_local_getxattr,
+  .listxattr	= mount_local_listxattr,
+  .removexattr	= mount_local_removexattr,
+};
+
+int
+guestfs__mount_local (guestfs_h *g, const char *localmountpoint,
+                      const struct guestfs_mount_local_argv *optargs)
+{
+  const char *t;
+  struct fuse_args args = FUSE_ARGS_INIT (0, NULL);
+  struct fuse_chan *ch;
+  int fd;
+
+  /* You can only mount each handle in one place in one thread. */
+  gl_lock_lock (mount_local_lock);
+  t = g->localmountpoint;
+  gl_lock_unlock (mount_local_lock);
+  if (t) {
+    error (g, _("filesystem is already mounted in another thread"));
+    return -1;
+  }
+
+  if (optargs->bitmask & GUESTFS_MOUNT_LOCAL_READONLY_BITMASK)
+    g->ml_read_only = optargs->readonly;
+  else
+    g->ml_read_only = 0;
+  if (optargs->bitmask & GUESTFS_MOUNT_LOCAL_CACHETIMEOUT_BITMASK)
+    g->ml_dir_cache_timeout = optargs->cachetimeout;
+  else
+    g->ml_dir_cache_timeout = 60;
+  if (optargs->bitmask & GUESTFS_MOUNT_LOCAL_DEBUGCALLS_BITMASK)
+    g->ml_debug_calls = optargs->debugcalls;
+  else
+    g->ml_debug_calls = 0;
+
+  /* Initialize the directory caches in the handle. */
+  if (init_dir_caches (g) == -1)
+    return -1;
+
+  /* Create the FUSE 'args'. */
+  /* XXX we don't have a program name */
+  if (fuse_opt_add_arg (&args, "guestfs_mount_local") == -1) {
+  arg_error:
+    perrorf (g, _("fuse_opt_add_arg: %s"), localmountpoint);
+    fuse_opt_free_args (&args);
+    free_dir_caches (g);
+    return -1;
+  }
+
+  if (optargs->bitmask & GUESTFS_MOUNT_LOCAL_OPTIONS_BITMASK) {
+    if (fuse_opt_add_arg (&args, "-o") == -1 ||
+        fuse_opt_add_arg (&args, optargs->options) == -1)
+      goto arg_error;
+  }
+
+  /* Create the FUSE mountpoint. */
+  ch = fuse_mount (localmountpoint, &args);
+  if (ch == NULL) {
+    perrorf (g, _("fuse_mount: %s"), localmountpoint);
+    fuse_opt_free_args (&args);
+    free_dir_caches (g);
+    return -1;
+  }
+
+  /* Set F_CLOEXEC on the channel.  XXX libfuse should do this. */
+  fd = fuse_chan_fd (ch);
+  if (fd >= 0)
+    set_cloexec_flag (fd, 1);
+
+  /* Create the FUSE handle. */
+  g->fuse = fuse_new (ch, &args,
+                      &mount_local_operations, sizeof mount_local_operations,
+                      g);
+  if (!g->fuse) {
+    perrorf (g, _("fuse_new: %s"), localmountpoint);
+    fuse_unmount (localmountpoint, ch);
+    fuse_opt_free_args (&args);
+    free_dir_caches (g);
+    return -1;
+  }
+
+  fuse_opt_free_args (&args);
+
+  /* Set g->localmountpoint in the handle. */
+  gl_lock_lock (mount_local_lock);
+  g->localmountpoint = localmountpoint;
+  gl_lock_unlock (mount_local_lock);
+
+  return 0;
+}
+
+int
+guestfs__mount_local_run (guestfs_h *g)
+{
+  int r, mounted;
+
+  gl_lock_lock (mount_local_lock);
+  mounted = g->localmountpoint != NULL;
+  gl_lock_unlock (mount_local_lock);
+
+  if (!mounted) {
+    error (g, _("you must call guestfs_mount_local first"));
+    return -1;
+  }
+
+  /* Enter the main loop. */
+  r = fuse_loop (g->fuse);
+  if (r != 0)
+    perrorf (g, _("fuse_loop: %s"), g->localmountpoint);
+
+  gl_lock_lock (mount_local_lock);
+  fuse_destroy (g->fuse); /* also destroys 'ch' */
+  free_dir_caches (g);
+  g->localmountpoint = NULL;
+  g->fuse = NULL;
+  gl_lock_unlock (mount_local_lock);
+
+  /* By inspection, I found that fuse_loop only returns 0 or -1, but
+   * don't rely on this in future.
+   */
+  return r == 0 ? 0 : -1;
+}
+
+static int do_fusermount (guestfs_h *g, const char *localmountpoint, int error_fd);
+
+int
+guestfs__umount_local (guestfs_h *g,
+                       const struct guestfs_umount_local_argv *optargs)
+{
+  size_t i, tries;
+  char *localmountpoint;
+  char *fusermount_log = NULL;
+  int error_fd = -1;
+  int ret = -1;
+
+  /* How many times should we try the fusermount command? */
+  if (optargs->bitmask & GUESTFS_UMOUNT_LOCAL_RETRY_BITMASK)
+    tries = optargs->retry ? 5 : 1;
+  else
+    tries = 1;
+
+  /* Make a local copy of g->localmountpoint.  It could be freed from
+   * under us by another thread, except when we are holding the lock.
+   */
+  gl_lock_lock (mount_local_lock);
+  if (g->localmountpoint)
+    localmountpoint = safe_strdup (g, g->localmountpoint);
+  else
+    localmountpoint = NULL;
+  gl_lock_unlock (mount_local_lock);
+
+  if (!localmountpoint) {
+    error (g, _("no filesystem is mounted"));
+    goto out;
+  }
+
+  /* Send all errors from fusermount to a temporary file.  Only after
+   * all 'tries' have failed do we print the contents of this file.  A
+   * temporary failure when retry == true will not cause any error.
+   */
+  fusermount_log = safe_asprintf (g, "%s/fusermount.log", g->tmpdir);
+  error_fd = open (fusermount_log,
+                   O_RDWR|O_CREAT|O_TRUNC|O_NOCTTY /* not O_CLOEXEC */,
+                   0600);
+  if (error_fd == -1) {
+    perrorf (g, _("open: %s"), fusermount_log);
+    goto out;
+  }
+
+  for (i = 0; i < tries; ++i) {
+    int r;
+
+    r = do_fusermount (g, localmountpoint, error_fd);
+    if (r == -1)
+      goto out;
+    if (r) {
+      /* External fusermount succeeded.  Note that the original thread
+       * is responsible for setting g->localmountpoint to NULL.
+       */
+      ret = 0;
+      break;
+    }
+
+    sleep (1);
+  }
+
+  if (ret == -1) {              /* fusermount failed */
+    char error_message[4096];
+    ssize_t n;
+
+    /* Get the error message from the log file. */
+    if (lseek (error_fd, 0, SEEK_SET) >= 0 &&
+        (n = read (error_fd, error_message, sizeof error_message - 1)) > 0) {
+      while (n > 0 && error_message[n-1] == '\n')
+        n--;
+      error_message[n] = '\0';
+    } else {
+      snprintf (error_message, sizeof error_message,
+                "(fusermount error could not be preserved)");
+    }
+
+    error (g, _("fusermount failed: %s: %s"), localmountpoint, error_message);
+    goto out;
+  }
+
+ out:
+  if (error_fd >= 0) close (error_fd);
+  if (fusermount_log) {
+    unlink (fusermount_log);
+    free (fusermount_log);
+  }
+  free (localmountpoint);
+  return ret;
+}
+
+static int
+do_fusermount (guestfs_h *g, const char *localmountpoint, int error_fd)
+{
+  pid_t pid;
+  int status;
+
+  pid = fork ();
+  if (pid == -1) {
+    perrorf (g, "fork");
+    return -1;
+  }
+
+  if (pid == 0) {               /* child */
+    /* Ensure stdout and stderr point to the error_fd. */
+    dup2 (error_fd, STDOUT_FILENO);
+    dup2 (error_fd, STDERR_FILENO);
+    close (error_fd);
+    execlp ("fusermount", "fusermount", "-u", localmountpoint, NULL);
+    perror ("exec: fusermount");
+    _exit (EXIT_FAILURE);
+  }
+
+  /* Parent. */
+  if (waitpid (pid, &status, 0) == -1) {
+    perrorf (g, "waitpid");
+    return -1;
+  }
+
+  if (!WIFEXITED (status) || WEXITSTATUS (status) != EXIT_SUCCESS)
+    return 0;                   /* it failed to unmount the mountpoint */
+
+  return 1;                     /* unmount was successful */
+}
+
+/* Functions handling the directory cache.
+ *
+ * Note on attribute caching: FUSE can cache filesystem attributes for
+ * short periods of time (configurable via -o attr_timeout).  It
+ * doesn't cache xattrs, and in any case FUSE caching doesn't solve
+ * the problem that we have to make a series of guestfs_lstat and
+ * guestfs_lgetxattr calls when we first list a directory (thus, many
+ * round trips).
+ *
+ * For this reason, we also implement a readdir cache here which is
+ * invoked when a readdir call is made.  readdir is modified so that
+ * as well as reading the directory, it also requests all the stat
+ * structures, xattrs and readlinks of all entries in the directory,
+ * and these are added to the cache here (for a short, configurable
+ * period of time) in anticipation that they will be needed
+ * immediately afterwards, which is usually the case when the user is
+ * doing an "ls"-like operation.
+ *
+ * You can still use FUSE attribute caching on top of this mechanism
+ * if you like.
+ */
+
+struct lsc_entry {              /* lstat cache entry */
+  char *pathname;               /* full path to the file */
+  time_t timeout;               /* when this entry expires */
+  struct stat statbuf;          /* statbuf */
+};
+
+struct xac_entry {              /* xattr cache entry */
+  /* NB first two fields must be same as lsc_entry */
+  char *pathname;               /* full path to the file */
+  time_t timeout;               /* when this entry expires */
+  struct guestfs_xattr_list *xattrs;
+};
+
+struct rlc_entry {              /* readlink cache entry */
+  /* NB first two fields must be same as lsc_entry */
+  char *pathname;               /* full path to the file */
+  time_t timeout;               /* when this entry expires */
+  char *link;
+};
+
+static size_t
+gen_hash (void const *x, size_t table_size)
+{
+  struct lsc_entry const *p = x;
+  return hash_pjw (p->pathname, table_size);
+}
+
+static bool
+gen_compare (void const *x, void const *y)
+{
+  struct lsc_entry const *a = x;
+  struct lsc_entry const *b = y;
+  return STREQ (a->pathname, b->pathname);
+}
+
+static void
+lsc_free (void *x)
+{
+  if (x) {
+    struct lsc_entry *p = x;
+
+    free (p->pathname);
+    free (p);
+  }
+}
+
+static void
+xac_free (void *x)
+{
+  if (x) {
+    struct xac_entry *p = x;
+
+    guestfs_free_xattr_list (p->xattrs);
+    lsc_free (x);
+  }
+}
+
+static void
+rlc_free (void *x)
+{
+  if (x) {
+    struct rlc_entry *p = x;
+
+    free (p->link);
+    lsc_free (x);
+  }
+}
+
+static int
+init_dir_caches (guestfs_h *g)
+{
+  g->lsc_ht = hash_initialize (1024, NULL, gen_hash, gen_compare, lsc_free);
+  g->xac_ht = hash_initialize (1024, NULL, gen_hash, gen_compare, xac_free);
+  g->rlc_ht = hash_initialize (1024, NULL, gen_hash, gen_compare, rlc_free);
+  if (!g->lsc_ht || !g->xac_ht || !g->rlc_ht) {
+    error (g, _("could not initialize dir cache hashtables"));
+    return -1;
+  }
+  return 0;
+}
+
+static void
+free_dir_caches (guestfs_h *g)
+{
+  hash_free (g->lsc_ht);
+  hash_free (g->xac_ht);
+  hash_free (g->rlc_ht);
+}
+
+struct gen_remove_data {
+  time_t now;
+  Hash_table *ht;
+  Hash_data_freer freer;
+};
+
+static bool
+gen_remove_if_expired (void *x, void *data)
+{
+  /* XXX hash_do_for_each was observed calling this function
+   * with x == NULL.
+   */
+  if (x) {
+    struct lsc_entry *p = x;
+    struct gen_remove_data *d = data;
+
+    if (p->timeout < d->now)
+      d->freer (hash_delete (d->ht, x));
+  }
+
+  return 1;
+}
+
+static void
+gen_remove_all_expired (Hash_table *ht, Hash_data_freer freer, time_t now)
+{
+  struct gen_remove_data data;
+  data.now = now;
+  data.ht = ht;
+  data.freer = freer;
+
+  /* Careful reading of the documentation to hash _seems_ to indicate
+   * that this is safe, _provided_ we use the default thresholds (in
+   * particular, no shrink threshold).
+   */
+  hash_do_for_each (ht, gen_remove_if_expired, &data);
+}
+
+static void
+dir_cache_remove_all_expired (guestfs_h *g, time_t now)
+{
+  gen_remove_all_expired (g->lsc_ht, lsc_free, now);
+  gen_remove_all_expired (g->xac_ht, xac_free, now);
+  gen_remove_all_expired (g->rlc_ht, rlc_free, now);
+}
+
+static int
+gen_replace (Hash_table *ht, struct lsc_entry *new_entry, Hash_data_freer freer)
+{
+  struct lsc_entry *old_entry;
+
+  old_entry = hash_delete (ht, new_entry);
+  freer (old_entry);
+
+  old_entry = hash_insert (ht, new_entry);
+  if (old_entry == NULL) {
+    perror ("hash_insert");
+    freer (new_entry);
+    return -1;
+  }
+  /* assert (old_entry == new_entry); */
+
+  return 0;
+}
+
+static int
+lsc_insert (guestfs_h *g,
+            const char *path, const char *name, time_t now,
+            struct stat const *statbuf)
+{
+  struct lsc_entry *entry;
+
+  entry = malloc (sizeof *entry);
+  if (entry == NULL) {
+    perror ("malloc");
+    return -1;
+  }
+
+  size_t len = strlen (path) + strlen (name) + 2;
+  entry->pathname = malloc (len);
+  if (entry->pathname == NULL) {
+    perror ("malloc");
+    free (entry);
+    return -1;
+  }
+  if (STREQ (path, "/"))
+    snprintf (entry->pathname, len, "/%s", name);
+  else
+    snprintf (entry->pathname, len, "%s/%s", path, name);
+
+  memcpy (&entry->statbuf, statbuf, sizeof entry->statbuf);
+
+  entry->timeout = now + g->ml_dir_cache_timeout;
+
+  return gen_replace (g->lsc_ht, entry, lsc_free);
+}
+
+static int
+xac_insert (guestfs_h *g,
+            const char *path, const char *name, time_t now,
+            struct guestfs_xattr_list *xattrs)
+{
+  struct xac_entry *entry;
+
+  entry = malloc (sizeof *entry);
+  if (entry == NULL) {
+    perror ("malloc");
+    return -1;
+  }
+
+  size_t len = strlen (path) + strlen (name) + 2;
+  entry->pathname = malloc (len);
+  if (entry->pathname == NULL) {
+    perror ("malloc");
+    free (entry);
+    return -1;
+  }
+  if (STREQ (path, "/"))
+    snprintf (entry->pathname, len, "/%s", name);
+  else
+    snprintf (entry->pathname, len, "%s/%s", path, name);
+
+  entry->xattrs = xattrs;
+
+  entry->timeout = now + g->ml_dir_cache_timeout;
+
+  return gen_replace (g->xac_ht, (struct lsc_entry *) entry, xac_free);
+}
+
+static int
+rlc_insert (guestfs_h *g,
+            const char *path, const char *name, time_t now,
+            char *link)
+{
+  struct rlc_entry *entry;
+
+  entry = malloc (sizeof *entry);
+  if (entry == NULL) {
+    perror ("malloc");
+    return -1;
+  }
+
+  size_t len = strlen (path) + strlen (name) + 2;
+  entry->pathname = malloc (len);
+  if (entry->pathname == NULL) {
+    perror ("malloc");
+    free (entry);
+    return -1;
+  }
+  if (STREQ (path, "/"))
+    snprintf (entry->pathname, len, "/%s", name);
+  else
+    snprintf (entry->pathname, len, "%s/%s", path, name);
+
+  entry->link = link;
+
+  entry->timeout = now + g->ml_dir_cache_timeout;
+
+  return gen_replace (g->rlc_ht, (struct lsc_entry *) entry, rlc_free);
+}
+
+static const struct stat *
+lsc_lookup (guestfs_h *g, const char *pathname)
+{
+  const struct lsc_entry key = { .pathname = (char *) pathname };
+  struct lsc_entry *entry;
+  time_t now;
+
+  time (&now);
+
+  entry = hash_lookup (g->lsc_ht, &key);
+  if (entry && entry->timeout >= now)
+    return &entry->statbuf;
+  else
+    return NULL;
+}
+
+static const struct guestfs_xattr_list *
+xac_lookup (guestfs_h *g, const char *pathname)
+{
+  const struct xac_entry key = { .pathname = (char *) pathname };
+  struct xac_entry *entry;
+  time_t now;
+
+  time (&now);
+
+  entry = hash_lookup (g->xac_ht, &key);
+  if (entry && entry->timeout >= now)
+    return entry->xattrs;
+  else
+    return NULL;
+}
+
+static const char *
+rlc_lookup (guestfs_h *g, const char *pathname)
+{
+  const struct rlc_entry key = { .pathname = (char *) pathname };
+  struct rlc_entry *entry;
+  time_t now;
+
+  time (&now);
+
+  entry = hash_lookup (g->rlc_ht, &key);
+  if (entry && entry->timeout >= now)
+    return entry->link;
+  else
+    return NULL;
+}
+
+static void
+lsc_remove (Hash_table *ht, const char *pathname, Hash_data_freer freer)
+{
+  const struct lsc_entry key = { .pathname = (char *) pathname };
+  struct lsc_entry *entry;
+
+  entry = hash_delete (ht, &key);
+
+  freer (entry);
+}
+
+static void
+dir_cache_invalidate (guestfs_h *g, const char *path)
+{
+  lsc_remove (g->lsc_ht, path, lsc_free);
+  lsc_remove (g->xac_ht, path, xac_free);
+  lsc_remove (g->rlc_ht, path, rlc_free);
+}
+
+#else /* !HAVE_FUSE */
+
+int
+guestfs__mount_local (guestfs_h *g, const char *localmountpoint,
+                      const struct guestfs_mount_local_argv *optargs)
+{
+  guestfs_error_errno (g, ENOTSUP, _("FUSE not supported"));
+  return -1;
+}
+
+int
+guestfs__mount_local_run (guestfs_h *g)
+{
+  guestfs_error_errno (g, ENOTSUP, _("FUSE not supported"));
+  return -1;
+}
+
+int
+guestfs__umount_local (guestfs_h *g,
+                       const struct guestfs_umount_local_argv *optargs)
+{
+  guestfs_error_errno (g, ENOTSUP, _("FUSE not supported"));
+  return -1;
+}
+
+#endif /* !HAVE_FUSE */
diff --git a/src/guestfs-internal.h b/src/guestfs-internal.h
index 1943f1a..c6aeb33 100644
--- a/src/guestfs-internal.h
+++ b/src/guestfs-internal.h
@@ -24,6 +24,8 @@
 
 #include <pcre.h>
 
+#include "hash.h"
+
 #ifndef O_CLOEXEC
 #define O_CLOEXEC 0
 #endif
@@ -248,6 +250,18 @@ struct guestfs_h
    * matter for this case because we only care if it is != 0.
    */
   int user_cancel;
+
+  /* These fields are used by guestfs_mount_local.  Only valid when
+   * g->localmountpoint is not NULL.
+   */
+#if HAVE_FUSE
+  const char *localmountpoint;
+  struct fuse *fuse;                    /* FUSE handle. */
+  int ml_dir_cache_timeout;             /* Directory cache timeout. */
+  Hash_table *lsc_ht, *xac_ht, *rlc_ht; /* Directory cache. */
+  int ml_read_only;                     /* If mounted read-only. */
+  int ml_debug_calls;        /* Extra debug info on each FUSE call. */
+#endif
 };
 
 /* Per-filesystem data stored for inspect_os. */
diff --git a/src/guestfs.pod b/src/guestfs.pod
index 531d123..05f5c74 100644
--- a/src/guestfs.pod
+++ b/src/guestfs.pod
@@ -233,6 +233,10 @@ language bindings turn these errors into exceptions).
 File writes are affected by the per-handle umask, set by calling
 L</guestfs_umask> and defaulting to 022.  See L</UMASK>.
 
+Since libguestfs 1.18, it is possible to mount the libguestfs
+filesystem on a local directory, subject to some restrictions.  See
+L</MOUNT LOCAL> below.
+
 =head2 PARTITIONING
 
 Libguestfs contains API calls to read, create and modify partition
@@ -562,6 +566,54 @@ Then close the mapper device by calling
 L</guestfs_luks_close> on the C</dev/mapper/mapname>
 device (I<not> the underlying encrypted block device).
 
+=head2 MOUNT LOCAL
+
+In libguestfs E<ge> 1.18, it is possible to mount the libguestfs
+filesystem on a local directory and access it using ordinary POSIX
+calls and programs.
+
+Availability of this is subject to a number of restrictions: it
+requires FUSE (the Filesystem in USErspace), and libfuse must also
+have been available when libguestfs was compiled.  FUSE may require
+that a kernel module is loaded, and it may be necessary to add the
+current user to a special C<fuse> group.  See the documentation for
+your distribution and L<http://fuse.sf.net> for further information.
+
+The call to mount the libguestfs filesystem on a local directory is
+L</guestfs_mount_local> (q.v.) followed by L</guestfs_mount_local_run>.
+The latter does not return until you unmount the filesystem.
+The reason is that the call enters the FUSE main loop and processes
+kernel requests, turning them into libguestfs calls.  An alternative
+design would have been to create a background thread to do this, but
+libguestfs doesn't require pthreads.  This way is also more flexible:
+for example the user can create another thread for
+L</guestfs_mount_local_run>.
+
+L</guestfs_mount_local> needs a certain amount of time to set up the
+mountpoint.  The mountpoint is not ready to use until the call
+returns.  At this point, accesses to the filesystem will block
+until the main loop is entered (ie. L</guestfs_mount_local_run>).
+So if you need to start another process to access the filesystem,
+put the fork between L</guestfs_mount_local> and
+L</guestfs_mount_local_run>.
+
+=head3 MOUNT LOCAL COMPATIBILITY
+
+Since local mounting was only added in libguestfs 1.18, and may not
+be available even in these builds, you should consider writing code
+so that it doesn't depend on this feature, and can fall back to
+using libguestfs file system calls.
+
+If libguestfs was compiled without support for L</guestfs_mount_local>
+then calling it will return an error with errno set to C<ENOTSUP> (see
+L</guestfs_last_errno>).
+
+=head3 MOUNT LOCAL PERFORMANCE
+
+Libguestfs on top of FUSE performs quite poorly.  For best performance
+do not use it.  Use ordinary libguestfs filesystem calls, upload,
+download etc. instead.
+
 =head2 INSPECTION
 
 Libguestfs has APIs for inspecting an unknown disk image to find out
-- 
1.7.9.3


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