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Re: [Libvir] Re: Proposal : add 3 functions to Libvirt API, for virtual CPUs



On Fri, Jul 28, 2006 at 03:18:17PM -0600, Jim Fehlig wrote:
> Has any progress been made on this proposal?  I don't see anything in 
> current CVS.  This functionality would be useful for Xen-CIM project.

IIRC Michel Ponceau might have started on some prototype code, but he
didn't post it to the list yet & is apparently on vacation for another
couple of weeks (according to his email auto-responder). If no one else
has started work on it in the meantime, I'm planning to get working on
it when I return from vacation Aug 4th since I also need it for the
virt-manager application.

Regards,
Dan.

> michel ponceau bull net wrote:
> >
> >Corrections on proposal:
> >1) PinVcpus
> >Replace:
> > * @cpumap: pointer to a bit map of real CPUs (format in virVcpuInfo)
> >* @maplen: length of cpumap, in 8-bit bytes
> >by:
> > * @cpumap: pointer to a bit map of real CPUs (in 8-bit bytes).
> > *        Each bit set to 1 means that corresponding CPU is usable.
> > *        Bytes are stored in little-endian order: CPU0-7, 8-15...
> > *        In each byte, lowest CPU number is least significant bit.
> > * @maplen: number of bytes in cpumap, from 1 up to size of CPU map in
> > *        underlying virtualization system (Xen...).
> > *        If maplen < size, missing bytes are set to zero.
> > *        If maplen > size, failure code is returned.
> >
> >2) GetVcpu
> >Add 4rth argument:
> > * @maplen: number of bytes in cpumap field of virVcpuInfo
> >virDomainGetVcpus(virDomainPtr domain, virVcpuInfoPtr info, int 
> >maxinfo, int maplen)
> >
> >3) Structure VcpuInfo
> >Suppress:  #define VIR_MAX_CPUS        256
> >Replace:
> >    unsigned char cpumap[VIR_MAX_CPUS/8]; /* Bit map of usable real CPUs.
> >by:
> >    unsigned char cpumap[];        /* Bit map of usable real CPUs.
> >        Variable length: it may be less or greater than size of CPU 
> >map in
> >        underlying virtualization system (Xen...).
> >
> >4) Accessor macros: to be defined later.
> >
> >Veuillez répondre à veillard redhat com
> >
> >Pour :        michel ponceau bull net
> >cc :        libvir-list redhat com
> >Objet :        Re: Proposal : add 3 functions to Libvirt API, for 
> >virtual CPUs
> >
> >On Fri, Jun 30, 2006 at 04:00:45PM +0200, michel ponceau bull net wrote:
> >> For our administration, we need the following actions, while concerned
> >> domain is running:
> >> 1) Change the number of virtual CPUs.
> >> 2) Change the pinning (affinity) of a virtual CPU on real CPUs.
> >> 3) Get detailed information for each virtual CPU.
> >> Currently there is no Libvirt function provided for that. We suggest to
> >> add the following 3 functions (in libvirt.c):
> >> /**
> >>  * virDomainSetVcpus:
> >>  * @domain: pointer to domain object, or NULL for Domain0
> >>  * @nvcpus: the new number of virtual CPUs for this domain
> >>  *
> >>  * Dynamically change the number of virtual CPUs used by the domain.
> >>  * Note that this call may fail if the underlying virtualization
> >> hypervisor
> >>  * does not support it or if growing the number is arbitrary limited.
> >>  * This function requires priviledged access to the hypervisor.
> >>  *
> >>  * Returns 0 in case of success, -1 in case of failure.
> >>  */
> >> int virDomainSetVcpus(virDomainPtr domain, unsigned int nvcpus)
> >
> > okay
> >
> >> /**
> >>  * virDomainPinVcpu:
> >>  * @domain: pointer to domain object, or NULL for Domain0
> >>  * @vcpu: virtual CPU number
> >>  * @cpumap: pointer to a bit map of real CPUs (format in virVcpuInfo)
> >>  * @maplen: length of cpumap, in 8-bit bytes
> >>  *
> >>  * Dynamically change the real CPUs which can be allocated to a virtual
> >> CPU.
> >>  * This function requires priviledged access to the hypervisor.
> >>  *
> >>  * Returns 0 in case of success, -1 in case of failure.
> >>  */
> >> int virDomainPinVcpu(virDomainPtr domain, unsigned int vcpu,
> >>                  unsigned char *cpumap, int maplen)
> >
> > Can you explain more clearly what is the format of cpumap ? An example
> >would be welcome, and that would be needed for the doc and maybe testing.
> >What would happen if maplen is < or > than the number of CPU divided 
> >by 8 ?
> >
> >> /**
> >>  * virDomainGetVcpus:
> >>  * @domain: pointer to domain object, or NULL for Domain0
> >>  * @info: pointer to an array of virVcpuInfo structures
> >>  * @maxinfo: number of structures in info array
> >>  *
> >>  * Extract information about virtual CPUs of a domain, store it in info
> >> array.
> >>  *
> >>  * Returns the number of info filled in case of success, -1 in case of
> >> failure.
> >>  */
> >> int virDomainGetVcpus(virDomainPtr domain, virVcpuInfoPtr info, int
> >> maxinfo)
> >
> > Hum ... now the problem with that API entry point is that we 'burn' the
> >maximum 256 processors in the ABI, i.e. if we ever need to go past 256
> >client and servers need to be recompiled. Maybe this is not a real problem
> >in practice but that's annoying. Is there existing APIs doing this kind
> >of things (in POSIX for example), and what hard limit did they use ?
> > Maybe
> > int virDomainGetVcpusNr(virDomainPtr domain, int nr, virVcpuInfoPtr info,
> >                         int maxCPU);
> >Where the maxCPU is defined by the client as the number of real CPU
> >it defined in its virVcpuInfoPtr and then an iteration over the virtual
> >CPU defined in the domain is possible too.
> >Of course if the domain uses many virtual CPUs this would become expensive
> >but somehow I don't see that being the common use, I would rather guess
> >the domains created use a few CPUs even if instantiated on a very 
> >large machine.
> >This
> >
> >
> >> with the following structure (in libvirt.h):
> >> /**
> >>  * virVcpuInfo: structure for information about a virtual CPU in a 
> >domain.
> >>  */
> >> #define VIR_MAX_CPUS            256
> >
> > Hum, there is already NUMA machines with more than 256 processors,
> >it's annoying to define an API limit when you know it is already 
> >breakable.
> >
> >> typedef enum {
> >>     VIR_VCPU_OFFLINE    = 0,    /* the virtual CPU is offline */
> >>     VIR_VCPU_RUNNING    = 1,    /* the virtual CPU is running */
> >>     VIR_VCPU_BLOCKED    = 2,    /* the virtual CPU is blocked on 
> >resource
> >> */
> >> } virVcpuState;
> >>
> >> typedef struct _virVcpuInfo virVcpuInfo;
> >> struct _virVcpuInfo {
> >>     unsigned int number;        /* virtual CPU number */
> >>     int state;                  /* value from virVcpuState */
> >>     unsigned long long cpuTime; /* CPU time used, in nanoseconds */
> >>     int cpu;                    /* real CPU number, or -1 if offline */
> >>     unsigned char cpumap[VIR_MAX_CPUS/8]; /* Bit map of usable real 
> >CPUs.
> >>                 Each bit set to 1 means that corresponding CPU is 
> >usable.
> >>                 Bytes are stored in little-endian order: CPU0-7, 8-15...
> >>                 In each byte, lowest CPU number is least significant 
> >bit
> >> */
> >> };
> >> typedef virVcpuInfo *virVcpuInfoPtr;
> >
> > Hum, maybe some accessors should be provided in the API, letting the 
> >client
> >code handle access and having to take care of indianness issues 
> >doesn't feel
> >very nice. Something like the FD_CLR/FD_ISSET/FD_SET/FD_ZERO equivalents
> >when using the select() POSIx call.
> >
> >> I have successfully tried those functions via Xen hypervisor, except 
> >for
> >> the first (SetVcpus) where hypervisor operation DOM0_MAX_VCPUS fails
> >> (maybe it is not possible on a running domain ?). That function was
> >> successful via Xen daemon.
> >
> >Maybe that operation requires more than one hypervisor call to 
> >actually enable
> >the processors. The simpler would be to look at the code in xend about 
> >what's
> >needed there, maybe the kernel need to be made aware of that and I 
> >would expect
> >this to be a xenstore operation.
> >At least we know we can fallback to xend if the hypervisor call 
> >doesn't work
> >directly.
> >I don't know if virDomainGetVcpus should really be mutated into
> >virDomainGetVcpusNr, I would certainly like to be able to keep that API
> >extensible for more than 256 CPUs. Maybe I'm just too cautious there,
> >
> > I would really like feedback from others on this issue !
> >In the meantime sending the current set of patches you developped could
> >allow to look closely at the 2 calls that I feel okay with.
> >
> >  thanks and sorry it took so long !
> >
> >Daniel
> >
> >-- 
> >Daniel Veillard      | Red Hat http://redhat.com/
> >veillard redhat com  | libxml GNOME XML XSLT toolkit  http://xmlsoft.org/
> >http://veillard.com/ | Rpmfind RPM search engine http://rpmfind.net/
> >
> >------------------------------------------------------------------------
> >
> >--
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> >Libvir-list redhat com
> >https://www.redhat.com/mailman/listinfo/libvir-list
> >  
> 
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