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[libvirt] [PATCH] Add a Python example that lists active ESX domains



It also demonstrates how to use the libvirt.openAuth() method.

* examples/python/Makefile.am: add esxlist.py to EXTRA_DIST
* examples/python/README: add some notes about esxlist.py
* examples/python/esxlist.py: the new example
---
 examples/python/Makefile.am |    2 +-
 examples/python/README      |   19 +++++
 examples/python/esxlist.py  |  155 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 3 files changed, 175 insertions(+), 1 deletions(-)
 create mode 100755 examples/python/esxlist.py

diff --git a/examples/python/Makefile.am b/examples/python/Makefile.am
index 0742226..dcd2c24 100644
--- a/examples/python/Makefile.am
+++ b/examples/python/Makefile.am
@@ -1,3 +1,3 @@
 EXTRA_DIST=						\
 	README						\
-	dominfo.py domrestore.py domsave.py domstart.py
+	dominfo.py domrestore.py domsave.py domstart.py esxlist.py
diff --git a/examples/python/README b/examples/python/README
index 02c5bfb..f4db76c 100644
--- a/examples/python/README
+++ b/examples/python/README
@@ -8,7 +8,26 @@ domstart.py - create a domU from an XML description if the domU isn't
               running yet
 domsave.py  - save all running domU's into a directory
 domrestore.py - restore domU's from their saved files in a directory
+esxlist.py  - list active domains of an VMware ESX host and print some info.
+              also demonstrates how to use the libvirt.openAuth() method
 
 The XML files in this directory are examples of the XML format that libvirt
 expects, and will have to be adapted for your setup. They are only needed
 for domstart.py
+
+
+Some additional notes for the esxlist.py example:
+
+You may see remote errors complaining about missing certificates:
+
+  Cannot access CA certificate '/usr/local/etc/pki/CA/cacert.pem': No such file
+  or directory
+
+This is expected, libvirt tries to find network and storage drivers for ESX,
+but those are not implemented yet (November 2009). While searching for this
+drivers, libvirt may try to start a local libvirtd instance, but fails because
+of the missing certificates. It'll warn about that:
+
+  Failed to find the network: Is the daemon running?
+
+This is also expected and can be ignored.
diff --git a/examples/python/esxlist.py b/examples/python/esxlist.py
new file mode 100755
index 0000000..a0602e8
--- /dev/null
+++ b/examples/python/esxlist.py
@@ -0,0 +1,155 @@
+#! /usr/bin/python
+# esxlist - list active domains of an ESX host and print some info.
+#           also demonstrates how to use the libvirt.openAuth() method
+
+import libvirt
+import sys
+import os
+import libxml2
+import getpass
+
+
+def usage():
+    print "Usage: %s HOSTNAME" % sys.argv[0]
+    print "       List active domains of HOSTNAME and print some info"
+
+
+# This is the callback method passed to libvirt.openAuth() (see below).
+#
+# The credentials argument is a list of credentials that libvirt (actually
+# the ESX driver) would like to request. An element of this list is itself a
+# list containing 5 items (4 inputs, 1 output):
+#   - the credential type, e.g. libvirt.VIR_CRED_AUTHNAME
+#   - a prompt to be displayed to the user
+#   - a challenge, the ESX driver sets this to the hostname to allow automatic
+#     distinction between requests for ESX and vCenter credentials
+#   - a default result for the request
+#   - a place to store the actual result for the request
+#
+# The user_data argument is the user data item of the auth argument (see below)
+# passed to libvirt.openAuth().
+def request_credentials(credentials, user_data):
+    for credential in credentials:
+        if credential[0] == libvirt.VIR_CRED_AUTHNAME:
+            # prompt the user to input a authname. display the provided message
+            credential[4] = raw_input(credential[1] + ": ")
+
+            # if the user just hits enter raw_input() returns an empty string.
+            # in this case return the default result through the last item of
+            # the list
+            if len(credential[4]) == 0:
+                credential[4] = credential[3]
+        elif credential[0] == libvirt.VIR_CRED_NOECHOPROMPT:
+            # use the getpass module to prompt the user to input a password.
+            # display the provided message and return the result through the
+            # last item of the list
+            credential[4] = getpass.getpass(credential[1] + ": ")
+        else:
+            return -1
+
+    return 0
+
+
+def print_section(title):
+    print "\n%s" % title
+    print "=" * 60
+
+
+def print_entry(key, value):
+    print "%-10s %-10s" % (key, value)
+
+
+def print_xml(key, ctx, path):
+    res = ctx.xpathEval(path)
+
+    if res is None or len(res) == 0:
+        value = "Unknown"
+    else:
+        value = res[0].content
+
+    print_entry(key, value)
+
+    return value
+
+
+if len(sys.argv) != 2:
+    usage()
+    sys.exit(2)
+
+
+hostname = sys.argv[1]
+
+# Connect to libvirt
+uri = "esx://%s/?no_verify=1" % hostname
+
+# The auth argument is a list that contains 3 items:
+#   - a list of supported credential types
+#   - a callable that takes 2 arguments
+#   - user data that will be passed to the callable as second argument
+#
+# In this example the supported credential types are VIR_CRED_AUTHNAME and
+# VIR_CRED_NOECHOPROMPT, the callable is the unbound method request_credentials
+# (see above) and the user data is None.
+#
+# libvirt (actually the ESX driver) will call the callable to request
+# credentials in order to log into the ESX host. The callable would also be
+# called if the connection URI would reference a vCenter to request credentials
+# in order to log into the vCenter
+auth = [[libvirt.VIR_CRED_AUTHNAME, libvirt.VIR_CRED_NOECHOPROMPT],
+        request_credentials, None]
+conn = libvirt.openAuth(uri, auth, 0)
+
+if conn is None:
+    print "Failed to open connection to %s" % hostname
+    sys.exit(1)
+
+state_names = { libvirt.VIR_DOMAIN_RUNNING  : "running",
+                libvirt.VIR_DOMAIN_BLOCKED  : "idle",
+                libvirt.VIR_DOMAIN_PAUSED   : "paused",
+                libvirt.VIR_DOMAIN_SHUTDOWN : "in shutdown",
+                libvirt.VIR_DOMAIN_SHUTOFF  : "shut off",
+                libvirt.VIR_DOMAIN_CRASHED  : "crashed",
+                libvirt.VIR_DOMAIN_NOSTATE  : "no state" }
+
+for id in conn.listDomainsID():
+    domain = conn.lookupByID(id)
+    info = domain.info()
+
+    print_section("Domain " + domain.name())
+    print_entry("ID:", id)
+    print_entry("UUID:", domain.UUIDString())
+    print_entry("State:", state_names[info[0]])
+    print_entry("MaxMem:", info[1])
+    print_entry("UsedMem:", info[2])
+    print_entry("VCPUs:", info[3])
+
+    # Read some info from the XML desc
+    print_section("Devices of " + domain.name())
+
+    xmldesc = domain.XMLDesc(0)
+    doc = libxml2.parseDoc(xmldesc)
+    ctx = doc.xpathNewContext()
+    devs = ctx.xpathEval("/domain/devices/*")
+    first = True
+
+    for d in devs:
+        ctx.setContextNode(d)
+
+        if not first:
+            print "------------------------------------------------------------"
+        else:
+            first = False
+
+        print_entry("Device", d.name)
+
+        type = print_xml("Type:", ctx, "@type")
+
+        if type == "file":
+            print_xml("Source:", ctx, "source/@file")
+            print_xml("Target:", ctx, "target/@dev")
+        elif type == "block":
+            print_xml("Source:", ctx, "source/@dev")
+            print_xml("Target:", ctx, "target/@dev")
+        elif type == "bridge":
+            print_xml("Source:", ctx, "source/@bridge")
+            print_xml("MAC Addr:", ctx, "mac/@address")
-- 
1.6.0.4


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