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[libvirt] [PATCH[ nwfilter: lock interface by its index



Since the name of an interface can be the same between stops and starts
of different VMs I have to switch the IP address learning thread to use
the index of the interface to determine whether an interface is still
available or not - in the case of macvtap the thread needs to listen for
traffic on the physical interface, thus having to time out periodically
to check whether the VM's macvtap device is still there as an indication
that the VM is still alive. Previously the following sequence of 2 VMs
with macvtap device

virsh start testvm1; virsh destroy testvm1 ; virsh start testvm2

would not terminate the thread upon testvm1's destroy since the name of
the interface on the host could be the same (i.e, macvtap0) on testvm1
and testvm2, thus it was easily race-able. The thread would then
determine the IP address parameter for testvm2 but apply the rule set
for testvm1. :-(
I am also introducing a lock for the interface (by name) that the thread
must hold while it listens for the traffic and releases when it
terminates upon VM termination or 0.5 second thereafter. Thus, the new
thread for a newly started VM with the same interface name will not
start while the old one still holds the lock. The only other code that I
see that also needs to grab the lock to serialize operation is the one
that tears down the firewall that were established on behalf of an
interface.

I am moving the code applying the 'basic' firewall rules during the IP
address learning phase inside the thread but won't start the thread
unless it is ensured that the firewall driver has the ability to apply
the 'basic' firewall rules.

Signed-off-by: Stefan Berger <stefanb us ibm com>

---
 src/nwfilter/nwfilter_gentech_driver.c |   24 +++
 src/nwfilter/nwfilter_gentech_driver.h |    2 
 src/nwfilter/nwfilter_learnipaddr.c    |  231 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++------
 src/nwfilter/nwfilter_learnipaddr.h    |    7 -
 4 files changed, 221 insertions(+), 43 deletions(-)

Index: libvirt-acl/src/nwfilter/nwfilter_learnipaddr.c
===================================================================
--- libvirt-acl.orig/src/nwfilter/nwfilter_learnipaddr.c
+++ libvirt-acl/src/nwfilter/nwfilter_learnipaddr.c
@@ -54,6 +54,11 @@
 
 #define VIR_FROM_THIS VIR_FROM_NWFILTER
 
+#define IFINDEX2STR(VARNAME, ifindex) \
+    char VARNAME[20]; \
+    snprintf(VARNAME, sizeof(VARNAME), "%d", ifindex);
+
+#define PKT_TIMEOUT_MS 500 /* ms */
 
 /* structure of an ARP request/reply message */
 struct f_arphdr {
@@ -109,6 +114,81 @@ static virHashTablePtr pendingLearnReq;
 static virMutex ipAddressMapLock;
 static virNWFilterHashTablePtr ipAddressMap;
 
+static virMutex ifaceMapLock;
+static virHashTablePtr ifaceLockMap;
+
+typedef struct _virNWFilterIfaceLock virNWFilterIfaceLock;
+typedef virNWFilterIfaceLock *virNWFilterIfaceLockPtr;
+struct _virNWFilterIfaceLock {
+    char ifname[IF_NAMESIZE];
+    virMutex lock;
+    int refctr;
+};
+
+
+static bool threadsTerminate = false;
+
+
+int
+virNWFilterLockIface(const char *ifname) {
+    virNWFilterIfaceLockPtr ifaceLock;
+
+    virMutexLock(&ifaceMapLock);
+
+    ifaceLock = virHashLookup(ifaceLockMap, ifname);
+    if (!ifaceLock) {
+        if (VIR_ALLOC(ifaceLock) < 0) {
+            virReportOOMError();
+            goto err_exit;
+        }
+
+        if (virMutexInitRecursive(&ifaceLock->lock) ||
+            virStrcpyStatic(ifaceLock->ifname, ifname) == NULL ||
+            virHashAddEntry(ifaceLockMap, ifname, ifaceLock)) {
+            VIR_FREE(ifaceLock);
+            goto err_exit;
+        }
+
+        ifaceLock->refctr = 0;
+    }
+
+    ifaceLock->refctr++;
+
+    virMutexUnlock(&ifaceMapLock);
+
+    virMutexLock(&ifaceLock->lock);
+
+    return 0;
+
+ err_exit:
+    virMutexUnlock(&ifaceMapLock);
+
+    return 1;
+}
+
+
+static void
+freeIfaceLock(void *payload, const char *name ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED) {
+    VIR_FREE(payload);
+}
+
+
+void
+virNWFilterUnlockIface(const char *ifname) {
+    virNWFilterIfaceLockPtr ifaceLock;
+
+    virMutexLock(&ifaceMapLock);
+
+    ifaceLock = virHashLookup(ifaceLockMap, ifname);
+    virMutexUnlock(&ifaceLock->lock);
+
+    ifaceLock->refctr--;
+    if (ifaceLock->refctr == 0)
+        virHashRemoveEntry(ifaceLockMap, ifname, freeIfaceLock);
+
+    virMutexUnlock(&ifaceMapLock);
+}
+
 
 static void
 virNWFilterIPAddrLearnReqFree(virNWFilterIPAddrLearnReqPtr req) {
@@ -127,10 +207,12 @@ virNWFilterIPAddrLearnReqFree(virNWFilte
 static int
 virNWFilterRegisterLearnReq(virNWFilterIPAddrLearnReqPtr req) {
     int res = -1;
+    IFINDEX2STR(ifindex_str, req->ifindex);
+
     virMutexLock(&pendingLearnReqLock);
 
-    if (!virHashLookup(pendingLearnReq, req->ifname))
-        res = virHashAddEntry(pendingLearnReq, req->ifname, req);
+    if (!virHashLookup(pendingLearnReq, ifindex_str))
+        res = virHashAddEntry(pendingLearnReq, ifindex_str, req);
 
     virMutexUnlock(&pendingLearnReqLock);
 
@@ -141,12 +223,13 @@ virNWFilterRegisterLearnReq(virNWFilterI
 
 
 virNWFilterIPAddrLearnReqPtr
-virNWFilterLookupLearnReq(const char *ifname) {
+virNWFilterLookupLearnReq(int ifindex) {
     void *res;
+    IFINDEX2STR(ifindex_str, ifindex);
 
     virMutexLock(&pendingLearnReqLock);
 
-    res = virHashLookup(pendingLearnReq, ifname);
+    res = virHashLookup(pendingLearnReq, ifindex_str);
 
     virMutexUnlock(&pendingLearnReqLock);
 
@@ -163,15 +246,16 @@ freeLearnReqEntry(void *payload, const c
 #ifdef HAVE_LIBPCAP
 
 static virNWFilterIPAddrLearnReqPtr
-virNWFilterDeregisterLearnReq(const char *ifname) {
+virNWFilterDeregisterLearnReq(int ifindex) {
     virNWFilterIPAddrLearnReqPtr res;
+    IFINDEX2STR(ifindex_str, ifindex);
 
     virMutexLock(&pendingLearnReqLock);
 
-    res = virHashLookup(pendingLearnReq, ifname);
+    res = virHashLookup(pendingLearnReq, ifindex_str);
 
     if (res)
-        virHashRemoveEntry(pendingLearnReq, ifname, NULL);
+        virHashRemoveEntry(pendingLearnReq, ifindex_str, NULL);
 
     virMutexUnlock(&pendingLearnReqLock);
 
@@ -274,7 +358,7 @@ static void *
 learnIPAddressThread(void *arg)
 {
     char errbuf[PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE] = {0};
-    pcap_t *handle;
+    pcap_t *handle = NULL;
     struct bpf_program fp;
     struct pcap_pkthdr header;
     const u_char *packet;
@@ -285,19 +369,26 @@ learnIPAddressThread(void *arg)
     unsigned int ethHdrSize;
     char *listen_if = (strlen(req->linkdev) != 0) ? req->linkdev
                                                   : req->ifname;
-    int to_ms = (strlen(req->linkdev) != 0) ? 1000
-                                            : 0;
     int dhcp_opts_len;
     char macaddr[VIR_MAC_STRING_BUFLEN];
     virBuffer buf = VIR_BUFFER_INITIALIZER;
-    char *filter= NULL;
+    char *filter = NULL;
     uint16_t etherType;
+    bool showError = true;
     enum howDetect howDetected = 0;
     virNWFilterTechDriverPtr techdriver = req->techdriver;
 
+    virNWFilterLockIface(req->ifname);
+
     req->status = 0;
 
-    handle = pcap_open_live(listen_if, BUFSIZ, 0, to_ms, errbuf);
+    /* anything change to the VM's interface -- check at least once */
+    if (ifaceCheck(false, req->ifname, NULL, req->ifindex)) {
+        req->status = ENODEV;
+        goto done;
+    }
+
+    handle = pcap_open_live(listen_if, BUFSIZ, 0, PKT_TIMEOUT_MS, errbuf);
 
     if (handle == NULL) {
         VIR_DEBUG("Couldn't open device %s: %s\n", listen_if, errbuf);
@@ -309,11 +400,22 @@ learnIPAddressThread(void *arg)
 
     switch (req->howDetect) {
     case DETECT_DHCP:
+        if (techdriver->applyDHCPOnlyRules(req->ifname,
+                                           req->macaddr,
+                                           NULL)) {
+            req->status = EINVAL;
+            goto done;
+        }
         virBufferVSprintf(&buf, " ether dst %s"
                                 " and src port 67 and dst port 68",
                           macaddr);
         break;
     default:
+        if (techdriver->applyBasicRules(req->ifname,
+                                        req->macaddr)) {
+            req->status = EINVAL;
+            goto done;
+        }
         virBufferVSprintf(&buf, "ether host %s", macaddr);
     }
 
@@ -324,25 +426,36 @@ learnIPAddressThread(void *arg)
 
     filter = virBufferContentAndReset(&buf);
 
-    if (pcap_compile(handle, &fp, filter, 1, 0) != 0 ||
-        pcap_setfilter(handle, &fp) != 0) {
-        VIR_DEBUG("Couldn't compile or set filter '%s'.\n", filter);
+    if (pcap_compile(handle, &fp, filter, 1, 0) != 0) {
+        VIR_DEBUG("Couldn't compile filter '%s'.\n", filter);
         req->status = EINVAL;
         goto done;
     }
 
+    if (pcap_setfilter(handle, &fp) != 0) {
+        VIR_DEBUG("Couldn't set filter '%s'.\n", filter);
+        req->status = EINVAL;
+        pcap_freecode(&fp);
+        goto done;
+    }
+
+    pcap_freecode(&fp);
+
     while (req->status == 0 && vmaddr == 0) {
         packet = pcap_next(handle, &header);
 
         if (!packet) {
-            if (to_ms == 0) {
-                /* assuming IF disappeared */
-                req->status = ENODEV;
+
+            if (threadsTerminate) {
+                req->status = ECANCELED;
+                showError = false;
                 break;
             }
-            /* listening on linkdev, check whether VM's dev is still there */
-            if (ifaceCheck(false, req->ifname, req->macaddr, -1)) {
+
+            /* check whether VM's dev is still there */
+            if (ifaceCheck(false, req->ifname, NULL, req->ifindex)) {
                 req->status = ENODEV;
+                showError = false;
                 break;
             }
             continue;
@@ -470,6 +583,7 @@ learnIPAddressThread(void *arg)
 
         ret = virNWFilterInstantiateFilterLate(NULL,
                                                req->ifname,
+                                               req->ifindex,
                                                req->linkdev,
                                                req->nettype,
                                                req->macaddr,
@@ -478,13 +592,22 @@ learnIPAddressThread(void *arg)
                                                req->driver);
         VIR_DEBUG("Result from applying firewall rules on "
                   "%s with IP addr %s : %d\n", req->ifname, inetaddr, ret);
+    } else {
+        if (showError)
+            virReportSystemError(req->status,
+                                 "%s encountered an error. Shutting down "
+                                 "interface %s",
+                                 __FUNCTION__, req->ifname);
+        ifaceDown(req->ifname);
     }
 
     memset(&req->thread, 0x0, sizeof(req->thread));
 
     VIR_DEBUG("pcap thread terminating for interface %s\n",req->ifname);
 
-    virNWFilterDeregisterLearnReq(req->ifname);
+    virNWFilterDeregisterLearnReq(req->ifindex);
+
+    virNWFilterUnlockIface(req->ifname);
 
     virNWFilterIPAddrLearnReqFree(req);
 
@@ -496,6 +619,7 @@ learnIPAddressThread(void *arg)
  * virNWFilterLearnIPAddress
  * @techdriver : driver to build firewalls
  * @ifname: the name of the interface
+ * @ifindex: the index of the interface
  * @linkdev : the name of the link device; currently only used in case of a
  *     macvtap device
  * @nettype : the type of interface
@@ -516,6 +640,7 @@ learnIPAddressThread(void *arg)
 int
 virNWFilterLearnIPAddress(virNWFilterTechDriverPtr techdriver,
                           const char *ifname,
+                          int ifindex,
                           const char *linkdev,
                           enum virDomainNetType nettype,
                           const unsigned char *macaddr,
@@ -530,6 +655,14 @@ virNWFilterLearnIPAddress(virNWFilterTec
     if (howDetect == 0)
         return 1;
 
+    if ( !techdriver->canApplyBasicRules()) {
+        virNWFilterReportError(VIR_ERR_INTERNAL_ERROR, "%s",
+                               _("IP parameter must be provided since "
+                                 "snooping the IP address does not work "
+                                 "possibly due to missing tools"));
+        return 1;
+    }
+
     if (VIR_ALLOC(req) < 0) {
         virReportOOMError();
         goto err_no_req;
@@ -538,7 +671,7 @@ virNWFilterLearnIPAddress(virNWFilterTec
     ht = virNWFilterHashTableCreate(0);
     if (ht == NULL) {
         virReportOOMError();
-        goto err_no_ht;
+        goto err_free_req;
     }
 
     if (virNWFilterHashTablePutAll(filterparams, ht))
@@ -565,6 +698,8 @@ virNWFilterLearnIPAddress(virNWFilterTec
             goto err_free_ht;
         }
     }
+
+    req->ifindex = ifindex;
     req->nettype = nettype;
     memcpy(req->macaddr, macaddr, sizeof(req->macaddr));
     req->driver = driver;
@@ -576,35 +711,21 @@ virNWFilterLearnIPAddress(virNWFilterTec
     rc = virNWFilterRegisterLearnReq(req);
 
     if (rc)
-        goto err_free_ht;
-
-    switch (howDetect) {
-    case DETECT_DHCP:
-        if (techdriver->applyDHCPOnlyRules(ifname,
-                                           macaddr,
-                                           NULL))
-            goto err_free_ht;
-        break;
-    default:
-        if (techdriver->applyBasicRules(ifname,
-                                        macaddr))
-            goto err_free_ht;
-    }
-
+        goto err_free_req;
 
     if (pthread_create(&req->thread,
                        NULL,
                        learnIPAddressThread,
                        req) != 0)
-        goto err_remove_rules;
+        goto err_dereg_req;
 
     return 0;
 
-err_remove_rules:
-    techdriver->removeBasicRules(ifname);
+err_dereg_req:
+    virNWFilterDeregisterLearnReq(ifindex);
 err_free_ht:
     virNWFilterHashTableFree(ht);
-err_no_ht:
+err_free_req:
     virNWFilterIPAddrLearnReqFree(req);
 err_no_req:
     return 1;
@@ -615,6 +736,7 @@ err_no_req:
 int
 virNWFilterLearnIPAddress(virNWFilterTechDriverPtr techdriver ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED,
                           const char *ifname ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED,
+                          int ifindex ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED,
                           const char *linkdev ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED,
                           enum virDomainNetType nettype ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED,
                           const unsigned char *macaddr ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED,
@@ -637,6 +759,12 @@ virNWFilterLearnIPAddress(virNWFilterTec
  */
 int
 virNWFilterLearnInit(void) {
+
+    if (pendingLearnReq)
+        return 0;
+
+    threadsTerminate = false;
+
     pendingLearnReq = virHashCreate(0);
     if (!pendingLearnReq) {
         virReportOOMError();
@@ -660,6 +788,18 @@ virNWFilterLearnInit(void) {
         return 1;
     }
 
+    ifaceLockMap = virHashCreate(0);
+    if (!ifaceLockMap) {
+        virReportOOMError();
+        virNWFilterLearnShutdown();
+        return 1;
+    }
+
+    if (virMutexInit(&ifaceMapLock)) {
+        virNWFilterLearnShutdown();
+        return 1;
+    }
+
     return 0;
 }
 
@@ -670,9 +810,18 @@ virNWFilterLearnInit(void) {
  */
 void
 virNWFilterLearnShutdown(void) {
+
+    threadsTerminate = true;
+
+    while (virHashSize(pendingLearnReq) != 0)
+        usleep((PKT_TIMEOUT_MS * 1000) / 3);
+
     virHashFree(pendingLearnReq, freeLearnReqEntry);
     pendingLearnReq = NULL;
 
     virNWFilterHashTableFree(ipAddressMap);
     ipAddressMap = NULL;
+
+    virHashFree(ifaceLockMap, freeIfaceLock);
+    ifaceLockMap = NULL;
 }
Index: libvirt-acl/src/nwfilter/nwfilter_learnipaddr.h
===================================================================
--- libvirt-acl.orig/src/nwfilter/nwfilter_learnipaddr.h
+++ libvirt-acl/src/nwfilter/nwfilter_learnipaddr.h
@@ -35,6 +35,7 @@ typedef virNWFilterIPAddrLearnReq *virNW
 struct _virNWFilterIPAddrLearnReq {
     virNWFilterTechDriverPtr techdriver;
     char ifname[IF_NAMESIZE];
+    int ifindex;
     char linkdev[IF_NAMESIZE];
     enum virDomainNetType nettype;
     unsigned char macaddr[VIR_MAC_BUFLEN];
@@ -49,6 +50,7 @@ struct _virNWFilterIPAddrLearnReq {
 
 int virNWFilterLearnIPAddress(virNWFilterTechDriverPtr techdriver,
                               const char *ifname,
+                              int ifindex,
                               const char *linkdev,
                               enum virDomainNetType nettype,
                               const unsigned char *macaddr,
@@ -57,12 +59,15 @@ int virNWFilterLearnIPAddress(virNWFilte
                               virNWFilterDriverStatePtr driver,
                               enum howDetect howDetect);
 
-virNWFilterIPAddrLearnReqPtr virNWFilterLookupLearnReq(const char *ifname);
+virNWFilterIPAddrLearnReqPtr virNWFilterLookupLearnReq(int ifindex);
 
 
 void virNWFilterDelIpAddrForIfname(const char *ifname);
 const char *virNWFilterGetIpAddrForIfname(const char *ifname);
 
+int virNWFilterLockIface(const char *ifname);
+void virNWFilterUnlockIface(const char *ifname);
+
 int virNWFilterLearnInit(void);
 void virNWFilterLearnShutdown(void);
 
Index: libvirt-acl/src/nwfilter/nwfilter_gentech_driver.c
===================================================================
--- libvirt-acl.orig/src/nwfilter/nwfilter_gentech_driver.c
+++ libvirt-acl/src/nwfilter/nwfilter_gentech_driver.c
@@ -557,6 +557,7 @@ virNWFilterInstantiate(virConnectPtr con
                        enum virDomainNetType nettype,
                        virNWFilterDefPtr filter,
                        const char *ifname,
+                       int ifindex,
                        const char *linkdev,
                        virNWFilterHashTablePtr vars,
                        enum instCase useNewFilter, int *foundNewFilter,
@@ -592,9 +593,10 @@ virNWFilterInstantiate(virConnectPtr con
     if (virHashSize(missing_vars->hashTable) == 1) {
         if (virHashLookup(missing_vars->hashTable,
                           NWFILTER_STD_VAR_IP) != NULL) {
-            if (virNWFilterLookupLearnReq(ifname) == NULL) {
+            if (virNWFilterLookupLearnReq(ifindex) == NULL) {
                 rc = virNWFilterLearnIPAddress(techdriver,
                                                ifname,
+                                               ifindex,
                                                linkdev,
                                                nettype, macaddr,
                                                filter->name,
@@ -639,11 +641,21 @@ virNWFilterInstantiate(virConnectPtr con
         if (rc)
             goto err_exit;
 
+        virNWFilterLockIface(ifname);
+
         rc = techdriver->applyNewRules(conn, ifname, nptrs, ptrs);
 
         if (teardownOld && rc == 0)
             techdriver->tearOldRules(conn, ifname);
 
+        if (rc == 0 && ifaceCheck(false, ifname, NULL, ifindex)) {
+            /* interface changed/disppeared */
+            techdriver->allTeardown(ifname);
+            rc = 1;
+        }
+
+        virNWFilterUnlockIface(ifname);
+
         VIR_FREE(ptrs);
     }
 
@@ -666,6 +678,7 @@ static int
 __virNWFilterInstantiateFilter(virConnectPtr conn,
                                bool teardownOld,
                                const char *ifname,
+                               int ifindex,
                                const char *linkdev,
                                enum virDomainNetType nettype,
                                const unsigned char *macaddr,
@@ -767,6 +780,7 @@ __virNWFilterInstantiateFilter(virConnec
                                 nettype,
                                 filter,
                                 ifname,
+                                ifindex,
                                 linkdev,
                                 vars,
                                 useNewFilter, &foundNewFilter,
@@ -798,9 +812,15 @@ _virNWFilterInstantiateFilter(virConnect
     const char *linkdev = (net->type == VIR_DOMAIN_NET_TYPE_DIRECT)
                           ? net->data.direct.linkdev
                           : NULL;
+    int ifindex;
+
+    if (ifaceGetIndex(true, net->ifname, &ifindex))
+        return 1;
+
     return __virNWFilterInstantiateFilter(conn,
                                           teardownOld,
                                           net->ifname,
+                                          ifindex,
                                           linkdev,
                                           net->type,
                                           net->mac,
@@ -814,6 +834,7 @@ _virNWFilterInstantiateFilter(virConnect
 int
 virNWFilterInstantiateFilterLate(virConnectPtr conn,
                                  const char *ifname,
+                                 int ifindex,
                                  const char *linkdev,
                                  enum virDomainNetType nettype,
                                  const unsigned char *macaddr,
@@ -825,6 +846,7 @@ virNWFilterInstantiateFilterLate(virConn
     rc = __virNWFilterInstantiateFilter(conn,
                                         1,
                                         ifname,
+                                        ifindex,
                                         linkdev,
                                         nettype,
                                         macaddr,
Index: libvirt-acl/src/nwfilter/nwfilter_gentech_driver.h
===================================================================
--- libvirt-acl.orig/src/nwfilter/nwfilter_gentech_driver.h
+++ libvirt-acl/src/nwfilter/nwfilter_gentech_driver.h
@@ -49,6 +49,7 @@ int virNWFilterTearOldFilter(virConnectP
 
 int virNWFilterInstantiateFilterLate(virConnectPtr conn,
                                      const char *ifname,
+                                     int ifindex,
                                      const char *linkdev,
                                      enum virDomainNetType nettype,
                                      const unsigned char *macaddr,
@@ -77,6 +78,7 @@ virNWFilterTearNWFilter(virDomainNetDefP
 static inline void
 virNWFilterTearVMNWFilters(virDomainObjPtr vm) {
     int i;
+
     for (i = 0; i < vm->def->nnets; i++)
         virNWFilterTearNWFilter(vm->def->nets[i]);
 }


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