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Re: [libvirt] KVM doesn't send an arp announce after live migrating a domain

 On 08/25/2010 07:59 AM, Avi Kivity wrote:
 On 08/25/2010 02:42 PM, Daniel P. Berrange wrote:

Is virt-manager able to drive this?  it would be great if you could
drive everything from there.
Yes, it does now, under the menu Edit -> Host Details -> Network Interfaces
NetworkManager has also finally learnt to ignore ifcfg-XXX files which
have a BRIDGE= setting in them, so it shouldn't totally trash your guest
bridge networking if you leave NM running.

There are a couple of caveats remaining, though:

1) When a bridge is created and a physical interface is moved to it, there is a short delay (< 1 sec, but > 0) when NM hasn't yet processed the inotify message from the kernel, and so doesn't yet know that it's supposed to stop managing that interface. The result is that if you attempt to do "virsh iface-create br0.xml && virsh iface-start br0" (where br0 is becoming the master for an interface, eg "eth0" that previously was being used directly), the resulting "ifup" (part of iface-start) will fail. A delay of even 1 sec. eliminates this problem. This race condition will hopefully soon be remedied in NM.

Having this functionality in virt-manager really has made it dead simple to create a bridge, especially if NM is disabled, in which case the host's ethernet switches from direct connnect to bridged with no interruption in open connections on the interface (ie, it's possible to create and bring up the bridge while connected via the interface you are bridging).

2) If the physical interface being bridged is the only interface managed by NM, once it is moved to the bridge (and thus no longer managed by NM), NM will believe that the system is "offline", and any applications paying attention to that status will lose their connectivity. This isn't a problem if there is any other interface that's still managed by NM (the bridges themselves are not yet managed by NM - so far it just pretends they don't exist, as it does with vlans and bonds, as well as interfaces that are attached to a bridge).

Cool. I guess what remains is to get people to unlearn all the previous hacks.

Yes, I need to add a section to the docs Daniel pointed to that suggest using the virsh iface-* commands (or virt-manager's functionality) when available, and to only do it the handmade way if netcf isn't there (meaning that iface-* won't be there).

(also would be nice to have libvirt talk to NetworkManager instead of /etc/sysconfig)

To solve the variations of problem (2) above, NM needs to understand bridges, including configuring them, and there is some amount of consensus (including from the NM team :-) that a good way for NM to configure bridges (as well as vlans and bonds) is to use the netcf library, as libvirt does. The biggest hurdle is finding the people resources to get it done ;-)

So, instead of libvirt-->netcf-->NM-->sysconfig, the diagram would be libvirt/NM-->netcf-->sysconfig.

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