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[libvirt] [PATCH libvirt-glib 15/15] Add files for 'make syntax-check' rules from GNULIB



From: "Daniel P. Berrange" <berrange redhat com>

The 'syntax-check' rule validates various coding style requirements.
It is run as part of the regular automated builds

* GNUmakefile, maint.mk: syntax-check rules (from GNULIB)
* cfg.mk: Local extra rules & exclusions
* build-aux/useless-if-before-free,
  build-aux/vc-list-files: Helpers for syntax check (from
  GNULIB)
* autobuild.sh: Run syntax-check as part of build
* configure.ac: Ensure GNUmakefile exists in VPATH builds
---
 GNUmakefile                      |  132 ++++
 autobuild.sh                     |   13 +
 build-aux/useless-if-before-free |  207 ++++++
 build-aux/vc-list-files          |  113 +++
 cfg.mk                           |  137 ++++
 configure.ac                     |   11 +
 maint.mk                         | 1511 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 7 files changed, 2124 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 GNUmakefile
 create mode 100755 build-aux/useless-if-before-free
 create mode 100755 build-aux/vc-list-files
 create mode 100644 cfg.mk
 create mode 100644 maint.mk

diff --git a/GNUmakefile b/GNUmakefile
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..ca88b6b
--- /dev/null
+++ b/GNUmakefile
@@ -0,0 +1,132 @@
+# Having a separate GNUmakefile lets me `include' the dynamically
+# generated rules created via cfg.mk (package-local configuration)
+# as well as maint.mk (generic maintainer rules).
+# This makefile is used only if you run GNU Make.
+# It is necessary if you want to build targets usually of interest
+# only to the maintainer.
+
+# Copyright (C) 2001, 2003, 2006-2011 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
+
+# This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
+# it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+# the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
+# (at your option) any later version.
+
+# This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+# but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+# MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+# GNU General Public License for more details.
+
+# You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+# along with this program.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+
+# Systems where /bin/sh is not the default shell need this.  The $(shell)
+# command below won't work with e.g. stock DOS/Windows shells.
+ifeq ($(wildcard /bin/s[h]),/bin/sh)
+SHELL = /bin/sh
+else
+# will be used only with the next shell-test line, then overwritten
+# by a configured-in value
+SHELL = sh
+endif
+
+# If the user runs GNU make but has not yet run ./configure,
+# give them a diagnostic.
+_have-Makefile := $(shell test -f Makefile && echo yes)
+ifeq ($(_have-Makefile),yes)
+
+# Make tar archive easier to reproduce.
+export TAR_OPTIONS = --owner=0 --group=0 --numeric-owner
+
+# Allow the user to add to this in the Makefile.
+ALL_RECURSIVE_TARGETS =
+
+include Makefile
+
+# Some projects override e.g., _autoreconf here.
+-include $(srcdir)/cfg.mk
+
+# Allow cfg.mk to override these.
+_build-aux ?= build-aux
+_autoreconf ?= autoreconf -v
+
+include $(srcdir)/maint.mk
+
+# Ensure that $(VERSION) is up to date for dist-related targets, but not
+# for others: rerunning autoreconf and recompiling everything isn't cheap.
+_have-git-version-gen := \
+  $(shell test -f $(srcdir)/$(_build-aux)/git-version-gen && echo yes)
+ifeq ($(_have-git-version-gen)0,yes$(MAKELEVEL))
+  _is-dist-target ?= $(filter-out %clean, \
+    $(filter maintainer-% dist% alpha beta stable,$(MAKECMDGOALS)))
+  _is-install-target ?= $(filter-out %check, $(filter install%,$(MAKECMDGOALS)))
+  ifneq (,$(_is-dist-target)$(_is-install-target))
+    _curr-ver := $(shell cd $(srcdir)				\
+                   && $(_build-aux)/git-version-gen		\
+                         .tarball-version			\
+                         $(git-version-gen-tag-sed-script))
+    ifneq ($(_curr-ver),$(VERSION))
+      ifeq ($(_curr-ver),UNKNOWN)
+        $(info WARNING: unable to verify if $(VERSION) is the correct version)
+      else
+        ifneq (,$(_is-install-target))
+          # GNU Coding Standards state that 'make install' should not cause
+          # recompilation after 'make all'.  But as long as changing the version
+          # string alters config.h, the cost of having 'make all' always have an
+          # up-to-date version is prohibitive.  So, as a compromise, we merely
+          # warn when installing a version string that is out of date; the user
+          # should run 'autoreconf' (or something like 'make distcheck') to
+          # fix the version, 'make all' to propagate it, then 'make install'.
+          $(info WARNING: version string $(VERSION) is out of date;)
+          $(info run '$(MAKE) _version' to fix it)
+        else
+          $(info INFO: running autoreconf for new version string: $(_curr-ver))
+GNUmakefile: _version
+	touch GNUmakefile
+        endif
+      endif
+    endif
+  endif
+endif
+
+.PHONY: _version
+_version:
+	cd $(srcdir) && rm -rf autom4te.cache .version && $(_autoreconf)
+	$(MAKE) $(AM_MAKEFLAGS) Makefile
+
+else
+
+.DEFAULT_GOAL := abort-due-to-no-makefile
+srcdir = .
+
+# The package can override .DEFAULT_GOAL to run actions like autoreconf.
+-include ./cfg.mk
+include ./maint.mk
+
+ifeq ($(.DEFAULT_GOAL),abort-due-to-no-makefile)
+$(MAKECMDGOALS): abort-due-to-no-makefile
+endif
+
+abort-due-to-no-makefile:
+	@echo There seems to be no Makefile in this directory.   1>&2
+	@echo "You must run ./configure before running \`make'." 1>&2
+	@exit 1
+
+endif
+
+# Tell version 3.79 and up of GNU make to not build goals in this
+# directory in parallel, in case someone tries to build multiple
+# targets, and one of them can cause a recursive target to be invoked.
+
+# Only set this if Automake doesn't provide it.
+AM_RECURSIVE_TARGETS ?= $(RECURSIVE_TARGETS:-recursive=) \
+  $(RECURSIVE_CLEAN_TARGETS:-recursive=) \
+  dist distcheck tags ctags
+
+ALL_RECURSIVE_TARGETS += $(AM_RECURSIVE_TARGETS)
+
+ifneq ($(word 2, $(MAKECMDGOALS)), )
+ifneq ($(filter $(ALL_RECURSIVE_TARGETS), $(MAKECMDGOALS)), )
+.NOTPARALLEL:
+endif
+endif
diff --git a/autobuild.sh b/autobuild.sh
index 0ec44d7..6e9e716 100755
--- a/autobuild.sh
+++ b/autobuild.sh
@@ -3,6 +3,9 @@
 set -e
 set -v
 
+test -n "$1" && RESULTS=$1 || RESULTS=results.log
+: ${AUTOBUILD_INSTALL_ROOT=$HOME/builder}
+
 # Make things clean.
 test -f Makefile && make -k distclean || :
 
@@ -16,6 +19,16 @@ cd build
 make
 make install
 
+# set -o pipefail is a bashism; this use of exec is the POSIX alternative
+exec 3>&1
+st=$(
+  exec 4>&1 >&3
+  { make check syntax-check 2>&1 3>&- 4>&-; echo $? >&4; } | tee "$RESULTS"
+)
+exec 3>&-
+test "$st" = 0
+
+
 rm -f *.tar.gz
 make dist
 
diff --git a/build-aux/useless-if-before-free b/build-aux/useless-if-before-free
new file mode 100755
index 0000000..b8f5a26
--- /dev/null
+++ b/build-aux/useless-if-before-free
@@ -0,0 +1,207 @@
+eval '(exit $?0)' && eval 'exec perl -wST "$0" ${1+"$@"}'
+  & eval 'exec perl -wST "$0" $argv:q'
+    if 0;
+# Detect instances of "if (p) free (p);".
+# Likewise "if (p != 0)", "if (0 != p)", or with NULL; and with braces.
+
+my $VERSION = '2011-04-20 13:43'; # UTC
+# The definition above must lie within the first 8 lines in order
+# for the Emacs time-stamp write hook (at end) to update it.
+# If you change this file with Emacs, please let the write hook
+# do its job.  Otherwise, update this string manually.
+
+# Copyright (C) 2008-2011 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
+
+# This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
+# it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+# the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
+# (at your option) any later version.
+
+# This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+# but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+# MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+# GNU General Public License for more details.
+
+# You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+# along with this program.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+
+# Written by Jim Meyering
+
+use strict;
+use warnings;
+use Getopt::Long;
+
+(my $ME = $0) =~ s|.*/||;
+
+# use File::Coda; # http://meyering.net/code/Coda/
+END {
+  defined fileno STDOUT or return;
+  close STDOUT and return;
+  warn "$ME: failed to close standard output: $!\n";
+  $? ||= 1;
+}
+
+sub usage ($)
+{
+  my ($exit_code) = @_;
+  my $STREAM = ($exit_code == 0 ? *STDOUT : *STDERR);
+  if ($exit_code != 0)
+    {
+      print $STREAM "Try `$ME --help' for more information.\n";
+    }
+  else
+    {
+      print $STREAM <<EOF;
+Usage: $ME [OPTIONS] FILE...
+
+Detect any instance in FILE of a useless "if" test before a free call, e.g.,
+"if (p) free (p);".  Any such test may be safely removed without affecting
+the semantics of the C code in FILE.  Use --name=FOO --name=BAR to also
+detect free-like functions named FOO and BAR.
+
+OPTIONS:
+
+   --list       print only the name of each matching FILE (\\0-terminated)
+   --name=N     add name N to the list of \`free\'-like functions to detect;
+                  may be repeated
+
+   --help       display this help and exit
+   --version    output version information and exit
+
+Exit status:
+
+  0   one or more matches
+  1   no match
+  2   an error
+
+EXAMPLE:
+
+For example, this command prints all removable "if" tests before "free"
+and "kfree" calls in the linux kernel sources:
+
+    git ls-files -z |xargs -0 $ME --name=kfree
+
+EOF
+    }
+  exit $exit_code;
+}
+
+sub is_NULL ($)
+{
+  my ($expr) = @_;
+  return ($expr eq 'NULL' || $expr eq '0');
+}
+
+{
+  sub EXIT_MATCH {0}
+  sub EXIT_NO_MATCH {1}
+  sub EXIT_ERROR {2}
+  my $err = EXIT_NO_MATCH;
+
+  my $list;
+  my @name = qw(free);
+  GetOptions
+    (
+     help => sub { usage 0 },
+     version => sub { print "$ME version $VERSION\n"; exit },
+     list => \$list,
+     'name=s@' => \ name,
+    ) or usage 1;
+
+  # Make sure we have the right number of non-option arguments.
+  # Always tell the user why we fail.
+  @ARGV < 1
+    and (warn "$ME: missing FILE argument\n"), usage EXIT_ERROR;
+
+  my $or = join '|', @name;
+  my $regexp = qr/(?:$or)/;
+
+  # Set the input record separator.
+  # Note: this makes it impractical to print line numbers.
+  $/ = '"';
+
+  my $found_match = 0;
+ FILE:
+  foreach my $file (@ARGV)
+    {
+      open FH, '<', $file
+        or (warn "$ME: can't open `$file' for reading: $!\n"),
+          $err = EXIT_ERROR, next;
+      while (defined (my $line = <FH>))
+        {
+          while ($line =~
+              /\b(if\s*\(\s*([^)]+?)(?:\s*!=\s*([^)]+?))?\s*\)
+              #  1          2                  3
+               (?:   \s*$regexp\s*\((?:\s*\([^)]+\))?\s*([^)]+)\)\s*;|
+                \s*\{\s*$regexp\s*\((?:\s*\([^)]+\))?\s*([^)]+)\)\s*;\s*\}))/sxg)
+            {
+              my $all = $1;
+              my ($lhs, $rhs) = ($2, $3);
+              my ($free_opnd, $braced_free_opnd) = ($4, $5);
+              my $non_NULL;
+              if (!defined $rhs) { $non_NULL = $lhs }
+              elsif (is_NULL $rhs) { $non_NULL = $lhs }
+              elsif (is_NULL $lhs) { $non_NULL = $rhs }
+              else { next }
+
+              # Compare the non-NULL part of the "if" expression and the
+              # free'd expression, without regard to white space.
+              $non_NULL =~ tr/ \t//d;
+              my $e2 = defined $free_opnd ? $free_opnd : $braced_free_opnd;
+              $e2 =~ tr/ \t//d;
+              if ($non_NULL eq $e2)
+                {
+                  $found_match = 1;
+                  $list
+                    and (print "$file\0"), next FILE;
+                  print "$file: $all\n";
+                }
+            }
+        }
+    }
+  continue
+    {
+      close FH;
+    }
+
+  $found_match && $err == EXIT_NO_MATCH
+    and $err = EXIT_MATCH;
+
+  exit $err;
+}
+
+my $foo = <<'EOF';
+# The above is to *find* them.
+# This adjusts them, removing the unnecessary "if (p)" part.
+
+# FIXME: do something like this as an option (doesn't do braces):
+free=xfree
+git grep -l -z "$free *(" \
+  | xargs -0 useless-if-before-free -l --name="$free" \
+  | xargs -0 perl -0x3b -pi -e \
+   's/\bif\s*\(\s*(\S+?)(?:\s*!=\s*(?:0|NULL))?\s*\)\s+('"$free"'\s*\((?:\s*\([^)]+\))?\s*\1\s*\)\s*;)/$2/s'
+
+# Use the following to remove redundant uses of kfree inside braces.
+# Note that -0777 puts perl in slurp-whole-file mode;
+# but we have plenty of memory, these days...
+free=kfree
+git grep -l -z "$free *(" \
+  | xargs -0 useless-if-before-free -l --name="$free" \
+  | xargs -0 perl -0777 -pi -e \
+     's/\bif\s*\(\s*(\S+?)(?:\s*!=\s*(?:0|NULL))?\s*\)\s*\{\s*('"$free"'\s*\((?:\s*\([^)]+\))?\s*\1\s*\);)\s*\}[^\n]*$/$2/gms'
+
+Be careful that the result of the above transformation is valid.
+If the matched string is followed by "else", then obviously, it won't be.
+
+When modifying files, refuse to process anything other than a regular file.
+EOF
+
+## Local Variables:
+## mode: perl
+## indent-tabs-mode: nil
+## eval: (add-hook 'write-file-hooks 'time-stamp)
+## time-stamp-start: "my $VERSION = '"
+## time-stamp-format: "%:y-%02m-%02d %02H:%02M"
+## time-stamp-time-zone: "UTC"
+## time-stamp-end: "'; # UTC"
+## End:
diff --git a/build-aux/vc-list-files b/build-aux/vc-list-files
new file mode 100755
index 0000000..405e458
--- /dev/null
+++ b/build-aux/vc-list-files
@@ -0,0 +1,113 @@
+#!/bin/sh
+# List version-controlled file names.
+
+# Print a version string.
+scriptversion=2011-05-16.22; # UTC
+
+# Copyright (C) 2006-2011 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
+
+# This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
+# it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+# the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
+# (at your option) any later version.
+
+# This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+# but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+# MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+# GNU General Public License for more details.
+
+# You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+# along with this program.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+
+
+# List the specified version-controlled files.
+# With no argument, list them all.  With a single DIRECTORY argument,
+# list the version-controlled files in that directory.
+
+# If there's an argument, it must be a single, "."-relative directory name.
+# cvsu is part of the cvsutils package: http://www.red-bean.com/cvsutils/
+
+postprocess=
+case $1 in
+  --help) cat <<EOF
+Usage: $0 [-C SRCDIR] [DIR...]
+
+Output a list of version-controlled files in DIR (default .), relative to
+SRCDIR (default .).  SRCDIR must be the top directory of a checkout.
+
+Options:
+  --help     print this help, then exit
+  --version  print version number, then exit
+  -C SRCDIR  change directory to SRCDIR before generating list
+
+Report bugs and patches to <bug-gnulib gnu org>.
+EOF
+    exit ;;
+
+  --version)
+    year=`echo "$scriptversion" | sed 's/[^0-9].*//'`
+    cat <<EOF
+vc-list-files $scriptversion
+Copyright (C) $year Free Software Foundation, Inc,
+License GPLv3+: GNU GPL version 3 or later <http://gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html>
+This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it.
+There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.
+EOF
+    exit ;;
+
+  -C)
+    test "$2" = . || postprocess="| sed 's|^|$2/|'"
+    cd "$2" || exit 1
+    shift; shift ;;
+esac
+
+test $# = 0 && set .
+
+for dir
+do
+  if test -d .git; then
+    test "x$dir" = x. \
+      && dir= sed_esc= \
+      || { dir="$dir/"; sed_esc=`echo "$dir"|env sed 's,\([\\/]\),\\\\\1,g'`; }
+    # Ignore git symlinks - either they point into the tree, in which case
+    # we don't need to visit the target twice, or they point somewhere
+    # else (often into a submodule), in which case the content does not
+    # belong to this package.
+    eval exec git ls-tree -r 'HEAD:"$dir"' \
+      \| sed -n '"s/^100[^	]*./$sed_esc/p"' $postprocess
+  elif test -d .hg; then
+    eval exec hg locate '"$dir/*"' $postprocess
+  elif test -d .bzr; then
+    test "$postprocess" = '' && postprocess="| sed 's|^\./||'"
+    eval exec bzr ls -R --versioned '"$dir"' $postprocess
+  elif test -d CVS; then
+    test "$postprocess" = '' && postprocess="| sed 's|^\./||'"
+    if test -x build-aux/cvsu; then
+      eval build-aux/cvsu --find --types=AFGM '"$dir"' $postprocess
+    elif (cvsu --help) >/dev/null 2>&1; then
+      eval cvsu --find --types=AFGM '"$dir"' $postprocess
+    else
+      eval awk -F/ \''{			\
+          if (!$1 && $3 !~ /^-/) {	\
+            f=FILENAME;			\
+            if (f ~ /CVS\/Entries$/)	\
+              f = substr(f, 1, length(f)-11); \
+            print f $2;			\
+          }}'\''				\
+        `find "$dir" -name Entries -print` /dev/null' $postprocess
+    fi
+  elif test -d .svn; then
+    eval exec svn list -R '"$dir"' $postprocess
+  else
+    echo "$0: Failed to determine type of version control used in `pwd`" 1>&2
+    exit 1
+  fi
+done
+
+# Local variables:
+# eval: (add-hook 'write-file-hooks 'time-stamp)
+# time-stamp-start: "scriptversion="
+# time-stamp-format: "%:y-%02m-%02d.%02H"
+# time-stamp-time-zone: "UTC"
+# time-stamp-end: "; # UTC"
+# End:
diff --git a/cfg.mk b/cfg.mk
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..ed46aee
--- /dev/null
+++ b/cfg.mk
@@ -0,0 +1,137 @@
+# Customize Makefile.maint.                           -*- makefile -*-
+# Copyright (C) 2008-2011 Red Hat, Inc.
+# Copyright (C) 2003-2008 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
+
+# This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
+# it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+# the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
+# (at your option) any later version.
+
+# This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+# but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+# MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+# GNU General Public License for more details.
+
+# You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+# along with this program.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+
+# Tests not to run as part of "make distcheck".
+local-checks-to-skip =			\
+  changelog-check			\
+  check-AUTHORS				\
+  makefile-check			\
+  makefile_path_separator_check		\
+  patch-check				\
+  sc_GPL_version			\
+  sc_always_defined_macros		\
+  sc_cast_of_alloca_return_value	\
+  sc_cross_check_PATH_usage_in_tests	\
+  sc_dd_max_sym_length			\
+  sc_error_exit_success			\
+  sc_file_system			\
+  sc_immutable_NEWS			\
+  sc_makefile_path_separator_check	\
+  sc_obsolete_symbols			\
+  sc_prohibit_always_true_header_tests  \
+  sc_prohibit_S_IS_definition		\
+  sc_prohibit_atoi_atof			\
+  sc_prohibit_hash_without_use		\
+  sc_prohibit_jm_in_m4			\
+  sc_prohibit_quote_without_use		\
+  sc_prohibit_quotearg_without_use	\
+  sc_prohibit_stat_st_blocks		\
+  sc_root_tests				\
+  sc_space_tab				\
+  sc_sun_os_names			\
+  sc_system_h_headers			\
+  sc_texinfo_acronym			\
+  sc_tight_scope			\
+  sc_two_space_separator_in_usage	\
+  sc_error_message_uppercase		\
+  sc_program_name			\
+  sc_require_test_exit_idiom		\
+  sc_makefile_check			\
+  sc_useless_cpp_parens
+
+# Files that should never cause syntax check failures.
+VC_LIST_ALWAYS_EXCLUDE_REGEX = \
+  (^HACKING|\.po|maint.mk)$$
+
+# Functions like free() that are no-ops on NULL arguments.
+useless_free_options =				\
+  --name=g_free					\
+  --name=xmlBufferFree				\
+  --name=xmlFree				\
+  --name=xmlFreeDoc				\
+  --name=xmlXPathFreeContext			\
+  --name=xmlXPathFreeObject
+
+# Ensure that no C source file, docs, or rng schema uses TABs for
+# indentation.  Also match *.h.in files, to get libvirt.h.in.  Exclude
+# files in gnulib, since they're imported.
+space_indent_files=(\.(rng|s?[ch](\.in)?|html.in|py)|(daemon|tools)/.*\.in)
+sc_TAB_in_indentation:
+	@prohibit='^ *	'						\
+	in_vc_files='$(space_indent_files)$$'				\
+	halt='indent with space, not TAB, in C, sh, html, py, and RNG schemas' \
+	  $(_sc_search_regexp)
+
+# G_GNUC_UNUSED should only be applied in implementations, not
+# header declarations
+sc_avoid_attribute_unused_in_header:
+	@prohibit='^[^#]*G_GNUC_UNUSED([^:]|$$)'			\
+	in_vc_files='\.h$$'						\
+	halt='use G_GNUC_UNUSED in .c rather than .h files'		\
+	  $(_sc_search_regexp)
+
+# Enforce recommended preprocessor indentation style.
+sc_preprocessor_indentation:
+	@if cppi --version >/dev/null 2>&1; then			\
+	  $(VC_LIST_EXCEPT) | grep '\.[ch]$$' | xargs cppi -a -c	\
+	    || { echo '$(ME): incorrect preprocessor indentation' 1>&2;	\
+		exit 1; };						\
+	else								\
+	  echo '$(ME): skipping test $@: cppi not installed' 1>&2;	\
+	fi
+
+sc_copyright_format:
+	@require='Copyright .*Red 'Hat', Inc\.'				\
+	containing='Copyright .*Red 'Hat				\
+	halt='Red Hat copyright is missing Inc.'			\
+	  $(_sc_search_regexp)
+	@prohibit='Copyright [^(].*Red 'Hat				\
+	halt='consistently use (C) in Red Hat copyright'		\
+	  $(_sc_search_regexp)
+	@prohibit='\<Red''Hat\>'					\
+	halt='spell Red Hat as two words'				\
+	  $(_sc_search_regexp)
+
+# We don't use this feature of maint.mk.
+prev_version_file = /dev/null
+
+# Give credit where due:
+# Ensure that each commit author email address (possibly mapped via
+# git log's .mailmap) appears in our AUTHORS file.
+sc_check_author_list:
+	@fail=0;							\
+	for i in $$(git log --pretty=format:%aE%n|sort -u|grep -v '^$$'); do \
+	  sanitized=$$(echo "$$i"|LC_ALL=C sed 's/\([^a-zA-Z0-9_ -]\)/\\\1/g'); \
+	  grep -iq "<$$sanitized>" $(srcdir)/AUTHORS			\
+	    || { printf '%s\n' "$$i" >&2; fail=1; };			\
+	done;								\
+	test $$fail = 1							\
+	  && echo '$(ME): committer(s) not listed in AUTHORS' >&2;	\
+	test $$fail = 0
+
+
+exclude_file_name_regexp--sc_bindtextdomain = ^(libvirt-gconfig/tests|examples)/
+
+exclude_file_name_regexp--sc_preprocessor_indentation = ^*/*.[ch]
+
+exclude_file_name_regexp--sc_prohibit_strcmp = ^*/*.[ch]
+
+exclude_file_name_regexp--sc_require_config_h = python/libvirt-glib.c
+exclude_file_name_regexp--sc_require_config_h_first = python/libvirt-glib.c
+
+# XXX we shouldn't really ignore this, but the horrible enum rules...
+exclude_file_name_regexp--sc_makefile_at_at_check = libvirt-gobject/Makefile.am
diff --git a/configure.ac b/configure.ac
index 805cd9b..260d581 100644
--- a/configure.ac
+++ b/configure.ac
@@ -40,6 +40,17 @@ dnl AC_CONFIG_LIBOBJ_DIR([src])
 
 AC_DEFINE([_GNU_SOURCE], [], [Enable GNU extensions])
 
+# Autoconf 2.61a.99 and earlier don't support linking a file only
+# in VPATH builds.  But since GNUmakefile is for maintainer use
+# only, it does not matter if we skip the link with older autoconf.
+# Automake 1.10.1 and earlier try to remove GNUmakefile in non-VPATH
+# builds, so use a shell variable to bypass this.
+GNUmakefile=GNUmakefile
+m4_if(m4_version_compare([2.61a.100],
+        m4_defn([m4_PACKAGE_VERSION])), [1], [],
+      [AC_CONFIG_LINKS([$GNUmakefile:$GNUmakefile], [],
+        [GNUmakefile=$GNUmakefile])])
+
 LIBVIRT_GLIB_COMPILE_WARNINGS([maximum])
 
 PKG_CHECK_MODULES(LIBVIRT, libvirt >= $LIBVIRT_REQUIRED)
diff --git a/maint.mk b/maint.mk
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..405c6d0
--- /dev/null
+++ b/maint.mk
@@ -0,0 +1,1511 @@
+# -*-Makefile-*-
+# This Makefile fragment tries to be general-purpose enough to be
+# used by many projects via the gnulib maintainer-makefile module.
+
+## Copyright (C) 2001-2011 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
+##
+## This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
+## it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+## the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
+## (at your option) any later version.
+##
+## This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+## but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+## MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+## GNU General Public License for more details.
+##
+## You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+## along with this program.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+
+# This is reported not to work with make-3.79.1
+# ME := $(word $(words $(MAKEFILE_LIST)),$(MAKEFILE_LIST))
+ME := maint.mk
+
+# Diagnostic for continued use of deprecated variable.
+# Remove in 2013
+ifneq ($(build_aux),)
+ $(error "$(ME): \
+set $$(_build-aux) relative to $$(srcdir) instead of $$(build_aux)")
+endif
+
+# Do not save the original name or timestamp in the .tar.gz file.
+# Use --rsyncable if available.
+gzip_rsyncable := \
+  $(shell gzip --help 2>/dev/null|grep rsyncable >/dev/null \
+    && printf %s --rsyncable)
+GZIP_ENV = '--no-name --best $(gzip_rsyncable)'
+
+GIT = git
+VC = $(GIT)
+
+VC_LIST = $(srcdir)/$(_build-aux)/vc-list-files -C $(srcdir)
+
+# You can override this variable in cfg.mk to set your own regexp
+# matching files to ignore.
+VC_LIST_ALWAYS_EXCLUDE_REGEX ?= ^$$
+
+# This is to preprocess robustly the output of $(VC_LIST), so that even
+# when $(srcdir) is a pathological name like "....", the leading sed command
+# removes only the intended prefix.
+_dot_escaped_srcdir = $(subst .,\.,$(srcdir))
+
+# Post-process $(VC_LIST) output, prepending $(srcdir)/, but only
+# when $(srcdir) is not ".".
+ifeq ($(srcdir),.)
+_prepend_srcdir_prefix =
+else
+_prepend_srcdir_prefix = | sed 's|^|$(srcdir)/|'
+endif
+
+# In order to be able to consistently filter "."-relative names,
+# (i.e., with no $(srcdir) prefix), this definition is careful to
+# remove any $(srcdir) prefix, and to restore what it removes.
+_sc_excl = \
+  $(if $(exclude_file_name_regexp--$@),$(exclude_file_name_regexp--$@),^$$)
+VC_LIST_EXCEPT = \
+  $(VC_LIST) | sed 's|^$(_dot_escaped_srcdir)/||' \
+	| if test -f $(srcdir)/.x-$@; then grep -vEf $(srcdir)/.x-$@; \
+	  else grep -Ev -e "$${VC_LIST_EXCEPT_DEFAULT-ChangeLog}"; fi \
+	| grep -Ev -e '($(VC_LIST_ALWAYS_EXCLUDE_REGEX)|$(_sc_excl))' \
+	$(_prepend_srcdir_prefix)
+
+ifeq ($(origin prev_version_file), undefined)
+  prev_version_file = $(srcdir)/.prev-version
+endif
+
+PREV_VERSION := $(shell cat $(prev_version_file) 2>/dev/null)
+VERSION_REGEXP = $(subst .,\.,$(VERSION))
+PREV_VERSION_REGEXP = $(subst .,\.,$(PREV_VERSION))
+
+ifeq ($(VC),$(GIT))
+this-vc-tag = v$(VERSION)
+this-vc-tag-regexp = v$(VERSION_REGEXP)
+else
+tag-package = $(shell echo "$(PACKAGE)" | tr '[:lower:]' '[:upper:]')
+tag-this-version = $(subst .,_,$(VERSION))
+this-vc-tag = $(tag-package)-$(tag-this-version)
+this-vc-tag-regexp = $(this-vc-tag)
+endif
+my_distdir = $(PACKAGE)-$(VERSION)
+
+# Old releases are stored here.
+release_archive_dir ?= ../release
+
+# Override gnu_rel_host and url_dir_list in cfg.mk if these are not right.
+# Use alpha.gnu.org for alpha and beta releases.
+# Use ftp.gnu.org for stable releases.
+gnu_ftp_host-alpha = alpha.gnu.org
+gnu_ftp_host-beta = alpha.gnu.org
+gnu_ftp_host-stable = ftp.gnu.org
+gnu_rel_host ?= $(gnu_ftp_host-$(RELEASE_TYPE))
+
+ifeq ($(gnu_rel_host),ftp.gnu.org)
+url_dir_list ?= http://ftpmirror.gnu.org/$(PACKAGE)
+else
+url_dir_list ?= ftp://$(gnu_rel_host)/gnu/$(PACKAGE)
+endif
+
+# Override this in cfg.mk if you are using a different format in your
+# NEWS file.
+today = $(shell date +%Y-%m-%d)
+
+# Select which lines of NEWS are searched for $(news-check-regexp).
+# This is a sed line number spec.  The default says that we search
+# lines 1..10 of NEWS for $(news-check-regexp).
+# If you want to search only line 3 or only lines 20-22, use "3" or "20,22".
+news-check-lines-spec ?= 1,10
+news-check-regexp ?= '^\*.* $(VERSION_REGEXP) \($(today)\)'
+
+# Prevent programs like 'sort' from considering distinct strings to be equal.
+# Doing it here saves us from having to set LC_ALL elsewhere in this file.
+export LC_ALL = C
+
+## --------------- ##
+## Sanity checks.  ##
+## --------------- ##
+
+_cfg_mk := $(shell test -f $(srcdir)/cfg.mk && echo '$(srcdir)/cfg.mk')
+
+# Collect the names of rules starting with `sc_'.
+syntax-check-rules := $(sort $(shell sed -n 's/^\(sc_[a-zA-Z0-9_-]*\):.*/\1/p' \
+			$(srcdir)/$(ME) $(_cfg_mk)))
+.PHONY: $(syntax-check-rules)
+
+ifeq ($(shell $(VC_LIST) >/dev/null 2>&1; echo $$?),0)
+local-checks-available += $(syntax-check-rules)
+else
+local-checks-available += no-vc-detected
+no-vc-detected:
+	@echo "No version control files detected; skipping syntax check"
+endif
+.PHONY: $(local-checks-available)
+
+# Arrange to print the name of each syntax-checking rule just before running it.
+$(syntax-check-rules): %: %.m
+sc_m_rules_ = $(patsubst %, %.m, $(syntax-check-rules))
+.PHONY: $(sc_m_rules_)
+$(sc_m_rules_):
+	@echo $(patsubst sc_%.m, %, $@)
+	@date +%s.%N > .sc-start-$(basename $@)
+
+# Compute and print the elapsed time for each syntax-check rule.
+sc_z_rules_ = $(patsubst %, %.z, $(syntax-check-rules))
+.PHONY: $(sc_z_rules_)
+$(sc_z_rules_): %.z: %
+	@end=$$(date +%s.%N);						\
+	start=$$(cat .sc-start-$*);					\
+	rm -f .sc-start-$*;						\
+	awk -v s=$$start -v e=$$end					\
+	  'END {printf "%.2f $(patsubst sc_%,%,$*)\n", e - s}' < /dev/null
+
+# The patsubst here is to replace each sc_% rule with its sc_%.z wrapper
+# that computes and prints elapsed time.
+local-check :=								\
+  $(patsubst sc_%, sc_%.z,						\
+    $(filter-out $(local-checks-to-skip), $(local-checks-available)))
+
+syntax-check: $(local-check)
+
+# _sc_search_regexp
+#
+# This macro searches for a given construct in the selected files and
+# then takes some action.
+#
+# Parameters (shell variables):
+#
+#  prohibit | require
+#
+#     Regular expression (ERE) denoting either a forbidden construct
+#     or a required construct.  Those arguments are exclusive.
+#
+#  in_vc_files | in_files
+#
+#     grep-E-style regexp denoting the files to check.  If no files
+#     are specified the default are all the files that are under
+#     version control.
+#
+#  containing | non_containing
+#
+#     Select the files (non) containing strings matching this regexp.
+#     If both arguments are specified then CONTAINING takes
+#     precedence.
+#
+#  with_grep_options
+#
+#     Extra options for grep.
+#
+#  ignore_case
+#
+#     Ignore case.
+#
+#  halt
+#
+#     Message to display before to halting execution.
+#
+# Finally, you may exempt files based on an ERE matching file names.
+# For example, to exempt from the sc_space_tab check all files with the
+# .diff suffix, set this Make variable:
+#
+# exclude_file_name_regexp--sc_space_tab = \.diff$
+#
+# Note that while this functionality is mostly inherited via VC_LIST_EXCEPT,
+# when filtering by name via in_files, we explicitly filter out matching
+# names here as well.
+
+# By default, _sc_search_regexp does not ignore case.
+export ignore_case =
+_ignore_case = $$(test -n "$$ignore_case" && printf %s -i || :)
+
+define _sc_say_and_exit
+   dummy=; : so we do not need a semicolon before each use;		\
+   { printf '%s\n' "$(ME): $$msg" 1>&2; exit 1; };
+endef
+
+# _sc_search_regexp used to be named _prohibit_regexp.  However,
+# upgrading to the new definition and leaving the old name undefined
+# would usually convert each custom rule using $(_prohibit_regexp)
+# (usually defined in cfg.mk) into a no-op.  This definition ensures
+# that people know right away if they're still using the old name.
+# FIXME: remove in 2012.
+_prohibit_regexp = \
+  $(error '*** you need to s/_prohibit_regexp/_sc_search_regexp/, and adapt')
+
+define _sc_search_regexp
+   dummy=; : so we do not need a semicolon before each use;		\
+									\
+   : Check arguments;							\
+   test -n "$$prohibit" && test -n "$$require"				\
+     && { msg='Cannot specify both prohibit and require'		\
+          $(_sc_say_and_exit) } || :;					\
+   test -z "$$prohibit" && test -z "$$require"				\
+     && { msg='Should specify either prohibit or require'		\
+          $(_sc_say_and_exit) } || :;					\
+   test -n "$$in_vc_files" && test -n "$$in_files"			\
+     && { msg='Cannot specify both in_vc_files and in_files'		\
+          $(_sc_say_and_exit) } || :;					\
+   test "x$$halt" != x							\
+     || { msg='halt not defined' $(_sc_say_and_exit) };			\
+									\
+   : Filter by file name;						\
+   if test -n "$$in_files"; then					\
+     files=$$(find $(srcdir) | grep -E "$$in_files"			\
+              | grep -Ev '$(exclude_file_name_regexp--$@)');		\
+   else									\
+     files=$$($(VC_LIST_EXCEPT));					\
+     if test -n "$$in_vc_files"; then					\
+       files=$$(echo "$$files" | grep -E "$$in_vc_files");		\
+     fi;								\
+   fi;									\
+									\
+   : Filter by content;							\
+   test -n "$$files" && test -n "$$containing"				\
+     && { files=$$(grep -l "$$containing" $$files); } || :;		\
+   test -n "$$files" && test -n "$$non_containing"			\
+     && { files=$$(grep -vl "$$non_containing" $$files); } || :;	\
+									\
+   : Check for the construct;						\
+   if test -n "$$files"; then						\
+     if test -n "$$prohibit"; then					\
+       grep $$with_grep_options $(_ignore_case) -nE "$$prohibit" $$files \
+         && { msg="$$halt" $(_sc_say_and_exit) } || :;			\
+     else								\
+       grep $$with_grep_options $(_ignore_case) -LE "$$require" $$files \
+           | grep .							\
+         && { msg="$$halt" $(_sc_say_and_exit) } || :;			\
+     fi									\
+   else :;								\
+   fi || :;
+endef
+
+sc_avoid_if_before_free:
+	@$(srcdir)/$(_build-aux)/useless-if-before-free			\
+		$(useless_free_options)					\
+	    $$($(VC_LIST_EXCEPT) | grep -v useless-if-before-free) &&	\
+	  { echo '$(ME): found useless "if" before "free" above' 1>&2;	\
+	    exit 1; } || :
+
+sc_cast_of_argument_to_free:
+	@prohibit='\<free *\( *\(' halt='don'\''t cast free argument'	\
+	  $(_sc_search_regexp)
+
+sc_cast_of_x_alloc_return_value:
+	@prohibit='\*\) *x(m|c|re)alloc\>'				\
+	halt='don'\''t cast x*alloc return value'			\
+	  $(_sc_search_regexp)
+
+sc_cast_of_alloca_return_value:
+	@prohibit='\*\) *alloca\>'					\
+	halt='don'\''t cast alloca return value'			\
+	  $(_sc_search_regexp)
+
+sc_space_tab:
+	@prohibit='[ ]	'						\
+	halt='found SPACE-TAB sequence; remove the SPACE'		\
+	  $(_sc_search_regexp)
+
+# Don't use *scanf or the old ato* functions in `real' code.
+# They provide no error checking mechanism.
+# Instead, use strto* functions.
+sc_prohibit_atoi_atof:
+	@prohibit='\<([fs]?scanf|ato([filq]|ll)) *\('				\
+	halt='do not use *scan''f, ato''f, ato''i, ato''l, ato''ll or ato''q'	\
+	  $(_sc_search_regexp)
+
+# Use STREQ rather than comparing strcmp == 0, or != 0.
+sc_prohibit_strcmp:
+	@grep -nE '! *str''cmp *\(|\<str''cmp *\(.+\) *[!=]='	\
+	    $$($(VC_LIST_EXCEPT))					\
+	  | grep -vE ':# *define STRN?EQ\(' &&				\
+	  { echo '$(ME): replace str''cmp calls above with STREQ/STRNEQ' \
+		1>&2; exit 1; } || :
+
+# Pass EXIT_*, not number, to usage, exit, and error (when exiting)
+# Convert all uses automatically, via these two commands:
+# git grep -l '\<exit *(1)' \
+#  | grep -vEf .x-sc_prohibit_magic_number_exit \
+#  | xargs --no-run-if-empty \
+#      perl -pi -e 's/(^|[^.])\b(exit ?)\(1\)/$1$2(EXIT_FAILURE)/'
+# git grep -l '\<exit *(0)' \
+#  | grep -vEf .x-sc_prohibit_magic_number_exit \
+#  | xargs --no-run-if-empty \
+#      perl -pi -e 's/(^|[^.])\b(exit ?)\(0\)/$1$2(EXIT_SUCCESS)/'
+sc_prohibit_magic_number_exit:
+	@prohibit='(^|[^.])\<(usage|exit) ?\([0-9]|\<error ?\([1-9][0-9]*,'	\
+	halt='use EXIT_* values rather than magic number'			\
+	  $(_sc_search_regexp)
+
+# Using EXIT_SUCCESS as the first argument to error is misleading,
+# since when that parameter is 0, error does not exit.  Use `0' instead.
+sc_error_exit_success:
+	@prohibit='error *\(EXIT_SUCCESS,'				\
+	in_vc_files='\.[chly]$$'					\
+	halt='found error (EXIT_SUCCESS'				\
+	 $(_sc_search_regexp)
+
+# `FATAL:' should be fully upper-cased in error messages
+# `WARNING:' should be fully upper-cased, or fully lower-cased
+sc_error_message_warn_fatal:
+	@grep -nEA2 '[^rp]error *\(' $$($(VC_LIST_EXCEPT))		\
+	    | grep -E '"Warning|"Fatal|"fatal' &&			\
+	  { echo '$(ME): use FATAL, WARNING or warning'	1>&2;		\
+	    exit 1; } || :
+
+# Error messages should not start with a capital letter
+sc_error_message_uppercase:
+	@grep -nEA2 '[^rp]error *\(' $$($(VC_LIST_EXCEPT))		\
+	    | grep -E '"[A-Z]'						\
+	    | grep -vE '"FATAL|"WARNING|"Java|"C#|PRIuMAX' &&		\
+	  { echo '$(ME): found capitalized error message' 1>&2;		\
+	    exit 1; } || :
+
+# Error messages should not end with a period
+sc_error_message_period:
+	@grep -nEA2 '[^rp]error *\(' $$($(VC_LIST_EXCEPT))		\
+	    | grep -E '[^."]\."' &&					\
+	  { echo '$(ME): found error message ending in period' 1>&2;	\
+	    exit 1; } || :
+
+sc_file_system:
+	@prohibit=file''system						\
+	ignore_case=1							\
+	halt='found use of "file''system"; spell it "file system"'	\
+	  $(_sc_search_regexp)
+
+# Don't use cpp tests of this symbol.  All code assumes config.h is included.
+sc_prohibit_have_config_h:
+	@prohibit='^# *if.*HAVE''_CONFIG_H'				\
+	halt='found use of HAVE''_CONFIG_H; remove'			\
+	  $(_sc_search_regexp)
+
+# Nearly all .c files must include <config.h>.  However, we also permit this
+# via inclusion of a package-specific header, if cfg.mk specified one.
+# config_h_header must be suitable for grep -E.
+config_h_header ?= <config\.h>
+sc_require_config_h:
+	@require='^# *include $(config_h_header)'			\
+	in_vc_files='\.c$$'						\
+	halt='the above files do not include <config.h>'		\
+	  $(_sc_search_regexp)
+
+# You must include <config.h> before including any other header file.
+# This can possibly be via a package-specific header, if given by cfg.mk.
+sc_require_config_h_first:
+	@if $(VC_LIST_EXCEPT) | grep -l '\.c$$' > /dev/null; then	\
+	  fail=0;							\
+	  for i in $$($(VC_LIST_EXCEPT) | grep '\.c$$'); do		\
+	    grep '^# *include\>' $$i | sed 1q				\
+		| grep -E '^# *include $(config_h_header)' > /dev/null	\
+	      || { echo $$i; fail=1; };					\
+	  done;								\
+	  test $$fail = 1 &&						\
+	    { echo '$(ME): the above files include some other header'	\
+		'before <config.h>' 1>&2; exit 1; } || :;		\
+	else :;								\
+	fi
+
+sc_prohibit_HAVE_MBRTOWC:
+	@prohibit='\bHAVE_MBRTOWC\b'					\
+	halt="do not use $$prohibit; it is always defined"		\
+	  $(_sc_search_regexp)
+
+# To use this "command" macro, you must first define two shell variables:
+# h: the header name, with no enclosing <> or ""
+# re: a regular expression that matches IFF something provided by $h is used.
+define _sc_header_without_use
+  dummy=; : so we do not need a semicolon before each use;		\
+  h_esc=`echo '[<"]'"$$h"'[">]'|sed 's/\./\\\\./g'`;			\
+  if $(VC_LIST_EXCEPT) | grep -l '\.c$$' > /dev/null; then		\
+    files=$$(grep -l '^# *include '"$$h_esc"				\
+	     $$($(VC_LIST_EXCEPT) | grep '\.c$$')) &&			\
+    grep -LE "$$re" $$files | grep . &&					\
+      { echo "$(ME): the above files include $$h but don't use it"	\
+	1>&2; exit 1; } || :;						\
+  else :;								\
+  fi
+endef
+
+# Prohibit the inclusion of assert.h without an actual use of assert.
+sc_prohibit_assert_without_use:
+	@h='assert.h' re='\<assert *\(' $(_sc_header_without_use)
+
+# Prohibit the inclusion of close-stream.h without an actual use.
+sc_prohibit_close_stream_without_use:
+	@h='close-stream.h' re='\<close_stream *\(' $(_sc_header_without_use)
+
+# Prohibit the inclusion of getopt.h without an actual use.
+sc_prohibit_getopt_without_use:
+	@h='getopt.h' re='\<getopt(_long)? *\(' $(_sc_header_without_use)
+
+# Don't include quotearg.h unless you use one of its functions.
+sc_prohibit_quotearg_without_use:
+	@h='quotearg.h' re='\<quotearg(_[^ ]+)? *\(' $(_sc_header_without_use)
+
+# Don't include quote.h unless you use one of its functions.
+sc_prohibit_quote_without_use:
+	@h='quote.h' re='\<quote(_n)? *\(' $(_sc_header_without_use)
+
+# Don't include this header unless you use one of its functions.
+sc_prohibit_long_options_without_use:
+	@h='long-options.h' re='\<parse_long_options *\(' \
+	  $(_sc_header_without_use)
+
+# Don't include this header unless you use one of its functions.
+sc_prohibit_inttostr_without_use:
+	@h='inttostr.h' re='\<(off|[iu]max|uint)tostr *\(' \
+	  $(_sc_header_without_use)
+
+# Don't include this header unless you use one of its functions.
+sc_prohibit_ignore_value_without_use:
+	@h='ignore-value.h' re='\<ignore_(value|ptr) *\(' \
+	  $(_sc_header_without_use)
+
+# Don't include this header unless you use one of its functions.
+sc_prohibit_error_without_use:
+	@h='error.h' \
+	re='\<error(_at_line|_print_progname|_one_per_line|_message_count)? *\('\
+	  $(_sc_header_without_use)
+
+# Don't include xalloc.h unless you use one of its functions.
+# Consider these symbols:
+# perl -lne '/^# *define (\w+)\(/ and print $1' lib/xalloc.h|grep -v '^__';
+# perl -lne '/^(?:extern )?(?:void|char) \*?(\w+) *\(/ and print $1' lib/xalloc.h
+# Divide into two sets on case, and filter each through this:
+# | sort | perl -MRegexp::Assemble -le \
+#  'print Regexp::Assemble->new(file => "/dev/stdin")->as_string'|sed 's/\?://g'
+# Note this was produced by the above:
+# _xa1 = \
+#x(((2n?)?re|c(har)?|n(re|m)|z)alloc|alloc_(oversized|die)|m(alloc|emdup)|strdup)
+# But we can do better, in at least two ways:
+# 1) take advantage of two "dup"-suffixed strings:
+# x(((2n?)?re|c(har)?|n(re|m)|[mz])alloc|alloc_(oversized|die)|(mem|str)dup)
+# 2) notice that "c(har)?|[mz]" is equivalent to the shorter and more readable
+# "char|[cmz]"
+# x(((2n?)?re|char|n(re|m)|[cmz])alloc|alloc_(oversized|die)|(mem|str)dup)
+_xa1 = x(((2n?)?re|char|n(re|m)|[cmz])alloc|alloc_(oversized|die)|(mem|str)dup)
+_xa2 = X([CZ]|N?M)ALLOC
+sc_prohibit_xalloc_without_use:
+	@h='xalloc.h' \
+	re='\<($(_xa1)|$(_xa2)) *\('\
+	  $(_sc_header_without_use)
+
+# Extract function names:
+# perl -lne '/^(?:extern )?(?:void|char) \*?(\w+) *\(/ and print $1' lib/hash.h
+_hash_re = \
+clear|delete|free|get_(first|next)|insert|lookup|print_statistics|reset_tuning
+_hash_fn = \<($(_hash_re)) *\(
+_hash_struct = (struct )?\<[Hh]ash_(table|tuning)\>
+sc_prohibit_hash_without_use:
+	@h='hash.h' \
+	re='$(_hash_fn)|$(_hash_struct)'\
+	  $(_sc_header_without_use)
+
+sc_prohibit_cloexec_without_use:
+	@h='cloexec.h' re='\<(set_cloexec_flag|dup_cloexec) *\(' \
+	  $(_sc_header_without_use)
+
+sc_prohibit_posixver_without_use:
+	@h='posixver.h' re='\<posix2_version *\(' $(_sc_header_without_use)
+
+sc_prohibit_same_without_use:
+	@h='same.h' re='\<same_name *\(' $(_sc_header_without_use)
+
+sc_prohibit_hash_pjw_without_use:
+	@h='hash-pjw.h' \
+	re='\<hash_pjw *\(' \
+	  $(_sc_header_without_use)
+
+sc_prohibit_safe_read_without_use:
+	@h='safe-read.h' re='(\<SAFE_READ_ERROR\>|\<safe_read *\()' \
+	  $(_sc_header_without_use)
+
+sc_prohibit_argmatch_without_use:
+	@h='argmatch.h' \
+	re='(\<(ARRAY_CARDINALITY|X?ARGMATCH(|_TO_ARGUMENT|_VERIFY))\>|\<(invalid_arg|argmatch(_exit_fn|_(in)?valid)?) *\()' \
+	  $(_sc_header_without_use)
+
+sc_prohibit_canonicalize_without_use:
+	@h='canonicalize.h' \
+	re='CAN_(EXISTING|ALL_BUT_LAST|MISSING)|canonicalize_(mode_t|filename_mode)' \
+	  $(_sc_header_without_use)
+
+sc_prohibit_root_dev_ino_without_use:
+	@h='root-dev-ino.h' \
+	re='(\<ROOT_DEV_INO_(CHECK|WARN)\>|\<get_root_dev_ino *\()' \
+	  $(_sc_header_without_use)
+
+sc_prohibit_openat_without_use:
+	@h='openat.h' \
+	re='\<(openat_(permissive|needs_fchdir|(save|restore)_fail)|l?(stat|ch(own|mod))at|(euid)?accessat)\>' \
+	  $(_sc_header_without_use)
+
+# Prohibit the inclusion of c-ctype.h without an actual use.
+ctype_re = isalnum|isalpha|isascii|isblank|iscntrl|isdigit|isgraph|islower\
+|isprint|ispunct|isspace|isupper|isxdigit|tolower|toupper
+sc_prohibit_c_ctype_without_use:
+	@h='c-ctype.h' re='\<c_($(ctype_re)) *\(' \
+	  $(_sc_header_without_use)
+
+_empty =
+_sp = $(_empty) $(_empty)
+# The following list was generated by running:
+# man signal.h|col -b|perl -ne '/bsd_signal.*;/.../sigwaitinfo.*;/ and print' \
+#   | perl -lne '/^\s+(?:int|void).*?(\w+).*/ and print $1' | fmt
+_sig_functions = \
+  bsd_signal kill killpg pthread_kill pthread_sigmask raise sigaction \
+  sigaddset sigaltstack sigdelset sigemptyset sigfillset sighold sigignore \
+  siginterrupt sigismember signal sigpause sigpending sigprocmask sigqueue \
+  sigrelse sigset sigsuspend sigtimedwait sigwait sigwaitinfo
+_sig_function_re = $(subst $(_sp),|,$(strip $(_sig_functions)))
+# The following were extracted from "man signal.h" manually.
+_sig_types_and_consts =							\
+  MINSIGSTKSZ SA_NOCLDSTOP SA_NOCLDWAIT SA_NODEFER SA_ONSTACK		\
+  SA_RESETHAND SA_RESTART SA_SIGINFO SIGEV_NONE SIGEV_SIGNAL		\
+  SIGEV_THREAD SIGSTKSZ SIG_BLOCK SIG_SETMASK SIG_UNBLOCK SS_DISABLE	\
+  SS_ONSTACK mcontext_t pid_t sig_atomic_t sigevent siginfo_t sigset_t	\
+  sigstack sigval stack_t ucontext_t
+# generated via this:
+# perl -lne '/^#ifdef (SIG\w+)/ and print $1' lib/sig2str.c|sort -u|fmt -70
+_sig_names =								\
+  SIGABRT SIGALRM SIGALRM1 SIGBUS SIGCANCEL SIGCHLD SIGCLD SIGCONT	\
+  SIGDANGER SIGDIL SIGEMT SIGFPE SIGFREEZE SIGGRANT SIGHUP SIGILL	\
+  SIGINFO SIGINT SIGIO SIGIOT SIGKAP SIGKILL SIGKILLTHR SIGLOST SIGLWP	\
+  SIGMIGRATE SIGMSG SIGPHONE SIGPIPE SIGPOLL SIGPRE SIGPROF SIGPWR	\
+  SIGQUIT SIGRETRACT SIGSAK SIGSEGV SIGSOUND SIGSTKFLT SIGSTOP SIGSYS	\
+  SIGTERM SIGTHAW SIGTRAP SIGTSTP SIGTTIN SIGTTOU SIGURG SIGUSR1	\
+  SIGUSR2 SIGVIRT SIGVTALRM SIGWAITING SIGWINCH SIGWIND SIGWINDOW	\
+  SIGXCPU SIGXFSZ
+_sig_syms_re = $(subst $(_sp),|,$(strip $(_sig_names) $(_sig_types_and_consts)))
+
+# Prohibit the inclusion of signal.h without an actual use.
+sc_prohibit_signal_without_use:
+	@h='signal.h'							\
+	re='\<($(_sig_function_re)) *\(|\<($(_sig_syms_re))\>'		\
+	  $(_sc_header_without_use)
+
+# Don't include stdio--.h unless you use one of its functions.
+sc_prohibit_stdio--_without_use:
+	@h='stdio--.h' re='\<((f(re)?|p)open|tmpfile) *\('		\
+	  $(_sc_header_without_use)
+
+# Don't include stdio-safer.h unless you use one of its functions.
+sc_prohibit_stdio-safer_without_use:
+	@h='stdio-safer.h' re='\<((f(re)?|p)open|tmpfile)_safer *\('	\
+	  $(_sc_header_without_use)
+
+# Prohibit the inclusion of strings.h without a sensible use.
+# Using the likes of bcmp, bcopy, bzero, index or rindex is not sensible.
+sc_prohibit_strings_without_use:
+	@h='strings.h'							\
+	re='\<(strn?casecmp|ffs(ll)?)\>'				\
+	  $(_sc_header_without_use)
+
+# Get the list of symbol names with this:
+# perl -lne '/^# *define ([A-Z]\w+)\(/ and print $1' lib/intprops.h|fmt
+_intprops_names =							\
+  TYPE_IS_INTEGER TYPE_TWOS_COMPLEMENT TYPE_ONES_COMPLEMENT		\
+  TYPE_SIGNED_MAGNITUDE TYPE_SIGNED TYPE_MINIMUM TYPE_MAXIMUM		\
+  INT_BITS_STRLEN_BOUND INT_STRLEN_BOUND INT_BUFSIZE_BOUND		\
+  INT_ADD_RANGE_OVERFLOW INT_SUBTRACT_RANGE_OVERFLOW			\
+  INT_NEGATE_RANGE_OVERFLOW INT_MULTIPLY_RANGE_OVERFLOW			\
+  INT_DIVIDE_RANGE_OVERFLOW INT_REMAINDER_RANGE_OVERFLOW		\
+  INT_LEFT_SHIFT_RANGE_OVERFLOW INT_ADD_OVERFLOW INT_SUBTRACT_OVERFLOW	\
+  INT_NEGATE_OVERFLOW INT_MULTIPLY_OVERFLOW INT_DIVIDE_OVERFLOW		\
+  INT_REMAINDER_OVERFLOW INT_LEFT_SHIFT_OVERFLOW
+_intprops_syms_re = $(subst $(_sp),|,$(strip $(_intprops_names)))
+# Prohibit the inclusion of intprops.h without an actual use.
+sc_prohibit_intprops_without_use:
+	@h='intprops.h'							\
+	re='\<($(_intprops_syms_re)) *\('				\
+	  $(_sc_header_without_use)
+
+_stddef_syms_re = NULL|offsetof|ptrdiff_t|size_t|wchar_t
+# Prohibit the inclusion of stddef.h without an actual use.
+sc_prohibit_stddef_without_use:
+	@h='stddef.h'							\
+	re='\<($(_stddef_syms_re))\>'					\
+	  $(_sc_header_without_use)
+
+_de1 = dirfd|(close|(fd)?open|read|rewind|seek|tell)dir(64)?(_r)?
+_de2 = (versionsort|struct dirent|getdirentries|alphasort|scandir(at)?)(64)?
+_de3 = MAXNAMLEN|DIR|ino_t|d_ino|d_fileno|d_namlen
+_dirent_syms_re = $(_de1)|$(_de2)|$(_de3)
+# Prohibit the inclusion of dirent.h without an actual use.
+sc_prohibit_dirent_without_use:
+	@h='dirent.h'							\
+	re='\<($(_dirent_syms_re))\>'					\
+	  $(_sc_header_without_use)
+
+# Prohibit the inclusion of verify.h without an actual use.
+sc_prohibit_verify_without_use:
+	@h='verify.h'							\
+	re='\<(verify(true|expr)?|static_assert) *\('			\
+	  $(_sc_header_without_use)
+
+# Don't include xfreopen.h unless you use one of its functions.
+sc_prohibit_xfreopen_without_use:
+	@h='xfreopen.h' re='\<xfreopen *\(' $(_sc_header_without_use)
+
+sc_obsolete_symbols:
+	@prohibit='\<(HAVE''_FCNTL_H|O''_NDELAY)\>'			\
+	halt='do not use HAVE''_FCNTL_H or O'_NDELAY			\
+	  $(_sc_search_regexp)
+
+# FIXME: warn about definitions of EXIT_FAILURE, EXIT_SUCCESS, STREQ
+
+# Each nonempty ChangeLog line must start with a year number, or a TAB.
+sc_changelog:
+	@prohibit='^[^12	]'					\
+	in_vc_files='^ChangeLog$$'					\
+	halt='found unexpected prefix in a ChangeLog'			\
+	  $(_sc_search_regexp)
+
+# Ensure that each .c file containing a "main" function also
+# calls set_program_name.
+sc_program_name:
+	@require='set_program_name *\(m?argv\[0\]\);'			\
+	in_vc_files='\.c$$'						\
+	containing='\<main *('						\
+	halt='the above files do not call set_program_name'		\
+	  $(_sc_search_regexp)
+
+# Ensure that each .c file containing a "main" function also
+# calls bindtextdomain.
+sc_bindtextdomain:
+	@require='bindtextdomain *\('					\
+	in_vc_files='\.c$$'						\
+	containing='\<main *('						\
+	halt='the above files do not call bindtextdomain'		\
+	  $(_sc_search_regexp)
+
+# Require that the final line of each test-lib.sh-using test be this one:
+# Exit $fail
+# Note: this test requires GNU grep's --label= option.
+Exit_witness_file ?= tests/test-lib.sh
+Exit_base := $(notdir $(Exit_witness_file))
+sc_require_test_exit_idiom:
+	@if test -f $(srcdir)/$(Exit_witness_file); then		\
+	  die=0;							\
+	  for i in $$(grep -l -F 'srcdir/$(Exit_base)'			\
+		$$($(VC_LIST) tests)); do				\
+	    tail -n1 $$i | grep '^Exit .' > /dev/null			\
+	      && : || { die=1; echo $$i; }				\
+	  done;								\
+	  test $$die = 1 &&						\
+	    { echo 1>&2 '$(ME): the final line in each of the above is not:'; \
+	      echo 1>&2 'Exit something';				\
+	      exit 1; } || :;						\
+	fi
+
+sc_trailing_blank:
+	@prohibit='[	 ]$$'						\
+	halt='found trailing blank(s)'					\
+	  $(_sc_search_regexp)
+
+# Match lines like the following, but where there is only one space
+# between the options and the description:
+#   -D, --all-repeated[=delimit-method]  print all duplicate lines\n
+longopt_re = --[a-z][0-9A-Za-z-]*(\[?=[0-9A-Za-z-]*\]?)?
+sc_two_space_separator_in_usage:
+	@prohibit='^   *(-[A-Za-z],)? $(longopt_re) [^ ].*\\$$'		\
+	halt='help2man requires at least two spaces between an option and its description'\
+	  $(_sc_search_regexp)
+
+# A regexp matching function names like "error" that may be used
+# to emit translatable messages.
+_gl_translatable_diag_func_re ?= error
+
+# Look for diagnostics that aren't marked for translation.
+# This won't find any for which error's format string is on a separate line.
+sc_unmarked_diagnostics:
+	@grep -nE							\
+	    '\<$(_gl_translatable_diag_func_re) *\([^"]*"[^"]*[a-z]{3}' \
+		$$($(VC_LIST_EXCEPT))					\
+	  | grep -Ev '(_|ngettext ?)\(' &&				\
+	  { echo '$(ME): found unmarked diagnostic(s)' 1>&2;		\
+	    exit 1; } || :
+
+# Avoid useless parentheses like those in this example:
+# #if defined (SYMBOL) || defined (SYM2)
+sc_useless_cpp_parens:
+	@prohibit='^# *if .*defined *\('				\
+	halt='found useless parentheses in cpp directive'		\
+	  $(_sc_search_regexp)
+
+# List headers for which HAVE_HEADER_H is always true, assuming you are
+# using the appropriate gnulib module.  CAUTION: for each "unnecessary"
+# #if HAVE_HEADER_H that you remove, be sure that your project explicitly
+# requires the gnulib module that guarantees the usability of that header.
+gl_assured_headers_ = \
+  cd $(gnulib_dir)/lib && echo *.in.h|sed 's/\.in\.h//g'
+
+# Convert the list of names to upper case, and replace each space with "|".
+az_ = abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz
+AZ_ = ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ
+gl_header_upper_case_or_ =						\
+  $$($(gl_assured_headers_)						\
+    | tr $(az_)/.- $(AZ_)___						\
+    | tr -s ' ' '|'							\
+    )
+sc_prohibit_always_true_header_tests:
+	@or=$(gl_header_upper_case_or_);				\
+	re="HAVE_($$or)_H";						\
+	prohibit='\<'"$$re"'\>'						\
+	halt=$$(printf '%s\n'						\
+	'do not test the above HAVE_<header>_H symbol(s);'		\
+	'  with the corresponding gnulib module, they are always true')	\
+	  $(_sc_search_regexp)
+
+# ==================================================================
+gl_other_headers_ ?= \
+  intprops.h	\
+  openat.h	\
+  stat-macros.h
+
+# Perl -lne code to extract "significant" cpp-defined symbols from a
+# gnulib header file, eliminating a few common false-positives.
+# The exempted names below are defined only conditionally in gnulib,
+# and hence sometimes must/may be defined in application code.
+gl_extract_significant_defines_ = \
+  /^\# *define ([^_ (][^ (]*)(\s*\(|\s+\w+)/\
+    && $$2 !~ /(?:rpl_|_used_without_)/\
+    && $$1 !~ /^(?:NSIG|ENODATA)$$/\
+    && $$1 !~ /^(?:SA_RESETHAND|SA_RESTART)$$/\
+    and print $$1
+
+# Create a list of regular expressions matching the names
+# of macros that are guaranteed to be defined by parts of gnulib.
+define def_sym_regex
+	gen_h=$(gl_generated_headers_);					\
+	(cd $(gnulib_dir)/lib;						\
+	  for f in *.in.h $(gl_other_headers_); do			\
+	    test -f $$f							\
+	      && perl -lne '$(gl_extract_significant_defines_)' $$f;	\
+	  done;								\
+	) | sort -u							\
+	  | sed 's/^/^ *# *(define|undef)  */;s/$$/\\>/'
+endef
+
+# Don't define macros that we already get from gnulib header files.
+sc_prohibit_always-defined_macros:
+	@if test -d $(gnulib_dir); then					\
+	  case $$(echo all: | grep -l -f - Makefile) in Makefile);; *)	\
+	    echo '$(ME): skipping $@: you lack GNU grep' 1>&2; exit 0;;	\
+	  esac;								\
+	  $(def_sym_regex) | grep -E -f - $$($(VC_LIST_EXCEPT))		\
+	    && { echo '$(ME): define the above via some gnulib .h file'	\
+		  1>&2;  exit 1; } || :;				\
+	fi
+# ==================================================================
+
+# Prohibit checked in backup files.
+sc_prohibit_backup_files:
+	@$(VC_LIST) | grep '~$$' &&				\
+	  { echo '$(ME): found version controlled backup file' 1>&2;	\
+	    exit 1; } || :
+
+# Require the latest GPL.
+sc_GPL_version:
+	@prohibit='either ''version [^3]'				\
+	halt='GPL vN, N!=3'						\
+	  $(_sc_search_regexp)
+
+# Require the latest GFDL.  Two regexp, since some .texi files end up
+# line wrapping between 'Free Documentation License,' and 'Version'.
+_GFDL_regexp = (Free ''Documentation.*Version 1\.[^3]|Version 1\.[^3] or any)
+sc_GFDL_version:
+	@prohibit='$(_GFDL_regexp)'					\
+	halt='GFDL vN, N!=3'						\
+	  $(_sc_search_regexp)
+
+# Don't use Texinfo's @acronym{}.
+# http://lists.gnu.org/archive/html/bug-gnulib/2010-03/msg00321.html
+texinfo_suffix_re_ ?= \.(txi|texi(nfo)?)$$
+sc_texinfo_acronym:
+	@prohibit='@acronym\{'						\
+	in_vc_files='$(texinfo_suffix_re_)'				\
+	halt='found use of Texinfo @acronym{}'				\
+	  $(_sc_search_regexp)
+
+cvs_keywords = \
+  Author|Date|Header|Id|Name|Locker|Log|RCSfile|Revision|Source|State
+
+sc_prohibit_cvs_keyword:
+	@prohibit='\$$($(cvs_keywords))\$$'				\
+	halt='do not use CVS keyword expansion'				\
+	  $(_sc_search_regexp)
+
+# This Perl code is slightly obfuscated.  Not only is each "$" doubled
+# because it's in a Makefile, but the $$c's are comments;  we cannot
+# use "#" due to the way the script ends up concatenated onto one line.
+# It would be much more concise, and would produce better output (including
+# counts) if written as:
+#   perl -ln -0777 -e '/\n(\n+)$/ and print "$ARGV: ".length $1' ...
+# but that would be far less efficient, reading the entire contents
+# of each file, rather than just the last two bytes of each.
+# In addition, while the code below detects both blank lines and a missing
+# newline at EOF, the above detects only the former.
+#
+# This is a perl script that is expected to be the single-quoted argument
+# to a command-line "-le".  The remaining arguments are file names.
+# Print the name of each file that ends in exactly one newline byte.
+# I.e., warn if there are blank lines (2 or more newlines), or if the
+# last byte is not a newline.  However, currently we don't complain
+# about any file that contains exactly one byte.
+# Exit nonzero if at least one such file is found, otherwise, exit 0.
+# Warn about, but otherwise ignore open failure.  Ignore seek/read failure.
+#
+# Use this if you want to remove trailing empty lines from selected files:
+#   perl -pi -0777 -e 's/\n\n+$/\n/' files...
+#
+require_exactly_one_NL_at_EOF_ =					\
+  foreach my $$f (@ARGV)						\
+    {									\
+      open F, "<", $$f or (warn "failed to open $$f: $$!\n"), next;	\
+      my $$p = sysseek (F, -2, 2);					\
+      my $$c = "seek failure probably means file has < 2 bytes; ignore"; \
+      my $$last_two_bytes;						\
+      defined $$p and $$p = sysread F, $$last_two_bytes, 2;		\
+      close F;								\
+      $$c = "ignore read failure";					\
+      $$p && ($$last_two_bytes eq "\n\n"				\
+              || substr ($$last_two_bytes,1) ne "\n")			\
+          and (print $$f), $$fail=1;					\
+    }									\
+  END { exit defined $$fail }
+sc_prohibit_empty_lines_at_EOF:
+	@perl -le '$(require_exactly_one_NL_at_EOF_)' $$($(VC_LIST_EXCEPT)) \
+	  || { echo '$(ME): empty line(s) or no newline at EOF'		\
+		1>&2; exit 1; } || :
+
+# Make sure we don't use st_blocks.  Use ST_NBLOCKS instead.
+# This is a bit of a kludge, since it prevents use of the string
+# even in comments, but for now it does the job with no false positives.
+sc_prohibit_stat_st_blocks:
+	@prohibit='[.>]st_blocks'					\
+	halt='do not use st_blocks; use ST_NBLOCKS'			\
+	  $(_sc_search_regexp)
+
+# Make sure we don't define any S_IS* macros in src/*.c files.
+# They're already defined via gnulib's sys/stat.h replacement.
+sc_prohibit_S_IS_definition:
+	@prohibit='^ *# *define  *S_IS'					\
+	halt='do not define S_IS* macros; include <sys/stat.h>'		\
+	  $(_sc_search_regexp)
+
+# Perl block to convert a match to FILE_NAME:LINENO:TEST,
+# that is shared by two definitions below.
+perl_filename_lineno_text_ =						\
+    -e '  {'								\
+    -e '    $$n = ($$` =~ tr/\n/\n/ + 1);'				\
+    -e '    ($$v = $$&) =~ s/\n/\\n/g;'					\
+    -e '    print "$$ARGV:$$n:$$v\n";'					\
+    -e '  }'
+
+prohibit_doubled_word_RE_ ?= \
+  /\b(then?|[iao]n|i[fst]|but|f?or|at|and|[dt]o)\s+\1\b/gims
+prohibit_doubled_word_ =						\
+    -e 'while ($(prohibit_doubled_word_RE_))'				\
+    $(perl_filename_lineno_text_)
+
+# Define this to a regular expression that matches
+# any filename:dd:match lines you want to ignore.
+# The default is to ignore no matches.
+ignore_doubled_word_match_RE_ ?= ^$$
+
+sc_prohibit_doubled_word:
+	@perl -n -0777 $(prohibit_doubled_word_) $$($(VC_LIST_EXCEPT))	\
+	  | grep -vE '$(ignore_doubled_word_match_RE_)'			\
+	  | grep . && { echo '$(ME): doubled words' 1>&2; exit 1; } || :
+
+# A regular expression matching undesirable combinations of words like
+# "can not"; this matches them even when the two words appear on different
+# lines, but not when there is an intervening delimiter like "#" or "*".
+prohibit_undesirable_word_seq_RE_ ?=					\
+  /\bcan\s+not\b/gims
+prohibit_undesirable_word_seq_ =					\
+    -e 'while ($(prohibit_undesirable_word_seq_RE_))'			\
+    $(perl_filename_lineno_text_)
+# Define this to a regular expression that matches
+# any filename:dd:match lines you want to ignore.
+# The default is to ignore no matches.
+ignore_undesirable_word_sequence_RE_ ?= ^$$
+
+sc_prohibit_undesirable_word_seq:
+	@perl -n -0777 $(prohibit_undesirable_word_seq_)		\
+	     $$($(VC_LIST_EXCEPT))					\
+	  | grep -vE '$(ignore_undesirable_word_sequence_RE_)' | grep .	\
+	  && { echo '$(ME): undesirable word sequence' >&2; exit 1; } || :
+
+_ptm1 = use "test C1 && test C2", not "test C1 -''a C2"
+_ptm2 = use "test C1 || test C2", not "test C1 -''o C2"
+# Using test's -a and -o operators is not portable.
+# We prefer test over [, since the latter is spelled [[ in configure.ac.
+sc_prohibit_test_minus_ao:
+	@prohibit='(\<test| \[+) .+ -[ao] '				\
+	halt='$(_ptm1); $(_ptm2)'					\
+	  $(_sc_search_regexp)
+
+# Avoid a test bashism.
+sc_prohibit_test_double_equal:
+	@prohibit='(\<test| \[+) .+ == '				\
+	containing='#! */bin/[a-z]*sh'					\
+	halt='use "test x = x", not "test x =''= x"'			\
+	  $(_sc_search_regexp)
+
+# Each program that uses proper_name_utf8 must link with one of the
+# ICONV libraries.  Otherwise, some ICONV library must appear in LDADD.
+# The perl -0777 invocation below extracts the possibly-multi-line
+# definition of LDADD from the appropriate Makefile.am and exits 0
+# when it contains "ICONV".
+sc_proper_name_utf8_requires_ICONV:
+	@progs=$$(grep -l 'proper_name_utf8 ''("' $$($(VC_LIST_EXCEPT)));\
+	if test "x$$progs" != x; then					\
+	  fail=0;							\
+	  for p in $$progs; do						\
+	    dir=$$(dirname "$$p");					\
+	    perl -0777							\
+	      -ne 'exit !(/^LDADD =(.+?[^\\]\n)/ms && $$1 =~ /ICONV/)'	\
+	      $$dir/Makefile.am && continue;				\
+	    base=$$(basename "$$p" .c);					\
+	    grep "$${base}_LDADD.*ICONV)" $$dir/Makefile.am > /dev/null	\
+	      || { fail=1; echo 1>&2 "$(ME): $$p uses proper_name_utf8"; }; \
+	  done;								\
+	  test $$fail = 1 &&						\
+	    { echo 1>&2 '$(ME): the above do not link with any ICONV library'; \
+	      exit 1; } || :;						\
+	fi
+
+# Warn about "c0nst struct Foo const foo[]",
+# but not about "char const *const foo" or "#define const const".
+sc_redundant_const:
+	@prohibit='\bconst\b[[:space:][:alnum:]]{2,}\bconst\b'		\
+	halt='redundant "const" in declarations'			\
+	  $(_sc_search_regexp)
+
+sc_const_long_option:
+	@grep '^ *static.*struct option ' $$($(VC_LIST_EXCEPT))		\
+	  | grep -Ev 'const struct option|struct option const' && {	\
+	      echo 1>&2 '$(ME): add "const" to the above declarations'; \
+	      exit 1; } || :
+
+NEWS_hash =								\
+  $$(sed -n '/^\*.* $(PREV_VERSION_REGEXP) ([0-9-]*)/,$$p'		\
+       $(srcdir)/NEWS							\
+     | perl -0777 -pe							\
+	's/^Copyright.+?Free\sSoftware\sFoundation,\sInc\.\n//ms'	\
+     | md5sum -								\
+     | sed 's/ .*//')
+
+# Ensure that we don't accidentally insert an entry into an old NEWS block.
+sc_immutable_NEWS:
+	@if test -f $(srcdir)/NEWS; then				\
+	  test "$(NEWS_hash)" = '$(old_NEWS_hash)' && : ||		\
+	    { echo '$(ME): you have modified old NEWS' 1>&2; exit 1; };	\
+	fi
+
+# Update the hash stored above.  Do this after each release and
+# for any corrections to old entries.
+update-NEWS-hash: NEWS
+	perl -pi -e 's/^(old_NEWS_hash[ \t]+:?=[ \t]+).*/$${1}'"$(NEWS_hash)/" \
+	  $(srcdir)/cfg.mk
+
+# Ensure that we use only the standard $(VAR) notation,
+# not @...@ in Makefile.am, now that we can rely on automake
+# to emit a definition for each substituted variable.
+# However, there is still one case in which @VAR@ use is not just
+# legitimate, but actually required: when augmenting an automake-defined
+# variable with a prefix.  For example, gettext uses this:
+# MAKEINFO = env LANG= LC_MESSAGES= LC_ALL= LANGUAGE= @MAKEINFO@
+# otherwise, makeinfo would put German or French (current locale)
+# navigation hints in the otherwise-English documentation.
+#
+# Allow the package to add exceptions via a hook in cfg.mk;
+# for example, @PRAGMA_SYSTEM_HEADER@ can be permitted by
+# setting this to ' && !/PRAGMA_SYSTEM_HEADER/'.
+_makefile_at_at_check_exceptions ?=
+sc_makefile_at_at_check:
+	@perl -ne '/\ [A-Z_0-9]+\@/'					\
+          -e ' && !/([A-Z_0-9]+)\s+= *\ \1\@$$/'			\
+          -e ''$(_makefile_at_at_check_exceptions)			\
+	  -e 'and (print "$$ARGV:$$.: $$_"), $$m=1; END {exit !$$m}'	\
+	    $$($(VC_LIST_EXCEPT) | grep -E '(^|/)(Makefile\.am|[^/]+\.mk)$$') \
+	  && { echo '$(ME): use $$(...), not @...@' 1>&2; exit 1; } || :
+
+news-check: NEWS
+	if sed -n $(news-check-lines-spec)p $(srcdir)/NEWS		\
+	    | grep -E $(news-check-regexp) >/dev/null; then		\
+	  :;								\
+	else								\
+	  echo 'NEWS: $$(news-check-regexp) failed to match' 1>&2;	\
+	  exit 1;							\
+	fi
+
+sc_makefile_TAB_only_indentation:
+	@prohibit='^	[ ]{8}'						\
+	in_vc_files='akefile|\.mk$$'					\
+	halt='found TAB-8-space indentation'				\
+	  $(_sc_search_regexp)
+
+sc_m4_quote_check:
+	@prohibit='(AC_DEFINE(_UNQUOTED)?|AC_DEFUN)\([^[]'		\
+	in_vc_files='(^configure\.ac|\.m4)$$'				\
+	halt='quote the first arg to AC_DEF*'				\
+	  $(_sc_search_regexp)
+
+fix_po_file_diag = \
+'you have changed the set of files with translatable diagnostics;\n\
+apply the above patch\n'
+
+# Verify that all source files using _() are listed in po/POTFILES.in.
+po_file ?= $(srcdir)/po/POTFILES.in
+generated_files ?= $(srcdir)/lib/*.[ch]
+sc_po_check:
+	@if test -f $(po_file); then					\
+	  grep -E -v '^(#|$$)' $(po_file)				\
+	    | grep -v '^src/false\.c$$' | sort > $ -1;			\
+	  files=;							\
+	  for file in $$($(VC_LIST_EXCEPT)) $(generated_files); do	\
+	    test -r $$file || continue;					\
+	    case $$file in						\
+	      *.m4|*.mk) continue ;;					\
+	      *.?|*.??) ;;						\
+	      *) continue;;						\
+	    esac;							\
+	    case $$file in						\
+	    *.[ch])							\
+	      base=`expr " $$file" : ' \(.*\)\..'`;			\
+	      { test -f $$base.l || test -f $$base.y; } && continue;;	\
+	    esac;							\
+	    files="$$files $$file";					\
+	  done;								\
+	  grep -E -l '\b(N?_|gettext *)\([^)"]*("|$$)' $$files		\
+	    | sed 's|^$(_dot_escaped_srcdir)/||' | sort -u > $ -2;	\
+	  diff -u -L $(po_file) -L $(po_file) $ -1 $ -2			\
+	    || { printf '$(ME): '$(fix_po_file_diag) 1>&2; exit 1; };	\
+	  rm -f $ -1 $ -2;						\
+	fi
+
+# Sometimes it is useful to change the PATH environment variable
+# in Makefiles.  When doing so, it's better not to use the Unix-centric
+# path separator of `:', but rather the automake-provided `$(PATH_SEPARATOR)'.
+msg = '$(ME): Do not use `:'\'' above; use $$(PATH_SEPARATOR) instead'
+sc_makefile_path_separator_check:
+	@prohibit='PATH[=].*:'						\
+	in_vc_files='akefile|\.mk$$'					\
+	halt=$(msg)							\
+	  $(_sc_search_regexp)
+
+# Check that `make alpha' will not fail at the end of the process,
+# i.e., when pkg-M.N.tar.xz already exists (either in "." or in ../release)
+# and is read-only.
+writable-files:
+	if test -d $(release_archive_dir); then				\
+	  for file in $(DIST_ARCHIVES); do				\
+	    for p in ./ $(release_archive_dir)/; do			\
+	      test -e $$p$$file || continue;				\
+	      test -w $$p$$file						\
+		|| { echo ERROR: $$p$$file is not writable; fail=1; };	\
+	    done;							\
+	  done;								\
+	  test "$$fail" && exit 1 || : ;				\
+	else :;								\
+	fi
+
+v_etc_file = $(gnulib_dir)/lib/version-etc.c
+sample-test = tests/sample-test
+texi = doc/$(PACKAGE).texi
+# Make sure that the copyright date in $(v_etc_file) is up to date.
+# Do the same for the $(sample-test) and the main doc/.texi file.
+sc_copyright_check:
+	@require='enum { COPYRIGHT_YEAR = '$$(date +%Y)' };'		\
+	in_files=$(v_etc_file)						\
+	halt='out of date copyright in $(v_etc_file); update it'	\
+	  $(_sc_search_regexp)
+	@require='# Copyright \(C\) '$$(date +%Y)' Free'		\
+	in_vc_files=$(sample-test)					\
+	halt='out of date copyright in $(sample-test); update it'	\
+	  $(_sc_search_regexp)
+	@require='Copyright @copyright\{\} .*'$$(date +%Y)' Free'	\
+	in_vc_files=$(texi)						\
+	halt='out of date copyright in $(texi); update it'		\
+	  $(_sc_search_regexp)
+
+# If tests/help-version exists and seems to be new enough, assume that its
+# use of init.sh and path_prepend_ is correct, and ensure that every other
+# use of init.sh is identical.
+# This is useful because help-version cross-checks prog --version
+# with $(VERSION), which verifies that its path_prepend_ invocation
+# sets PATH correctly.  This is an inexpensive way to ensure that
+# the other init.sh-using tests also get it right.
+_hv_file ?= $(srcdir)/tests/help-version
+_hv_regex_weak ?= ^ *\. .*/init\.sh"
+# Fix syntax-highlighters "
+_hv_regex_strong ?= ^ *\. "\$${srcdir=\.}/init\.sh"
+sc_cross_check_PATH_usage_in_tests:
+	@if test -f $(_hv_file); then					\
+	  grep -l 'VERSION mismatch' $(_hv_file) >/dev/null		\
+	    || { echo "$@: skipped: no such file: $(_hv_file)" 1>&2;	\
+		 exit 0; };						\
+	  grep -lE '$(_hv_regex_strong)' $(_hv_file) >/dev/null		\
+	    || { echo "$@: $(_hv_file) lacks conforming use of init.sh" 1>&2; \
+		 exit 1; };						\
+	  good=$$(grep -E '$(_hv_regex_strong)' $(_hv_file));		\
+	  grep -LFx "$$good"						\
+		$$(grep -lE '$(_hv_regex_weak)' $$($(VC_LIST_EXCEPT)))	\
+	      | grep . &&						\
+	    { echo "$(ME): the above files use path_prepend_ inconsistently" \
+		1>&2; exit 1; } || :;					\
+	fi
+
+# #if HAVE_... will evaluate to false for any non numeric string.
+# That would be flagged by using -Wundef, however gnulib currently
+# tests many undefined macros, and so we can't enable that option.
+# So at least preclude common boolean strings as macro values.
+sc_Wundef_boolean:
+	@prohibit='^#define.*(yes|no|true|false)$$'			\
+	in_files='$(CONFIG_INCLUDE)'					\
+	halt='Use 0 or 1 for macro values'				\
+	  $(_sc_search_regexp)
+
+# Even if you use pathmax.h to guarantee that PATH_MAX is defined, it might
+# not be constant, or might overflow a stack.  In general, use PATH_MAX as
+# a limit, not an array or alloca size.
+sc_prohibit_path_max_allocation:
+	@prohibit='(\balloca *\([^)]*|\[[^]]*)PATH_MAX'			\
+	halt='Avoid stack allocations of size PATH_MAX'			\
+	  $(_sc_search_regexp)
+
+sc_vulnerable_makefile_CVE-2009-4029:
+	@prohibit='perm -777 -exec chmod a\+rwx|chmod 777 \$$\(distdir\)' \
+	in_files=$$(find $(srcdir) -name Makefile.in)			\
+	halt=$$(printf '%s\n'						\
+	  'the above files are vulnerable; beware of running'		\
+	  '  "make dist*" rules, and upgrade to fixed automake'		\
+	  '  see http://bugzilla.redhat.com/542609 for details')	\
+	  $(_sc_search_regexp)
+
+vc-diff-check:
+	(unset CDPATH; cd $(srcdir) && $(VC) diff) > vc-diffs || :
+	if test -s vc-diffs; then				\
+	  cat vc-diffs;						\
+	  echo "Some files are locally modified:" 1>&2;		\
+	  exit 1;						\
+	else							\
+	  rm vc-diffs;						\
+	fi
+
+rel-files = $(DIST_ARCHIVES)
+
+gnulib_dir ?= $(srcdir)/gnulib
+gnulib-version = $$(cd $(gnulib_dir) && git describe)
+bootstrap-tools ?= autoconf,automake,gnulib
+
+# If it's not already specified, derive the GPG key ID from
+# the signed tag we've just applied to mark this release.
+gpg_key_ID ?= \
+  $$(git cat-file tag v$(VERSION) > .ann-sig \
+     && gpgv .ann-sig - < /dev/null 2>&1 \
+	  | sed -n '/.*key ID \([0-9A-F]*\)/s//\1/p'; rm -f .ann-sig)
+
+translation_project_ ?= coordinator translationproject org
+
+# Make info-gnu the default only for a stable release.
+ifeq ($(RELEASE_TYPE),stable)
+  announcement_Cc_ ?= $(translation_project_), $(PACKAGE_BUGREPORT)
+  announcement_mail_headers_ ?=						\
+    To: info-gnu gnu org						\
+    Cc: $(announcement_Cc_)						\
+    Mail-Followup-To: $(PACKAGE_BUGREPORT)
+else
+  announcement_Cc_ ?= $(translation_project_)
+  announcement_mail_headers_ ?=						\
+    To: $(PACKAGE_BUGREPORT)						\
+    Cc: $(announcement_Cc_)
+endif
+
+announcement: NEWS ChangeLog $(rel-files)
+	@$(srcdir)/$(_build-aux)/announce-gen				\
+	    --mail-headers='$(announcement_mail_headers_)'		\
+	    --release-type=$(RELEASE_TYPE)				\
+	    --package=$(PACKAGE)					\
+	    --prev=$(PREV_VERSION)					\
+	    --curr=$(VERSION)						\
+	    --gpg-key-id=$(gpg_key_ID)					\
+	    --news=$(srcdir)/NEWS					\
+	    --bootstrap-tools=$(bootstrap-tools)			\
+	    --gnulib-version=$(gnulib-version)				\
+	    --no-print-checksums					\
+	    $(addprefix --url-dir=, $(url_dir_list))
+
+## ---------------- ##
+## Updating files.  ##
+## ---------------- ##
+
+ftp-gnu = ftp://ftp.gnu.org/gnu
+www-gnu = http://www.gnu.org
+
+upload_dest_dir_ ?= $(PACKAGE)
+emit_upload_commands:
+	@echo =====================================
+	@echo =====================================
+	@echo "$(srcdir)/$(_build-aux)/gnupload $(GNUPLOADFLAGS) \\"
+	@echo "    --to $(gnu_rel_host):$(upload_dest_dir_) \\"
+	@echo "  $(rel-files)"
+	@echo '# send the ~/announce-$(my_distdir) e-mail'
+	@echo =====================================
+	@echo =====================================
+
+define emit-commit-log
+  printf '%s\n' 'maint: post-release administrivia' ''			\
+    '* NEWS: Add header line for next release.'				\
+    '* .prev-version: Record previous version.'				\
+    '* cfg.mk (old_NEWS_hash): Auto-update.'
+endef
+
+.PHONY: no-submodule-changes
+no-submodule-changes:
+	if test -d $(srcdir)/.git; then					\
+	  diff=$$(cd $(srcdir) && git submodule -q foreach		\
+		  git diff-index --name-only HEAD)			\
+	    || exit 1;							\
+	  case $$diff in '') ;;						\
+	    *) echo '$(ME): submodule files are locally modified:';	\
+		echo "$$diff"; exit 1;; esac;				\
+	else								\
+	  : ;								\
+	fi
+
+submodule-checks ?= no-submodule-changes public-submodule-commit
+
+# Ensure that each sub-module commit we're using is public.
+# Without this, it is too easy to tag and release code that
+# cannot be built from a fresh clone.
+.PHONY: public-submodule-commit
+public-submodule-commit:
+	$(AM_V_GEN)if test -d $(srcdir)/.git; then			\
+	  cd $(srcdir) &&						\
+	  git submodule --quiet foreach test '$$(git rev-parse $$sha1)'	\
+	      = '$$(git merge-base origin $$sha1)'			\
+	    || { echo '$(ME): found non-public submodule commit' >&2;	\
+		 exit 1; };						\
+	else								\
+	  : ;								\
+	fi
+# This rule has a high enough utility/cost ratio that it should be a
+# dependent of "check" by default.  However, some of us do occasionally
+# commit a temporary change that deliberately points to a non-public
+# submodule commit, and want to be able to use rules like "make check".
+# In that case, run e.g., "make check gl_public_submodule_commit="
+# to disable this test.
+gl_public_submodule_commit ?= public-submodule-commit
+check: $(gl_public_submodule_commit)
+
+.PHONY: alpha beta stable
+ALL_RECURSIVE_TARGETS += alpha beta stable
+alpha beta stable: $(local-check) writable-files $(submodule-checks)
+	test $@ = stable						\
+	  && { echo $(VERSION) | grep -E '^[0-9]+(\.[0-9]+)+$$'		\
+	       || { echo "invalid version string: $(VERSION)" 1>&2; exit 1;};}\
+	  || :
+	$(MAKE) vc-diff-check
+	$(MAKE) news-check
+	$(MAKE) distcheck
+	$(MAKE) dist XZ_OPT=-9ev
+	$(MAKE) $(release-prep-hook) RELEASE_TYPE=$@
+	$(MAKE) -s emit_upload_commands RELEASE_TYPE=$@
+
+# Override this in cfg.mk if you follow different procedures.
+release-prep-hook ?= release-prep
+
+gl_noteworthy_news_ = * Noteworthy changes in release ?.? (????-??-??) [?]
+.PHONY: release-prep
+release-prep:
+	case $$RELEASE_TYPE in alpha|beta|stable) ;; \
+	  *) echo "invalid RELEASE_TYPE: $$RELEASE_TYPE" 1>&2; exit 1;; esac
+	$(MAKE) --no-print-directory -s announcement > ~/announce-$(my_distdir)
+	if test -d $(release_archive_dir); then			\
+	  ln $(rel-files) $(release_archive_dir);		\
+	  chmod a-w $(rel-files);				\
+	fi
+	echo $(VERSION) > $(prev_version_file)
+	$(MAKE) update-NEWS-hash
+	perl -pi -e '$$. == 3 and print "$(gl_noteworthy_news_)\n\n\n"' NEWS
+	$(emit-commit-log) > .ci-msg
+	$(VC) commit -F .ci-msg -a
+	rm .ci-msg
+
+# Override this with e.g., -s $(srcdir)/some_other_name.texi
+# if the default $(PACKAGE)-derived name doesn't apply.
+gendocs_options_ ?=
+
+.PHONY: web-manual
+web-manual:
+	@test -z "$(manual_title)" \
+	  && { echo define manual_title in cfg.mk 1>&2; exit 1; } || :
+	@cd '$(srcdir)/doc'; \
+	  $(SHELL) ../$(_build-aux)/gendocs.sh $(gendocs_options_) \
+	     -o '$(abs_builddir)/doc/manual' \
+	     --email $(PACKAGE_BUGREPORT) $(PACKAGE) \
+	    "$(PACKAGE_NAME) - $(manual_title)"
+	@echo " *** Upload the doc/manual directory to web-cvs."
+
+# Code Coverage
+
+init-coverage:
+	$(MAKE) $(AM_MAKEFLAGS) clean
+	lcov --directory . --zerocounters
+
+COVERAGE_CCOPTS ?= "-g --coverage"
+COVERAGE_OUT ?= doc/coverage
+
+build-coverage:
+	$(MAKE) $(AM_MAKEFLAGS) CFLAGS=$(COVERAGE_CCOPTS) CXXFLAGS=$(COVERAGE_CCOPTS)
+	$(MAKE) $(AM_MAKEFLAGS) CFLAGS=$(COVERAGE_CCOPTS) CXXFLAGS=$(COVERAGE_CCOPTS) check
+	mkdir -p $(COVERAGE_OUT)
+	lcov --directory . --output-file $(COVERAGE_OUT)/$(PACKAGE).info \
+		--capture
+
+gen-coverage:
+	genhtml --output-directory $(COVERAGE_OUT) \
+		$(COVERAGE_OUT)/$(PACKAGE).info \
+		--highlight --frames --legend \
+		--title "$(PACKAGE_NAME)"
+
+coverage: init-coverage build-coverage gen-coverage
+
+# Update gettext files.
+PACKAGE ?= $(shell basename $(PWD))
+PO_DOMAIN ?= $(PACKAGE)
+POURL = http://translationproject.org/latest/$(PO_DOMAIN)/
+PODIR ?= po
+refresh-po:
+	rm -f $(PODIR)/*.po && \
+	echo "$(ME): getting translations into po (please ignore the robots.txt ERROR 404)..." && \
+	wget --no-verbose --directory-prefix $(PODIR) --no-directories --recursive --level 1 --accept .po --accept .po.1 $(POURL) && \
+	echo 'en boldquot' > $(PODIR)/LINGUAS && \
+	echo 'en quot' >> $(PODIR)/LINGUAS && \
+	ls $(PODIR)/*.po | sed 's/\.po//' | sed 's,$(PODIR)/,,' | sort >> $(PODIR)/LINGUAS
+
+ # Running indent once is not idempotent, but running it twice is.
+INDENT_SOURCES ?= $(C_SOURCES)
+.PHONY: indent
+indent:
+	indent $(INDENT_SOURCES)
+	indent $(INDENT_SOURCES)
+
+# If you want to set UPDATE_COPYRIGHT_* environment variables,
+# put the assignments in this variable.
+update-copyright-env ?=
+
+# Run this rule once per year (usually early in January)
+# to update all FSF copyright year lists in your project.
+# If you have an additional project-specific rule,
+# add it in cfg.mk along with a line 'update-copyright: prereq'.
+# By default, exclude all variants of COPYING; you can also
+# add exemptions (such as ChangeLog..* for rotated change logs)
+# in the file .x-update-copyright.
+.PHONY: update-copyright
+update-copyright:
+	grep -l -w Copyright                                             \
+	  $$(export VC_LIST_EXCEPT_DEFAULT=COPYING && $(VC_LIST_EXCEPT)) \
+	  | $(update-copyright-env) xargs $(srcdir)/$(_build-aux)/$@
+
+# This tight_scope test is skipped with a warning if $(_gl_TS_headers) is not
+# overridden and $(_gl_TS_dir)/Makefile.am does not mention noinst_HEADERS.
+
+# NOTE: to override any _gl_TS_* default value, you must
+# define the variable(s) using "export" in cfg.mk.
+_gl_TS_dir ?= src
+
+ALL_RECURSIVE_TARGETS += sc_tight_scope
+sc_tight_scope: tight-scope.mk
+	@fail=0;							\
+	if ! grep '^ *export _gl_TS_headers *=' $(srcdir)/cfg.mk	\
+		> /dev/null						\
+	   && ! grep -w noinst_HEADERS $(srcdir)/$(_gl_TS_dir)/Makefile.am \
+		> /dev/null 2>&1; then					\
+	    echo '$(ME): skipping $@';					\
+	else								\
+	    $(MAKE) -s -C $(_gl_TS_dir)					\
+		-f Makefile						\
+		-f $(abs_top_srcdir)/cfg.mk				\
+		-f $(abs_top_builddir)/$<				\
+	      _gl_tight_scope						\
+		|| fail=1;						\
+	fi;								\
+	rm -f $<;							\
+	exit $$fail
+
+tight-scope.mk: $(ME)
+	@rm -f $@ $ -t
+	@perl -ne '/^# TS-start/.../^# TS-end/ and print' $(ME) > $ -t
+	@chmod a=r $ -t && mv $ -t $@
+
+ifeq (a,b)
+# TS-start
+
+# Most functions should have static scope.
+# Any that don't must be marked with `extern', but `main'
+# and `usage' are exceptions: they're always extern, but
+# do not need to be marked.  Symbols matching `__.*' are
+# reserved by the compiler, so are automatically excluded below.
+_gl_TS_unmarked_extern_functions ?= main usage
+_gl_TS_function_match ?= /^(?:$(_gl_TS_extern)) +.*?(\S+) *\(/
+
+# If your project uses a macro like "XTERN", then put
+# the following in cfg.mk to override this default:
+# export _gl_TS_extern = extern|XTERN
+_gl_TS_extern ?= extern
+
+# The second nm|grep checks for file-scope variables with `extern' scope.
+# Without gnulib's progname module, you might put program_name here.
+# Symbols matching `__.*' are reserved by the compiler,
+# so are automatically excluded below.
+_gl_TS_unmarked_extern_vars ?=
+
+# NOTE: the _match variables are perl expressions -- not mere regular
+# expressions -- so that you can extend them to match other patterns
+# and easily extract matched variable names.
+# For example, if your project declares some global variables via
+# a macro like this: GLOBAL(type, var_name, initializer), then you
+# can override this definition to automatically extract those names:
+# export _gl_TS_var_match = \
+#   /^(?:$(_gl_TS_extern)) .*?\**(\w+)(\[.*?\])?;/ || /\bGLOBAL\(.*?,\s*(.*?),/
+_gl_TS_var_match ?= /^(?:$(_gl_TS_extern)) .*?(\w+)(\[.*?\])?;/
+
+# The names of object files in (or relative to) $(_gl_TS_dir).
+_gl_TS_obj_files ?= *.$(OBJEXT)
+
+# Files in which to search for the one-line style extern declarations.
+# $(_gl_TS_dir)-relative.
+_gl_TS_headers ?= $(noinst_HEADERS)
+
+.PHONY: _gl_tight_scope
+_gl_tight_scope: $(bin_PROGRAMS)
+	t=exceptions-$$$$;						\
+	trap 's=$$?; rm -f $$t; exit $$s' 0;				\
+	for sig in 1 2 3 13 15; do					\
+	  eval "trap 'v=`expr $$sig + 128`; (exit $$v); exit $$v' $$sig"; \
+	done;								\
+	src=`for f in $(SOURCES); do					\
+	       test -f $$f && d= || d=$(srcdir)/; echo $$d$$f; done`;	\
+	hdr=`for f in $(_gl_TS_headers); do				\
+	       test -f $$f && d= || d=$(srcdir)/; echo $$d$$f; done`;	\
+	( printf '^%s$$\n' '__.*' $(_gl_TS_unmarked_extern_functions);	\
+	  grep -h -A1 '^extern .*[^;]$$' $$src				\
+	    | grep -vE '^(extern |--)' | sed 's/ .*//';			\
+	  perl -lne							\
+	     '$(_gl_TS_function_match) and print "^$$1\$$"' $$hdr;	\
+	) | sort -u > $$t;						\
+	nm -e $(_gl_TS_obj_files) | sed -n 's/.* T //p'|grep -Ev -f $$t	\
+	  && { echo the above functions should have static scope >&2;	\
+	       exit 1; } || : ;						\
+	( printf '^%s$$\n' '__.*' $(_gl_TS_unmarked_extern_vars);	\
+	  perl -lne '$(_gl_TS_var_match) and print "^$$1\$$"' $$hdr *.h	\
+	) | sort -u > $$t;						\
+	nm -e $(_gl_TS_obj_files) | sed -n 's/.* [BCDGRS] //p'		\
+            | sort -u | grep -Ev -f $$t					\
+	  && { echo the above variables should have static scope >&2;	\
+	       exit 1; } || :
+# TS-end
+endif
-- 
1.7.6.4


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