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Re: [libvirt] [Qemu-devel] [PATCH v3] Add support for fd: protocol



On Tue, Jul 26, 2011 at 3:51 PM, Corey Bryant <coreyb linux vnet ibm com> wrote:
> sVirt provides SELinux MAC isolation for Qemu guest processes and their
> corresponding resources (image files). sVirt provides this support
> by labeling guests and resources with security labels that are stored
> in file system extended attributes. Some file systems, such as NFS, do
> not support the extended attribute security namespace, which is needed
> for image file isolation when using the sVirt SELinux security driver
> in libvirt.
>
> The proposed solution entails a combination of Qemu, libvirt, and
> SELinux patches that work together to isolate multiple guests' images
> when they're stored in the same NFS mount. This results in an
> environment where sVirt isolation and NFS image file isolation can both
> be provided.
>
> This patch contains the Qemu code to support this solution. I would
> like to solicit input from the libvirt community prior to starting
> the libvirt patch.
>
> Currently, Qemu opens an image file in addition to performing the
> necessary read and write operations. The proposed solution will move
> the open out of Qemu and into libvirt. Once libvirt opens an image
> file for the guest, it will pass the file descriptor to Qemu via a
> new fd: protocol.
>
> If the image file resides in an NFS mount, the following SELinux policy
> changes will provide image isolation:
>
>  - A new SELinux boolean is created (e.g. virt_read_write_nfs) to
>    allow Qemu (svirt_t) to only have SELinux read and write
>    permissions on nfs_t files
>
>  - Qemu (svirt_t) also gets SELinux use permissions on libvirt
>    (virtd_t) file descriptors
>
> Following is a sample invocation of Qemu using the fd: protocol on
> the command line:
>
>    qemu -drive file=fd:4,format=qcow2
>
> The fd: protocol is also supported by the drive_add monitor command.
> This requires that the specified file descriptor is passed to the
> monitor alongside a prior getfd monitor command.
>
> There are some additional features provided by certain image types
> where Qemu reopens the image file. All of these scenarios will be
> unsupported for the fd: protocol, at least for this patch:
>
>  - The -snapshot command line option
>  - The savevm monitor command
>  - The snapshot_blkdev monitor command
>  - Use of copy-on-write image files
>  - The -cdrom command line option
>  - The -drive command line option with media=cdrom
>  - The change monitor command

In the earlier discussion, virtio-blk and iSCSI were identified as
interesting protocols to be used with file descriptors in the future.
This patch would bind fd: protocol only to raw file interface to be
used by qcow2 etc. higher levels. I guess with small changes the
protocol could be made selectable. Maybe it's just changing command
line to format=virtio-blk or format=iscsi for those uses, though I
fear there may be a layering violation.

Considering the privilege separation side, this patch seems to be
somewhat orthogonal to that (I don't expect any command line passing
and parsing to happen between QEMU processes) but the low level fd
handling seems useful modulo the comments made by others.

>
> The thought is that this support can be added in the future, but is
> not required for the initial fd: support.
>
> This patch was tested with the following formats: raw, cow, qcow,
> qcow2, qed, and vmdk, using the fd: protocol from the command line
> and the monitor. Tests were also run to verify existing file name
> support and qemu-img were not regressed. Non-valid file descriptors,
> fd: without format, snapshot and backing files, and cdrom were also
> tested.
>
> v2:
>  - Add drive_add monitor command support
>  - Fence off unsupported features that re-open image file
>
> v3:
>  - Fence off cdrom and change monitor command support
>
> Signed-off-by: Corey Bryant <coreyb linux vnet ibm com>
> ---
>  block.c           |   16 ++++++++++
>  block.h           |    1 +
>  block/cow.c       |    5 +++
>  block/qcow.c      |    5 +++
>  block/qcow2.c     |    5 +++
>  block/qed.c       |    4 ++
>  block/raw-posix.c |   81 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------
>  block/vmdk.c      |    5 +++
>  block_int.h       |    1 +
>  blockdev.c        |   19 ++++++++++++
>  monitor.c         |    5 +++
>  monitor.h         |    1 +
>  qemu-options.hx   |    8 +++--
>  qemu-tool.c       |    5 +++
>  14 files changed, 149 insertions(+), 12 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/block.c b/block.c
> index 24a25d5..500db84 100644
> --- a/block.c
> +++ b/block.c
> @@ -536,6 +536,10 @@ int bdrv_open(BlockDriverState *bs, const char *filename, int flags,
>         char tmp_filename[PATH_MAX];
>         char backing_filename[PATH_MAX];
>
> +        if (bdrv_is_fd_protocol(bs)) {
> +            return -ENOTSUP;
> +        }
> +
>         /* if snapshot, we create a temporary backing file and open it
>            instead of opening 'filename' directly */
>
> @@ -585,6 +589,10 @@ int bdrv_open(BlockDriverState *bs, const char *filename, int flags,
>
>     /* Find the right image format driver */
>     if (!drv) {
> +        /* format must be specified for fd: protocol */
> +        if (bdrv_is_fd_protocol(bs)) {
> +            return -ENOTSUP;
> +        }
>         ret = find_image_format(filename, &drv);
>     }
>
> @@ -1460,6 +1468,11 @@ int bdrv_enable_write_cache(BlockDriverState *bs)
>     return bs->enable_write_cache;
>  }
>
> +int bdrv_is_fd_protocol(BlockDriverState *bs)
> +{
> +    return bs->fd_protocol;
> +}
> +
>  /* XXX: no longer used */
>  void bdrv_set_change_cb(BlockDriverState *bs,
>                         void (*change_cb)(void *opaque, int reason),
> @@ -1964,6 +1977,9 @@ int bdrv_snapshot_create(BlockDriverState *bs,
>     BlockDriver *drv = bs->drv;
>     if (!drv)
>         return -ENOMEDIUM;
> +    if (bdrv_is_fd_protocol(bs)) {
> +        return -ENOTSUP;
> +    }
>     if (drv->bdrv_snapshot_create)
>         return drv->bdrv_snapshot_create(bs, sn_info);
>     if (bs->file)
> diff --git a/block.h b/block.h
> index 859d1d9..0417b69 100644
> --- a/block.h
> +++ b/block.h
> @@ -182,6 +182,7 @@ int bdrv_is_removable(BlockDriverState *bs);
>  int bdrv_is_read_only(BlockDriverState *bs);
>  int bdrv_is_sg(BlockDriverState *bs);
>  int bdrv_enable_write_cache(BlockDriverState *bs);
> +int bdrv_is_fd_protocol(BlockDriverState *bs);
>  int bdrv_is_inserted(BlockDriverState *bs);
>  int bdrv_media_changed(BlockDriverState *bs);
>  int bdrv_is_locked(BlockDriverState *bs);
> diff --git a/block/cow.c b/block/cow.c
> index 4cf543c..e17f8e7 100644
> --- a/block/cow.c
> +++ b/block/cow.c
> @@ -82,6 +82,11 @@ static int cow_open(BlockDriverState *bs, int flags)
>     pstrcpy(bs->backing_file, sizeof(bs->backing_file),
>             cow_header.backing_file);
>
> +    if (bs->backing_file[0] != '\0' && bdrv_is_fd_protocol(bs)) {
> +        /* backing file currently not supported by fd: protocol */
> +        goto fail;
> +    }
> +
>     bitmap_size = ((bs->total_sectors + 7) >> 3) + sizeof(cow_header);
>     s->cow_sectors_offset = (bitmap_size + 511) & ~511;
>     return 0;
> diff --git a/block/qcow.c b/block/qcow.c
> index 227b104..964d411 100644
> --- a/block/qcow.c
> +++ b/block/qcow.c
> @@ -157,6 +157,11 @@ static int qcow_open(BlockDriverState *bs, int flags)
>         if (bdrv_pread(bs->file, header.backing_file_offset, bs->backing_file, len) != len)
>             goto fail;
>         bs->backing_file[len] = '\0';
> +
> +        if (bs->backing_file[0] != '\0' && bdrv_is_fd_protocol(bs)) {
> +            /* backing file currently not supported by fd: protocol */
> +            goto fail;
> +        }
>     }
>     return 0;
>
> diff --git a/block/qcow2.c b/block/qcow2.c
> index 48e1b95..7f6a4fa 100644
> --- a/block/qcow2.c
> +++ b/block/qcow2.c
> @@ -270,6 +270,11 @@ static int qcow2_open(BlockDriverState *bs, int flags)
>             goto fail;
>         }
>         bs->backing_file[len] = '\0';
> +
> +        if (bs->backing_file[0] != '\0' && bdrv_is_fd_protocol(bs)) {
> +            ret = -ENOTSUP;
> +            goto fail;
> +        }
>     }
>     if (qcow2_read_snapshots(bs) < 0) {
>         ret = -EINVAL;
> diff --git a/block/qed.c b/block/qed.c
> index 3970379..5028897 100644
> --- a/block/qed.c
> +++ b/block/qed.c
> @@ -446,6 +446,10 @@ static int bdrv_qed_open(BlockDriverState *bs, int flags)
>             return ret;
>         }
>
> +        if (bs->backing_file[0] != '\0' && bdrv_is_fd_protocol(bs)) {
> +            return -ENOTSUP;
> +        }
> +
>         if (s->header.features & QED_F_BACKING_FORMAT_NO_PROBE) {
>             pstrcpy(bs->backing_format, sizeof(bs->backing_format), "raw");
>         }
> diff --git a/block/raw-posix.c b/block/raw-posix.c
> index 34b64aa..cec4d36 100644
> --- a/block/raw-posix.c
> +++ b/block/raw-posix.c
> @@ -28,6 +28,7 @@
>  #include "block_int.h"
>  #include "module.h"
>  #include "block/raw-posix-aio.h"
> +#include "monitor.h"
>
>  #ifdef CONFIG_COCOA
>  #include <paths.h>
> @@ -185,7 +186,8 @@ static int raw_open_common(BlockDriverState *bs, const char *filename,
>                            int bdrv_flags, int open_flags)
>  {
>     BDRVRawState *s = bs->opaque;
> -    int fd, ret;
> +    int fd = -1;
> +    int ret;
>
>     ret = raw_normalize_devicepath(&filename);
>     if (ret != 0) {
> @@ -207,15 +209,17 @@ static int raw_open_common(BlockDriverState *bs, const char *filename,
>     if (!(bdrv_flags & BDRV_O_CACHE_WB))
>         s->open_flags |= O_DSYNC;
>
> -    s->fd = -1;
> -    fd = qemu_open(filename, s->open_flags, 0644);
> -    if (fd < 0) {
> -        ret = -errno;
> -        if (ret == -EROFS)
> -            ret = -EACCES;
> -        return ret;
> +    if (s->fd == -1) {
> +        fd = qemu_open(filename, s->open_flags, 0644);
> +        if (fd < 0) {
> +            ret = -errno;
> +            if (ret == -EROFS) {
> +                ret = -EACCES;
> +            }
> +            return ret;
> +        }
> +        s->fd = fd;
>     }
> -    s->fd = fd;
>     s->aligned_buf = NULL;
>
>     if ((bdrv_flags & BDRV_O_NOCACHE)) {
> @@ -272,6 +276,7 @@ static int raw_open(BlockDriverState *bs, const char *filename, int flags)
>  {
>     BDRVRawState *s = bs->opaque;
>
> +    s->fd = -1;
>     s->type = FTYPE_FILE;
>     return raw_open_common(bs, filename, flags, 0);
>  }
> @@ -892,6 +897,60 @@ static BlockDriver bdrv_file = {
>     .create_options = raw_create_options,
>  };
>
> +static int raw_open_fd(BlockDriverState *bs, const char *filename, int flags)
> +{
> +    BDRVRawState *s = bs->opaque;
> +    const char *fd_str;
> +    int fd;
> +
> +    /* extract the file descriptor - fail if it's not fd: */
> +    if (!strstart(filename, "fd:", &fd_str)) {
> +        return -EINVAL;
> +    }
> +
> +    if (!qemu_isdigit(fd_str[0])) {
> +        /* get fd from monitor */
> +        fd = qemu_get_fd(fd_str);
> +        if (fd == -1) {
> +            return -EBADF;
> +        }
> +    } else {
> +        char *endptr = NULL;
> +
> +        fd = strtol(fd_str, &endptr, 10);
> +        if (*endptr || (fd == 0 && fd_str == endptr)) {
> +            return -EBADF;
> +        }
> +    }
> +
> +    s->fd = fd;
> +    s->type = FTYPE_FILE;
> +
> +    return raw_open_common(bs, filename, flags, 0);
> +}
> +
> +static BlockDriver bdrv_file_fd = {
> +    .format_name = "file",
> +    .protocol_name = "fd",
> +    .instance_size = sizeof(BDRVRawState),
> +    .bdrv_probe = NULL, /* no probe for protocols */
> +    .bdrv_file_open = raw_open_fd,
> +    .bdrv_read = raw_read,
> +    .bdrv_write = raw_write,
> +    .bdrv_close = raw_close,
> +    .bdrv_flush = raw_flush,
> +    .bdrv_discard = raw_discard,
> +
> +    .bdrv_aio_readv = raw_aio_readv,
> +    .bdrv_aio_writev = raw_aio_writev,
> +    .bdrv_aio_flush = raw_aio_flush,
> +
> +    .bdrv_truncate = raw_truncate,
> +    .bdrv_getlength = raw_getlength,
> +
> +    .create_options = raw_create_options,
> +};
> +
>  /***********************************************/
>  /* host device */
>
> @@ -1000,6 +1059,7 @@ static int hdev_open(BlockDriverState *bs, const char *filename, int flags)
>     }
>  #endif
>
> +    s->fd = -1;
>     s->type = FTYPE_FILE;
>  #if defined(__linux__)
>     {
> @@ -1170,6 +1230,7 @@ static int floppy_open(BlockDriverState *bs, const char *filename, int flags)
>     BDRVRawState *s = bs->opaque;
>     int ret;
>
> +    s->fd = -1;
>     s->type = FTYPE_FD;
>
>     /* open will not fail even if no floppy is inserted, so add O_NONBLOCK */
> @@ -1288,6 +1349,7 @@ static int cdrom_open(BlockDriverState *bs, const char *filename, int flags)
>  {
>     BDRVRawState *s = bs->opaque;
>
> +    s->fd = -1;
>     s->type = FTYPE_CD;
>
>     /* open will not fail even if no CD is inserted, so add O_NONBLOCK */
> @@ -1517,6 +1579,7 @@ static void bdrv_file_init(void)
>      * Register all the drivers.  Note that order is important, the driver
>      * registered last will get probed first.
>      */
> +    bdrv_register(&bdrv_file_fd);
>     bdrv_register(&bdrv_file);
>     bdrv_register(&bdrv_host_device);
>  #ifdef __linux__
> diff --git a/block/vmdk.c b/block/vmdk.c
> index 922b23d..2ea808e 100644
> --- a/block/vmdk.c
> +++ b/block/vmdk.c
> @@ -353,6 +353,11 @@ static int vmdk_parent_open(BlockDriverState *bs)
>             return -1;
>
>         pstrcpy(bs->backing_file, end_name - p_name + 1, p_name);
> +
> +        if (bs->backing_file[0] != '\0' && bdrv_is_fd_protocol(bs)) {
> +            /* backing file currently not supported by fd: protocol */
> +            return -1;
> +        }
>     }
>
>     return 0;
> diff --git a/block_int.h b/block_int.h
> index 1e265d2..441049c 100644
> --- a/block_int.h
> +++ b/block_int.h
> @@ -152,6 +152,7 @@ struct BlockDriverState {
>     int encrypted; /* if true, the media is encrypted */
>     int valid_key; /* if true, a valid encryption key has been set */
>     int sg;        /* if true, the device is a /dev/sg* */
> +    int fd_protocol; /* if true, the fd: protocol was specified */
>     /* event callback when inserting/removing */
>     void (*change_cb)(void *opaque, int reason);
>     void *change_opaque;
> diff --git a/blockdev.c b/blockdev.c
> index c263663..5cb7b56 100644
> --- a/blockdev.c
> +++ b/blockdev.c
> @@ -542,6 +542,14 @@ DriveInfo *drive_init(QemuOpts *opts, int default_to_scsi)
>
>     bdrv_flags |= ro ? 0 : BDRV_O_RDWR;
>
> +    if (strncmp(file, "fd:", 3) == 0) {
> +        if (media == MEDIA_CDROM) {
> +            error_report("CD-ROM not supported by fd: protocol");
> +            goto err;
> +        }
> +        dinfo->bdrv->fd_protocol = 1;
> +    }
> +
>     ret = bdrv_open(dinfo->bdrv, file, bdrv_flags, drv);
>     if (ret < 0) {
>         error_report("could not open disk image %s: %s",
> @@ -602,6 +610,12 @@ int do_snapshot_blkdev(Monitor *mon, const QDict *qdict, QObject **ret_data)
>         goto out;
>     }
>
> +    if (bdrv_is_fd_protocol(bs)) {
> +        qerror_report(QERR_UNSUPPORTED);
> +        ret = -1;
> +        goto out;
> +    }
> +
>     pstrcpy(old_filename, sizeof(old_filename), bs->filename);
>
>     old_drv = bs->drv;
> @@ -719,6 +733,11 @@ int do_change_block(Monitor *mon, const char *device,
>     BlockDriver *drv = NULL;
>     int bdrv_flags;
>
> +    if (strncmp(filename, "fd:", 3) == 0) {
> +        qerror_report(QERR_UNSUPPORTED);
> +        return -1;
> +    }
> +
>     bs = bdrv_find(device);
>     if (!bs) {
>         qerror_report(QERR_DEVICE_NOT_FOUND, device);
> diff --git a/monitor.c b/monitor.c
> index a6388a9..e521b60 100644
> --- a/monitor.c
> +++ b/monitor.c
> @@ -2832,6 +2832,11 @@ int monitor_get_fd(Monitor *mon, const char *fdname)
>     return -1;
>  }
>
> +int qemu_get_fd(const char *fdname)
> +{
> +    return cur_mon ? monitor_get_fd(cur_mon, fdname) : -1;
> +}
> +
>  static const mon_cmd_t mon_cmds[] = {
>  #include "hmp-commands.h"
>     { NULL, NULL, },
> diff --git a/monitor.h b/monitor.h
> index 4f2d328..de5b987 100644
> --- a/monitor.h
> +++ b/monitor.h
> @@ -51,6 +51,7 @@ int monitor_read_bdrv_key_start(Monitor *mon, BlockDriverState *bs,
>                                 void *opaque);
>
>  int monitor_get_fd(Monitor *mon, const char *fdname);
> +int qemu_get_fd(const char *fdname);
>
>  void monitor_vprintf(Monitor *mon, const char *fmt, va_list ap)
>     GCC_FMT_ATTR(2, 0);
> diff --git a/qemu-options.hx b/qemu-options.hx
> index cb3347e..ab28541 100644
> --- a/qemu-options.hx
> +++ b/qemu-options.hx
> @@ -116,7 +116,7 @@ using @file{/dev/cdrom} as filename (@pxref{host_drives}).
>  ETEXI
>
>  DEF("drive", HAS_ARG, QEMU_OPTION_drive,
> -    "-drive [file=file][,if=type][,bus=n][,unit=m][,media=d][,index=i]\n"
> +    "-drive [file=[fd:]file][,if=type][,bus=n][,unit=m][,media=d][,index=i]\n"
>     "       [,cyls=c,heads=h,secs=s[,trans=t]][,snapshot=on|off]\n"
>     "       [,cache=writethrough|writeback|none|unsafe][,format=f]\n"
>     "       [,serial=s][,addr=A][,id=name][,aio=threads|native]\n"
> @@ -129,10 +129,12 @@ STEXI
>  Define a new drive. Valid options are:
>
>   table @option
> - item file= var{file}
> + item file=[fd:] var{file}
>  This option defines which disk image (@pxref{disk_images}) to use with
>  this drive. If the filename contains comma, you must double it
> -(for instance, "file=my,,file" to use file "my,file").
> +(for instance, "file=my,,file" to use file "my,file"). @option{fd:} var{file}
> +specifies the file descriptor of an already open disk image.
> + option{format=}@var{format} is required by @option{fd:} var{file} 
>   item if= var{interface}
>  This option defines on which type on interface the drive is connected.
>  Available types are: ide, scsi, sd, mtd, floppy, pflash, virtio.
> diff --git a/qemu-tool.c b/qemu-tool.c
> index 41e5c41..8fe6b8c 100644
> --- a/qemu-tool.c
> +++ b/qemu-tool.c
> @@ -96,3 +96,8 @@ int64_t qemu_get_clock_ns(QEMUClock *clock)
>  {
>     return 0;
>  }
> +
> +int qemu_get_fd(const char *fdname)
> +{
> +    return -1;
> +}
> --
> 1.7.3.4
>
>
>


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